Publications by authors named "Naoyuki Uchida"

254 Publications

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome in adolescent and young adult patients.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Hematology, Kanazawa University Hospital, Kanazawa, Japan.

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curable treatment option for adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The study aim was to evaluate epidemiological data and identify prognostic factors for AYA patients with MDS undergoing allogeneic HSCT. Here, 645 patients were selected from patients enrolled in a multicenter prospective registry for HSCT from 2000 to 2015. The primary endpoint was 3-year overall survival (OS). Survival rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were identified using the multivariable Cox proportional hazards model. The 3-year OS was 71.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 67.4-74.6%). In multivariable analysis, active disease status (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.09-2.18, p = 0.016), poor cytogenetic risk (1.62, 1.12-2.36, p = 0.011), poor performance status (2.01, 1.13-3.56, p = 0.016), human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched unrelated donors (2.23, 1.39-3.59, p < 0.001), HLA-mismatched unrelated donors (2.16, 1.09-4.28, p = 0.027), and cord blood transplantation (2.44, 1.43-4.17, p = 0.001) were significantly associated with poor 3-year OS. In conclusion, in AYA patients with MDS the 3-year OS following allogeneic HSCT was 71.2%. Active disease status, poor cytogenetic risk, poor performance status, and donor sources other than related donors were associated with poor 3-year OS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01324-8DOI Listing
May 2021

Pretransplantation Red Blood Cell and Platelet Transfusion Burden in De Novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome Undergoing Allogeneic Transplantation.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Nagoya, Japan; Department of Healthcare Administration, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Most patients of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) require red blood cell (RBC) or platelet transfusion during their disease courses, which could cause an increased risk of iron overload and alloimmunization. However, it remains less clear whether pretransplantation RBC or platelet transfusion burden affects transplant outcomes in patients with MDS. The objective was to examine the significance of pretransplantation RBC and platelet transfusion burden on transplant outcomes after allogeneic HCT for adults with de novo MDS. We retrospectively evaluated the effect of pretransplantation RBC or platelet transfusion burden on transplant outcomes in a cohort of 1007 adult patients with de novo MDS treated by upfront allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) between 2006 and 2018. Both higher pretransplantation RBC and platelet transfusion burdens were significantly associated with higher overall mortality and relapse-related mortality, but not non-relapse mortality in the multivariate analysis. Higher pretransplantation RBC transfusion burden was also significantly associated with lower neutrophil, platelet, and reticulocyte recovery in the multivariate analysis. In summary, our study clearly demonstrated that a higher pretransplantation RBC and platelet transfusion burden was independently associated with higher overall mortality, relapse-related mortality, and lower hematopoietic recovery after allogeneic HCT for de novo MDS. Early allogeneic HCT should be considered for patients with de novo MDS who require RBC and platelet transfusion repeatedly.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.05.003DOI Listing
May 2021

Impact of the combination of donor age and HLA disparity on the outcomes of unrelated bone marrow transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Impact of donor age considering HLA disparity on hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) outcomes has not been fully evaluated. We evaluated 8486 patients who received unrelated bone marrow transplantation (UR-BMT) from 8/8 or 7/8 HLA-matched donors. Compared to 8/8 HLA-matched younger donors (<40 years), 8/8 HLA-matched older donors (subdistribution hazard ratio [SHR], 1.16; 95% CI, 0.97-1.38) and 7/8 HLA-matched younger donors (SHR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.11-1.58) were associated with increased risk of grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). 7/8 HLA-matched older donors had further increased risk (SHR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.68-2.38) due to interaction between donor age and HLA disparity (p for interaction = 0.038). Progression-free survival (PFS) after UR-BMT with 8/8 HLA-matched younger donors was comparable to that after UR-BMT with 8/8 HLA-matched older donors, whereas UR-BMT with 7/8 HLA-matched younger or older donors was significantly associated with lower PFS than UR-BMT with 8/8 HLA-matched younger donors (younger donor; HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.04-1.21, older donor; HR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.17-1.40; p for interaction = 0.079). In conclusion, adverse effect of increased donor age requires attention, especially in HLA-mismatched UR-BMT due to interaction between donor age and HLA disparity. Intensive aGVHD prophylaxis may be required to improve outcomes after HCT with mismatched older donors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01289-8DOI Listing
May 2021

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for adult patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia with high hyperdiploidy: a retrospective nationwide study.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 May 12:1-7. Epub 2021 May 12.

Division of Hematology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

We compared the transplant outcomes of adult patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia characterized by high hyperdiploidy (HeH; 51-65 chromosomes) ( = 29) and those with a normal karyotype ( = 87) by propensity score-matched analysis. There were no significant differences among groups in 3-year probabilities of overall survival (OS, 63.5% vs. 55.3%,  = .553), cumulative relapse incidence (28.6% vs. 28.7%,  = .982), and non-relapse mortality (10.9% vs. 21.4%,  = .303). Three-year OS was significantly worse in HeH patients with third or later complete remission (CR) or non-CR compared with those in first CR (19.0% vs. 69.9%,  = .010). Frequently gained chromosomes +21 (75.9%), +4 (69.0%), +6 (69.0%), +10 (69.0%), and +1 (69.0%) had no significant prognostic impact on the OS of patients with HeH in multivariate analyses. Patients with HeH who may benefit from allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be further analyzed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2021.1924374DOI Listing
May 2021

Off-the-shelf bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease: real-world evidence.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Hematology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medical Science, Sapporo, Japan.

