Publications by authors named "Naddley Désiré"

5 Publications

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Report of Early Childhood Traumatic Injury Observations & Symptoms: Preliminary Validation of an Observational Measure of Postconcussive Symptoms.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Psychology, Montreal University, Quebec, Canada (Ms Dupont and Drs Beaudoin and Beauchamp); Sainte-Justine Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Mss Dupont and Tran and Drs Beaudoin and Beauchamp); Department of Psychology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Dr Désiré); Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Dr Gagnon); and School of Physical & Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Dr Gagnon).

Objective: To report preliminary empirical data on a novel, developmentally appropriate, observational postconcussive symptoms inventory for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers.

Setting: Emergency departments of 2 tertiary, urban pediatric hospitals.

Participants: Ninety-eight children (0-8 years of age; mean age at injury = 33.00, SD = 24.7 months) with mild traumatic brain injury (concussion) divided into younger (0-2 years) and older (3-8 years) age groups.

Design: Observational study.

Main Measure: The Report of Early Childhood Traumatic Injury Observations & Symptoms (REACTIONS) documents 17 postconcussive symptoms representing observable manifestations thereof and was completed by parents in the acute (24-48 hours; n = 65), subacute (7-14 days; n = 78), and/or persistent phase (25-35 days; n = 72) post-mild traumatic brain injury.

Results: Different patterns of postconcussive symptoms were reported by age group, with behavioral manifestations particularly salient in younger children. More children younger than 2 years had sleep and comfort-seeking symptoms at each of the 3 postinjury time points.

Conclusion: Postconcussive symptoms may manifest differently after mild traumatic brain injury sustained during early childhood. To fully understand and address their presence and evolution, developmentally sound measures such as the REACTIONS inventory are required.
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April 2021

The use of the MSVT in children and adolescents with epilepsy.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Oct-Dec;9(4):323-328. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Neuropsychology Service, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Canada.

Pediatric neuropsychologists are increasingly recognizing the importance of performance validity testing during evaluations. The use of such measures to detect insufficient effort is of particular importance in pediatric epilepsy evaluations, where test results are often used to guide surgical decisions and failure to detect poor task engagement can result in postsurgical cognitive decline. The present investigation assesses the utility of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) in 104 clinically referred children and adolescents with epilepsy. Though the overall failure rate was 15.4% of the total group, children with 2nd grade or higher reading skills (a requirement of the task) passed at a very high rate (96.6%). Of the three failures, two were unequivocally deemed true positives, while the third failed due to extreme somnolence during testing. Notably, for those with ≥2nd grade reading levels, MSVT validity indices were unrelated to patient age, intellectual functioning, or age of epilepsy onset, while modest relations were seen with specific memory measures, number of epilepsy medications, and seizure frequency. Despite these associations, however, this did not result in more failures in this population of children and adolescents with substantial neurologic involvement, as pass rates exceeded 92% for those with intellectual disability, high seizure frequency, high medication burden, and even prior surgical resection of critical memory structures.
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April 2020

Predicting Wellness After Pediatric Concussion.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2019 04;25(4):375-389

Clinical Research Unit,Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute,Ottawa, Ontario,Canada, K1H 5B2.

Objective: Concussion in children and adolescents is a prevalent problem with implications for subsequent physical, cognitive, behavioral, and psychological functioning, as well as quality of life. While these consequences warrant attention, most concussed children recover well. This study aimed to determine what pre-injury, demographic, and injury-related factors are associated with optimal outcome ("wellness") after pediatric concussion.

Method: A total of 311 children 6-18 years of age with concussion participated in a longitudinal, prospective cohort study. Pre-morbid conditions and acute injury variables, including post-concussive symptoms (PCS) and cognitive screening (Standardized Assessment of Concussion, SAC), were collected in the emergency department, and a neuropsychological assessment was performed at 4 and 12 weeks post-injury. Wellness, defined by the absence of PCS and cognitive inefficiency and the presence of good quality of life, was the main outcome. Stepwise logistic regression was performed using 19 predictor variables.

