Publications by authors named "Mohammad A Faramarzi"

8 Publications

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Synthesis and biological evaluation of a new series of benzofuran-1,3,4-oxadiazole containing 1,2,3-triazole-acetamides as potential α-glucosidase inhibitors.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 Apr 28;35(4):e22688. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Nano Alvand Company, Avicenna Tech Park, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

A series of new benzofuran-1,3,4-oxadiazole containing 1,2,3-triazole-acetamides 12a-n as potential anti-α-glucosidase agents were designed and synthesized. α-Glucosidase inhibition assay demonstrated that all the synthesized compounds 12a-n (half-maximal inhibitory concentration [IC ] values in the range of 40.7 ± 0.3-173.6 ± 1.9 μM) were more potent than standard inhibitor acarbose (IC  = 750.0 ± 12.5 µM). Among them, the most potent compound was compound 12c, with inhibitory activity around 19-fold higher than acarbose. Since the most potent compound inhibited α-glucosidase in a competitive mode, a docking study of this compound was also performed into the active site of α-glucosidase. In vitro and in silico toxicity assays of the title compounds were also performed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbt.22688DOI Listing
April 2021

Novel Coumarin Containing Dithiocarbamate Derivatives as Potent α-Glucosidase Inhibitors for Management of Type 2 Diabetes.

Med Chem 2021 ;17(3):264-272

Nano Alvand Company, Avicenna Tech Park, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: α-Glucosidase is a hydrolyzing enzyme that plays a crucial role in the degradation of carbohydrates and starch to glucose. Hence, α-glucosidase is an important target in carbohydrate mediated diseases such as diabetes mellitus.

Objective: In this study, novel coumarin containing dithiocarbamate derivatives 4a-n were synthesized and evaluated against α-glucosidase in vitro and in silico.

Methods: These compounds were obtained from the reaction between 4-(bromomethyl)-7- methoxy-2H-chromen-2-one 1, carbon disulfide 2, and primary or secondary amines 3a-n in the presence of potassium hydroxide and ethanol at room temperature. In vitro α-glucosidase inhibition and kinetic study of these compounds were performed. Furthermore, a docking study of the most potent compounds was also performed by Auto Dock Tools (version 1.5.6).

Results: Obtained results showed that all the synthesized compounds exhibited prominent inhibitory activities (IC50 = 85.0 ± 4.0-566.6 ± 8.6 μM) in comparison to acarbose as a standard inhibitor (IC50 = 750.0 ± 9.0 μM). Among them, the secondary amine derivative 4d with pendant indole group was the most potent inhibitor. Enzyme kinetic study of the compound 4d revealed that this compound competes with a substrate to connect to the active site of α-glucosidase and therefore is a competitive inhibitor. Moreover, a molecular docking study predicted that this compound interacted with the α-glucosidase active site pocket.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the coumarin-dithiocarbamate scaffold can be a promising lead structure for designing potent α-glucosidase inhibitors for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573406416666200826101205DOI Listing
January 2021

Pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline Derivatives as New Class of α-glucosidase Inhibitors to Treat Type 2 Diabetes: Synthesis, in vitro Biological Evaluation and Kinetic Study.

Med Chem 2019 ;15(1):8-16

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline derivatives 6a-n were synthesized via simple two-step reactions and evaluated for their in vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory activity.

Methods: Pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline derivatives 6a-n derivatives were prepared from a two-step reaction: cycloaddition reaction between 1-naphthyl amine 1 and malonic acid 2 to obtain benzo[h]quinoline-2(1H)-one 3 and reaction of 3 with aryl aldehydes 4 and Meldrum's acid 5. The anti- α-glucosidase activity and kinetic study of the synthesized compounds were evaluated using α-glucosidase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and p-nitrophenyl-a-D-glucopyranoside as substrate. The α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of acarbose was evaluated as positive control.

Results: All of the synthesized compounds, except compounds 6i and 6n, showed more inhibitory activity than the standard drug acarbose and were also found to be non-cytotoxic. Among the synthesized compounds, 1-(2-bromophenyl)-1H-benzo[h]pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline-3,12(2H,11H)-dione 6e displayed the highest α-glucosidase inhibitory activity (IC50 = 63.7 ± 0.5 µM). Kinetic study of enzyme inhibition indicated that the most potent compound, 6e, is a non-competitive inhibitor of α-glucosidase with a Ki value of 72 µM. Additionally, based on the Lipinski rule of 5, the synthesized compounds were found to be potential orally active drugs.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the synthesized compounds are promising candidates for treating type 2 diabetes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573406414666180528110104DOI Listing
February 2019

Replacement of the methylene of dihydrochalcones with oxygen: synthesis and biological evaluation of 2-phenoxyacetophenones.