Temcell is a cryopreserved, human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) product approved for the treatment of patients of all ages with acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Initial experience with Temcell in a real-world setting from a cellular therapy registry in Japan is presented. A total of 381 consecutive patients were enrolled since its approval in 2016. The median cell number infused was 2.00 × 10/kg. The most common number of infusions was 8 in 100 patients. Of the 306 evaluable patients, the overall response rate (ORR) on day 28 after the start of MSC therapy was 56%. Of the 151 evaluable patients who received it as second-line therapy following first-line steroid therapy for classic acute GVHD, the ORR was 61%. Liver involvement of GVHD and ≥14 days from first-line steroid therapy to second-line MSC therapy was associated with a lower ORR. Day 28 ORR, patient age, GVHD grade, GVHD organ involvement, and a number of GVHD therapies before MSC therapy were associated with nonrelapse mortality. Overall survival at 6 months in 381 patients was 40%. This study suggests that Temcell is one of the treatment options for steroid-refractory acute GVHD until a new treatment with survival benefit is developed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01304-yDOI Listing
May 2021

Cryopreservation of Unrelated Hematopoietic Stem Cells from a Blood and Marrow Donor Bank During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Nationwide Survey by the Japan Marrow Donor Program.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Japan Marrow Donor Program, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Nagakute, Japan.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, donor hematopoietic stem cell grafts are frequently cryopreserved to ensure the availability of graft before starting a conditioning regimen. However, the safety of cryopreservation has been controversial in unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), especially for bone marrow (BM) grafts. In addition, in unrelated HSCT, the effect of the time from harvest to cryopreservation of donor grafts required for the transportation of donor graft has not been fully clarified. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the first 112 patients with available data who underwent cryopreserved unrelated blood and marrow transplantation through the Japan Marrow Donor Program during the COVID-19 pandemic. There were 112 patients, including 83 who received BM grafts and 29 who received peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) grafts. The median time from stem cell harvest to cryopreservation was 9.9 hours (range, 2.6 to 44.0 hours), and the median time from cryopreservation to infusion was 231.2 hours. The incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day 28 after HSCT was 91.1%, and among 109 patients (excluding 3 patients with early death), all but 1 patient achieved neutrophil engraftment within 60 days after HSCT. The time to neutrophil engraftment and time to platelet engraftment were shorter in PBSC transplantation compared with BM transplantation (BMT), but the differences were not statistically significant (P = .064 and .18). Multivariate analysis among BM recipients revealed that a higher number of frozen nucleated cells and the absence of HLA mismatch were associated with faster neutrophil engraftment. The time to neutrophil engraftment after unrelated cryopreserved BMT was not different from that after unrelated BMT without cryopreservation. Our findings suggest that unrelated donor BM and PBSC grafts can be safely cryopreserved even after transit from the harvest center to the transplantation center. In the current COVID-19 pandemic, cryopreservation can be considered as an option while balancing the risks and benefits of the procedure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.04.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8098035PMC
May 2021

Prognostic factors in salvage transplantation for graft failure following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Division of Hematology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Although graft failure (GF) is a fatal complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), no mortality risk assessments after salvage SCT have been reported. We developed a comprehensive prognostic scoring system consisting of patient and comorbidity factors with 470 patients as a training cohort out of 940; these patients underwent salvage SCT for GF. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that older age, poorer performance status, a continuation of antimicrobial treatment, and severe organ dysfunction were independently associated with worse overall survival (OS) and non-relapse mortality (NRM). Based on each factor's hazard ratio, weighted scores of 1-3 were assigned to these factors. Using the summed scores (0-8), a prognostic scoring system successfully stratified outcomes after salvage SCT in the cohort. For patients in the low (0-2, n = 122), intermediate (3-4, n = 209), and high score (5-8, n = 110) groups, the 1-year OS was 62.8%, 40.8%, and 14.2%, respectively (P < 0.001), whereas the 1-year NRM was 24.1%, 43.9%, and 72.7%, respectively (P < 0.001). The prognostic value of the scoring system was confirmed in the validation cohort (n = 470). Our scoring system is useful for predicting survival after salvage SCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01310-0DOI Listing
April 2021

Clinical characteristics and drug susceptibility patterns of Corynebacterium species in bacteremic patients with hematological disorders.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Toranomon Hospital, 2-2-2 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8470, Japan.

