Publications by authors named "Mohsen Raza"

2 Publications

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Response of the Pre-Oriented Goal-Directed Attention to Usual and Unusual Distractors: A Preliminary Study.

Basic Clin Neurosci 2017 Mar-Apr;8(2):155-165

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: In this study, we investigated the distraction power of the unusual and usual images on the attention of 20 healthy primary school children.

Methods: Our study was different from previous ones in that the participants were asked to fix the initial position of their attention on a predefined location after being presented with unusual images as distractors. The goals were presented in locations, which were far from the attraction basin of distractors. We expected that the pre-orienting of the attention to the position of targets would reduce the attractive effect of unusual images compared to the usual ones. The percentage of correct responses and the reaction time were measured as behavioral indicators of attention performance.

Results: Results showed that using the goal-directed attention, subjects ignored both kinds of distractors nearly the same way.

Conclusion: With regard to previous reports about more attraction towards the unusual images, it is suggested that the dynamics of the visual attention system be sensitive to the initial condition. That is, changing the initial position of the attention can lead to the decrement of the unusual images effects. However, several other possibilities such as a probable delay in processing unusual features could explain this observation, too.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18869/nirp.bcn.8.2.155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5440925PMC
May 2017

Pakistan's kidney trade: an overview of the 2007 'Transplantation of Human Organs and Human Tissue Ordinance.' To what extent will it curb the trade?

J Pak Med Assoc 2012 Jan;62(1):85-9

University College London Medical School, Gower Street, London, United Kingdom.

Pakistan has the unenviable reputation for being one of the world's leading 'transplant tourism' destinations, largely the buying and selling of kidneys from its impoverished population to rich international patients. After nearly two decades of pressure to formally prohibit the trade, the Government of Pakistan promulgated the 'Transplantation of Human Organs and Human Tissue Ordinance' (THOTO) in 2007. This was then passed by Senate and enshrined in law in March 2010. This paper gives a brief overview of the organ trade within Pakistan and analyses the criteria of THOTO in banning the widespread practise. It then goes on to answer: 'To what extent will THOTO succeed in curbing Pakistan's kidney trade?' This is aided by the use of a comparative case study looking at India's failed organ trade legislation. This paper concludes THOTO has set a strong basis for curbing Pakistan's kidney trade. However, for this to be successfully achieved, it needs to be implemented with strong and sustained political will, strict and efficient enforcement as well as effective monitoring and evaluation. Efforts are needed to tackle both 'supply' and 'demand' factors of Pakistan's kidney trade, with developed countries also having a responsibility to reduce the flow of citizens travelling to Pakistan to purchase a kidney.
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January 2012