Publications by authors named "Mohammad A Mohey"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Serious Adverse Events with Sofosbuvir Combined with Interferon and Ribavirin: Real-Life Egyptian Experience.

J Interferon Cytokine Res 2017 08;37(8):348-353

1 Faculty of Medicine, Endemic Medicine and Hepatology Department, Cairo University , Cairo, Egypt .

Viral hepatitis is a serious problem worldwide that was under-recognized till recently. The prevalence of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is estimated to be 180 million people worldwide. Treatment of chronic HCV using combined pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PEG/RIBA) has long been the standard of care with modest response. In our study, we will report the real-life experience of serious adverse events (SAEs) that were reported by the National Committee for Control of Viral Hepatitis (NCCVH, Cairo, Egypt) program while treating chronic HCV using the triple therapy, sofosbuvir combined with pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PEG/RIBA/SOF), which led to premature discontinuation of treatment. This retrospective analysis included a total of 6,989 chronic HCV patients who were treated by the NCCVH. They received the triple antiviral therapy in 26 treatment centers in Egypt using PEG/RIBA/SOF for 12 weeks. Among 6,989 patients who were treated in 26 treatment centers related to NCCVH, 406 cases (5.9%) reported SAEs and prematurely stopped their treatment. Triple therapy PEG/RIBA/SOF was an important intermediate milestone between interferon-based therapy and the interferon-free all-oral direct acting antiviral agents (DAAs). Results of this study were the leading cause of discontinuation of interferon-based therapy and introduction of interferon-free all-oral treatment protocols, incorporating DAAs from different classes as soon as they gain approval.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jir.2016.0131DOI Listing
August 2017

Ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir plus ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 4 infection in Egyptian patients with or without compensated cirrhosis (AGATE-II): a multicentre, phase 3, partly randomised open-label trial.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2016 09 16;1(1):36-44. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: In Egypt, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection occurs in around 10% of the population (about 8 million individuals), and is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and mortality. Although HCV genotype 4 constitutes about 20% of HCV infections worldwide, the prevalence in Egypt is more than 90%. We assessed the efficacy and safety of the two direct-acting antiviral drugs ombitasvir, an NS5A inhibitor, and paritaprevir, an NS3/4A protease inhibitor dosed with ritonavir, plus ribavirin in treatment of chronic HCV infection in Egypt.

Methods: AGATE-II was a phase 3, open-label, partly randomised trial in patients with chronic HCV genotype 4 infection recruited from five academic and hepatology centres in Egypt. Patients were HCV treatment-naive or treatment-experienced with interferon-based regimens. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older, and had been chronically infected with HCV genotype 4 for at least 6 months with a plasma HCV RNA concentration of more than 1000 IU/mL at screening. Patients without cirrhosis were assigned to receive 12 weeks of 25 mg ombitasvir, 150 mg paritaprevir, and 100 mg ritonavir orally once daily plus weight-based ribavirin. Patients with compensated cirrhosis were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive the same treatment for either 12 weeks or 24 weeks. Randomisation was stratified by previous pegylated interferon and ribavirin treatment experience using a web-based interactive response technology system and computer-generated schedules prepared by personnel from the funder's statistics department. Investigators were masked to randomisation schedules and were informed of each patient's assigned treatment by the interactive response technology system immediately after allocation. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a sustained virological response (HCV RNA <15 IU/mL) 12 weeks after the last dose of study drug (SVR12). All patients who received at least one dose of study drugs were included in the primary and safety analysis. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02247401.

Findings: Between Nov 4, 2014, and March 16, 2015, we screened 182 patients with HCV infection, of whom 160 were eligible for inclusion; 100 patients were assessed as not having cirrhosis and were given 12 weeks of treatment, and 60 patients assessed as having cirrhosis were randomly assigned to the 12-week treatment group (n=31) or the 24-week treatment group (n=29). 94 (94%; 95% CI 88-97) of 100 patients in the without cirrhosis group, 30 (97%; 84-99) of 31 patients in the cirrhosis 12-week treatment group, and 27 (93%; 78-98) of 29 patients in the cirrhosis 24-week treatment group achieved SVR12. The most common adverse events in patients without cirrhosis were headache (41 [41%]) and fatigue (35 [35%]). Fatigue occurred in nine (29%) patients in the cirrhosis 12-week treatment group and 11 (38%) patients in the cirrhosis 24-week treatment group, and headache occurred in nine (29%) patients in the cirrhosis 12-week treatment group and in 10 (35%) patients in the cirrhosis 24-week treatment group. Adverse events were predominantly mild or moderate in severity, and laboratory abnormalities were not clinically meaningful. No patients discontinued treatment because of an adverse event. One serious adverse event in the group without cirrhosis was attributed to study drugs by the investigators; the patient had deep venous thrombosis.

Interpretation: Ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir plus ribavirin for 12 weeks achieved SVR12 in a high proportion of patients and was well tolerated in Egyptian patients with HCV genotype 4 infection with or without compensated cirrhosis. Extension of treatment to 24 weeks in patients with cirrhosis did not improve the proportion of patients achieving SVR12. A shorter duration regimen could be useful to address the significant burden of HCV genotype 4 infection in patients with compensated cirrhosis.

Funding: AbbVie.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-1253(16)30002-4DOI Listing
September 2016

Relation of ALT and AST levels to the histopathological changes in liver biopsies of patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 4.

Arab J Gastroenterol 2015 Jun 13;16(2):50-3. Epub 2015 Jul 13.

Department of Endemic Medicine and Hepatology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background And Study Aims: Worldwide, Egypt has a high prevalence of adult hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity is most commonly measured to assess hepatic disease. The revision of the definition of the normal limits for the ALT level is advisable. The aim of this work was to compare the histopathological changes in the liver tissue biopsies of HCV-infected patients, clinically presenting with ALT levels below normal, based on the conventional, previously used upper limit of normal (ULN) of ALT (40U/L for men and 30U/L for women) with the proposed new ULN (30U/L for men, and 19U/L for women).

Patients And Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. A total of 668 cases of chronic hepatitis C genotype 4 were included. Patients were classified according to grades of histological activity and fibrosis stages (by the Metavir scoring system). They were also classified into normal and high groups according to the old and new cutoffs of both aspartate transaminase (AST) and ALT levels.

Results: The results of our study showed that the serum AST level in our study showed a better correlation with the histopathological changes in liver biopsy rather than ALT, especially when using the old cutoff of the ULN for AST. The serum ALT level in our study (both the old and the new cutoffs) did not show a significant correlation with the histopathological status in the liver biopsies of our patients.

Conclusion: This study concluded that the old cutoff of the ULN AST is a better predictor of fibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajg.2015.06.004DOI Listing
June 2015
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