Publications by authors named "Mohsen Arabi"

21 Publications

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A cross-sectional multicenter linkage study of hospital admissions and mortality due to methanol poisoning in Iranian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sci Rep 2022 06 13;12(1):9741. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

A methanol poisoning outbreak occurred in Iran during the initial months of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of the outbreak in terms of hospitalizations and deaths. A cross-sectional linkage study was conducted based on the hospitalization data collected from thirteen referral toxicology centers throughout Iran as well as mortality data obtained from the Iranian Legal Medicine Organization (LMO). Patient data were extracted for all cases aged > 19 years with toxic alcohol poisoning during the study period from February until June 2020. A total of 795 patients were hospitalized due to methanol poisoning, of whom 84 died. Median [interquartile ratio; IQR] age was 32 [26, 40] years (range 19-91 years). Patients had generally ingested alcohol for recreational motives (653, 82.1%) while 3.1% (n = 25) had consumed alcohol-based hand sanitizers to prevent or cure COVID-19 infection. Age was significantly lower in survivors than in non-survivors (P < 0.001) and in patients without sequelae vs. with sequelae (P = 0.026). Twenty non-survivors presented with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score > 8, six of whom were completely alert on presentation to the emergency departments. The time from alcohol ingestion to hospital admission was not significantly different between provinces. In East Azerbaijan province, where hemodialysis was started within on average 60 min of admission, the rate of sequelae was 11.4% (compared to 19.6% average of other provinces)-equivalent to a reduction of the odds of sequelae by 2.1 times [95% CI 1.2, 3.7; p = 0.009]. Older patients were more prone to fatal outcome and sequelae, including visual disturbances. Early arrival at the hospital can facilitate timely diagnosis and treatment and may reduce long-term morbidity from methanol poisoning. Our data thus suggest the importance of raising public awareness of the risks and early symptoms of methanol intoxication.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-14007-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9189800PMC
June 2022

Matrix metalloproteinases are involved in the development of neurological complications in patients with Coronavirus disease 2019.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Nov 17;100:108076. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran; Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Evidence show that Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been associated with neurological complications in the viral infections. Here in the current investigation, we intended to reveal if MMPs are potentially involved in the development of neurological symptoms in the patients with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: The levels of MMPs, inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and adhesion molecules were evaluated in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 10 COVID-19 patients with neurological syndrome (NS) and 10 COVID-19 patients lacking NS. Monocytes from the CSF samples were treated with TNF-α and the secreted levels of MMPs were determined.

Results: The frequency of monocytes were increased in the CSF samples of COVID-19 patients with NS compared to patients without NS. Levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, chemokines CCL2, CCL3, CCL4, CCL7, CCL12, CXCL8, and CX3CL1, MMPs MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, and MMP-12, and adhesion molecules ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin were significantly increased in the CSF samples of COVID-19 patients with NS compared with patients without NS. Treatment of CSF-derived monocytes obtained from COVID-19 patients with NS caused increased production of MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, and MMP-12.

Conclusions: Higher levels of inflammatory cytokines might promote the expression of adhesion molecules on blood-CSF barrier (BCSFB), resulting in facilitation of monocyte recruitment. Increased levels of CSF chemokines might also help to the trafficking of monocytes to CSF. Inflammatory cytokines might enhance production of MMPs from monocytes, leading to disruption of BCSFB (and therefore further infiltration of inflammatory cells to CSF) in COVID-19 patients with NS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2021.108076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8367754PMC
November 2021

[99mTc]MIBI scintigraphy in a patient with thyroid follicular neoplasm: a case report and review of literature.

Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur 2021 ;24(2):118-119

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

[99mTc]MIBI thyroid scintigraphy is a useful tool to differentiate benign from malignant thyroid nodules. This report aims to show the diagnostic performance of [99mTc]MIBI scintigraphy used in an 83-year-old woman who had a thyroidectomy about 7 years ago. She had a mass of thyroid which was very large, non-homogenous and painless. [99mTc]MIBI scintigraphy could be a pre-surgical method to investigate the follicular nodules and predicting the malignant form of thyroid nodules. Also, it will provide tissue information for [99mTc]MIBI images in thyroid lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/NMR.2021.0028DOI Listing
October 2021

Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of recombinant erythropoietin on the improvement of hospitalised COVID-19 patients: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Jul 6;22(1):435. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of recombinant erythropoietin on hospitalised COVID-19 patients.

