Publications by authors named "Mostafa Azizi"

2 Publications

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Restless legs syndrome in hemodialysis patients.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2016 Mar;27(2):326-30

Department of Neurology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by uncomfortable sensation of paresthesia in legs that subsequently causes involuntary and continuous movement of the lower limbs, especially at rest. Its prevalence in hemodialysis is more than that in the general population. Different risk factors have been suggested for RLS. We studied the prevalence and risk factors of RLS in 137 hemodialysis patients followed up at our center. The patients completed at least three months on dialysis and fulfilled four criteria for the diagnosis of RLS. We compared the patients with and without RLS, and the odds ratios (ORs) were estimated by the logistic regression models. The prevalence of RLS was 36.5% in the study patients. Among the variables, diabetes was the only predicting factor for the development of RLS. The diabetic patients may be afflicted with RLS 2.25 times more than the non-diabetics. Women developed severe RLS 5.23 times more than men. Neurodegeneration, decrease in dopamine level, higher total oxidant status, and neuropathy in diabetic patients may explain the RLS symptoms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.178553DOI Listing
March 2016

A descriptive study of prevalence, clinical features and other findings of neuromyelitis optica and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder in Khuzestan Province, Iran.

Iran J Neurol 2015 Oct;14(4):204-10

Department of Neurology, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an uncommon neuro-inflammatory syndrome that has shown to be distinct from multiple sclerosis (MS) and associated with the autoantibody marker NMO-immunoglobulin G (IgG). There are still only a few studies regarding the epidemiology of NMO in Iran. In the present study, we tried to describe the epidemiology of NMO in Khuzestan as one of the densely populated regions in Iran.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed during the period 2013-2014. Multiple regional sources of data were used including hospital records, details from neurologists and MS society database. The diagnosis of NMO was based on clinical presentation, abnormal findings on neuroimaging and serological tests.

Results: A 51 Caucasian patients (36 patients with NMO and 15 with NMO-spectrum disorder) were identified with a female/male ratio of 7.5:1.0. The crude prevalence of NMO was 1.1/100,000 population. The mean age at onset was 29.2 ± 6.1 years and the mean duration of symptoms was 5.0 ± 0.4 years. The majority of patients (60.8%) were classified as having mild disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale = 0-3.5). Among of 35 patients whose titer of NMO-IgG was measured, 19 (54.2%) were seropositive.

Conclusion: Our study suggests that NMO prevalence rate in South West Iran (Khuzestan Province) is much lower than that reported for MS prevalence rate (16.2/100,000) and our patients had a lower age at onset presentation and milder course of the disease than western countries.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4754599PMC
October 2015