Publications by authors named "Mohammad Alsumaili"

3 Publications

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Seizure semiology in temporal lobe vs. temporal plus epilepsy using intracranial EEG monitoring.

Neurosciences (Riyadh) 2021 Jul;26(3):261-269

From the Section of Neurology (Khoja A), Medical Department, Faculty of Medicine (Khoja O, Khoja A), King Abdulaziz University Hospital, from the Department of Pediatric (Alsulami), King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, from the Department of Neuroscience (Khoja A, Alsulami, Alkhaja, Alsumaili, AL-Khateeb), King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, from the Division of Neurology (Albaradei), Medical Department, Heraa Hospital, Makkah, from the Department of Internal Medicine (Alkhaja), King Hamad University Hospital, Busaiteen, Bahrain, and from the Division of Neurology (Alsumaili), Department of Pediatric, Armed Forces Hospital, Southern Region, Khamis Mushait, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To utilize our tertiary center's experience with Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and Temporal plus epilepsy (TPE) cases and determine whether a correlation exists between ictal semiology signs, their localization/lateralization value after intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring, and surgical outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among epilepsy patients who underwent resective surgery for TLE or TPE after intracranial EEG monitoring between January 2008 and December 2018 at King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were retrieved for 464 patients; 181 had intracranial electrode monitoring.

Results: Forty-eight patients with a mean age of 27 years (SD=8.4) were included; 15 patients had TPE. Auras were frequently reported, emotional auras, in the form of fear (35%). The localization/lateralization value of aura was statistically significant for TPE patients, including visual hallucinations and vertigo, lateralized to the left and right temporo-occipital, respectively (=0.009 and <0.001). Early-onset ictal manual automatism, oral automatism, late-onset dystonic posture, and late head-turning were significant for TLE without significant lateralization value. The ictal onset zone's localization was significant between the scalp and intracranial EEG findings in mesial TLE patients. The probability of seizure freedom (Engel class I) was 74%, 60%, and 67% at 2-year follow-up for mesial, lateral TLE, and TPE, respectively.

Conclusion: Our results are consistent with previous studies and confirm the importance of ictal semiology signs in TLE and TPE. The addition of intracranial EEG monitoring in these cases helped improve the surgical outcomes.
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July 2021

Seizure outcome after epilepsy surgery for patients with normal MRI: A Single center experience.

Epilepsy Res 2021 Jul 23;173:106620. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Neurosciences, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, P.O. Box 3354, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Neurology Section, Medical Department, Aldara Hospital and Medical Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze the surgical outcome in non-lesional intractable focal epilepsies in our center and to find possible predictors for better outcome.

Methods: This is a retrospective study for 40 adult patients with intractable focal epilepsy following at KFSHRC-Riyadh, who underwent presurgical evaluation followed by resective surgery and continued follow up for a minimum of 2 years. The surgery outcome was evaluated based on the type of surgical procedure and histopathology results.

Results: Out of all 40 patients studied, seizure freedom was achieved in 19 (47.5 %) and 17 (42.5 %) patients at the first and second year respectively in all non-lesional cases. Seizure freedom in non-lesional temporal lobe surgery was achieved in 10 (45 %) of patients at 2 years, 5 (38 %) in non-lesional frontal lobe patients at 2 years and 8 (44 %), 7 (38 %) for all extratemporal at 1 and 2 years respectively. Good prognosis was seen in patients with localized positron emission tomography (PET), had no aura and had a clear ictal onset either on scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) or subdural invasive electroencephalogram.

Significance: The best surgical outcome is achievable in patients with non-lesional focal epilepsy. This study highlights the prognostic value of the PET scan and ictal scalp/subdural invasive EEG.
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July 2021

Lateralization value of peri-ictal headache in drug-resistant focal epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 03 18;116:107712. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Neurosciences, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the lateralizing value of unilateral peri-ictal and interictal headaches in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy (DRFE).

Methods: Four-hundred consecutive patients undergoing presurgical evaluation for DRFE were interviewed. Patients with headache were broadly divided into two groups: peri-ictal and interictal headache. The lateralizing value of unilateral headache was compared in each group between three diagnoses: temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE), and temporal-plus epilepsy (TEMP+ epilepsy).

Results: Out of 400 patients, 169 (42.25%) had headaches. Peri-ictal headaches were experienced in 106 patients (26.5%) and interictal headaches were experienced in 63 (15.75%). In the peri-ictal group, unilateral headaches were present in 48 out of 60 patients (80%) with TLE; they were ipsilateral to the seizure focus in 45 out of 48 patients (93.75%). Unilateral headaches in patients with ETLE were present in 20 out of 31 patients (64.5%) and were ipsilateral to the seizure focus in 14 out of 20 patients (70%). In patients with TEMP + epilepsy, unilateral peri-ictal headaches were present in 9 out of 15 patients (60%); they were ipsilateral to the seizure focus in all 9 patients (100%). In the interictal headache group, unilateral headaches were ipsilateral the seizure focus in 9 out of 10 patients (90%) with TLE and 5 out of 6 patients (83.3%) with ETLE. None of the TEMP + epilepsy patients had a unilateral interictal headache.

Conclusion: Headache is a frequently encountered symptom in patients with DRFE. When occurring in a unilateral fashion, it has a high lateralizing value in temporal and extratemporal lobe epilepsies. This has been demonstrated to be true for both peri-ictal and interictal headaches. In the vast majority of patients with DRFE, unilateral headache occurs ipsilateral to the seizure focus.
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March 2021