Trial Design: Concealed, randomized, single-blinded, phase 2 controlled clinical trial with two arm parallel-group design of 20 patients allocated with 1:1 ratio and using the placebo in the control group.

Participants: This study will be performed at Shahid Mohammadi Hospital in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan in Iran. All positive (PCR confirmed) COVID-19 patients ≤65 years old who have Hb≤9 and at least one of the severe COVID-19 symptoms (tachypnea (breathing rate> 30 beats per minute), hypoxemia (O2 ≤93 saturation, the partial pressure ratio of arterial oxygen <300), Lung infiltration (> 50% of lung field within 24 to 48 hours), progressive lymphopenia, LDH>245 U/I, CRP>100) and are willing to cooperate in this project will be included in the study. Patients with a history of coronary heart disease, thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis, chronic lung disease, diabetes mellitus, weakened immune system, end-stage renal disease, liver disease, and patients with a history of taking oral contraceptive pills, systolic blood pressure more than 160 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure more than 90 mm Hg and age over 65 and erythropoietin above 500 are excluded.

Intervention And Comparator: Patients will receive the standard of care (SOC) based on the treatment protocols of the Iranian National Committee of COVID-19 and recombinant erythropoietin (EPREX Manufactured by Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Company) 300 units / Kg or 4000IU as subcutaneous (SQ) injection three times a day for 5 days and simultaneously Enoxaparin 1 mg/kg SQ daily is also taken to prevent thrombosis in the intervention group. Patients' blood pressure, along with other vital signs, are checked regularly and at regular intervals. In the control group, patients received SOC and the placebo (distilled water) is given as a subcutaneous injection three times a day for 5 days. We use sterile water for injection (EXIRpharmaceutical company) as the placebo. To the same appearance of the placebo and the recombinant erythropoietin, they are taken in a separate room in the same size syringes and cover with labels before injection.

Main Outcomes: The main outcome for this study is a composite endpoint for Patient clinical symptoms (Respiratory rate, Oxygen saturation state and arterial oxygen partial pressure ratio, Lung infiltration status, blood pressure), Laboratory tests (LDH, CRP, Lymphocyte count, Endogenous erythropoietin, and Haemoglobin level). All of these will be assessed at the beginning of the study (before the intervention) and day 5 after the intervention. The study will also evaluate side effects and how to manage them.

Randomisation: Eligible participants (20) will be randomized in two arms in the ratio of 1: 1 (10 per arm) by permuted block randomization method using online web-based tools.

Blinding (masking): Patients participating in the study will not be aware of the assignment to the intervention or control group. The principal investigator, health care personnel, data collectors, and those evaluating the outcome are aware of patient grouping.

Numbers To Be Randomised (sample Size): A total of 20 patients will participate in this study, who are randomly allocated to the 2 arms with a 1:1 ratio; 10 patients in the intervention group will receive SOC and recombinant erythropoietin, and 10 patients in the control group will receive SOC and placebo.

Trial Status: The protocol version is 3.0, approved by the Deputy of Research and Technology and the ethics committee of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences on 6 June 2020, with the local grant number of 990108. The expected recruitment end date was on 21 December 2020 but since we had a wide and careful exclusion criteria because of the adverse reactions of the medication, the recruitment (for both cases and controls) was not so easy and did not finish on the expected date and we are still recruiting now. Recruitment began on 17 August 2020 and the updated expected recruitment end date is 1 August 2021.

Trial Registration: The protocol was registered before starting subject recruitment under the title: Evaluation of the effect of recombinant erythropoietin on the improvement of COVID-19 patients, IRCT20200509047364N1, at Iranian Registry of clinical trials ( https://en.irct.ir/trial/49282 ) on 2020/08/09.

Full Protocol: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol. The study protocol has been reported in accordance with the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Clinical Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines (Additional file 2).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-021-05363-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8258474PMC
July 2021

Educational needs on safe motherhood from the perspective of suburban women: A qualitative study.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 26;7(3):e06582. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Reproductive Health Department, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

Background: Maternal mortality resulting from pregnancy and delivery complications is a sensitive indicator of women's status in the society, access to care services, and sufficiency and quality of healthcare and is the major indicator of a country's developmental status. The present study aimed at determination of educational needs regarding safe motherhood from suburban women's perspective.

