Publications by authors named "Nadia I Zakhary"

10 Publications

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Significance of Some Non-Invasive Biomarkers in the Early Diagnosis and Staging of Egyptian Breast Cancer Patients.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2020 11 1;21(11):3279-3284. Epub 2020 Nov 1.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), October, Egypt.

Introduction: Breast cancer is one of the most relevant malignancies among women. Early diagnosis and accurate staging of breast cancer is important for the selection of an appropriate therapeutic strategy and achieving a better outcome.

Aim: This study aimed to explore the significance of some non-invasive biomarkers in the early diagnosis and staging of Egyptian breast cancer patients.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 135 female patients with physically and pathologically confirmed breast cancer and 40 unrelated controls as well as 40 patients with benign breast mass were enrolled in this study. The malignant breast cancer group was further divided into four groups according to tumor size. Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule-1 (CEACAM1), resistin and visfatin were determined by enzyme immunoassay.

Results: Elevated levels of CEACAM1, resistin and visfatin were observed in breast cancer patients when compared with normal control and benign groups. The cutoff values, sensitivities and specificities of these biomarkers were appropriate for the discrimination of breast cancer from controls. Additionally, the serum levels of visfatin increased positively with tumor size and consequently with breast cancer stages.

Conclusion: CEACAM1, resistin and visfatin are valuable in early diagnosis of breast cancer, with visfatin being preferentially used in staging.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.11.3279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8033118PMC
November 2020

Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma: Elevated microRNA miR-181b-5p and Reduced miR-200b-3p, miR-200c-3p, and miR-203a-3p Expression as Potential Biomarkers with Diagnostic Value.

Biomolecules 2020 07 16;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt.

Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare yet aggressive breast cancer variant, associated with a poor prognosis. The major challenge for IBC is misdiagnosis due to the lack of molecular biomarkers. We profiled dysregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in primary samples of IBC and non-IBC tumors using human breast cancer miRNA PCR array. We discovered that 28 miRNAs were dysregulated (10 were upregulated, while 18 were underexpressed) in IBC vs. non-IBC tumors. We identified 128 hub genes, which are putative targets of the differentially expressed miRNAs and modulate important cancer biological processes. Furthermore, our qPCR analysis independently verified a significantly upregulated expression of miR-181b-5p, whereas a significant downregulation of miR-200b-3p, miR-200c-3p, and miR-203a-3p was detected in IBC tumors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves implied that the four miRNAs individually had a diagnostic accuracy in discriminating patients with IBC from non-IBC and that miR-203a-3p had the highest diagnostic value with an AUC of 0.821. Interestingly, a combination of miR-181b-5p, miR-200b-3p, and miR-200c-3p robustly improved the diagnostic accuracy, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.897. Intriguingly, qPCR revealed that the expression of zinc finger E box-binding homeobox 2 () mRNA, the putative target of miR-200b-3p, miR-200c-3p, and miR-203a-3p, was upregulated in IBC tumors. Overall, this study identified a set of miRNAs serving as potential biomarkers with diagnostic relevance for IBC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom10071059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7407124PMC
July 2020

Significance of Serum Survivin and -31G/C Gene Polymorphism in the Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer in Egypt.

Clin Breast Cancer 2019 04 6;19(2):e276-e282. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), October, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: Breast cancer is one of the most relevant malignancies among women. Molecular abnormalities in promotor region of survivin gene may account for overexpression of survivin and increased breast cancer risk. This study aimed to explore the potential association between survivin promotor gene -31G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (rs9904341) and its serum level alteration on one hand, and the risk of breast cancer in Egyptian patients on the other hand. It also aimed to assess the usefulness of survivin as an early noninvasive diagnostic biomarker and in breast cancer staging.

Patients And Methods: A total of 135 patients with physically and pathologically confirmed breast cancer and 40 unrelated control subjects as well as 40 patients with benign breast mass were recruited from the early detection unit at National Cancer Institute, Cairo University. Genotyping was performed using allelic discrimination probes by real-time quantitative PCR and serum survivin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results: The minor allele C of -31G/C survivin single nucleotide polymorphism was more frequent in breast cancer patients (19.3%) compared to the control group (7.5%). Furthermore, subjects with the GC + CC genotype were at increased risk of breast cancer compared to the GG genotype of the control group and also the benign group. Moreover, those patients exhibited higher serum levels of survivin compared to GG genotype. There was also significant elevation of serum survivin in different breast cancer stages.

