Publications by authors named "Mohammad Alghazow"

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Emerging Super-specialty of Neurology: Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring (IONM) and Experience in Various Neurosurgeries at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Doha, Qatar.

Cureus 2021 Dec 15;13(12):e20432. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neuroscience Institute, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, QAT.

Introduction Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) helps in better patient outcomes by minimizing risks related to the functional status of the nervous system during surgical procedures. An IONM alert to the surgical team during the surgery can help them identify the cause and take immediate corrective action. IONM confers possible benefits, including improved surgical morbidity and mortality, better patient care, minimal neurological deficits, reduced hospital stay, medical costs, and litigation risk. In addition, a highly skilled IONM team will make a better patient outcome. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 62 consecutive patients who underwent intracranial and spinal neurosurgical procedures. Multimodality IONM was utilized, including somatosensory evoked potentials, transcranial electrical motor evoked potential, spontaneous and triggered electromyography, electroencephalography, electrocorticography, cortical sensory mapping, and direct electrical cortical stimulation. Of a total of 62 patients, two patients revealed neurotonic EMG discharges during IONM, and most patients woke up without any new neurological deficit. Results Sixty-two patients were included, ranging from age 5 to 77 years (mean 43.5 years), with 54.8% men and 45.2% female. Multimodality IONM was used in all patients. Two EMG alerts were recorded during IONM, during a brain tumor resection, and right acetabular hip surgery with postoperative right foot drop. Conclusion Multimodality IONM is the gold standard of care for any surgical services and is used as real-time monitoring of functional integrity of neural structures at risk. If utilized by trained and expert teams, numerous surgeries may benefit from multimodality intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring.
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December 2021