Publications by authors named "Mohd Nizam Isa"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association of loss of heterozygosity and PTEN gene abnormalities with paraclinical, clinical modalities and survival time of glioma patients in Malaysia.

Asian J Surg 2006 Oct;29(4):274-82

Department of Neurosciences, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Background: The pattern of allelic loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and PTEN mutations appear to be associated with the progression of gliomas leading to a decrement in the survival rate of patients. This present study was carried out to determine the LOH and PTEN mutational status in glioma patients and its association with patients' survival.

Methods: Thirty-seven Malaysian glioma patients of the Malay race were subject to PTEN mutational analysis and the presence of LOH using the cold single-strand conformation polymorphism method, and their clinical and paraclinical response were correlated.

Results: Among analysed glioma patients, seven (21.6%) cases with PTEN mutations were detected and 12 (32.4%) of 37 patients showed presence of LOH. Univariate analysis showed that tumour grade, vascularization, PTEN mutation, LOH and combination of both PTEN mutation and LOH were significantly associated with glioma patients' survival. Multivariate analysis revealed that no factors contributed to survival time.

Conclusion: The results show that PTEN mutation and LOH are quite frequent in Malaysian glioma patients. However, they have no impact on the survival outcome of patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1015-9584(09)60102-0DOI Listing
October 2006

Identification of novel functional variants of the melanocortin 1 receptor gene originated from Asians.

Hum Genet 2006 Apr 4;119(3):322-30. Epub 2006 Feb 4.

Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 1130033, Tokyo, Japan.

Human melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) is a seven transmembrane G-coupled protein receptor that upregulates the cAMP pathway. Several functional variants of MC1R that show an impaired ability to activate the cAMP pathway are strongly associated with fair skin and red hair in Europeans and European descendants. The sequence variations of the MC1R gene were repeatedly investigated against worldwide populations; however, there was no evidence that functional variant of MC1R exists in non-European descendants. We report the presence of novel functional variants of MC1R with Asian origins. Three novel variants of MC1R, Phe147Delta, Thr157Ile, and Pro159Thr, were identified in our screening for the sequence variations of the MC1R gene against 995 individuals from 30 Asian and Oceanian populations; there was a single case for the Pro159Thr variant allele and two instances of Phe147Delta and Thr157Ile variant alleles. Our pharmacological assay revealed that Phe147Delta, Thr157Ile, and Pro159Thr variant showed similar or more dramatically impaired activities in comparison with Arg151Cys, which is a major functional variant of MC1R in Europeans. These functional variant alleles were geographically localized in relatively high latitudes, which suggest that the adaptation to ambient UV light intensity may play an important role in shaping the geographical distribution of MC1R alleles in Asia and Oceania.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00439-006-0141-1DOI Listing
April 2006

Absence of Ras, c-myc and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Mutations in Human Gliomas and its Clinical Factors Associated with Pathological Grading After Six Years of Diagnosis in North East Malaysian Patients.

Malays J Med Sci 2005 Jul;12(2):27-33

Department of Neurosciences.

Neoplastic transformation appears to be a multi-step process in which the normal controls of cell proliferation and cell-cell interaction are lost, thus transforming normal cells into cancer. The tumorigenic process involves the interplay between oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes. In this study, we have selected the ras family, c-myc and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) genes to detect whether their abnormalities are associated with the expression and progression of glioma cases in Malay patients. We have used the polymerase chain reaction-single stranded conformation polymorphism followed by direct sequencing for the study. For the ras gene family, we screened the point mutations in codons 12 and 61 of the H-, K-, and N-ras gene; for EGFR and c-myc, we analyzed only the exon 1 in glioma samples. In mutational screening analyses of the ras family, c-myc and EGFR gene, there was no mobility shift observed in any tumour analyzed. All patterns of single stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP) band observed in tumour samples were normal compared to those in normal samples. The DNA sequencing results in all high-grade tumours showed that all base sequences were normal. All 48 patients survived after five years of treatment. In simple logistic regression analysis, variables which were found to be significant were hemiplegia (p=0.047) and response radiotherapy (p=0.003). Hemiplegics were 25 times more likely to have high pathological grade compared to those without. Patients with vascular involvement were 5.5 times more likely to have higher pathological grade. However, these findings were not significant in multivariate analysis. Patients who had radiotherapy were nearly 14 times more likely to have higher pathological grade. Multivariate analysis revealed that patients with hemiplegia were more likely to have higher pathological grade (p= 0.008). Those with higher pathological grading were 80 times more likely to have radiotherapy (p=0.004).
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3349398PMC
July 2005

G6PD Viangchan and G6PD Mediterranean are the main variants in G6PD deficiency in the Malay population of Malaysia.