Conclusion: Genetic variation in -31G/C of the survivin gene may contribute to the disposition of breast cancer in the Egyptian population. Serum survivin alteration played a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clbc.2019.01.002DOI Listing
April 2019

Aging, Metabolic, and Degenerative Disorders: Biomedical Value of Antioxidants.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2018;2018:2098123. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11495, Saudi Arabia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2098123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5914096PMC
December 2018

In vitro anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic activities of thalidomide dithiocarbamate analogs.

Int Immunopharmacol 2014 Aug 21;21(2):283-92. Epub 2014 May 21.

Division of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 7008530, Japan.

Inhibition of angiogenesis is currently perceived as a promising strategy in the treatment of cancer. The anti-angiogenicity of thalidomide has inspired a second wave of research on this teratogenic drug. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-proliferative and anti-angiogenic activities of two thalidomide dithiocarbamate analogs by studying their anti-proliferative effects on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines. Their action on the expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, VEGF165, and MMP-2 was also assessed. Furthermore, their effect on angiogenesis was evaluated through wound healing, migration, tube formation, and nitric oxide (NO) assays. Results illustrated that the proliferation of HUVECs and MDA-MB-231 cells was not significantly affected by thalidomide at 6.25-100μM. Thalidomide failed to block angiogenesis at similar concentrations. By contrast, thalidomide dithiocarbamate analogs exhibited significant anti-proliferative action on HUVECs and MDA-MB-231 cells without causing cytotoxicity and also showed powerful anti-angiogenicity in wound healing, migration, tube formation, and NO assays. Thalidomide analogs 1 and 2 demonstrated more potent activity to suppress expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, VEGF165, and MMP-2 than thalidomide. Analog 1 consistently, showed the highest potency and efficacy in all the assays. Taken together, our results support further development and evaluation of novel thalidomide analogs as anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic agents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2014.05.007DOI Listing
August 2014

Impact of PIVKA-II in diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.

J Adv Res 2013 Nov 11;4(6):539-46. Epub 2013 Jan 11.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Liver cancer grows silently with mild or no symptoms until advanced. In the absence of an effective treatment for advanced stage of hepatic cancer hope lies in early detection, and screening for high-risk population. Among Egyptians viral hepatitis is the most common risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The current work was designed to determine the level of prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA-II) in sera of patients suffering from HCC and hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients being the most common predisposing factor for HCC. Our ultimate goal is diagnosis of HCC at its early stage. The current study was carried out on 83 individuals within three groups; Normal control, HCV and HCC groups. Patients were subdivided into cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic. Complete clinicopathological examination was carried out for each individual to confirm diagnosis. Individuals' sera were subjected to quantitative determination of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), PIVKA-II and other parameters. PIVKA-II proved to be superior to AFP for early detection of HCC patients being highly sensitive and specific. Furthermore it has the ability to discriminate between different histopathological grades of HCC and It has a powerful diagnostic validity to evaluate the thrombosis of portal vein and to differentiate between early and late stages of HCC. The direct relation between the level of PIVKA-II and the size of tumor makes it an attractive tool for early HCC diagnosis and surveillance. Using the best cut-off value of AFP (>28), showed a sensitivity of (44%) and specificity of (73.3%). While cut-off value of PIVKA-II (>53.7) showed 100% sensitivity and specificity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2012.10.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4294786PMC
November 2013

Postoperative simple biochemical markers for prediction of bone metastases in Egyptian breast cancer patients.

Ecancermedicalscience 2013 15;7:305. Epub 2013 Apr 15.

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Objective: The present study was undertaken to identify patient populations at high risk for bone metastases (BM) at any time after diagnosis of operable breast cancer.

Subjects And Methods: A total number of 59 cases with breast cancer after mastectomy was subdivided into two main groups that included 30 patients with radiologically confirmed BM and 29 patients with no bone metastasis (NBM). Patients with NBM were formerly observed for a one-year follow-up interval to monitor the development of bone metastasis (new BM). Parameters included a full blood picture, tumour markers (carcinoembryonic antigen and CA 15.3) and some biochemical markers (vascular endothelial growth factor and zinc levels, as well as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase activities).

Results: A significant elevation was recorded in carcinoembryonic antigen level and alkaline phosphatase activity, as well as inflammation and vascularisation markers at the time of primary diagnosis in patients with BM, compared with those without BM. CA 15.3 was significantly higher in the new BM group as compared with the other two groups (patients free of bone metastasis [free BM] and BM). According to the likelihood ratio, a panel of single, calculated as well as combined markers was proposed to predict BM within one year in breast cancer patients.

