Publications by authors named "Narayanan Asha Hema Malini"

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Heavy metal concentration in reef-associated surface sediments, Hare Island, Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve (southeast coast of India): The first report on pollution load and biological hazard assessment using geochemical normalization factors and hazard indices.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 Jan 19;162:111838. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Fish Quality Assurance and Management, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Fisheries University, Tuticorin 628 008, Tamil Nadu, India.

In this study, reef-associated surface sediment samples were collected from Hare Island in the Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve, Bay of Bengal and analyzed for heavy metal concentration. The sediment quality was evaluated based on the geochemical, biological, and ecological hazard indices. The mean concentration of heavy metals in the sediments ranged from 0.02 (Cd) to 26,262.87 mg/kg (Fe). Except for Cd and Hg, all other elements were found to be below the sediment quality guidelines and contamination level. The biological and ecological hazard (BEHI) revealed that most sediment samples (80%) fell under the low-risk category with 9% probability of toxicity to the marine flora and fauna. The overall contamination level of heavy metals in Hare Island suggested that the sediment could be grouped under low-risk category. Hence, this study recommends the need for a routine monitoring program in this region to maintain a clean and sustainable ecosystem in future.
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January 2021