The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical and microbiological characteristics of Corynebacterium bacteremia in hematological patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with Corynebacterium bacteremia from April 2013 to June 2018. The causative Corynebacterium species were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Drug susceptibility tests were performed using the broth microdilution method recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. In total, 147 cases of Corynebacterium bacteremia were identified during the study period. Corynebacterium striatum was the most frequent pathogen. Catheter-related bloodstream infection was diagnosed in 19.7% of all patients, and moderate/severe oral or severe gastrointestinal mucosal impairment was detected in 19.7%. Polymicrobial infection was found in about 20% of cases, with Enterococcus faecium being the most frequent isolate. The overall 30-day mortality was 34.7% (51/147). Multivariate analysis showed that E. faecium co-infection (odds ratio (OR) 9.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1-40), systemic corticosteroids (OR 3.6; 95% CI 1.4-8.9), other immunosuppressive drugs (OR 0.32; 95% CI 0.13-0.76), and a Pitt bacteremia score ≥4 (OR 12; 95% CI 3.9-40) were significant risk factors for overall 30-day mortality. The drug susceptibility rates for beta-lactam antimicrobial agents were quite low. All isolates were susceptible to glycopeptides and linezolid. However, some C. striatum isolates were resistant to daptomycin. Corynebacterium bacteremia can occur in the presence of several types of mucosal impairment. Our drug susceptibility data indicate that Corynebacterium bacteremia in hematological patients could be treated by glycopeptides or linezolid.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-021-04257-8DOI Listing
April 2021

Severe acute graft-versus-host disease increases the incidence of blood stream infection and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation: Japanese transplant registry study.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

This study aimed to clarify the risk factors and prognosis associated with blood stream infection (BSI) in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), and the relationship between BSI and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). This retrospective analysis included 11,098 patients in the Japanese national transplant registry. A total of 2172 patients developed BSI after allo-HCT, with 2332 identified pathogens. The cumulative incidences of BSI were 15.5% at 30 days and 20.9% at 100 days after allo-HCT. In a multivariate analysis, severe (grade III-IV) aGVHD was associated with a higher risk of BSI (vs. grade 0-I aGVHD: hazard ratio [HR] 3.34 [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.85-3.92; P < 0.001]). In a multivariate analysis, severe aGVHD before BSI was associated with a higher risk of overall mortality after BSI (vs. grade 0-I aGVHD: HR 2.61 [95% CI 2.18-3.11; P < 0.001]). In addition, BSI (vs. no-BSI: HR 1.20 [95% CI, 1.12-1.29; P < 0.001]) and severe aGVHD (vs. grade 0-I aGVHD: HR 1.97 [95% CI, 1.83-2.12; P < 0.001]) were independent risk factors for overall mortality after allo-HCT. In the setting of allo-HCT, severe aGVHD was associated with increases in both BSI incidence and post-BSI overall mortality. Furthermore, BSI was an independent risk factor for overall mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01291-0DOI Listing
April 2021

Single Cord Blood Transplantation Versus Unmanipulated Haploidentical Transplantation for Adults with Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Complete Remission.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Apr 28;27(4):334.e1-334.e11. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Department of Hematology and Cell Therapy, Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya, Japan.

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative post-remission therapy for adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission (CR). The availability of alternative human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched donors, such as cord blood and haploidentical related donors, could allow patients to receive allogeneic HCT who are without an HLA-matched sibling or unrelated donor. The use of these alternative donors is preferable for patients with advanced disease due to the rapid availability. However, comparative data for cord blood transplantation (CBT) and haploidentical related donor transplantation (haplo-HCT) are limited for adult patients with AML in CR. We sought to compare overall survival (OS); leukemia-free survival (LFS); graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS); and chronic GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (CRFS) between single-unit CBT (SCBT) and haplo-HCT recipients for adult patients with intermediate- or poor-risk AML in CR. We retrospectively analyzed and compared the results of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in 1313 adult patients with intermediate- or poor-risk AML in CR who received either SCBT (n = 1102) or unmanipulated haplo-HCT (n = 211) between 2007 and 2018 in Japan. Among the whole cohort, the cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet recovery were significantly lower in SCBT recipients compared with those in haplo-HCT recipients (P < .001 for neutrophil, P < .001 for platelet). SCBT was significantly associated with a higher incidence of grade II to IV acute GVHD and lower incidence of extensive chronic GVHD compared to haplo-HCT (P = .013 for grades II to IV acute GVHD; P = .006 for extensive chronic GVHD). Haplo-HCT recipients developed a higher incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigenemia compared to SCBT recipients (P = .004). In the multivariate analysis, there were no significant differences for grades III or IV acute GVHD (hazard ratio [HR], 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], .88 to 1.57; P = .26), relapse incidence (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, .76 to 1.58; P = .61), non-relapse mortality (HR, .83; 95% CI, .58 to 1.18; P = .32), OS (HR, .92; 95% CI, .70 to 1.20; P = .56), LFS (HR, .94; 95% CI, .73 to 1.21; P = .67), GRFS (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, .90 to 1.40; P = .27), or CRFS (HR, 1.15; 95% CI, .92 to 1.44; P = .19) between the two donor types. In the propensity score matching analysis, which identified 180 patients in each cohort, there were no significant differences in transplant outcomes between the two donor types, except for delayed neutrophil (P < .001) and platelet recovery (P < .001) and a higher incidence of grades II to IV acute GVHD (P = .052) in SCBT. SCBT and unmanipulated haplo-HCT had similar survival outcomes for adult patients with AML in CR despite the lower hematopoietic recovery and higher grade II to IV acute GVHD in SCBT recipients and the higher CMV antigenemia in haplo-HCT recipients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.01.023DOI Listing
April 2021

Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Adolescent and Young Adult Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Apr 8;27(4):314.e1-314.e10. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Hematology and Cell Therapy, Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya, Japan.

