Publications by authors named "Mouad Hamzaoui"

7 Publications

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Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibition Prevents Experimental Type 4 Cardiorenal Syndrome.

Front Mol Biosci 2020 11;7:604042. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Normandie University, UNIROUEN, INSERM U1096, FHU REMOD-VHF, Rouen, France.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of morbimortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to assess the cardiovascular impact of the pharmacological inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), which metabolizes the endothelium-derived vasodilatory and anti-inflammatory epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (DHETs), in the 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx) mouse model. Compared to sham-operated mice, there was decrease in EET-to-DHET ratio 3 months after surgery in vehicle-treated Nx mice but not in mice treated with the sEH inhibitor -AUCB. Nx induced an increase in plasma creatinine and in urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio as well as the development of kidney histological lesions, all of which were not modified by -AUCB. In addition, -AUCB did not oppose Nx-induced blood pressure increase. However, AUCB prevented the development of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis induced by Nx, as well as normalized the echocardiographic indices of diastolic and systolic function. Moreover, the reduction in endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation of isolated mesenteric arteries induced by Nx was blunted by -AUCB without change in endothelium-independent dilatation to sodium nitroprusside. Inhibition of sEH reduces the cardiac remodelling, and the diastolic and systolic dysfunctions associated with CKD. These beneficial effects may be mediated by the prevention of endothelial dysfunction, independent from kidney preservation and antihypertensor effect. Thus, inhibition of sEH holds a therapeutic potential in preventing type 4 cardiorenal syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmolb.2020.604042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7991096PMC
March 2021

Preservation of epoxyeicosatrienoic acid bioavailability prevents renal allograft dysfunction and cardiovascular alterations in kidney transplant recipients.

Sci Rep 2021 Feb 12;11(1):3739. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Pharmacology, Rouen University Hospital, 76000, Rouen, France.

This study addressed the hypothesis that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) synthesized by CYP450 and catabolized by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) are involved in the maintenance of renal allograft function, either directly or through modulation of cardiovascular function. The impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the sEH gene EPHX2 and CYP450 on renal and vascular function, plasma levels of EETs and peripheral blood monuclear cell sEH activity was assessed in 79 kidney transplant recipients explored at least one year after transplantation. Additional experiments in a mouse model mimicking the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury suffered by the transplanted kidney evaluated the cardiovascular and renal effects of the sEH inhibitor t-AUCB administered in drinking water (10 mg/l) during 28 days after surgery. There was a long-term protective effect of the sEH SNP rs6558004, which increased EET plasma levels, on renal allograft function and a deleterious effect of K55R, which increased sEH activity. Surprisingly, the loss-of-function CYP2C9*3 was associated with a better renal function without affecting EET levels. R287Q SNP, which decreased sEH activity, was protective against vascular dysfunction while CYP2C8*3 and 2C9*2 loss-of-function SNP, altered endothelial function by reducing flow-induced EET release. In I/R mice, sEH inhibition reduced kidney lesions, prevented cardiac fibrosis and dysfunction as well as preserved endothelial function. The preservation of EET bioavailability may prevent allograft dysfunction and improve cardiovascular disease in kidney transplant recipients. Inhibition of sEH appears thus as a novel therapeutic option but its impact on other epoxyfatty acids should be carefully evaluated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-83274-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7881112PMC
February 2021

[Cardiovascular disorders in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease].

Nephrol Ther 2021 Feb 8;17(1):18-29. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Inserm U1096, FHU REMOD-VHF, UniRouen, Normandie Université, 76000 Rouen, France; Service de néphrologie, CHU de Rouen, 76000 Rouen, France. Electronic address:

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most frequent genetic kidney disease. Cardiovascular disorders associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease are multiple and may occur early in life. In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are related both to the nonspecific consequences of chronic kidney disease and to the particular phenotype of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Compared to the general population, patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease present an increased prevalence of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, atrial fibrillation, valvular diseases, aneurisms and arterial dissections. This review article provides an update on cardiovascular disorders associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and recent pathophysiological developments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nephro.2020.09.003DOI Listing
February 2021

Cardiopulmonary bypass increases endothelial dysfunction after pulmonary ischaemia-reperfusion in an animal model.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2020 Dec 4. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Normandie Univ, UNIVROUEN, INSERM U1096, Rouen, France.

Objectives: Endothelial dysfunction during ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) is a major cause of primary graft dysfunction during lung transplantation. The routine use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during lung transplantation remains controversial. However, the contribution of CPB to pulmonary endothelial dysfunction remains unclear. The objective was to investigate the impact of CPB on endothelial dysfunction in a lung IR rat model.