Results: 41.5% and 52.2% of participants were classified as being well at 4 and 12 weeks post-injury, respectively. The final model indicated that children who were younger, who sustained sports/recreational injuries (vs. other types), who did not have a history of developmental problems, and who had better acute working memory (SAC concentration score) were significantly more likely to be well.

Conclusions: Determining the variables associated with wellness after pediatric concussion has the potential to clarify which children are likely to show optimal recovery. Future work focusing on wellness and concussion should include appropriate control groups and document more extensively pre-injury and injury-related factors that could additionally contribute to wellness. (JINS, 2019, 25, 375-389).
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April 2019

Predicting Psychological Distress after Pediatric Concussion.

J Neurotrauma 2019 03 10;36(5):679-685. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

5 Clinical Research Unit, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

A significant proportion of children and adolescents report psychological distress following concussion, but little is known about the predictors of these problems. The purpose of this study was to examine predictive factors of psychological distress following pediatric concussion. It was hypothesized that the presence of pre-injury psychological distress would be the strongest predictor of psychological distress post-concussion, with other demographic and acute injury factors adding incrementally to prediction. This is a prospective, multi-center cohort. Children and adolescents (6-17 years old; n = 311) who sustained a concussion and were assessed through four pediatric emergency departments. Participants were reassessed at 4-weeks (n = 275) and 12-weeks (n = 190) post-injury. Emergency department (ED) assessment documented injury mechanism, acute symptomatology, acute cognitive functioning, and pre-injury functioning. Psychological distress at 4- and 12-weeks follow-up was categorized as present if one or more psychological scores from the parent-completed measures (Child Behavior Checklist, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) exceeded established cutoffs. The presence of psychological distress at each follow-up was predicted using multi-variable logistic regressions. Psychological distress was reported in 23% of youth at both 4- and 12-weeks post-concussion. A pre-injury diagnosis of anxiety and acutely forgetting recent information were significant predictors of psychological distress at 4 weeks, whereas worse acute orientation assessment in the ED predicted psychological distress at 12 weeks. Nearly one of four youth experienced psychological distress after concussion. Clinicians in acute care settings should screen for the factors (pre-injury anxiety, acute mental status) associated with post-injury psychological distress and consider proactively referring patients for further assistance.
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March 2019

Predictors of neuropsychological outcome after pediatric concussion.

Neuropsychology 2018 05;32(4):495-508

Clinical Research Unit, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute.

Objective: Previous research suggests that neuropsychological outcome after pediatric concussion is determined by unmodifiable, preexisting factors. This study aimed to predict neuropsychological outcome after pediatric concussion by using a sufficiently large sample to explore a vast array of predictors.

Method: A total of 311 children and adolescents (6-18 years old) with concussion were assessed in the emergency department to document acute symptomatology and to screen for cognitive functioning. At 4 and 12 weeks postinjury, they completed tests of intellectual functioning, attention/working memory, executive functions, verbal memory, processing speed, and fine motor abilities. Multiple hierarchical logistic and linear regressions were performed to assess the contribution of premorbid factors, acute symptoms, and acute cognitive screening (Standardized Assessment of Concussion-Child) to aspects of neuropsychological outcome: (a) cognitive inefficiency (defined using a modified Neuropsychological Impairment Rule; Beauchamp et al., 2015) and (b) neuropsychological performance (defined using principal component analysis).

Results: Neuropsychological impairment was present in 10.3% and 4.5% of participants at 4 and 12 weeks postinjury, respectively. At 4 weeks postinjury, cognitive inefficiency was predicted by premorbid factors and acute cognitive screening, whereas at 12 weeks it was predicted by acute symptoms. Neuropsychological performance at 4 weeks was predicted by a combination of premorbid factors, acute symptoms, and acute cognitive screening, whereas as at 12 weeks, only acute cognitive screening predicted performance.

Conclusions: Neuropsychological outcome after pediatric concussion is not attributable solely to preexisting problems but is instead associated with a combination of preexisting and injury-related variables. Acute cognitive screening appears to be particularly useful in predicting neuropsychological status after concussion. (PsycINFO Database Record
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May 2018