Limited data exist regarding the outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) among adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here we analyzed the features and outcomes of AYA patients with AML who had achieved complete remission (CR) and those who had not (non-CR) at allo-HCT. We retrospectively analyzed 2350 AYA patients with AML who underwent allo-HCT with a myeloablative conditioning regimen and who were consecutively enrolled in the Japanese nationwide HCT registry. The difference in overall survival (OS) between younger (age 16 to 29 years) and older AYA (age 30 to 39 years) patients in CR at transplantation was not significant (70.2% versus 71.7% at 3 years; P = .62). Meanwhile, this difference trended toward a statistical significance between younger and older AYA patients in non-CR at transplantation (39.5% versus 34.3% at 3 years; P = .052). In AYA patients in CR and non-CR, the age at transplantation did not affect relapse or nonrelapse mortality (NRM). In AYA patients in CR, no difference in OS was observed between those who received total body irradiation (TBI) and those who did not (71.1% versus 70.5% at 3 years; P = .43). AYA patients who received TBI-based conditioning had a significantly lower relapse rate and higher NRM than those who underwent non-TBI-based conditioning (relapse: 19.8% versus 24.1% at 3 years [P = .047]; NRM: 14.7% versus 11.1% at 3 years [P = .021]). In contrast, among the non-CR patients, there were no differences between the TBI and non-TBI groups with respect to OS (P = .094), relapse (P = .83), and NRM (P = .27). Our data indicate that outcomes may be more favorable in younger AYA patients than in older AYA patients in non-CR at transplantation, and that outcomes of TBI-based conditioning could be comparable to those of non-TBI-based conditioning for AYA patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2020.12.013DOI Listing
April 2021

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bloodstream infections in adult recipients of umbilical cord blood transplantation.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Mar 17;27(3):269.e1-269.e7. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Okinaka Memorial Institute for Medical Research, Tokyo, Japan.

Limited data are available on Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bloodstream infections (SM-BSIs) and the therapeutic efficacy of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) against SM-BSI in umbilical cord blood transplant (uCBT) recipients. Medical and microbiological records of adult patients who received uCBTs between December 2008 and December 2015 at Toranomon Hospital (Tokyo, Japan) were reviewed. The efficacy and safety of SXT were evaluated only for recipients who were treated with ≥7 days of intravenous SXT for SM-BSI (evaluation cohort). Of 561 uCBT recipients, 34 developed SM-BSI. Diabetes mellitus (P = .005) and age ≥ 60 years (P = .013) were significant independent risk factors for SM-BSI. Moreover, SM-BSI was identified as an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality up to 100 days following uCBT (P = .025). Of the 34 recipients with SM-BSI, 24 were treated with an intravenous SXT-containing regimen (iSXT-CR). Septic shock (P = .0021), pneumonia (P = .011), neutropenia (P = .0015), and systemic steroid administration (P = .018) were identified as significant independent risk factors for 7-day crude mortality. The evaluation cohort included nine recipients. Doses of SXT were 2.4 to 6.9 mg/kg/day of the trimethoprim component. Of the nine recipients, five developed SM-BSI during the pre-engraftment phase. The 30-day crude-mortality rate and clinical cure rate of the cohort were 22% and 67%, respectively. Only one of the nine recipients experienced significant neutrophil toxicity. In this study, the epidemiology of SM-BSI in uCBT recipients was determined and its negative impact on survival was demonstrated. A low- to moderate-dose iSXT-CR appeared to be a tolerable and important therapeutic option for SM-BSI in the uCBT setting, including during the pre-engraftment phase.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2020.11.020DOI Listing
March 2021

Clinical features and chromosomal/genetic aberration in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Japan: results of Fukuoka Blood & Marrow Transplant Group Studies ALL MRD 2002 and 2008.

Int J Hematol 2021 Jun 16;113(6):815-822. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume, 830-0011, Japan.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a common neoplasm in children, but less frequent in adults. Since information on clinical features and genetics of adult ALL in Japan is limited, we analyzed 215 subjects aged 16-65 years with untreated ALL enrolled in the Fukuoka Blood & Marrow Transplant Group studies ALL MRD 2002 and 2008. The prevalence of ALL was bimodal, with the larger group aged 56-65 years. Immunophenotypic characterization showed B-lineage is more frequent than T-lineage ALL (78.6 vs 13.0%), with age-related differences. The proportion with BCR-ABL1 rearrangement increased progressively with age, up to 55.7% among subjects aged over 56-65 years. Rearrangements involving the KMT2A gene, ETV6-RUNX1, and TCF3-PBX1 were rare in this study cohort. The overall incidence of hyperdiploidy was only 1.7%, and there were no cases with hypodiploidy. Overall survival varied by age and cytogenetics. Older subjects and those with BCR-ABL1 tended to have inferior outcomes. In this epidemiological study of Japanese adult ALL, the majority of subjects had B-lineage ALL, the T-cell phenotype was most frequent in those aged 16-25, and BCR-ABL1 rearrangement was very common, with prevalence increasing with age. These types of adult ALL are potentially manageable with targeted therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-021-03116-8DOI Listing
June 2021

Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A study of 11 cases.

