Publications by authors named "Mohammad Saber Zamani"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Interpretation of Hematological, Biochemical, and Immunological Findings of COVID-19 Disease: Biomarkers Associated with Severity and Mortality.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2021 Feb 11;20(1):46-66. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Biostatistics and Social Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spread rapidly all over the world in late 2019 and caused critical illness and death in some infected patients. This study aimed at examining several laboratory factors, especially inflammatory and immunological mediators, to identify severity and mortality associated biomarkers. Ninety-three hospitalized patients with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were classified based on disease severity. The levels of biochemical, hematological, immunological, and inflammatory mediators were assessed, and their association with severity and mortality were evaluated. Hospitalized patients were mostly men (77.4%) with an average (standard deviation) age of 59.14 (14.81) years. The mortality rate was significantly higher in critical patients (85.7%). Increased serum levels of blood sugar, urea, creatinine, uric acid, phosphorus, total bilirubin, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, lactic dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, ferritin, and procalcitonin were significantly prevalent (p=0.002, p<0.001, p<0.001, p=0.014, p=0.047, p=0.003, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, P<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively) in COVID-19 patients. Decreased red blood cell, hemoglobin, and hematocrit were significantly prevalent among COVID-19 patients than healthy control subjects (p<0.001 for all). Troponin-I, interleukin-6, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), procalcitonin, and D-dimer showed a significant association with the mortality of patients with specificity and sensitivity more than 60%. Age, sex, underlying diseases, blood oxygen pressure, complete blood count along with C-reactive protein, lactic dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, D-dimer, and interleukin-6 evaluation help to predict the severity and required management for COVID-19 patients. Further investigations are highly recommended in a larger cohort study for validation of the present findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/ijaai.v20i1.5412DOI Listing
February 2021

Evaluation of Merkel cell polyomavirus in non-small cell lung cancer and adjacent normal cells.

Microb Pathog 2017 Jul 25;108:21-26. Epub 2017 Apr 25.

Department of Mycobacteriology and Pulmonary Research, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran; Microbiology Research Center (MRC), Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Several risk factors have been linked to lung cancer (LC). Nevertheless, a viral etiology has been mentioned for a subset of patients developing LC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) on developing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLCs). In total, 96 paraffin-embedded NSCLC biopsies and 96 adjacent non-LC normal specimens were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the existence of the MCPyV DNA and the expressions of RNA transcripts. Among the 96 enrolled participants, 42 patients were adenocarcinomas (ADs) and 54 patients were squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Of the 42 ADs, MCPyV DNA was determined in 15 (35.7%) samples and of the 54 SCC, MCPyV DNA was detected in 22 (40.7%) samples. Only one non-cancerous sample in SCC subjects was positive for MCPyV LT-Ag DNA load (0.216 × 10). In MCPyV-positive subjects, the median MCPyV copy number was higher in the patients with ADs (0.016 × 10 copies/cell) compared to SCCs (0.005 × 10 copies/cell); but this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.913). In the seven stages of LC, the MCPyV LT-Ag was quantified in stage IV (0.204 × 10 copies/cell) more than in other stages. There was statistically significant difference between stages of cancer and MCPyV LT-Ag DNA load (P = 0.002). These results revealed for the first time the presence of MCPyV in a subset of patients with NSCLCs in Iran. Further studies should be carried out to clarify the role of MCPyV in lung carcinogenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.04.033DOI Listing
July 2017