Publications by authors named "Mohammad Amin Borjian"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Study of therapeutic results, lymph node ratio, short-term and long-term complications of lateral lymph node dissection in rectal cancer patients.

Turk J Surg 2020 Jun 8;36(2):224-228. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Tehran University of Medical Science, Cancer Institute, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess disease free survival, lymph node ratio (LNR) and complication rate among advanced mid to low rectal cancer patients (stage 2-3) who underwent total mesorectal excision (TME) and lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) at the Iran Cancer Institute in 2016-2018.

Material And Methods: The study was carried out on 32 patients treated by curative surgery and lateral lymph node dissection at the Iran Cancer Institute from 2016 March to 2018 March. Chi-square test was used to assess the distribution of dichotomous clinical outcomes by sex. We also used Breslow test in Kaplan-Meier approach to estimate 1-year disease free survival and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI).

Results: Of the 279 dissected lymph nodes by TME, 42 nodes (in mesorectal) and of the 232 dissected lymph nodes by LLND, 7 nodes (in iliac, para-iliac and obturator) were positive for metastasis. Higher local recurrence was observed in men (three patients) compared to women (one patient) which was not statistically significant (p= 0.878). We also observed higher 1-year disease free survival rate in women (1-year disease free survival= 93.3%) compared to men (1-year disease free survival= 82.4%), which also was not statistically significant (p= 0.356). 1-year disease free survival rate in patient with negative lymph nodes was 95.5% while respective number in patients with positive lymph nodes was 70% (p= 0.047).

Conclusion: TME with LLND could prolong survival and reduce local recurrence in patients with advanced low rectal cancer. However, large-scale clinical trials are required to evaluate such procedure as a standard in Iran.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
June 2020

Successful tracheal necrosis management using a pedicle pectoralis flap: A case report.

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg 2020 Jul 28;28(3):547-551. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Thyroidectomy is considered an overall low-risk procedure. However, severe life-threatening complications, including tracheal necrosis may occur postoperatively. A 45-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic for papillary thyroid carcinoma surgery. The patient had mediastinitis signs and symptoms seven days after total thyroidectomy. Subsequent imaging demonstrated air leak and with mediastinitis as the primary diagnosis, and the patient underwent reoperation. During the operation, four necrotic tracheal rings were found to be the source of air leak. Due to tissue inflammation and infection, neither primary repair with tracheal resection and anastomosis, nor strap muscle plugging procedure were feasible. Therefore, a pedicle flap derived from the right pectoralis major muscle was transferred to the necrotic trachea. The patient"s clinical condition improved after the operation and subsequent bronchoscopies confirmed healing of trachea. During six-month follow-up, no complications were observed. In conclusion, the technique discussed in the current report shows promising outcomes for reconstructing large tracheal defects in inflammatory conditions where primary repair techniques are not suitable.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2020

A rare case of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage (DAH) due to warfarin toxicity.

Rom J Intern Med 2020 Mar;58(1):35-39

Radiology Resident,Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Warfarin is one of the most frequently used anticoagulant agents in the clinic. The most important adverse effect of warfarin is hemorrhage of vital organs, such as lung and brain. Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare clinical condition which occurs due to variety of medical disorders. Although it's rarely reported, DAH can be a result of coagulopathy prompted by warfarin therapy. In this study we present a case of DAH, caused by warfarin toxicity which referred to the hospital with non-specific respiratory symptoms.

Case Presentation: A 41-year-old female patient referred to the hospital complaining of shortness of breath, cough and dizziness. She had been taking warfarin due to mitral valve replacement for the past 10 years. Her recent symptoms began shortly after taking amoxicillin, a few days before admission. Early clinical examination and paraclinical studies reveal DAH as the cause of respiratory symptoms. The patient was then intubated and received fresh frozen plasma, packed cells and oral vitamin K. Laboratory findings apart from increased INR, PT, ESR and CRP were all within normal range. After the initiation of treatment patient's INR decreased and her clinical condition improved. Follow-up CT-Scan and bronchoscopy also confirmed resolving DAH.

Conclusions: The usage of warfarin in anticoagulation should be closely monitored due to its narrow therapeutic window and other factors, including its interaction with other medications such as antibiotics. Warfarin toxicity can lead to DAH, a life-threatening condition which can be presented with non-specific symptoms and deteriorate patient's clinical condition in a short time. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to watch closely for primary symptoms of such rare incident in patients under warfarin therapy and initiate treatment as soon as possible, to prevent mortality.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2020

Sheep colon acellular matrix: Immunohistologic, biomechanical, scanning electron microscopic evaluation and collagen quantification.

J Biosci Bioeng 2014 Feb 29;117(2):236-241. Epub 2013 Aug 29.

Pediatric Urology Research Center, Section of Tissue Engineering and Stem Cell Therapy, Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Pediatric Center of Excellence, 62 Qarib St, Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran 1419733151, Iran.

Colon decellularization provides three-dimensional biologic scaffold without any cell elements with preservation of extracellular matrix in order to enable autologous cell seeding for tissue augmentation without any immunological response. This study was performed to investigate the safety and feasibility of sheep colon decellularization as a first step of colon tissue engineering. The process of sheep colon decellularization was done in four stages which included scaffold preparation, histologic examination and microscopic investigations to reveal the remaining cellular deposits, biomechanical evaluation and collagen quantification studies by measurement of hydroxyproline content of normal and decellularized sheep colon. Decellularized colon scaffold revealed complete cell removal under a light microscope while 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, di-hydrochloride (DAPI) staining confirmed no deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) residues. Decellularized colon displayed preserved ultrastructure, comparable biophysical properties (resistance to unidirectional stretch forces) and higher hydroxyproline content. The results of biomechanical tests proved that the decellularized matrix did not bear any unexpected damages or structural changes which would make it unable to tolerate in vivo forces and stretches. The microscopic images captured after staining the tissue with Picro-sirius red also showed that the collagen in extracellular matrix is well preserved; this was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. This implies that the scaffold prepared by this method is suitable for tissue augmentation or transplantation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2014