J Dermatol 2021 May 14;48(5):e231-e233. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Dermatology, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15846DOI Listing
May 2021

Impact of event-free survival status after stem cell transplantation on subsequent survival of patients with lymphoma.

Blood Adv 2021 03;5(5):1412-1424

Department of Oncology and Hematology, Shimane University Hospital, Izumo, Japan.

We evaluated the impact of event-free survival (EFS) status at 24 months (EFS24) and 60 months (EFS60) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) using registry data. Patients who underwent their first autologous HSCT (auto-HSCT) or allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) for lymphoma between 1981 and 2018 were included. Overall survival was compared with that of the age-, sex, and calendar period-matched general population. A total of 14 977 patients, including 10 964 and 4013 who underwent auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT, respectively, were analyzed. Although patients who achieved EFS24 and EFS60 had favorable outcomes, most had significantly poorer survival rates than the general population. The standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) were significantly higher than that of the general population even after achieving EFS24 or EFS60. The SMRs of those after auto-HSCT were 2.5 to 3.5 and 2.7 to 3.7, respectively. The SMR was consistently highest in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients after HSCT. By contrast, subsequent survival of patients with primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, or peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, who achieved EFS60 after auto-HSCT, and those with extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma who achieved EFS60 after allo-HSCT did not significantly differ from that of the general population, with SMRs of 1.6, 1.2, 1.8, and 1.3, respectively. Our results suggest that EFS24 and EFS60 were clinically useful end points after HSCT for lymphoma patients. Furthermore, patients with certain lymphoma subtypes who achieved EFS had a comparable prognosis with that of the general population and were potentially cured after HSCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020003735DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7948259PMC
March 2021

Adding melphalan to fludarabine and a myeloablative dose of busulfan improved survival after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in a propensity score-matched cohort of hematological malignancies.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Hematology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

Fludarabine and a myeloablative dose of busulfan (Flu/Bu4) can improve prognosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with melphalan (Mel). We investigated the prognostic impact of adding Mel to Flu/Bu4 by comparing between Flu/Bu4/Mel and Flu/Bu4 groups. This study included 846 propensity score (PS)-matched patients who received either Flu/Bu4/Mel (n = 423) or Flu/Bu4 (n = 423) from 2394 patients enrolled in a multicenter prospective registry, from January 2010 to December 2016. The primary endpoint (5-year overall survival [OS]), and the prognostic impact of adding Mel was evaluated using Cox regression analysis. The study population median age was 58 (interquartile 50-64) years and 61.0% were male. Patient characteristics were well-balanced between groups. Five-year OS was 34.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 27.3-41.1%) and 30.1% (24.8-35.6%) in the Flu/Bu4/Mel and Flu/Bu4 groups, respectively (log-rank P = 0.019). The adjusted hazard ratio of adding Mel was 0.77 (95% CI: 0.62-0.96) (P = 0.022) for the 5-year OS, and this attributed to a lower incidence of 5-year relapse (0.71, 0.56-0.90, P = 0.005) and relapse associated mortality (0.73, 0.57-0.95, P = 0.018). There was no statistical difference in 5-year non-relapse mortality between groups (log-rank P = 0.855). Flu/Bu4/Mel was associated with better 5-year OS compared to Flu/Bu4 in a PS-matched cohort after allogeneic HSCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01217-wDOI Listing
March 2021

Single cord blood transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia patients aged 60 years or older: a retrospective study in Japan.

Ann Hematol 2021 Jul 23;100(7):1849-1861. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Hematology and Cell Therapy, Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya, Japan.

The availability of alternative donor sources could allow elderly patients to receive allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of single-unit cord blood transplantation (CBT) in 1577 patients aged ≥60 years with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in Japan between 2002 and 2017. In total, 990 (63%) patients were not in complete remission (CR) at the time of CBT. A myeloablative conditioning regimen (52%) and calcineurin inhibitor (CI) + mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-based graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis (45%) were more commonly used. With a median follow-up for survivors of 31 months, the probability of overall survival and the cumulative incidence of leukemia-related mortality at 3 years was 31% and 29%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 100 days and 3 years were 24% and 41%, respectively. The cumulative incidences of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute GVHD at 100 days and extensive chronic GVHD at 2 years were 44%, 16%, and 14%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment was 80% at 42 days. Results of multivariate analysis indicated that the following factors were significantly associated with higher overall mortality: performance status ≥1, hematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index ≥3, adverse cytogenetics, extramedullary disease at diagnosis, and non-CR status at CBT. By contrast, female sex, HLA disparities ≥2, mycophenolate mofetil-based GVHD prophylaxis, and recent CBT were significantly associated with lower overall mortality. In conclusion, single CBT offers a curative option for AML patients aged ≥60 years with careful patient selection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-021-04464-5DOI Listing
July 2021

