Publications by authors named "Muhammad Liaquat"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Morel-Lavallée Lesion in a 35-year Female.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Mar;31(3):342-345

Resident in General Surgery, Department of Surgery, NYU Langone Hospital Long Island, New York, USA.

Morel-Lavallée lesion is a post-traumatic degloving cyst, usually filled with blood, lymph or necrotic tissue, which mostly develops in the area around greater trochanter. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is essential to prevent further complications, such as compression of surrounding structures. X-rays have limited use and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice in diagnosing the lesion. We report a case of a 35-year female presenting with left thigh pain after a fall from motorcycle almost 21/2 years ago. Ultrasound and MRI confirmed the presence of Morel-Lavallée lesion involving the left pelvis and upper thigh. Given the chronicity of lesion and extensive tissue involvement, the patient underwent surgical excision of the lesion with favourable long-term outcomes. In this case report and literature review, we discuss the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, radiological findings and management options for Morel-Lavallée lesion. Key Words: Morel-Lavallée lesion, Post-traumatic cyst, Degloving Injury, Tangential cyst.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29271/jcpsp.2021.03.342DOI Listing
March 2021

Postpartum Ischemic Stroke: A Rare Case.

Cureus 2020 Aug 23;12(8):e9975. Epub 2020 Aug 23.

Internal Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, PAK.

The risk of stroke is increased during pregnancy and the postpartum period. It can lead to significant maternal morbidity and mortality. The physiologically mediated hemodynamic changes in circulation and vascular tissue, and the increased coagulability account for this increased risk of stroke. Pregnancy-related strokes can be hemorrhagic or ischemic. We present a rare case of postpartum ischemic stroke. A 25-year-old female with no known comorbidities and a history of cesarean section 10 days back presented with a right-sided weakness and sensory loss for one day. An MRI of the head revealed a large area of restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted 1 (DW1) image in the left parietal region with comparable low signals on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map and a small area of blooming suggesting hemorrhage on susceptibility-weighted 1 (SW1) image. This area appeared hypointense on T1 and hyperintense on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T2 images. These findings suggested acute ischemic infarction. She was started on antiplatelet therapy, and subsequently, her weakness improved. She was discharged upon improvement in her symptoms and was asked to follow up in the outpatient department. Numerous studies have shown an increased risk of ischemic stroke in the immediate postpartum period in women who undergo a cesarean section. Thus, we conclude that clinicians should be aware of this complication and high-risk patients should be identified and monitored more aggressively in their immediate postpartum period.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.9975DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7510514PMC
August 2020

Report: Potential of nano-emulsions as phytochemical delivery system for food preservation.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2017 Nov;30(6):2259-2263

School of Agriculture and Food Science, The University of Queensland, Australia.

Nature is a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals. These plant based compounds have rich scope as antioxidants, antimicrobial compounds and food preservatives and so for long time to be used in meat, fruits, vegetables and processed food items, either as added preservative or as coating material in various food applications, but the major limitation is their limited solubility in a food grade medium. Nano-emulsion is a best choice as a medium having vast area of application. The major advantage of nano-emulsion would be the solubility of a vast group of compounds, due to the presence of water and lipid phases. In this way, nano-emulsions can be proved to be the most suitable candidate as phytochemical delivery system for food preservation. In present article, the use of phytochemicals as potent food preservatives has been reviewed, in context of solubility of phytochemicals in nano-emulsion and applications of food grade nano-emulsions to food systems.
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November 2017

Tissue specific metal characterization of selected fish species in Pakistan.

Environ Monit Assess 2016 Apr 7;188(4):212. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

Section of Food Science and Technology, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Haripur, Haripur, Pakistan.

Concentration of various metals, i.e., zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), chromium (Cr), and silver (Ag), was evaluated in five indigenous fish species (namely, silver carp, common carp, mahseer, thela fish, and rainbow trout), by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. It is proved from this study that, overall, mahseer and rainbow trout had high amount of zinc, whereas thela fish and silver carp had high concentration of copper, chromium, silver, nickel, and lead, while common carp had highest amount of iron contents. Furthermore, a tissue-specific discrimination among various fish species was observed, where higher metal concentrations were noticed in fish liver, with decreasing concentration in other organs like skin, gills, and finally the least contents in fish muscle. Multivariate data analysis showed not only a variation in heavy metals among the tissues but also discrimination among the selected fish species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-016-5214-6DOI Listing
April 2016

Storage Stability of Kinnow Fruit (Citrus reticulata) as Affected by CMC and Guar Gum-Based Silver Nanoparticle Coatings.

Molecules 2015 Dec 18;20(12):22645-61. Epub 2015 Dec 18.

Section of Food Science and Technology, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Haripur, Haripur 22620, KPK, Pakistan.

The influence of carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) and guargum-based coatings containing silver nanoparticles was studied on the postharvest storage stability of the kinnow mandarin (Citrus reticulata cv. Blanco) for a period of 120 days (85%-90% relative humidity) at 4 °C and 10 °C. Physicochemical and microbiological qualities were monitored after every 15 days of storage. Overall results revealed an increase in total soluble solid (TSS), total sugars, reducing sugars and weight loss but this increase was comparatively less significant in coated fruits stored at 4 °C. Ascorbic acid, total phenolics, and antioxidant activity was significantly enhanced in coated fruits stored at 4 °C. Titratable acidity significantly decreased during storage except for coated kinnow stored at 4 °C. In control samples stored at 10 °C, high intensity of fruit rotting and no chilling injury was observed. Total aerobic psychrotrophic bacteria and yeast and molds were noticed in all treatments during storage but the growth was not significant in coated fruits at 4 °C. Kinnow fruit can be kept in good quality after coating for four months at 4 °C and for 2 months at 10 °C.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules201219870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332021PMC
December 2015

Optimization and partial characterization of bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus bulgaricus -TLBFT06 isolated from Dahi.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2015 Mar;28(2):561-7

Department of Agriculture University of Haripur, Pakistan.

Lactobacillus bulgaricus is one of the predominant lactic acid bacteria of dahi, conferring technological and functional attributes. In the present study thirty dahi samples were investigated for bacteriocin producing L. bulgaricus. Fourteen different isolates were obtained and five were scrutinized for antibacterial activities against food born pathogens. Amongst, a strain TLB06FT was found to have a wide array of antibacterial activities against Gram positive and negative bacteria was selected for further characterization. Growth media optimization for this strain revealed maximum bacteriocin production on MRS media supplemented with glucose (2%), sodium chloride (1%), Tween-80 (0.5%) and yeast extract (1 %). In addition, optimization of growth conditions revealed maximum bacteriocin production at pH 5.5 and temperature of 30-37°C. Bacteriocin showed thermo stability at 90°C and remained highly active in the pH range of 3.5-7.5, inactive by protein catalyzing enzymes and showed no change in activity (800AumL(-1)) when treated with organic solvents and surfactants. The obtained bacteriocin was purified to 1600AU mL(-1) by ammonium sulfate precipitation (80%) by using dialyzing tubing. In the same way, a single peak was obtained by RP-HPLC having antibacterial activity of 6400AU mL(-1). Thus, wild strains of L. bulgaricus have great potential for the production new and novel type of bacteriocins.
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March 2015