Method: This qualitative study with conventional content analysis approach was conducted in suburban healthcare centers of Alborz University of medical sciences from 23 October to 22 December 2019. The participants included 15 eligible Iranian suburban women who were selected through purposive sampling. The data were collected via in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Data were analyzes with MAXQDA10 software.

Results: Three main themes emerged from the analysis of the data (barriers against safe pregnancy, accountability multidimensional training, and threats and opportunities of distance learning), six categories, 11 subcategories and 547 codes.

Discussion: The results indicated that suburban women were less probable to be present in healthcare centers and receive the required information compared to their peers due to their conditions; provision of accessible training services appropriated to their conditions can greatly contribute to elimination of these problems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06582DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8035507PMC
March 2021

The efficacy of N-Acetylcysteine in severe COVID-19 patients: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Apr 12;22(1):271. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Objectives: Severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus may cause lung failure and the need for mechanical ventilation. Infection with SARS-COV-2 can lead to activation of inflammatory factors, increased reactive oxygen species, and cell damage. In addition to mucolytic effects, N-Acetylcysteine has antioxidant effects that we believe can help patients recover. In this study, we evaluate the efficacy of N-Acetylcysteine in patients with severe COVID-19.

Trial Design: This is a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, phase 3 controlled clinical trial with two arms (ratio 1:1) parallel-group design of 40 patients, using the placebo in the control group.

Participants: All severe COVID-19 patients with at least one of the following five conditions: (respiration rate > 30 per minute), hypoxemia (O2 ≤ saturation, arterial oxygen partial pressure ratio <300), pulmonary infiltration (> 50% of lung area during 24 48 h), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > 245 U / l, Progressive lymphopenia, and admitted to the intensive care unit of Shahid Mohammadi Hospital in Bandar Abbas and have positive PCR test results for SARS-Cov-2 and sign the written consent of the study will be included. Patients will be excluded from the study if they have a history of hypersensitivity to N-Acetylcysteine, pregnancy, or refuse to participate in the study.

Intervention And Comparator: After randomization, participants in the intervention group receive standard of care (SOC) according to the National Committee of COVID-19 plus N-acetylcysteine (EXI-NACE 200mg/mL, in 10mL ampules of saline for parenteral injection (EXIR pharmaceutical company)) at a dose of 300 mg/kg equivalent to 20 gr as a slow single intravenous injection on the first day of hospitalization. In the control group patients receive SOC and placebo ( Sterile water for injection as the same dose). The placebo is identical in appearance to the N-acetylcysteine injection (EXIR pharmaceutical company as well).

Main Outcomes: The primary endpoint for this study is a composite endpoint for the length of hospitalization in the intensive care unit and the patient's clinical condition. These outcomes were measured at the baseline (before the intervention) and on the 14th day after the intervention or on the discharge day.

Randomisation: Eligible participants (40) will be randomized in two arms in the ratio of 1: 1 (20 per arm) using online web-based tools and by permuted block randomization method. To ensure randomization concealment, random sequence codes are assigned to patients by the treatment team at the time of admission without knowing that each code is in the intervention or comparator group.

Blinding (masking): All participants will be informed about participating in the study and the possible side effects of medication and placebo. Patients participating in the study will not be aware of the assignment to the intervention or control group. The principal investigator, health care personnel, data collectors, and those evaluating the outcome are aware of patient grouping.

Numbers To Be Randomised (sample Size): A total of 40 patients participate in this study, which are randomly divided; 20 patients in the intervention group will receive SOC and N-acetylcysteine, 20 patients in the control group will receive SOC and placebo.

Trial Status: First version of the protocol was approved by the Deputy of Research and Technology and the ethics committee of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences on February 14, 2021, with the local code 990573, and the recruitment started on March 2, 2021 and the expected recruitment end date is April 1, 2021.

Trial Registration: The protocol was registered before starting participant recruitment entitled: Evaluation of the efficacy of N-Acetylcysteine in severe COVID-19 patients: a randomized controlled phase III clinical trial, IRCT20200509047364N3 , at Iranian Registry of clinical trials on 20 February 2021.

