Publications by authors named "Nalan Akalın"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Shrinkage of Nasal Mucosa and Cartilage During Formalin Fixation.

Balkan Med J 2017 Sep 29;34(5):458-463. Epub 2017 May 29.

Departments of Biochemistry, Başkent University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: After resection, specimens are subjected to formalin fixation during histological processing. This procedure can result in tissue shrinkage, with the amount of shrinkage related to tissue composition and tissue type.

Aims: To evaluate the shrinkage of nasal mucosa and cartilage tissue and compare differences in shrinkage after resection, after formalin fixation, and during microscopic examination to understand differences in the rate of shrinkage of different tissue types.

Study Design: Animal experimentation.

Methods: Fresh nasal septa were excised from sheep (10 mm diameter in 40 sheep and 20 mm diameter in 40 sheep). The mucosa was separated from one side of the cartilage, with the contralateral mucosa remaining attached to the cartilage. Specimen diameters were measured in situ, after resection, after fixation for 6 or 24 hours (10% formalin), and during microscopic examination.

Results: There were no differences between the in situ and after resection diameters of any tissue components (free mucosa, mucosa attached to cartilage, and cartilage) of all nasal specimens (10- or 20-mm diameter and 6- or 24-hour fixation). However, significant shrinkage occurred between resection and after-fixation. Regarding tissue specimens that were fixed for different durations (6 or 24 hours), we observed a significantly smaller mean tissue diameter in specimens fixed for 24 hours versus those fixed for 6 hours for mucosa attached to cartilage (in the 10-mm diameter after-fixation samples), free mucosa (in the 20-mm diameter after-fixation samples), mucosa attached to cartilage (in the 20-mm diameter after-fixation and microscopic measurement samples), and cartilage (in the 20-mm diameter after-fixation samples). Tissue shrinkage was greatest in free mucosal tissue and least in cartilage.

Conclusion: These results should be considered when evaluating patients undergoing surgical procedures for nasal cavity and paranasal sinus malignancies. Surgical margins should be measured before fixation or evaluated if possible before fixation and shrinkage.
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September 2017

Comparison of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate measured by the Micro Test 1 sedimentation analyzer and the conventional Westergren method.

Ann Saudi Med 2007 Sep-Oct;27(5):362-5

Biochemistry Department, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) remains the most widely used laboratory test for monitoring infections, inflammatory diseases and some types of cancer. Several test methods have been developed recently, and as a result, the safety and reliability of ESR testing procedures have improved. The purpose of this study was the comparison of two methods, the traditional manual Westergren method (reference method of the International Committee on Standardization in Hematology) and a new semiautomated technique, the Micro Test 1 for determining the ESR.

Subjects And Methods: Blood samples were collected after a night's fasting from 200 hospitalized and ambulatory patients. Undiluted blood samples anticoagulated with K3 EDTA that had Micro Test 1 values ranging from 2-82 mm/h were used for comparison with the Westergren method.

Results: Linear regression analysis comparing the Micro Test 1 and the reference method yielded satisfactory correlations and regression for samples (r=0.910; P=0.0001; y=4.91+0.86 x; Sy/x=6.85). A Bland-Altman analysis showed no evidence of systematic bias between the Micro Test 1 and the reference method.

Conclusion: The Micro Test 1 system was easy to use, had a satisfactory operative practicability, required minimal maintenance, and reduced contact with potential biohazards.
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February 2008

Role of free radicals in peptic ulcer and gastritis.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2003 Mar;14(1):39-43

Department of Biochemistry, Pamukkale University Medical Faculty, Denizli, Turkey.

Background/aims: It has been suggested that the free radicals are closely related with peptic ulcer disease and gastritis. Although many studies have been undertaken to clarify the role of oxygen-derived free radicals, most of them were carried out in animal models. The aim of this study was to assess the reactive oxygen species activity and the damage in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric mucosa in humans.

Methods: In a total group of 42, there were fifteen cases of peptic ulcer, 14 cases of gastritis and 12 control subjects. Measurement of gastric mucosal malondialdehyde concentrations, which is the end - product of lipid peroxidation, was used to assess oxidative damage to membranes in patients with peptic ulcer and gastritis. Mucosal reduced glutathione glutathione concentrations were also measured in order to study whether reactive oxygen species generation affects levels of the antioxidant peptide. malondialdehyde and glutathione content was then measured in biopsies taken from the gastric antrum.

Results: Tissue levels of glutathione were significantly (p<0.001) and malondialdehyde was higher (p<0.001) in patients with peptic ulcer compared to controls. In patients with gastritis, glutathione was also lower (p<0.001) and malondialdehyde higher (p<0.01).

Conclusions: Depletion of gastric mucosal glutathione in cases with H.pylori positive peptic ulcer and gastritis may be caused by accumulation of free radicals that can initiate membrane damage by lipid peroxidation.
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March 2003

The effect of swimming exercise on lipid peroxidation in the rat brain, liver and heart.

Acta Physiol Pharmacol Bulg 2003 ;27(2-3):43-5

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey.

We intended to study the effect of swimming exercise on the brain, liver and heart malondialdehyde (MDA) levels which are the last product of oxidation, and to compare them with the brain, liver and heart MDA levels of controls. The experiments were carried out on 20 Wistar rats which were fed with a standard laboratory chow diet ad libitum. Rats were distributed in two groups, control group (n = 10) and exercise group (n = 10). The exercise group rats were exposed to swimming exercise for 30 minutes. After this animals in each group were sacrificed by decapitation, their brain, liver and heart tissues were quickly removed. MDA levels of the brain, liver and heart were determined according to the method in which MDA reacts with thiobarbituric acid. Results were evaluated by the Mann-Whitney U test. The liver and heart MDA levels in the exercise group were (29.59+/-6.73 and 10.49+/-1.90 nmol/g tissue, respectively) significantly higher than in the control group (21.78+/-3.46 and 8.86+/-1.25 nmol/g tissue, p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). However, the brain MDA levels were similar in both groups (exercise group 19.37+/-5.50 nmol/g tissue and control group 16.58+/-2.44 nmol/g tissue; p=0.325). It is concluded that swimming exercise might cause oxidative stress.
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December 2003