The impact of graft cell source on bloodstream infection in the first 100 days after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Feb 19. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Hematology, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a major infectious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). To clarify the impact of graft cell source on the incidence of BSI after transplantation, we retrospectively examined 782 adult patients receiving their first allogeneic HCT: 122 recipients of related peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow, 215 recipients of unrelated bone marrow, and 445 recipients of unrelated umbilical cord blood (U-CB). The cumulative incidence of BSI was 42.5% at 100 days after transplantation (95% confidence interval, 39.0-46.0). Gram-positive cocci were present in 64.2% of detected isolates. Among the pre-transplant factors including age, performance status, primary disease, disease status, graft cell source, sex and ABO blood type matching, and the intensity of conditioning regimen, U-CB use was identified as the most significant risk factor for BSI by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 1.76; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-2.22; p < 0.00001). Among the U-CB recipients, those who are not in remission at the time of transplantation were at the greatest risk of BSI (hazard ratio, 1.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-2.50; p < 0.01). The study makes it clear that graft cell source has an impact on BSI development after allogeneic HCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01229-6DOI Listing
February 2021

Minimal residual disease (MRD) positivity at allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, not the quantity of MRD, is a risk factor for relapse of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Int J Hematol 2021 Jun 11;113(6):832-839. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Division of Hematology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, 1-847 Amanuma-cho, Omiya-ku, Saitama city, Saitama, 330-8503, Japan.

Minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) is the standard of care in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-positive ALL). We evaluated the impact of MRD status at hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) on relapse, as measured by a unified protocol at a central laboratory. Only patients with Ph-positive ALL who had minor transcripts (e1a2) and who underwent allogeneic HCT in first complete remission between 2008 and 2017 were included. First, patients with negative-MRD (n = 196) and positive-MRD (n = 61) at HCT were analyzed. As expected, MRD positivity at HCT was significantly associated with an increased risk of hematological relapse (hazard ratio [HR], 2.91; 95% CI 1.67-5.08; P < 0.001) in the multivariate analysis. Next, patients with positive-MRD were divided into low-MRD (n = 39) and high-MRD (n = 22) groups. In the multivariate analysis, high-MRD at HCT was not significantly associated with an increased risk of hematological relapse compared to the low-MRD group (HR 1.10; 95% CI 0.54-2.83; P = 0.620). These results indicate that the therapeutic decisions should be made based on MRD positivity, rather than on the MRD level, at HCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-021-03094-xDOI Listing
June 2021

Measurable residual disease affects allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in Ph+ ALL during both CR1 and CR2.

Blood Adv 2021 01;5(2):584-592

Division of Hematology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Although measurable residual disease (MRD) at the time of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) has been reported to be an important prognostic factor for Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during first complete remission (CR1), the prognostic impact of MRD is unclear during second CR (CR2). To clarify the impact of MRD for both CR1 and CR2, we analyzed data from a registry database including 1625 adult patients with Ph+ ALL who underwent first allo-HCT during either CR1 or CR2 between 2002 and 2017. Adjusted overall and leukemia-free survival rates at 4 years were 71% and 64%, respectively, for patients undergoing allo-HCT during CR1 with MRD-, 55% and 43% during CR1 with MRD+, 51% and 49% during CR2 with MRD-, and 38% and 29% during CR2 with MRD+. Although survival rates were significantly better among patients with CR1 MRD- than among patients with CR2 MRD-, no significant difference was observed in survival rate between patients with CR1 MRD+ and CR2 MRD-. Relapse rates after 4 years were 16% in patients with CR1 MRD-, 29% in CR1 MRD+, 21% in patients with CR2 MRD-, and 46% in patients with CR2 MRD+. No significant difference was identified in relapse rate between patients with CR1 MRD- and CR2 MRD-. CR2 MRD- was not a significant risk factor for relapse in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 1.26; 95% confidence interval, 0.69-2.29; P = .45 vs CR1 MRD-). MRD at time of allo-HCT was an important risk factor in patients with Ph+ ALL during both CR1 and CR2.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020003536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7839376PMC
January 2021

Reduced leukemia relapse through cytomegalovirus reactivation in killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor-ligand-mismatched cord blood transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Jun 8;56(6):1352-1363. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Hematology, Rheumatology (Second Department of Internal Medicine), Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Japan.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in cord blood transplantation (CBT) may result in the proliferation and maturation of natural killer (NK) cells. Similarly, a mismatch of the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)-ligand induces NK cell activation. Therefore, if CMV reactivation occurs in the presence of KIR-ligand mismatch, it might improve CBT outcomes. We assessed the difference in the effect of CMV reactivation in the presence of KIR-ligand mismatch on disease relapse in the graft-versus-host direction. A total of 2840 patients with acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and chronic myeloid leukemia were analyzed. Among those with a HLA-Bw4/A3/A11 (KIR3DL-ligand) mismatch, CMV reactivation up to 100 days following CBT had a favorable impact on relapse (18.9% vs. 32.9%, P = 0.0149). However, this effect was not observed in cases without the KIR3DL-ligand mismatch or in those with or without a HLA-C1/C2 (KIR2DL-ligand) mismatch. The multivariate analysis suggested that CMV reactivation had a favorable effect on relapse only in cases with a KIR3DL-ligand mismatch (hazard ratio 0.54, P = 0.032). Moreover, the interaction effect between CMV reactivation and KIR3DL-ligand mismatch on relapse was significant (P = 0.039). Thus, our study reveals the association between KIR-ligand mismatches and CMV reactivation, which will enhance CBT outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01203-8DOI Listing
June 2021

Effect of cytomegalovirus reactivation with or without acute graft-versus-host disease on the risk of nonrelapse mortality.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Dec 20. Epub 2020 Dec 20.