Full Protocol: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol. The study protocol has been reported in accordance with the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Clinical Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines (Additional file 2).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-021-05242-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8040363PMC
April 2021

The Efficacy of Famotidine in improvement of outcomes in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2020 Oct 13;21(1):848. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Objectives: This study aims to investigate the effect of Famotidine on the recovery process of COVID-19 patients.

Trial Design: This phase III randomized clinical trial was designed with two parallel arms, placebo-controlled, single-blind, and concealed allocation.

Participants: All COVID-19 patients admitted to Shahid Mohammadi Hospital in Bandar Abbas whose PCR test results are positive for SARS-Cov-2 and sign the written consent of the study are included in the study and immunocompromised patients, end-stage renal disease, moderate renal failure (clearance Creatinine 30 to 50 ml/min) or stage 4 severe chronic kidney disease or need for dialysis (creatinine clearance lesser than 30 ml/min), history of liver disease, hepatitis C infection or alcoholism, Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency(G6PD), the ratio of Alanine transaminase to Aspartate transaminase 5 times above the normal limit, history or evidence of long QT segment on Electrocardiogram, psoriasis or porphyria, pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives, Dasatinib, Neratinib, Ozanimod, Pazopanib, Rilpivirine, Siponimod and/or Tizanidine and allergies to any study drug are excluded.

Intervention And Comparator: Intervention group receives standard pharmacotherapy according to the treatment protocols of the National Committee of COVID-19 and oral famotidine 160 mg (Manufactured by Chemidarou Pharmaceutical Company) four times a day until the day of discharge, for a maximum of fourteen days. Comparator group receives standard drug therapy according to the treatment protocols of the National Committee of COVID-19 and placebo in the same dosage.

Main Outcomes: Patients' temperature, respiration rate, oxygen saturation, lung infiltration, lactate dehydrogenase and complete blood count were measured at the baseline (before the intervention) and on day 14 after the intervention or on the discharge day.

Randomisation: The person who has no role in admitting patients and assigning patients to random codes preparing random sequences using online tools and by permuted block randomization method. Eligibility criteria are monitored by the person responsible for admitting patients. Codes in a random sequence are assigned to patients by the treatment team without knowing that each code is in the intervention or comparator group. Patient codes are then matched to randomly generated sequence information for interventions.

Blinding (masking): All participants are unaware of which group of this study they are in and after grouping patients in the groups, Patients receive Famotidine in the treatment group and receive a placebo in the control group. The lead researcher, care givers, data collectors, and outcome assessors are aware of the grouping of patients.

Numbers To Be Randomised (sample Size): As there is no prior work on this research question, so no assumptions for the sample size calculation could be made. A total of 20 patients participate in this study, which are randomly divided into two groups of 10 as intervention or control groups.

Trial Status: Version 3 of the protocol was approved by the Deputy of Research and Technology and the ethics committee of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences on August 2, 2020, with the local code 990245, and the recruitment started on August 17, 2020. recruitment ended on August 31, 2020. Since the recruitment ended earlier than expected (the expected recruitment end date was 21/12/2020), we submitted post recruitment but prior to publication of the results.

Trial Registration: The protocol was registered before starting subject recruitment under the title: The effect of Famotidine on the improvement of patients with COVID-19, IRCT20200509047364N2, at Iranian Registry of clinical trials ( https://www.irct.ir/trial/49657 ) on 17 August 2020.

Full Protocol: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol. The study protocol has been reported in accordance with the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Clinical Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines (Additional file 2).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04773-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7552598PMC
October 2020

Nanotechnology based strategies for HIV-1 and HTLV-1 retroviruses gene detection.

Heliyon 2020 May 27;6(5):e04048. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Early detection of retroviruses including human T-cell lymphotropic virus and human immunodeficiency virus in the human body is indispensable to prevent retroviral infection propagation and improve clinical treatment. Until now, diverse techniques have been employed for the early detection of viruses. Traditional methods are time-consuming, resource-intensive, and laborious performing. Therefore, designing and constructing a selective and sensitive diagnosis system to detect serious diseases is highly demanded. Genetic detection with high sensitivity has striking significance for the early detection and remedy of disparate pathogenic diseases. The nucleic acid biosensors are based on the identification of specific DNA sequences in biological samples. Nanotechnology has an important impact on the development of sensitive biosensors. Different kinds of nanomaterials include nanoparticles, nanoclusters, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, nanocomposites, etc., with different properties have been used to improve the performance of biosensors. Recently, DNA nanobiosensors are developed to provide simple, fast, selective, low-cost, and sensitive detection of infectious diseases. In this paper, the research progresses of nano genosensors for the detection of HIV-1 and HTLV-1 viruses, based on electrochemical, optical, and photoelectrochemical platforms are overviewed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260287PMC
May 2020

The Effect of Hajj Trip on Mental Health: A Longitudinal Study.

