Publications by authors named "Namvar Movahhedi"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Early outcome of off-pump versus on-pump coronary revascularization.

Pan Afr Med J 2014 22;17:309. Epub 2014 Apr 22.

Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The use of coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or without CPB technique (off-pump) can be associated with different mortality and morbidity and their outcomes remain uncertain. The goal of this study was to evaluate the early outcome of on-pump versus off-pump CABG.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective database review of 13866 patients (13560 patients undergoing on-pump CABG and 306 patients undergoing off-pump CABG) at Tehran Heart Center between January 2002 and January 2007. We compared preoperative, operative, and postoperative characteristics between them.

Results: In-hospital mortality in the on-pump group was 0.8% compared to 0.7% in the off-pump group (P=0.999) and in-hospital morbidity was 11.7% and 6.5%, respectively (OR: 1.533, 95%CI: 0.902-2.605, P=0.114). Postoperative atrial fibrillation was more prevalent in on-pump versus off-pump surgery (6.0% vs 3.0%, P=0.028), however there were no statistical significant differences in other postoperative complications with regard to cardiac arrest (P=0.733), prolonged ventilation (P=0.363), brain stroke (P=0.999), renal failure (P=0.525), and postoperative bleeding (P=0.999). The mean length of stay in hospital (P=0.156) and in ICU (P=0.498) was also similar between the two groups.

Conclusion: The results from an Iranian population-based study showed similar early mortality and morbidity of off-pump CABG in comparison to on-pump surgery.
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August 2015

Short- and mid-term results of triple-valve surgery with an evaluation of postoperative quality of life.

Tex Heart Inst J 2009 ;36(2):125-30

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1411713138, Iran.

The decision to proceed with triple-valve surgery should take into account reasonable estimates of the risk of the surgery and of the potential benefit to be gained. In the present study, we reviewed our experience with triple-valve surgery, focusing on short-term death and morbidity, mid-term survival, and postoperative quality of life.Among 107 patients with multiple-valve disease who underwent triple-valve surgery at Tehran University Heart Center from January 2002 through December 2007, 100 patients with complete, recorded data were entered into the study. Demographic and clinical characteristics and in-hospital postoperative complications were considered. Among 66 patients whose mid-term operative outcomes we were able to determine, these results were evaluated, together with their quality of life, during a mean follow-up period of 45.0 +/- 12.4 months.In-hospital mortality and morbidity rates were 5% and 61%, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier survival rate for the 66 monitored patients was 82.6%. Freedom from readmission was 77.3%, and freedom from rehospitalization was 89.4%. Freedom from thromboembolism was 87.8%, and freedom from anticoagulant-related hemorrhage was 91.3%. In the quality-of-life assessment, suitable physical and social activities were reported in 65.1% and 60.6% of patients, respectively. Although 63.6% of patients were satisfied with the results of the operation, only 51.5% were able to continue their work.Despite patients' satisfaction with early outcomes of triple-valve surgery and their acceptable mid-term survival rates, the improvement of quality of life after surgery is still far from ideal.
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July 2009

Coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with low ejection fraction: the effect of intra-aortic balloon pump insertion on early outcome.

Indian J Med Sci 2008 Aug;62(8):314-22

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Survival benefit with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients with left ventricular dysfunction is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the early results of CABG that predict 30-day mortality and prolonged length of hospital stay (LOS) after isolated CABG and the role of IABP application as a main predictor in patients with an ejection fraction (EF) of 30% or less.

Materials And Methods: Eight hundred and thirty-three patients who underwent isolated CABG with EF < or = 30% were entered and compared with 10881 patients with EF > 30% as the control group. Demographic and clinical characteristics and postoperative complications were considered. Data were analyzed using the student's t-test and chi-square test for univariate analysis and the analysis of covariance and logistic regression for multivariate analysis.

Results: The thirty-day mortality rate (1.6% vs. 0.7%, P P P = 0.002) and prolonged LOS (P = 0.009). Also, urinary tract infection, prolonged ventilation, and renal failure as postoperative complications were statistically more in the group with the application of IABP.

Conclusion: Low ejection fraction can positively affect thirty-day mortality and prolonged LOS and ICU stay in patients who undergo CABG. In these patients, IABP insertion is a strong predictor for early complication and mortality.
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August 2008