Division of Hematology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Background: Despite a strong association between acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and cytomegalovirus reactivation (CMVR), the joint effect of acute GVHD and CMVR on nonrelapse mortality (NRM) has not been well studied.

Methods: We evaluated the impact of CMVR on NRM stratified according to the development of acute GVHD using a landmark method. This study included 6078 patients who received their first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with a pre-emptive strategy for CMVR between 2008 and 2017.

Results: The cumulative incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD (G24GVHD), CMVR by day 100, and CMV disease by day 365 were 37.3%, 52.1%, and 2.9%, respectively. Patients with G24GVHD were associated with the subsequent development of CMVR, and the presence of CMVR also increased the risk of G24GVHD. In a landmark analysis at day 65, the cumulative incidence of NRM at 1 year was 5.4%, 10.0%, 13.9%, and 19.7% in patients with G24GVHD-/CMVR-, G24GVHD-/CMVR+, G24GVHD+/CMVR-, and G24GVHD+/CMVR+, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, CMVR was respectively associated with an increased risk of NRM by day 365 in patients without G24GVHD (HR [hazard ratio], 1.59, 95% CI, 1.24-2.05, P < 0.001) and with G24GVHD (HR, 1.34, 95% CI, 1.06-1.70, P = 0.014), but the interaction between G24GVHD and CMVR was not significant (P = 0.326). Subgroup analyses suggested that the joint effect of acute GVHD and CMVR might vary according to the baseline characteristics.

Conclusions: These data regarding the close relationship between acute GVHD and CMVR should provide important implications for the treatment strategy after HCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa1871DOI Listing
December 2020

Relapse of acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation: clinical features and outcomes.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 2;56(5):1126-1133. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Posttransplant relapse represents the greatest obstacle to the success of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This study investigated clinical features and outcomes of posttransplant relapse of AML based on data for 1265 patients with AML suffering relapse after allogeneic HCT conducted during complete remission (CR). Relapse occurred at a median of 6.1 months. The incidence rate of relapse peaked at 29.0 per 100 patient-years during the first 3-6 months period post transplant, after which the rate declined over time, and after 3 years remained consistently at less than 1 per 100 patient-years. The probability of overall survival (OS) after posttransplant relapse was 19% at 2 years, with 68% of deaths being attributed to leukemia. The interval from transplantation to relapse was identified as the strongest indicator for OS. Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) and second allogeneic HCT (HCT2) were administered to 152 (12%) and 481 (38%) patients, respectively. Landmark analyses showed some signs of survival benefit when these procedures were performed during CR, but no benefit was gained when performed during non-CR. Our findings clarify clinical features of posttransplant relapse of AML, and indicate the urgent need for developing effective bridging to cellular therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01163-zDOI Listing
May 2021

Characteristics of gram-negative bacteremia during febrile neutropenia among allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients on levofloxacin prophylaxis.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 May 13;40(5):941-948. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Toranomon Hospital, 2-2-2 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8470, Japan.

The aim of this study is to clarify the characteristics of gram-negative bacteremia (GNB), including extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing pathogens, among allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) recipients on levofloxacin (LVFX) prophylaxis. A retrospective analysis on GNB at the first episode of febrile neutropenia (FN) was conducted among allo-HSCT recipients (age ≥ 20 years) on 500 mg/day of oral LVFX prophylaxis. Epidemiological and microbiological features of GNB were investigated and compared between the inappropriate and appropriate empiric therapy groups. In total, FN occurred in 414 allo-HSCT cases, and bacteremia at the first episode of FN occurred in 169 cases. Overall, 29 GNB cases were documented, and the causative organisms identified were Escherichia coli in 21 cases (including 10 ESBLs), Klebsiella pneumoniae in 2, Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 2, and other in 4. The crude 30-day mortality rate was not significantly different among cases of GNB (6.9%), gram-positive bacteremia (GPB) (7.1%), or non-bacteremia (5.4%; P = 0.78). Cefepime (CFPM) was administered in all cases in the inappropriate empiric therapy group, and all causative organisms were ESBL-producing E. coli (ESBL-EC). All patients in the inappropriate empiric therapy group had a low Pitt bacteremia score (≤ 2). Thirty-day mortality did not differ significantly between the inappropriate and appropriate empiric therapy groups (1/10 vs. 1/15, P = 0.61). In conclusion, GNB was not a significant cause of death. In LVFX breakthrough ESBL-EC bacteremia among allo-HSCT recipients, the administration of CFPM as empiric therapy did not lead to significantly poor prognosis. Empiric CFPM administration might be an acceptable strategy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-020-04096-zDOI Listing
May 2021