J Relig Health 2020 Jun;59(3):1319-1326

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

Hajj is a spiritual journey and religious ritual which is performed every year. Here, we evaluate the psychological effect of the Hajj. Using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) questionnaire with 28 questions, the mental health of the pilgrims was assessed before and after the journey. A total of 154 people were questioned, 72 pilgrims (47%) were male. The mean GHQ score of participants before the journey was 50.1 and after the journey was 49.5 (P = 0.248). The results of analysis of variance and generalized estimating equation indicated that the GHQ scores had no significant difference before and after the journey.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00825-7DOI Listing
June 2020

Investigation of Frequency of the Lethal Triad and Its 24 Hours Prognostic Value among Patients with Multiple Traumas.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Mar 26;7(6):962-966. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Orthopedic Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Death in multiple trauma (MT) patients is one of the serious concerns of the medical service provider. Any prediction of the likelihood of death on the assessment of the patient's condition is performed using different variables, one of the tools in the triage of patients to determine their condition.

Aim: We aimed to investigate the frequency and the predictive value of death in 24 hours triad of death in patients qualified with multiple traumas admitted to Imam Khomeini hospital.

Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and predictive value of 24-hour triad of death among patients with MT referred to an emergency department. Three factors including acidosis, hypothermia and coagulopathy and predictive value of 24-hour death were evaluated. Arterial blood gas, oral temperature and blood samples for coagulation factors were analysed. Data were analysed using SPSS version 19. Multivariate analysis (logistic regression) was used to determine the predictive value of the triad of death.

Results: A group of 199 MT patients referring to Imam Khomeini hospital during the first 6 months of 2015 were evaluated for the first 24 hours of admission. Logistic regression analysis showed that using the following formula based on the triad of death can predict death in 96% of cases can be based on the triad of a death foretold death upon admission to the emergency room. It should be noted that this prediction tool as 173 people left alive after 24 hours as live predicts (100% correct).

Conclusion: The triad of death is one of the tools in the triage of patients to determine their condition and care plan to be used, provided valuable information to predict the prognosis of patients with a medical team.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454176PMC
March 2019

The recurrence frequency of breast cancer and its prognostic factors in Iranian patients.

Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2017 Jan-Mar;7(1):40-43

Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Recurrent breast cancer (BC) after initial treatments is usually associated with poor outcome. The objective of this study is to evaluate baseline characteristics of BC patients to determine their prognostic influence of recurrences.

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective study of 481 BC patients, 182 patients who had recurrence within the first, second, or third 5 years after diagnosis were included in the study. The significant prognostic factors associated with late or very late recurrence were selected according to the Akaike Information Criterion. Early recurrence was defined as initial recurrence within 5 years following curative surgery irrespective of site. Likewise, late recurrence was defined as initial recurrence after 5 years. Also, very late recurrence was defined as initial recurrence after 10 years.

Results: During the follow-up period, 182 recurrences occurred (local recurrence or distant metastasis). All patients were treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and the patients with estrogen receptor (ER)- or progesterone receptor (PR)-positive had hormone therapy. There was a significant correlation between histological grade and receptors status with recurrence. In binary logistic regression analysis, ER and PR were significant prognostic factors for early recurrence.

Conclusion: High histological grade and immunohistochemical markers (ER- and PR-negative or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive) are risk factors for recurrence, especially in early recurrence and also between of them, ER is the more significant prognostic factor in early recurrence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2229-516X.198521DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5327605PMC
March 2017

A systematic review and meta-analysis of seroprevalence of varicella zoster virus: A nationwide population-based study.

J Clin Virol 2017 02 6;87:49-59. Epub 2016 Dec 6.