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2003 ;34 Suppl 3:135-7

Human Genome Center, Health Campus, University Science Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an X-linked red blood cell enzymopathy common in malaria endemic areas. Individuals affected by this disease show a wide variety of clinical signs of acute hemolytic anemia. Mutations of the G6PD gene in the Malay population with G6PD deficiency in Kelantan, a state in North East Malaysia were studied. Ninety-three individuals with G6PD deficiency were subjected to mutation analysis of the G6PD gene using polymerase chain reaction based techniques of multiplex PCR. Of the ninety-three DNA samples studied, molecular defects were identified in 80 cases (86%). Variants were heterogeneous - 28.7% were found to have a G to A nucleotide change at nucleotide 871 of the G6PD gene (G871A), corresponding to G6PD Viangchan. The other major mutations were G6PD Mediterranean, G6PD Vanua Lava, G6PD Coimbra, G6PD Kaiping, G6PD Orissa, G6PD Mahidol, G6PD Canton and G6PD Chatham. These results showed that there are heterogeneous mutations of the G6PD gene associated with G6PD deficiency and that G6PD Viangchan and G6PD Mediterranean account for the main variants in G6PD deficiency among the Malay population in Malaysia.
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July 2005

Telomerase activity in Malaysian patients with central nervous system tumors.

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2003 Dec;34(4):872-6

Human Genome Center, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Telomerase, the enzyme that stabilizes telomere length is reactivated with almost all cancer types, and may be a useful diagnostic marker for malignancy. Telomerase activity has been detected in germ line cells and most cancer cells, whereas most normal somatic cells have no clearly detectable telomerase activity. In our study, we aim to detect telomerase activity in 20 human central nervous system tumors from Malaysian patients. Telomerase activity was detected based on a highly sensitive procedure consisting of a CHAPS detergent-based extraction from frozen tissues and a PCR-based telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) using a TRAPEZE Telomerase Detection Kit (Intergen, Co). Telomerase activity was considered positive when a ladder of products was observed starting at 50bp, with 6bp increments. The activity was detected in 30% of the samples analysed, included glioblastoma multiforme, meduloblastoma, paraganglioma and oligodendroglioma. The result of Fisher's exact test indicated that there was a significant association between telomerase activity status with tumor grade (p=0.003). These results suggest that telomerase activity may be an important marker for tumor malignancy.
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December 2003

Loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 10q, 9p, 17p and 13q in malays with malignant glioma.

Neurol Res 2004 Jan;26(1):88-92

Human Genome Centre, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Recent advances in neuro-oncology have revealed different pathways of molecular oncogenesis in malignant gliomas including loss of heterozygosity on chromosomal regions harboring tumor suppressor genes. In the present study, we performed polymerase chain reaction-loss of heterozygosity (PCR-LOH) analysis using microsatellite markers to identify loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 10q, 9p, 17p and 13q in the Malays with malignant gliomas. Of 12 cases with allelic losses, seven (58.3%) cases showed LOH on chromosome 10q, three (25.0%) cases showed LOH on chromosome 9p, four (33.3%) cases showed LOH on chromosome 17p and two (16.7%) cases showed LOH on chromosome 13q. The cases include five (41.7%) cases of glioblastoma multiforme, three (25.0%) cases of anaplastic astrocytoma, three (25.0%) cases of anaplastic oligodendroglioma and one (8.3%) case of anaplastic ependymoma. Four cases showed loss of heterozygosity on more than one locus. Our findings showed that loss of heterozygosity on specific chromosomal regions contributes to the molecular pathway of glioma progression in Malay population. In addition, these data provide useful evidence of molecular genetic alterations of malignant glioma in South East Asian patients, particularly in the East Coast of Malaysia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/016164104773026598DOI Listing
January 2004

What We Know about the Molecular Genetics of Central Nervous System (CNS) Tumours in Malaysia.

Malays J Med Sci 2004 Jan;11(1):37-43

Human Genome Center, Department of Neurosciences.