Conclusion: Vascularisation and inflammation markers, as well as CA 15.3 are predictive of bone recurrence within one year in breast carcinoma patients. We suggest that in cancer validation studies it is imperative to search for markers that link to the premetastatic process and to determine what type of mechanism is active in each stage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2013.305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3640610PMC
May 2013

Serum human leukocyte antigen-G and soluble interleukin 2 receptor levels in acute lymphoblastic leukemic pediatric patients.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2012 ;13(11):5399-403

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Egypt.

Aims And Background: Human leukocyte antigen-G and interleukin-2 receptor play pivotal roles in the proliferation of lymphocytes, and thus generation of immune responses. Their overexpression has been evidenced in different malignant hematopoietic diseases. This study aimed to validate serum soluble human leukocyte antigen-G (sHLA-G) and serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) as an additional tool for the diagnosis and follow up of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

Subjects And Methods: Both markers were determined by ELISA in the serum of 33 ALL pediatric patients before treatment and after intensification phase of chemotherapy as well as in the serum of 14 healthy donors that were selected as a control group.

Results: ALL patients showed abnormal CBC and high serum lactate dehydrogenase, which were improved after chemotherapy. Also, there was a non-significant increase in serum sHLA-G in ALL patients compared with the control group. However, after chemotherapy, sHLA-G was increased significantly compared with before treatment. On the other hand, serum sIL-2R in ALL patients was increased significantly compared with the control group. After chemotherapy, sIL-2R decreased significantly compared with before treatment.

Conclusions: From these results it could be suggested that measurement of serum sHLA-G might be helpful in diagnosis of ALL, while sIL-2R might be useful in diagnosis and follow-up of ALL in pediatric patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7314/apjcp.2012.13.11.5399DOI Listing
July 2013

Multiple Patterns of FHIT Gene Homozygous Deletion in Egyptian Breast Cancer Patients.

Int J Breast Cancer 2011 19;2011:325947. Epub 2011 Oct 19.

Cancer Biology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene encodes a putative tumour suppressor protein. Loss of Fhit protein in cancer is attributed to different genetic alterations that affect the FHIT gene structure. In this study, we investigated the pattern of homozygous deletion that target the FHIT gene exons 3 to 9 genomic structure in Egyptian breast cancer patients. We have found that 65% (40 out of 62) of the cases exhibited homozygous deletion in at least one FHIT exon. The incidence of homozygous deletion was not associated with patients' clinicopathological parameters including patients' age, tumour grade, tumour type, and lymph node involvement. Using correlation analysis, we have observed a strong correlation between homozygous deletions of exon 3 and exon 4 (P < 0.0001). Deletions in exon 5 were positively correlated with deletions in exon 7 (P < 0.0001), Exon 8 (P < 0.027), and exon 9 (P = 0.04). Additionally, a strong correlation was observed between exons 8 and exon 9 (P < 0.0001).We conclude that FHIT gene exons are homozygously deleted at high frequency in Egyptian women population diagnosed with breast cancer. Three different patterns of homozygous deletion were observed in this population indicating different mechanisms of targeting FHIT gene genomic structure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/325947DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3262564PMC
August 2012

FHIT gene and flanking region on chromosome 3p are subjected to extensive allelic loss in Egyptian breast cancer patients.

Mol Carcinog 2011 Aug 6;50(8):625-34. Epub 2011 May 6.

Cancer Biology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt.

The fragile histidine triad gene (FHIT) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene at chromosome 3p14.2. Deletions in FHIT gene were reported in different types of cancer including breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) incidence that target FHIT genomic structure and chromosome 3p in cancerous and pre-neoplastic lesions of Egyptian breast patients. Genomic DNA was isolated from tumor tissues and their normal counterparts of 55 Egyptian patients diagnosed with breast cancer and 11 patients diagnosed with preneoplastic breast lesions. LOH was detected in 51% of breast cancer cases in at least one microsatellite marker of the four investigated markers. While, none of the markers showed LOH among the pre-neoplastic breast lesions. We also observed a significant association between LOH and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) histopathological type while no association observed between LOH and patients' age, tumor grade, or lymph node involvement. We also investigated FHIT gene expression profiles in breast cancer using Oncomine database. We found that FHIT is significantly reduced in all investigated studies. We conclude that, FHIT is underexpressed in breast cancer tissues compared to their normal counterparts due to the extensive allelic loss that is observed in its gene structure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mc.20797DOI Listing
August 2011