SEC Faculty, Penrhyn Road, Kingston University London, Kingston upon Thames, KT1 2EE, UK. Electronic address:

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes chicken pox as a primary infection following which it becomes latent in neurons. It may then reactivate to cause shingles (herpes zoster). Severity of lesions and VZV pathogenicity are depended on the host's immune response and variant in VZV Dr Athina Myrto ChioniIdentification of VZV seroprevalance rate in general population may lead to develop new health strategic managements such as vaccination. Therefore, we aimed to provide a systematic review of the seroprevalence of VZV infection among Iranian population and estimate age- and gender- specific prevalence of VZV. Keywords "seroprevalence"; "varicella zoster virus" and "Iran"; were searched in international electronic databases and also in national Persian databases. Twenty two pooled studies among 262 total studies containing (240 published articles; 18 dissertations; and 4 proceedings abstracts) from 1992 to 2014 with total sample size of 7867 individuals were included in the final review. Data was analyzed using random effect method. The heterogeneity was calculated using I-square statistics The overall IgG seroprevalence rate of VZV infection in general population of Iran was 78.50% (95% CI; 77.74%-79.25%). There was significant heterogeneity among the studies (P<0.0001; I=99.4%). Furthermore, the relative risk of VZV infection is high in females (80.47%, 95% CI; 79.40%-81.54%) and older adults (95.30%, 95% CI; 94.11% -96.48%). Our results may represent a true background and estimation of VZV infection in Iran and generate the cost-benefits immunization program. Moreover, the ensuing data suggests further attention on disease seroprevalence in order to obtain efficient data for therapeutic intervention targeted against VZV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2016.12.001DOI Listing
February 2017

Effect of Dipyridamole Injected for Myocardial Perfusion Imaging on Blood Glucose Concentration; A Preliminary Study.

J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Aug 1;10(8):TC24-7. Epub 2016 Aug 1.

Professor, Department of Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy (MIRT), The Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences , Bushehr, Iran .

Introduction: Dipyridamole inhibits adenosine reuptake and increases cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate (cAMP) levels in platelets, erythrocytes and endothelial cells, all of which influence blood glucose. Acute hyperglycaemia reduces endothelium-dependent vasodilation and suppresses coronary microcirculation; which, in theory, can alter the outcome of a radionuclide scan.

Aim: The present study was conducted with the aim to investigate the changes in blood glucose level of patients receiving dipyridamole for cardiac scan.

Materials And Methods: A total of 293 patients (85 men and 208 women, age: 60.59±10.43 years) were included in the study. Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) was measured before and 8 min after dipyridamole (0.568 mg/kg) injection during myocardial perfusion imaging. The data in different groups were analysed by paired t-test.

Results: There was not a significant difference between first (106.89 ± 19.21mg/dL) and second (107.98 ± 17.57 mg/dL) FBG measurements (p= 0.293). However, when the patients were grouped based on the quartiles of first measurement, there was an increase in FBG following dipyridamole injection in the first quartile (mean difference: 7.15±21.27 mg/dL, p<0.01); in contrast, FBG levels showed a significant decrease after dipyridamole administration in the 4(th) quartile (mean difference: -9.53±18.20 mg/dL, p<0.001). The differences in 2(nd) and 3(rd) quartiles were negligible. The patients were divided into normal, ischemic and fixed lesions based on the outcome of scans, then the possible correlation of dipyridamole-induced FBG alteration and scan results were investigated. There were no significant difference between the FBG values before and after dipyridamole injection and the final outcome of scan.

Conclusion: The effects of dipyridamole on blood glucose highly depend on the initial blood glucose level.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2016/19726.8373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5028519PMC
August 2016

Investigating the levels of serum vitamin d in patients with rheumatoid arthritis referred to rasoul-akram hospital during 2011-2012.

Iran J Med Sci 2014 Sep;39(5):476-9

Internal Medicine Trainee, Department of Internal Medicine, Rasoul-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran;

Vitamin D3 has a role in many autoimmune diseases and appears to play a function in controlling Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between serum level of vitamin D and RA disease activity score. The serum level of vitamin D in 75 RA patients referred to the rheumatology clinic of Rasoul-Akram hospital was measured. Patients were classified into low, moderate and high RA activity groups based on the DAS-28 criteria (Disease Activity Score in 28 joints) and the mean values of serum vitamin D were compared between the three groups. The mean serum levels of vitamin D in high activity group (17.057±7.7 mg/ml) was significantly less than moderate (30.5±11.3 mg/ml) and low (36.7±19.5 mg/ml) activity groups (P<0.001). The outcome of this study shows that serum level of vitamin D is inversely correlated with the activity of RA.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4164897PMC
September 2014

Hepatitis B genotypes in iran.

