Publications by authors named "Mohammad Bagher Rahim"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

First Iranian Experience of the Minimally Invasive Nuss Procedure for Pectus Excavatum Repair: A Case Series and Literature Review.

Iran J Med Sci 2018 Sep;43(5):554-559

General Thoracic Surgeon, General Thoracic Surgery Ward, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Iran.

Pectus excavatum is the most common congenital deformity of the chest wall. The most frequently used techniques include Ravitch (costochondral resection) and Nuss (minimally invasive pectus repair of pectus excavatum [MIRPE]). The Nuss technique includes using temporary metallic bars without costochondral resection to correct the chest wall deformity. Modified MIRPE can be learned easily and performed safely with few complications. There are no reports of successful MIRPE in Iran, although the Ravitch technique is well known. In the present study, we report the first Iranian experience with the modified Nuss procedure in 5 patients with pectus excavatum (age range=13-48 y). All the patients suffered from low self-esteem, and one of them complained of low exercise capacity and occasional chest pain. With single-lung ventilation and sternal elevation, an introducer was entered into the right thoracic cavity and retrosternal tunneling was performed under thoracoscopic vision. The introducer was passed to the left thoracic cavity and exited on the left thoracic wall. A titanium plate bar was implanted and fixed with stabilizers. There were no cases of mortality, and all the patients were discharged in good conditions within 2 weeks. Postoperative complications consisted of 1 case of pneumothorax and 2 cases of fixed bar protrusion. The present case series indicated that a skilled thoracoscopic surgeon is able to do the Nuss procedure in Iranian patients with symmetrical pectus excavatum with few complications. However, mixed or redo cases require more expertise.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123557PMC
September 2018

Partial replacement of left hemidiaphragm in dogs by either cryopreserved or decellularized heterograft patch.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2016 10 8;23(4):623-9. Epub 2016 Jun 8.

Transplant Coordinator, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Shiraz, Iran.

Objectives: Large diaphragmatic defects are still a challenging issue for reconstruction using either synthetic prosthesis or bioprosthesis. To evaluate the possibility of using diaphragm allograft as a natural bioprosthesis in humans, we conducted a two-group study and compared cryopreserved and decellularized diaphragmatic heterograft patched in a canine model.

Methods: At the end of organ harvesting from a human donor, the left hemidiaphragm was taken to the laboratory in phosphate-buffered saline solution. The next step was freezing the grafts at -80°C, and preserving them for up to 2 months in Group 1. It was subjected to a detergent-enzymatic method (containing sodium deoxycholate/DNase lavations) of decellularization for 25 cycles in Group 2. Through left thoracotomy in the eighth intercostal space, cryopreserved patches in six dogs and decellularized patches in five dogs replaced the diaphragm. During the follow-up, sonography was done in all animals, but three and two dogs in Group 1 and 2 underwent computed tomography (CT) scan, respectively. The animals were euthanized after 6 months.

Results: There was no mortality. Sonography showed only motion impairment of the patches in all cases. In Group 1, CT scan showed mild atelectasis and scattered infiltration in the left lower lobe, fibrotic bands and minimal fluid collection under the diaphragm. In Group 2, CT scan showed scattered fibrotic bands and mild to moderate elevation of the left hemidiaphragm. There was no evidence of gross disruption and complete healing of the suture line. Necropsy in both groups showed patches were completely replaced with a dense fibrous tissue. In Group 1, focal calcification was noticeable in every case and foreign body-type granulomas were clearly seen all over the grafted tissue. Histology in Group 2 animals showed less inflammatory cell infiltration and scattered foreign body granulomas in comparison with the cryopreserved patch graft.

Conclusions: The gross healing process in the decellularized heterograft is similar to the cryopreserved diaphragm but with fewer inflammatory cells and foreign body granulomas on histology. Both of them can be used instead of bioprostheses with regard to the fact that the decellularized patch technique is more complex and expensive. It is recommended to compare them with commercial bioprostheses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivw132DOI Listing
October 2016

Anterior mediastinal tracheostomy for malignancy: analysis of 12 cases.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2013 Apr;21(2):187-92

Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Introduction: Anterior mediastinal tracheostomy is indicated in extensive cervicothoracic malignancy with cervical mediastinal involvement of the trachea. This study was designed to assess the therapeutic outcome of anterior mediastinal tracheostomy.

Methods: From 2001 to 2010, 10 men and 2 women, with a median age of 64.5 years, underwent anterior mediastinal tracheostomy and were followed up for at least for 1 year. Seven patients had stomal recurrence following laryngectomy, 3 had carcinoma of the cervical esophagus, 1 had squamous cell carcinoma of the trachea invading the subglottic larynx, and 1 had adenoid cystic carcinoma of the trachea invading the subglottic larynx. They were evaluated in terms of etiology of the primary lesion, previous treatment, complications, hospital death, and Kaplan-Meier survival estimate.

