Publications by authors named "Mokhtar Soheylizad"

5 Publications

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How Is the Relationship of Spiritual Health and Body Image with the Desire for Aesthetic Surgery among Students?

World J Plast Surg 2020 May;9(2):219-227

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Background: The desire for aesthetic surgery in Iran has increased. The relationship between spirituality and body image has not been studied simultaneously with the desire for aesthetic surgery. The present study aimed to examine this relationship among students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional study in 2019, 397 students were enrolled by stratified random sampling. The data were collected using the Paloutzian and Ellison's spiritual health questionnaire and Appearance Schemas Inventory. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation, independent t-test and logistic regression.

Results: The mean age of the subjects was 22.26±4.24 years, while 26.7% of the subjects had desire for aesthetic surgery. There was a significant negative correlation between body image and spiritual health (<0.001). The mean score of spiritual health and its dimensions in female students were higher than males. Based on logistic regression model, age (=0.018, 95% CI: 0.341-0.904) and body image (<0.001, 95% CI: 1.05-1.112) had significant correlation with the desire for aesthetic surgery.

Conclusion: According to the results; it is necessary to make plans for the promotion of spirituality and the strengthening of a positive body image among students residing in student homes, male students and those who desire to engage aesthetic surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/wjps.9.2.225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7482542PMC
May 2020

The Relationship Between Human Development Index and Its Components with Thyroid Cancer Incidence and Mortality: Using the Decomposition Approach.

Int J Endocrinol Metab 2018 Oct 20;16(4):e65078. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Background: The link between age specific-rates of thyroid cancer (TC) and human development index (HDI) and also its components can be a new direction for planning by policy makers.

Objectives: This study aimed at identifying the relationship between TC rates by gender, and HDI and its components in different regions of the world.

Methods: An ecological study was conducted; the data was obtained from the GLOBOCAN project in 2012. Inequality in TC estimates (age-specific incidence and mortality rates), according to the HDI and its components was calculated. Concentration index (CI) was used to estimate inequality and CI was decomposed to determine contribution of HDI and its components in inequality.

Results: The inequality index (CI) was 0.29 (95% CI: 0.21 - 0.38) and -0.15 (95% CI: -0.23 - 0.06) for incidence and mortality of TC by HDI, respectively. The important contributors in inequality for incidence rates of TC were life expectancy at birth (0.30), mean years of schooling (0.26), and expected years of schooling (0.18). The important contributors in inequality of mortality rates were mean years of schooling (0.19), expected years of schooling (0.17), and urbanization (0.17).

Conclusions: According to the findings of this study, global inequalities exist in the TC incidence and mortality rates; incidence rates of TC are more concentrated in countries with high HDI, yet inequality index showed that deaths occurred more in disadvantaged countries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/ijem.65078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218660PMC
October 2018

Geographic distribution of the incidence of colorectal cancer in Iran: a population-based study.

Epidemiol Health 2017 17;39:e2017020. Epub 2017 May 17.

Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.

Objectives: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the provincial distribution of the incidence of CRC across Iran.

Methods: This epidemiologic study used data from the National Cancer Registry of Iran and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran. The average annual age-standardized rate (ASR) for the incidence of CRC was calculated for each province.

Results: We found that adenocarcinoma (not otherwise specified) was the most common histological subtype of CRC in males and females, accounting for 81.91 and 81.95% of CRC cases, respectively. Signet ring cell carcinoma was the least prevalent subtype of CRC in males and females and accounted for 1.5 and 0.94% of CRC cases, respectively. In patients aged 45 years or older, there was a steady upward trend in the incidence of CRC, and the highest ASR of CRC incidence among both males and females was in the age group of 80-84 years, with an ASR of 144.69 per 100,000 person-years for males and 119.18 per 100,000 person-years for females. The highest incidence rates of CRC in Iran were found in the central, northern, and western provinces. Provinces in the southeast of Iran had the lowest incidence rates of CRC.

Conclusions: Wide geographical variation was found in the incidence of CRC across the 31 provinces of Iran. These variations must be considered for prevention and control programs for CRC, as well as for resource allocation purposes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5543296PMC
August 2017

Global Incidence and Mortality Rates of Stomach Cancer and the Human Development Index: an Ecological Study.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2016 ;17(4):1701-4

Department of Educational Health, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran E-mail :

Background: Stomach cancer (SC) is the second leading cause of cancer death with the rate of 10.4% in the world. The correlation between the incidence and mortality rates of SC and human development index (HDI) has not been globally determined. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the association between the incidence and mortality rates of SC and HDI in various regions.

Materials And Methods: In this global ecological study, we used the data about the incidence and mortality rate of SC and HDI from the global cancer project and the United Nations Development Programme database, respectively.

Results: In 2012, SCs were estimated to have affected a total of 951,594 individuals (crude rate: 13.5 per 100,000 individuals) with a male/female ratio of 1.97, and caused 723,073 deaths worldwide (crude rate: 10.2 per 100,000 individuals). There was a positive correlation between the HDI and both incidence (r=0.28, <0.05) and mortality rates of SC (r=0.13, P = 0.1) in the world in 2012.

Conclusions: The high incidence and mortality rates of SC in countries with high and very high HDI is remarkable which should be the top priority of interventions for global health policymakers. In addition, health programs should be provided to reduce the burden of this disease in the regions with high incidence and mortality rates of SC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7314/apjcp.2016.17.4.1701DOI Listing
January 2017

Factors associated with delay in post-exposure prophylaxis in bitten people.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2014 29;28:158. Epub 2014 Dec 29.

4. MSc Student in Health Education, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Background: Although the incidence of animal bite is increasing in Iran, there is no sufficient knowledge about delayed Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP). Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate delayed PEP and its associated factors in bitten people.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tuyserkan district of Hamadan Province (West of Iran) from February 2011 to February 2012 and included 425 cases of animal bites recorded in the Rabies Treatment Center (RTC) using the census method. The associations between delayed PEP and each of the potential risk factors were investigated using Chi-square test.

Results: Of 425 registered cases, 71.8% were male and 81.2% were from rural areas. The mean age of the subjects was 32.4 years (±21.3). Dogs were the most frequent source of exposure (69.4%), and the most common bitten part of the body was legs (49.4%). With respect to the wounds, 16.2% of the cases had deep injuries. Overall, 37.2% of the cases received timely PEP (less than 6 hours). Delayed PEP was associated with sex (p= 0.001), type of animal (p= 0.020), injury status (p<0.001), place of residence (p= 0.006) and distance from RTC (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Although all victims of animal bite injuries suspected to be rabid, they received complete PEP. However, delayed time of PEP was still very high. The factors associated with delayed PEP may help health care workers to prevent adverse disease outcomes. Furthermore, considering the results of this study, it is highly recommended that proper attention and emphasis be given to public educational programs on dog behavior, dogchild interaction, the risk of dog bites and bite wound management for the general population, particularly children.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4322343PMC
February 2015