Mater Sociomed 2014 Apr 11;26(2):129-33. Epub 2014 Apr 11.

Molecular Cell-Biology Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences,Sari, Iran.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a public health problem as a cause of liver diseases including hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis. It is estimated that 350 million people live with chronic infection and about one million people die every year from complication of this chronic disease in the world. So far, ten HBV genotypes (A-J) has been identified which show a geographical distribution. Throughout the world, carrier variability rate for hepatitis B infection is estimated to be 0.1% to 20%, with regions classified as having low endemicity (<2%), intermediate endemicity (2-7%) and high endemicity (>8%). The prevalence of hepatitis B infection is estimated at 2 to 7 percent In Iran. After HBV vaccination program the prevalence of hepatitis B infection has been reported less than 2%, so Iran can be considered one of the countries with low HBV infection endemicity. In Iran several studies were shown that the only genotype of HBV(100%)was found genotype D as the prominent type in some provinces, but some studies reported genotype B(5%)as well as genotype D(95%).The distribution of HBV genotypes may guide us in determining disease burden, prognosis and antiviral responses. So, it is important to know the epidemiologically of HBV genotyping as well.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/msm.2014.26.129-133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4035145PMC
April 2014

Prevalence of fibromyalgia in hemodialysis patients.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2014 May;8(3):236-9

Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

This study sought to determine the prevalence of fibromyalgia syndrome and to identify whether fibromyalgia was associated with various clinical symptoms and laboratory parameters in hemodialysis patients. One hundred and forty-eight hemodialysis patients were examined for fibromyalgia symptoms according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria. Demographic characteristics, as well as causes of kidney failure, dialysis duration, and symptoms related to fibromyalgia were investigated. Of 148 patients, 18 (12.2%) were diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Patients with fibromyalgia had significantly poorer sleeping satisfaction than the control group (P = .02).The Beck Depression Inventory score was higher in 77.8% of the fibromyalgia patients than that in the control group (P = .006), but there was no significant difference in the anxiety score between the two groups (P = .86).In conclusion, there was a higher prevalence of fibromyalgia in hemodialysis patients than previously reported. Sleep disturbances and depression levels correlated with fibromyalgia.
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May 2014

Measurement of colonic transit time based on radio opaque markers in patients with chronic idiopathic constipation; a cross-sectional study.

Iran Red Crescent Med J 2013 Dec 5;15(12):e16617. Epub 2013 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders particularly in industrialized countries. Incidence of constipation varies from 3.4 % to 27.2% in different societies. Increase in urban population, industrialization of communities, changes in behavioral and nutritional habits and inactivity have increased the number of patients suffering from constipation.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to measure colonic transit time in patients with chronic idiopathic constipation.

Patients And Methods: Fifty-two patients with chronic idiopathic constipation (according to ROME III criteria) were selected. Patients with diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, and hypoparathyroidism were excluded. Each patient took a capsule containing ten 1-3 mm long angiographic guide daily for 6 days. Abdominal x-ray was performed on the seventh day. Remaining markers in each segment were counted and segmental and total colonic transit time was calculated. The analysis was performed by SPSS version 18. In all tests, a P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The mean age of patients was 36.9 ± 10.1 years. 80.8 % of patients were female. The mean total colonic transit time was 40.8 ±35.1 hours. 34.6 % of patients and 36.5 % of them had prolonged total and segmental colonic transit time.

Conclusions: We found that prolonged total and segmental colonic transit time is common in patients with chronic idiopathic constipation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/ircmj.16617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3955515PMC
December 2013

A 34 year old man with purple discoloration and paresthesia.

Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res 2014 ;8(1):41-5

Department of Oncology and Rheumatology, Rasool Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

Secondary systemic vasculitis and nonbacterial endocarditis are rare events. We report a case presented with different manifestations of underlying malignancy such as systemic vasculitis, non bacterial endocarditis and DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulopathy). Efforts to find the source of malignancy was unsuccessful and due to patient's unwillingness for further evaluation, finally under the diagnosis of metastatic disease of unknown primary, patient is receiving cyclic chemotherapy.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3913154PMC
February 2014

Association between Anemia and COPD in Iranian Population.

Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res 2013 ;7(2):6-10

Hematology-Oncology Department Of Rasoul-e Akram Hospital, Iran University Of medical sciences,Tehran,Iran.

Background And Aim: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in adults. Anemia is known as comorbidity in many chronic diseases that can increase morbidity and mortality of COPD. Recent studies have shown that anemia may be more prevalent than expected in COPD patients and can increase disabilities of COPD. In this study we have evaluated the correlation between anemia and the severity of COPD in patients referred to teaching hospitals of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study the severity of COPD in 760 patients with dyspnea who referred to teaching hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and 96 stable COPD patients were categorize using a GOLD criteria from mild to moderate, severe and very severe. Anemia was determined as hemoglobin <13 g/dL in men and <12 g/dL in women, respectively. Demographic characteristics, spirometry parameters and laboratory findings were compared between anemic and non-anemic groups using Student t-test and regression tests (SPSS v.18 software).

Results: The Mean age of patients was 65 ± 13.07 years (59.4% male). Overall prevalence of anemia was 27% and there was no correlation between severity of COPD and anemia. Anemic patients were significantly older than non-anemic patients (71.1 ± 8.5 years vs. 65.4± 12.8 years; p = 0.030). RBC count of anemic patients were significantly lower than non-anemic group (4.3 ± 0.5 vs. 5.02± 0.8 ×106/µL; p < 0.001). Erythropoietin levels in anemic group was significantly higher than non-anemic group (16.33±2.43 vs. 10.22 ± 2.67 mu/ml; p < 0.001) and there was a significant inverse correlation of hemoglobin vs erythropoietin (r= -0.8).

Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of anemia in COPD patients. Anemia can increase disabilities of COPD. Thus, treatment of anemia may improve quality of life in these patients. Further comprehensive studies are needed for determination of exact prevalence of anemia and its physiologic effects in COPD.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3913136PMC
February 2014

Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in hemodialysis patients.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2012 Nov;6(6):441-5

Rasul Akram Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The ankle-brachial index (ABI), measurement of carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT), and assessment of the thickness of interventricular septum (IVS), are noninvasive methods used to predict subclinical atherosclerosis in hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and to assess the correlations between ABI, CIMT, the thickness of IVS, and blood parameters in hemodialysis patients.

Materials And Methods: The ABI, CIMT, and the thickness of IVS were measured in 50 patients on hemodialysis. Data were collected regarding the levels of calcium, urine nitrogen, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, cholesterol, creatinine, albumin in serum, as well as erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Results. Ten percent of the patients showed a reduced ABI (< 0.9). The mean values for ABI, CIMT, and IVS were 1.09 ± 0.13, 0.68 ± 0.11 mm, and 9.83 ± 1.65 mm, respectively. The levels of calcium, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride in the serum of the patients with normal ABI were significantly higher than in patients with reduced ABI. There was a negative correlation between ABI and levels of serum LDLC (r = -0.29, P = .04) and triglyceride (r = -0.32, P = .02). Conclusions. The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in the patients with CRF was 10% and it was correlated with several classical risk factors for atherosclerosis, including elevated LDL and cholesterol levels. CIMT and the thickness of IVS showed no apparent association with ABI.
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November 2012

Relationship between Serum Levels of Testosterone and the Severity of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Tanaffos 2012 ;11(3):32-5

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran-Iran.

Background: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between the levels of serum testosterone and the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Materials And Methods: Using GOLD criteria, 140 male patients with COPD were categorized into mild, moderate, severe and very severe COPD groups of 35 each. Then, serum levels of testosterone, prolactin and LH of patients were compared and the data were analyzed using SPSS version 18 software.

Results: Average age of patients was 67.4±10.1 years (range 41 to 90 years). The prevalence of the secondary hypogonadism was 58.6%. It was shown that the level of serum testosterone was directly correlated with the severity of COPD (P= 0.04).

Conclusion: This study found that the prevalence of the secondary hypogonadism in COPD patients was high. The forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) was correlated with the level of serum testosterone. Further investigations are required to better evaluate the pathology and treatment of secondary hypogonadism in COPD patients.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4153207PMC
September 2014
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