The new millennium has been regarded as a genomic era. A lot of researchers and pathologists are beginning to understand the scientific basis of molecular genetics and relates with the progression of the diseases. Central nervous system (CNS) tumours are among the most rapidly fatal of all cancers. It has been proposed that the progression of malignant tumours may result from multi-step of genetic alterations, including activation of oncogenes, inactivation of tumour suppressor genes and also the presence of certain molecular marker such as telomerase activity. In this paper, we review some recent data from the literature, including our own studies, on the molecular genetics analysis in CNS tumours. Our studies have shown that two types of tumour suppressor genes, p53 and PTEN were involved in the development of these tumours but not in p16 gene among the patients from Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). Telomerase activity also has been detected in various types of CNS tumours. Thus, it is important to assemble all data which related to this study and may provide as a vital information in a new approach to neuro-oncology studies in Malaysia.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3438149PMC
January 2004

Molecular genetic analysis of anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma.

Asian J Surg 2003 Apr;26(2):120-5

Department of Neuroscience, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia.

A case of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma in a 10-year-old Malay boy is reported. The patient presented with headache and epilepsy. On computed tomography, a ring-enhancing low-density lesion was observed in the left fronto-temporal area. During surgery, a cystic tumour containing serous fluid was found and almost totally removed. Histologically, the tumour exhibited marked pleomorphism of oval and spindle-shaped cells intermixed with uni- and multinucleated giant cells, and xanthomatous cells with foamy cytoplasm. The tumour displayed pericellular reticulin and periodic acid-Schiff positive granules. Focally, six mitotic characters per 10 high-power fields were seen, and necrosis was confined only to the inner lining of the cyst. Mutational analysis showed that a frameshift mutation (a 4-bp deletion) in the p53 gene had occurred in codons 273 and 274 of exon 8. No mutation was detected in the p16 gene. No allelic loss and/or loss of heterozygosity were observed on chromosome 10 using microsatellite marker D105532. The patient was treated with postoperative radiotherapy because of histological anaplasia and the presence of residual tumour. The patient showed marked neurological recovery after a follow-up period of 2 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1015-9584(09)60233-5DOI Listing
April 2003

Molecular heterogeneity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Malays in Malaysia.

Int J Hematol 2002 Aug;76(2):149-52

Haematology Department, School of Medical Sciences, University Science Malaysia, Kelantan.

Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using multiple tandem forward primers and a common reverse primer (MPTP) was recently established as a comprehensive screening method for mutations in X-linked recessive diseases. In the work reported here, MPTP was used to scan for mutations of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) gene. Mutations in exons 3,4,5,6,7,9, 11, and 12 of the G6PD gene were screened by MPTP in 93 unrelated Malaysian patients with G6PD deficiency. Of the 93 patients, 80 (86%) had identified mutations. Although all of these were missense mutations, identified nucleotide changes were heterogeneous, with 9 mutations involving various parts of the exons. These 9 mutations were G-to-A nucleotide changes at nucleotide 871 of the G6PD gene (G871A), corresponding to G6PD Viangchan, G6PD Mediterranean (C563T), G6PD Vanua Lava (T383C), G6PD Coimbra (C592T), G6PD Kaiping (G1388A), G6PD Orissa (C131G), G6PD Mahidol (G487A), G6PD Canton (G1376T), and G6PD Chatham (G1003A). Our results document heterogeneous mutations of the G6PD gene in the Malaysian population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02982577DOI Listing
August 2002

The absence of factor V Leiden mutation in Malays with recurrent spontaneous abortions.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2002 May;42(2):164-6

Department of Haematology, School of Medical Sciences, University Science of Malaysia, Kelantan.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation in Malay women with recurrent spontaneous abortion and to clarify the contribution of the factor V Leiden mutation to recurrent miscarriages in these women.

Design: A prospective case control study between June 1999 and April 2000.

Setting: Hospital University Science of Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, and Maternal and Child Health Clinic, Pasir Mas, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Samples: A total of 46 Malay women with a history of three or more first or second trimester miscarriages were studied. The control group consisted of 46 parous women without obstetric complications.

Methods: Diagnosis of factor V Leiden mutation was made by examination of factor V Leiden allele product following Mnl I digestion of factor V Leiden alleles amplified by polymerase chain reaction.

Results: None of the 46 women with recurrent spontaneous abortion carried the mutation. Also, we found no subject carrying the factor V Leiden alleles in the control group.

Conclusion: These results suggest that that there is no association between the factor V Leiden mutation and recurrent spontaneous abortion in the Malay population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0004-8666.2002.00164.xDOI Listing
May 2002