Publications by authors named "Myunhee Lee"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Multivessel versus IRA-only PCI in patients with NSTEMI and severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(10):e0258525. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Korea Institute of Toxicology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Background: A substantial number of patients presenting with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD) have severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 35%). But data are lacking regarding optimal percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy for these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of IRA (infarct-related artery)-only and multivessel PCI in patients with NSTEMI and MVD complicated by severe LVSD.

Methods: Among 13,104 patients enrolled in the PCI registry from November 2011 to December 2015, patients with NSTEMI and MVD with severe LVSD who underwent successful PCI were screened. The primary outcome was 3-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, any myocardial infarction, stroke, and any revascularization.

Results: Overall, 228 patients were treated with IRA-only PCI (n = 104) or MV-PCI (n = 124). The MACE risk was significantly lower in the MV-PCI group than in the IRA-only PCI group (35.5% vs. 54.8%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.561; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.378-0.832; p = 0.04). This result was mainly driven by a significantly lower risk of all-cause death (23.4% vs. 41.4%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.503; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.314-0.806; p = 0.004). The results were consistent after multivariate regression, propensity-score matching, and inverse probability weighting to adjust for baseline differences.

Conclusions: Among patients with NSTEMI and MVD complicated with severe LVSD, multivessel PCI was associated with a significantly lower MACE risk. The findings may provide valuable information to physicians who are involved in decision-making for these patients.
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October 2021

Clinical Outcome of Rotational Atherectomy in Calcified Lesions in Korea-ROCK Registry.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Jul 7;57(7). Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Cardiology, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.

: Data is still limited regarding clinical outcomes of rotational atherectomy (RA) after percutaneous coronary intervention. We sought to evaluate clinical outcomes of RA. This multi-center registry enrolled patients who underwent RA during PCI from nine tertiary centers in Korea between January 2010 and October 2019. The primary endpoint was target-vessel failure (TVF; the composite outcome of cardiac death, target-vessel spontaneous myocardial infarction, or target-vessel revascularization). : Of 540 patients (583 lesions), the mean patient age was 71.4 ± 0.4 years, 323 patients (59.8%) were men, and 305 patients (56.5%) had diabetes mellitus. Technical success rate was 96.4%. In-hospital major adverse cerebral and cardiac events occurred in 63 cases (10.8%). At 1.5 years, 72 (16.0%) of TVFs were occurred. We evaluated independent predictors of TVF, which included current smoker (hazard ratio (HR), 1.92; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.17-3.16; = 0.01), chronic renal disease (HR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.14-3.08; = 0.013), history of cerebrovascular attack (HR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.24-3.68; = 0.006), left ventricle ejection fraction (HR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.97-0.999; = 0.037), and left main disease (HR, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.11-3.37; = 0.019). From this registry, we demonstrated acceptable success rates, in-hospital and mid-term clinical outcomes of RA in the DES era.
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July 2021

Candesartan and carvedilol for primary prevention of subclinical cardiotoxicity in breast cancer patients without a cardiovascular risk treated with doxorubicin.

Cancer Med 2021 06 16;10(12):3964-3973. Epub 2021 May 16.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: There is no proven primary preventive strategy for doxorubicin-induced subclinical cardiotoxicity (DISC), especially among patients without a cardiovascular (CV) risk. We investigated the primary preventive effect on DISC of the concomitant use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) or beta-blockers (BBs), especially among breast cancer patients without a CV risk.

Methods: A total of 385 patients who were scheduled for doxorubicin chemotherapy were screened. Among them, 195 patients of the study populations were included and were randomly divided into two groups [candesartan 4 mg q.d. vs. carvedilol 3.125 mg q.d.] and patients who were unwilling to take one of the medications were evaluated as controls. The primary outcomes were the incidence of early DISC (DISC developing within 6 months after chemotherapy), and late DISC (DISC developing only at least 12 months after chemotherapy).

Result: Compared with the control group (8 out of 43 patients (18.6%)), only the candesartan group (4 out of 82 patients (4.9%)) showed a significantly lower incidence of early DISC (p = 0.022). Compared with the control group, the candesartan group demonstrated a significantly reduced decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) throughout the study period [-1.0% vs. -3.00 (p < 0.001) at the first follow-up, -1.10% vs. -3.40(p = 0.009) at the second follow-up].

Conclusions: Among breast cancer patients without a CV risk treated with doxorubicin-containing chemotherapy, subclinical cardiotoxicity is prevalent and concomitant administration of low-dose candesartan might be effective to prevent an early decrease in LVEF. Further large-scale, randomized controlled trials will be needed to confirm our findings.
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June 2021

Gender differences in clinical outcomes of acute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: insights from the KAMIR-NIH Registry.

J Geriatr Cardiol 2020 Nov;17(11):680-693

Division of Cardiology, Daejeon St. Mary's hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: There are numerous but conflicting data regarding gender differences in outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Furthermore, gender differences in clinical outcomes with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following PCI in Asian population remain uncertain because of the under-representation of Asian in previous trials.

Methods: A total of 13, 104 AMI patients from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) between November 2011 and December 2015 were classified into male ( = 8021, 75.9%) and female ( = 2547, 24.1%). We compared the demographic, clinical and angiographic characteristics, 30-days and 1-year major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in women with those in men after AMI by using propensity score (PS) matching.

Results: Compared with men, women were older, had more comorbidities and more often presented with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and reduced left ventricular systolic function. Over the median follow-up of 363 days, gender differences in both 30-days and 1-year MACCE as well as thrombolysis in myocardial infarction minor bleeding risk were not observed in the PS matched population (30-days MACCE: 5.3% . 4.7%, log-rank = 0.494, HR = 1.126, 95% CI: 0.800-1.585; 1-year MACCE: 9.3% . 9.0%, log-rank = 0.803, HR = 1.032, 95% CI: 0.802-1.328; TIMI minor bleeding: 4.9% . 3.9%, log-rank = 0.215, HR = 1.255, 95% CI: 0.869-1.814).

Conclusions: Among Korean AMI population undergoing contemporary PCI, women, as compared with men, had different clinical and angiographic characteristics but showed similar 30-days and 1-year clinical outcomes. The risk of bleeding after PCI was comparable between men and women during one-year follow up.
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November 2020