Publications by authors named "Mohammad-Naeim Amini Fard"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of intracameral cefuroxime on corneal endothelial cell counts and its morphology after cataract surgery.

Interv Med Appl Sci 2017 Jun;9(2):100-104

Department of Ophthalmology, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Endophthalmitis is one of the most important complications after cataract surgery and in case event can cause many symptoms, such as severe decrease in eyesight and/or even the loss of vision. Employing methods to reduce this problem is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intracameral cefuroxime after cataract surgery on corneal endothelial cell counts and its morphology.

Methods: In this study, 32 eyes of 30 patients underwent endothelial cell count and morphology assessment by ConfoScan III device before and 1 month after cataract surgery. All patients undertaken cataract surgery by one surgeon and by one method. Intracameral cefuroxime (1 mg/0.1 ml) was used as prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis at the end of operation.

Results: In this study, the rate of corneal endothelial cell loss 1 month after cataract surgery was 8.4%, and the rate of endothelial cells polymegathism before and after cataract surgery did not differ statistically. During the follow-up period, there were no cases of endophthalmitis or other complications.

Conclusion: With regard to the importance of the intracameral cefuroxime in a reduction in the rate of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery and that harmful effects on the endothelial cells were not seen, this method can be considered as a suitable method for endophthalmitis prophylaxis.
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June 2017

Effects of Topical 1% Sodium Hyaluronate and Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose in Treatment of Corneal Epithelial Defects.

Med Hypothesis Discov Innov Ophthalmol 2016 ;5(4):136-144

Department of Ophthalmology, Alzahra Eye Hospital, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

We aimed to compare the therapeutic effects of topical 1% sodium hyaluronate (Healon) or hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) for the treatment of alkali-induced epithelial corneal defects. An alkali burn was produced in 30 corneas of 30 New Zealand White rabbits, using a 7.5-mm-diameter trephine. The rabbits were randomly divided into three groups. Four times a day, one group was treated with 1% sodium hyaluronate, one with HPMC, and one (the control group) with physiologic saline. During the treatment period, the size of the epithelial defect was observed every day, up to day 17, using a slit-lamp biomicroscope (with fluorescein). Sodium hyaluronate significantly accelerated the wound healing process compared with saline and increased the healing rate to an even greater extent compared with HPMC. Sodium hyaluronate, but not HPMC, is an effective wound-healing adjuvant for alkali-induced corneal epithelial defects.
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January 2016