Publications by authors named "Nam Hee Ryu"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Anti-angiogenic effect of luteolin on retinal neovascularization via blockade of reactive oxygen species production.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2012 Nov 19;53(12):7718-26. Epub 2012 Nov 19.

Fight against Angiogenesis-Related Blindness Laboratory, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Oxidative stress-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is thought to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study was performed to investigate the anti-angiogenic effect of luteolin against reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced retinal neovascularization.

Methods: The toxicity of luteolin was evaluated through modified 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs) as well as TUNEL staining in the retina of C57BL/6J mice. After intravitreal injection of luteolin in the mouse model of ROP, retinal neovascularization was examined by fluorescence angiography and vessel counting. Anti-angiogenic activity of luteolin was evaluated by VEGF-induced migration and tube formation assay. The effect of luteolin on tertiary-butylhydroperoxide (t-BH)-induced ROS production was measured with 2'7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate. The effect of luteolin on t-BH-induced and hypoxia-induced VEGF transcription and expression were evaluated by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.

Results: Luteolin never affected the viability of HRMECs up to 10 μM, where luteolin never induced any structural change in all retinal layers. Luteolin inhibited retinal neovascularization in the mouse model of ROP. Moreover, VEGF-induced migration and tube formation were significantly decreased by cotreatment of luteolin. Luteolin attenuated VEGF transcription via blockade of t-BH-induced ROS production. Luteolin suppressed hypoxia-induced VEGF expression via attenuating hypoxia inducible factor 1 α expression.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that luteolin could be a potent anti-angiogenic agent for retinal neovascularization, which is related to anti-oxidative activity to block ROS production and to subsequently suppress VEGF expression and the pro-angiogenic effect of VEGF.
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November 2012

Aspirin induces apoptosis in YD-8 human oral squamous carcinoma cells through activation of caspases, down-regulation of Mcl-1, and inactivation of ERK-1/2 and AKT.

Toxicol In Vitro 2010 Apr 29;24(3):713-20. Epub 2010 Jan 29.

Department of Dentistry, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, 194 Dongsan-dong, Jung-gu, Daegu 700-712, Republic of Korea.

NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors show anti-cancer activities in many cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of NSAIDs (aspirin or indomethacin) and COX-2 inhibitor (NS-398) on growth of YD-8 human oral squamous carcinoma cells. Interestingly, among drugs tested, aspirin showed strongest inhibitory effects on viability and survival of YD-8 cells. Profoundly, aspirin treatment resulted in severe cell shrinkage and nuclear DNA fragmentation in YD-8 cells, suggesting the aspirin-induced apoptosis in YD-8 cells. Data of Western blot further demonstrated that aspirin treatment caused activation of caspases, down-regulation of Mcl-1 protein, dephosphorylation of ERK-1/2 and AKT, and also IkappaB-alpha proteolysis-dependent NF-kappaB activation in YD-8 cells. Aspirin, however, had no effect on expressions of Bcl-2, XIAP, and HIAP-1 in YD-8 cells. Importantly, pretreatment with z-VAD-fmk, a pan-caspase inhibitor blocked the aspirin-induced apoptosis and Mcl-1 down-regulation in YD-8 cells. These findings collectively suggest that aspirin induces apoptosis in YD-8 cells and the induction may be correlated to activation of caspases, caspase-dependent Mcl-1 proteolysis, inactivation of ERK-1/2 and AKT, and activation of NF-kappaB. It is suggested that aspirin may be applied a potential anti-cancer drug against human oral squamous carcinoma.
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April 2010

Differential down-regulation of COX-2 and MMP-13 in human skin fibroblasts by glucosamine-hydrochloride.

J Dermatol Sci 2009 Oct 4;56(1):43-50. Epub 2009 Aug 4.

Department of Medical Genetic Engineering, Keimyung University School of Medicine, 194 Dongsan-dong, Jung-gu, Daegu, 700-712, South Korea.

Background: Evidence suggests anti-inflammatory effects of glucosamine (GS) on inflammatory diseases. COX-2 is an enzyme to produce prostaglandins. MMPs are the family of matrix metalloproteinases degradable of ECM. Excess expression of COX-2 or MMPs involves in skin inflammation.

Objective: We evaluated whether GS-HCl modulates expression of COX-2 and/or MMPs by IL-1beta or PMA in human skin fibroblasts (HSF) or keratinocytes (HaCaT).

Methods: HSF or HaCaT cells were exposed to IL-1beta or PMA without or with GS-HCl. COX-2 or MMPs protein and mRNA expression, respectively, were analyzed by Western blot and RT-PCR. MTS assay was utilized to assess the cytotoxicity of GS-HCl on HSF cells.

Results: In HSF cells, IL-1beta treatment induced COX-2 and MMP-13 expressions in association with activation of ERKs, p38 MAPK, JNKs, and NF-kappaB. PMA treatment also induced COX-2 and MMP-13 expressions in association with p38 MAPK activation. Of interest, treatment with GS-HCl (10mM) led to blockage of p38 MAPK activation, accumulation of 66kDa COX-2 protein variant (without affecting COX-2 mRNA expression), and transcriptional down-regulation of MMP-13 in the IL-1beta- or PMA-treated HSF cells. Distinctly, pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAPK with SB203580 was associated with transcriptional down-regulation of COX-2 and MMP-13 in the IL-1beta- or PMA-treated HSF cells. In addition, the GS-HCl-mediated COX-2 protein modification was observed in both endogenous and PMA-induced COX-2 in HaCaT cells.

Conclusions: GS-HCl differentially down-regulates COX-2 and MMP-13 expression in the IL-1beta- or PMA-treated human skin fibroblasts via the p38 MAPK-independent COX-2 translational inhibition and the p38 MAPK-dependent MMP-13 transcriptional suppression, respectively.
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October 2009