Methods: Rats were allocated to 4 groups: (i) Sham, (ii) IR, (iii) CPB and (iv) IR-CPB. The primary outcome was the study of pulmonary vascular reactivity by wire myograph. We also assessed glycocalyx degradation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and electron microscopy and both systemic and pulmonary inflammation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunohistochemistry. Rats were exposed to 45 min of CPB and IR. We used a CPB model allowing femoro-femoral support with left pulmonary hilum ischaemia for IR.

Results: Pulmonary endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine was markedly reduced in the IR-CPB group (10.7 ± 9.1%) compared to the IR group (50.5 ± 5.2%, P < 0.001), the CPB group (54.1 ± 4.7%, P < 0.001) and the sham group (80.8 ± 6.7%, P < 0.001), suggesting that the association of pulmonary IR and CPB increases endothelial dysfunction. In IR-CPB, IR and CPB groups, vasorelaxation was completely abolished when inhibiting nitric oxide synthase, suggesting that this relaxation process was mainly mediated by nitric oxide. We observed higher syndecan-1 plasma levels in the IR-CPB group in comparison with the other groups, reflecting an increased degradation of glycocalyx. We also observed higher systemic inflammation in the IR-CPB group as shown by the increased plasma levels of IL-1β, IL-10.

Conclusions: CPB significantly increased the IR-mediated effects on pulmonary endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, the use of CPB during lung transplantation could be deleterious, by increasing endothelial dysfunction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezaa412DOI Listing
December 2020

Short-and long-term administration of imeglimin counters cardiorenal dysfunction in a rat model of metabolic syndrome.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2020 Jul 16;3(3):e00128. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

UNIROUEN Inserm U1096 FHU-REMOD-VHF Normandie Univ Rouen France.

Introduction: Imeglimin, a glucose-lowering agent targeting mitochondrial bioenergetics, decreases reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction and improves glucose homeostasis. We investigated whether this is associated with protective effects on metabolic syndrome-related left ventricular (LV) and vascular dysfunctions.

Methods: We used Zucker rats to assess the effects on LV function, LV tissue perfusion, LV oxidative stress and vascular function induced by imeglimin administered orally for 9 or 90 days at a dose of 150 mg/kg twice daily.

Results: Compared to untreated animals, 9- and 90-day imeglimin treatment decreased LV end-diastolic pressure and LV end-diastolic pressure-volume relation, increased LV tissue perfusion and decreased LV ROS production. Simultaneously, imeglimin restored acetylcholine-mediated coronary relaxation and mesenteric flow-mediated dilation. One hour after imeglimin administration, when glucose plasma levels were not yet modified, imeglimin reduced LV mitochondrial ROS production and improved LV function. Ninety-day imeglimin treatment reduced related LV and kidney fibrosis and improved kidney function.

Conclusion: In a rat model, mimicking Human metabolic syndrome, imeglimin immediately countered metabolic syndrome-related cardiac diastolic and vascular dysfunction by reducing oxidative stress/increased NO bioavailability and improving myocardial perfusion and after 90-day treatment myocardial and kidney structure, effects that are, at least in part, independent from glucose control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/edm2.128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7375119PMC
July 2020

5/6 nephrectomy induces different renal, cardiac and vascular consequences in 129/Sv and C57BL/6JRj mice.

Sci Rep 2020 01 30;10(1):1524. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, INSERM U1096, FHU REMOD-VHF, 76000, Rouen, France.

Experimental models of cardiovascular diseases largely depend on the genetic background. Subtotal 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6 Nx) is the most frequently used model of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in rodents. However, in mice, cardiovascular consequences of 5/6 Nx are rarely reported in details and comparative results between strains are scarce. The present study detailed and compared the outcomes of 5/6 Nx in the 2 main strains of mice used in cardiovascular and kidney research, 129/Sv and C57BL/6JRj. Twelve weeks after 5/6 Nx, CKD was demonstrated by a significant increase in plasma creatinine in both 129/Sv and C57BL/6JRj male mice. Polyuria and kidney histological lesions were more pronounced in 129/Sv than in C57BL/6JRj mice. Increase in albuminuria was significant in 129/Sv but not in C57BL/6JRj mice. Both strains exhibited an increase in systolic blood pressure after 8 weeks associated with decreases in cardiac systolic and diastolic function. Heart weight increased significantly only in 129/Sv mice. Endothelium-dependent mesenteric artery relaxation to acetylcholine was altered after 5/6 Nx in C57BL/6JRj mice. Marked reduction of endothelium-dependent vasodilation to increased intraluminal flow was demonstrated in both strains after 5/6 Nx. Cardiovascular and kidney consequences of 5/6 Nx were more pronounced in 129/Sv than in C57BL/6JRj mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58393-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6992698PMC
January 2020