Results: The tumor was completely resected in all cases. Postoperative complications included atelectasis (3 patients), stomal necrosis (1 patient), and anastomotic leak (1 patient). There were 2 (16.6%) postoperative hospital deaths. The mean duration of follow-up was 23 months, and the mean overall survival time was 25.59 months. Survival was calculated for 3 groups based on primary etiology: stomal recurrence of laryngeal carcinoma (12.85 months), cervical esophageal cancer (28 months), and primary malignancy of the trachea (29 months).

Conclusion: Because of the small number of patients, a definitive conclusion was difficult, but acceptable morbidity, mortality, and relative survival in selected patients, in whom an extensive cervicothoracic operation was performed by an experienced and skilled team of surgeons, demonstrated that anterior mediastinal tracheostomy can be a helpful procedure for patient survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492312456849DOI Listing
April 2013

Ball in chest.

J Tehran Heart Cent 2012 Nov 30;7(4):192. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

Shariati General Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3537200PMC
November 2012

Povidone-iodine and bleomycin in the management of malignant pleural effusion.

Acta Med Iran 2011 ;49(9):584-7

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Malignant pleural effusion is a common complication in certain malignancies. Pleurodesis is the best option most of the time. The purpose of this study was to compare the choice of belomycin with povidone-iodine, which is not only determined by the efficacy of the agent but also by its cost, accessibility, safety, ease of administration and the number of administrations to achieve a complete response. We performed a randomized clinical trial on 39 patients presenting with symptomatic malignant pleural effusion. Patients were selected and randomly assigned to undergo chemical pleurodesis with either bleomycin or povidone-iodine. Primary characteristics of patients were assessed and graded before and after treatment concerning pain, dyspnea, and chest radiographs. A complete response was obtained in 79% of belomycin group and 75% of povidone-iodine group which was not statistically significant. Patients on belomycin treatment had a significantly lower score for dyspnea in one month follow up. This was significant after controlling for age, pain score and dyspnea score after drainage, using general linear model. Due to similar effect and significant cost advantage between bleomycin and povidone-iodine, we conclude that povidone- iodine is the agent of choice when utilizing pleurodesis for control of symptomatic malignant pleural effusions.
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February 2012

Successful management of acute necrotizing mediastinitis with trans-cervical drainage.

Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011 13;17(5):498-500. Epub 2011 Jul 13.

Thoracic Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Acute necrotizing mediastinitis (ANM) is a lethal disease which without antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention can lead to about 40% mortality. With the development of imaging technology, spiral computed tomography (CT) scanning and shortening of the time of diagnosis and surgery, the prognosis of these patients is excellently improved. This study describes the clinical presentation, management and outcome of 4 patients (mean age: 35 years) with ANM. All patients were operated on by a trans-cervical approach, and only one patient was operated on by a trans-thoracic one. After surgery, patients were transferred to the intensive care unit and underwent daily washing and debridement with antibiotic treatments. Odontogenic infection (2 cases), pharyngeal perforation and cervical esophageal perforation were the causes of the ANM. Infection of cervical space (perivisceral spaces) and superior Mediastinum were found in all patients, and Infection below the carina was found in two. All patients were discharged with a good, general condition after an average of 24 days. Early diagnosis of ANM with clinical presentation and on-time CT scanning, early drainage and careful post operation care are very important in the management of patients with ANM and can improve the outcome of trans-cervical drainage to an acceptable technique.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5761/atcs.cr.10.01620DOI Listing
February 2012

Malignant pleural mesothelioma: clinicopathologic and survival characteristic in a consecutive series of 40 patients.

Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011 ;17(2):130-6

Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Iran.

Introduction: Pleural malignant mesothelioma is an uncommon but extremely invasive tumor which originates from mesothelial cells and usually occurs after prolonged exposure to asbestos. Different types of surgical and oncological therapeutic methods have been used resulting in various outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate, clinicopathologically, 40 patients with pleural malignant mesothelioma and the main factors influencing their prognosis.

Methods: In this study, 40 patients with a definitive diagnosis, who had been followed up for at least 3 years were studied according to these: epidemiologic factors, stage and pathological types, treatment method and complications, and by using factors that influence patients survival, we evaluated them statistically.

Results: The M/F ratio was l3/1 with an average age of 55 years. Chest pain was the most common symptom. In 55% of patients, the lesions were localized in the left site and most were in Buchart stage I or II. The epithelial form was the most common pathological pattern (62.5%). 47.5% of patients only received radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Of patients who underwent decortication and pleurectomy with adjuvant therapy, extrapleural was performed in 20% of patients, and pneumonectomy, in 17.5%; and 15% refused any type of treatment. One patient died from the surgery. The most common surgical complication was wound infection. The average survival was 10.5 months, and the main factors influencing the survival were physiologic status, pathological form of disease, stage of disease and the pattern of pleural involvement.

Conclusion: Because of the low survival after multimodality invasive treatments in mesothelioma, aggressive therapeutic methods were recommended in patients with good physiological status and early clinical stage with a good pathology type.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5761/atcs.oa.09.01427DOI Listing
September 2011
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