Negative Impact of Cytomegalovirus Reactivation on Survival in Adult Patients with Aplastic Anemia after an Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: A Report from Transplantation-Related Complication and Adult Aplastic Anemia Working Groups of the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Jan 9;27(1):82.e1-82.e8. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Division of Hematology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major infectious complication following an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Recent large-scale retrospective studies reported that CMV reactivation is an independent risk factor for poor post-transplant outcomes, although the development of CMV end-organ disease is suppressed by the CMV antiviral preemptive therapy, which has been mainly analyzed for hematopoietic malignancies, such as acute leukemia. However, it remains unclear whether CMV reactivation also has a negative effect on post-transplant outcomes in aplastic anemia (AA). Therefore, we evaluated the clinical relevance of CMV reactivation in patients with AA using the registry database of the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Adult patients with AA who underwent their first allo-HSCT between 2005 and 2017 and who survived with neutrophil engraftment until 100 days post-transplantation were analyzed (n = 672). Patients were monitored using pp65 antigenemia since the time of engraftment, and CMV reactivation in the analysis of this study was defined as the beginning of CMV preemptive or definitive therapy within 100 days post-transplantation. CMV reactivation occurred in 372 (55%) patients, including 19 with CMV end-organ disease. In time-dependent multivariate analysis, patients aged ≥40 years (hazard ratio [HR], 1.89; P = .003) who underwent transplantation from HLA-matched related peripheral blood stem cells (HR, 2.85; P = .008), HLA-matched unrelated bone marrow (BM) (HR, 2.01; P = .036), and other stem cell sources (HR, 2.32; P = .007) compared to HLA-matched related BM, CMV reactivation (HR 1.65; P = .042), grade II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (HR 1.73; P = .013), and secondary graft failure (HR 7.09; P < .001) had independent risk factors that significantly decreased overall survival, indicating that CMV reactivation, one of the early events at post-transplantation, had a significant negative impact on the long-term prognosis at post-transplantation. This effect was more pronounced in patients aged ≥40 years who received a graft from other than HLA-matched related BM. Comparing the causes of death with and without CMV reactivation, no significant difference in the frequency of each cause of death was observed between the 2 groups (P = .453). Improvement of post-transplant CMV management that effectively suppresses CMV reactivation in the early stage at post-transplantation will be required to improve post-transplant outcomes, especially in high-risk patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.10.001DOI Listing
January 2021

Cyclosporine/methotrexate versus tacrolimus/methotrexate with or without anti-thymocyte globulin as GVHD prophylaxis in adult patients with aplastic anemia.

Ann Hematol 2021 Jan 9;100(1):217-228. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Nagoya, Japan.

The impact of calcineurin inhibitor types and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) in conditioning on overall survival (OS) and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) has not yet been analyzed in detail for aplastic anemia. We herein examined 517 adult patients with aplastic anemia who underwent BMT from HLA-matched sibling donors (MSD, n = 255) and unrelated donors (UD, n = 262) and were treated with cyclosporine A (CSA) + methotrexate (MTX) (n = 258) and tacrolimus (TAC) + MTX (n = 259). In total, 330 patients received ATG in conditioning. CSA + MTX versus TAC + MTX did not have a significant impact on acute and chronic GVHD, OS, or GRFS in each donor type. The use of ATG in conditioning reduced the risk of grade II-IV acute GVHD in the MSD and UD cohorts (HR 0.42, P = 0.014, and HR 0.3, P < 0.001, respectively); however, a differential impact on GRFS was identified, namely, better GRFS in MSD recipients (HR 0.56, P = 0.016), but not in UD recipients (HR 1.1, P = 0.657). In conclusion, CSA + MTX and TAC + MTX were similar as GVHD prophylaxis regardless of the donor type, and ATG in conditioning increased GRFS in MSD transplants, but not in UD transplants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-020-04290-1DOI Listing
January 2021

A super-sensitive auxin-inducible degron system with an engineered auxin-TIR1 pair.

Nucleic Acids Res 2020 10;48(18):e108

Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

The auxin-inducible degron (AID) system enables rapid depletion of target proteins within the cell by applying the natural auxin IAA. The AID system is useful for investigating the physiological functions of essential proteins; however, this system generally requires high dose of auxin to achieve effective depletion in vertebrate cells. Here, we describe a super-sensitive AID system that incorporates the synthetic auxin derivative 5-Ad-IAA and its high-affinity-binding partner OsTIR1F74A. The super-sensitive AID system enabled more than a 1000-fold reduction of the AID inducer concentrations in chicken DT40 cells. To apply this system to various mammalian cell lines including cancer cells containing multiple sets of chromosomes, we utilized a single-step method where CRISPR/Cas9-based gene knockout is combined with insertion of a pAID plasmid. The single-step method coupled with the super-sensitive AID system enables us to easily and rapidly generate AID-based conditional knockout cells in a wide range of vertebrate cell lines. Our improved method that incorporates the super-sensitive AID system and the single-step method provides a powerful tool for elucidating the roles of essential genes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkaa748DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7544234PMC
October 2020