Publications by authors named "Napa Onvimala"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Genomic characterization of a novel G3P[10] rotavirus strain from a diarrheic child in Thailand: Evidence for bat-to-human zoonotic transmission.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Jan 5;87:104667. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

Department of Virology and Parasitology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan.

An unusual rotavirus strain with the G3P[10] genotype (RVA/Human-wt/THA/MS2015-1-0001/2015/G3P[10]) was identified in a stool sample from a hospitalized child aged 11 months with severe gastroenteritis in Thailand. In the current study, we sequenced and characterized the full genome of strain MS2015-1-0001. On full-genomic analysis, strain MS2015-1-0001 exhibited the following genotype configuration: G3-P[10]-I8-R3-C3-M3-A9-N3-T3-E3-H6, which is identical or closely related to those of bat and bat-like rotavirus strains (MYAS33-like). Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis revealed that all 11 genes of strain MS2015-1-0001 appeared to be of bat origin. Our findings provide evidence for bat-to-human interspecies transmission of rotaviruses and important insights into dynamic interactions between human and bat rotavirus strains.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
January 2021

Human Antibodies to VP4 Inhibit Replication of Enteroviruses Across Subgenotypes and Serotypes, and Enhance Host Innate Immunity.

Front Microbiol 2020 25;11:562768. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Center of Research Excellence in Therapeutic Proteins and Antibody Engineering, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a highly contagious disease that usually affects infants and young children (<5 years). HFMD outbreaks occur frequently in the Asia-Pacific region, and these outbreaks are associated with enormous healthcare and socioeconomic burden. There is currently no specific antiviral agent to treat HFMD and/or the severe complications that are frequently associated with the enterovirus of serotype EV71. Therefore, the development of a broadly effective and safe anti-enterovirus agent is an existential necessity. In this study, human single-chain antibodies (HuscFvs) specific to the EV71-internal capsid protein (VP4) were generated using phage display technology. VP4 specific-HuscFvs were linked to cell penetrating peptides to make them cell penetrable HuscFvs (transbodies), and readily accessible to the intracellular target. The transbodies, as well as the original HuscFvs that were tested, entered the enterovirus-infected cells, bound to intracellular VP4, and inhibited replication of EV71 across subgenotypes A, B, and C, and coxsackieviruses CVA16 and CVA6. The antibodies also enhanced the antiviral response of the virus-infected cells. Computerized simulation, indirect and competitive ELISAs, and experiments on cells infected with EV71 particles to which the VP4 and VP1-N-terminus were surface-exposed (i.e., A-particles that don't require receptor binding for infection) indicated that the VP4 specific-antibodies inhibit virus replication by interfering with the VP4-N-terminus, which is important for membrane pore formation and virus genome release leading to less production of virus proteins, less infectious virions, and restoration of host innate immunity. The antibodies may inhibit polyprotein/intermediate protein processing and cause sterically strained configurations of the capsid pentamers, which impairs virus morphogenesis. These antibodies should be further investigated for application as a safe and broadly effective HFMD therapy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2020

Full genome characterization of novel DS-1-like G9P[8] rotavirus strains that have emerged in Thailand.

PLoS One 2020 22;15(4):e0231099. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Virology and Parasitology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan.

The emergence and rapid spread of unusual DS-1-like intergenogroup reassortant rotaviruses having G1/3/8 genotypes have been recently reported from major parts of the world (Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and the Americas). During rotavirus surveillance in Thailand, three novel intergenogroup reassortant strains possessing the G9P[8] genotype (DBM2017-016, DBM2017-203, and DBM2018-291) were identified in three stool specimens from diarrheic children. In the present study, we determined and analyzed the full genomes of these three strains. On full-genomic analysis, all three strains were found to share a unique genotype constellation comprising both genogroup 1 and 2 genes: G9-P[8]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that each of the 11 genes of the three strains was closely related to that of emerging DS-1-like intergenogroup reassortant, human, and/or locally circulating human strains. Thus, the three strains were suggested to be multiple reassortants that had acquired the G9-VP7 genes from co-circulating Wa-like G9P[8] rotaviruses in the genetic background of DS-1-like intergenogroup reassortant (likely equine-like G3P[8]) strains. To our knowledge, this is the first description of emerging DS-1-like intergenogroup reassortant strains having the G9P[8] genotype. Our observations will add to the growing insights into the dynamic evolution of emerging DS-1-like intergenogroup reassortant rotaviruses through reassortment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

July 2020