Chem Biol Drug Des 2012 Oct 13;80(4):591-7. Epub 2012 Jul 13.

Department of Chemistry, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, P.O. Box 98135-674, Zahedan, Iran.

With the aim of finding new bioactive compounds, a series of phenoxyacetophenone derivatives 2 were designed and synthesized as oxygen analogs of dihydrochalcones. Also, phenoxyacetophenones were converted to (Z)-oxime derivatives 3 and their geometry were characterized by ¹H-NMR spectroscopy. The in vitro antifungal activity of compounds 2 and 3 was evaluated against Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Aspergillus niger using micro-dilution method. In general, oxime derivative 3d containing 4-fluorophenoxy moiety showed comparable or more potent antifungal activity (MICs = 15.63-31.25 μg/mL) with respect to the reference drug fluconazole against all tested yeasts. In addition, the antileishmanial activity of title compounds was determined against pormastigote form of Leishmania major. All compounds showed mild growth inhibitory activity against promastigotes. The most active compound was unsubstituted phenoxyacetophenone 2a (IC₅₀ = 80 μg/mL). To anticipate the potential use as drugs, the target compounds were evaluated in their drug-like properties. The in silico values of molecular descriptors for bioactive compounds 2a and 3d revealed that these compounds are within the range set by Lipinski's 'Rule of 5' and show no violation of these rules. Moreover, bioactive compounds 2a and 3d are supposed to be non-mutagenic and non-tumorigenic, with no irritating or reproductive effects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0285.2012.01432.xDOI Listing
October 2012

Conformationally constrained analogs of N-substituted piperazinylquinolones: synthesis and antibacterial activity of N-(2,3-dihydro-4-hydroxyimino-4H-1-benzopyran-3-yl)-piperazinylquinolones.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2009 Jul;342(7):405-11

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

A series of novel quinolone agents bearing a particular bulky and conformationally constrained bicyclic substituent (2,3-dihydro-4-hydroxyimino-4H-1-benzopyran-3-yl- moiety) on the piperazine ring of 7-piperazinyl quinolones (norfloxacin, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin, and levofloxacin) were synthesized and evaluated against a panel of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Among these derivatives, ciprofloxacin counterpart 9c, highly inhibited the tested Gram-positive bacteria, superior to that of the reference drugs, and displayed antibacterial activity at non-cytotoxic concentrations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.200800182DOI Listing
July 2009

Synthesis and antibacterial activity of quinolone-based compounds containing a coumarin moiety.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2008 Jan;341(1):42-8

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

A new series of quinolone-based compounds containing a coumarin moiety have been synthesized and studied for their antibacterial activity against a panel of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The results of the antibacterial evaluation of N-[2-(coumarin-3-yl)ethyl]piperazinyl quinolone derivatives in comparison with parent quinolones (norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and enoxacin) indicated that N-[2-(coumarin-3-yl)-2-oxoethyl]ciprofloxacin derivative (compound 8b) showed comparable or more potent antibacterial activity with respect to the reference drugs against the test strains. Generally, in both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, better results are obtained with cyclopropyl at the N-1 position of the quinolone ring and 2-oxo- on the ethyl spacer of coumarin and piperazine rings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.200700090DOI Listing
January 2008

Formation of water-soluble metal cyanide complexes from solid minerals by Pseudomonas plecoglossicida.

FEMS Microbiol Lett 2006 Jun;259(1):47-52

Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

A few Pseudomonas species are able to form hydrocyanic acid (HCN), particularly when grown under glycine-rich conditions. In the presence of metals, cyanide can form water-soluble metal complexes of high chemical stability. We studied the possibility to mobilize metals as cyanide complexes from solid minerals using HCN-forming microorganisms. Pseudomonas plecoglossicida was cultivated in the presence of copper- and nickel-containing solid minerals. On powdered elemental nickel, fast HCN generation within the first 12 h of incubation was observed and water-soluble tetracyanaonickelate was formed. Cuprite, tenorite, chrysocolla, malachite, bornite, turquoise, millerite, pentlandite as well as shredded electronic scrap was also subjected to a biological treatment. Maximum concentrations of cyanide-complexed copper corresponded to a solubilization of 42% and 27% when P. plecoglossicida was grown in the presence of cuprite or tenorite, respectively. Crystal system, metal oxidation state and mineral hydrophobicity might have a significant influence on metal mobilization. However, it was not possible to allocate metal mobilization to a single mineral property. Cyanide-complexed gold was detected during growth on manually cut circuit boards. Maximum dicyanoaurate concentration corresponded to a 68.5% dissolution of the total gold added. These findings represent a novel type of microbial mobilization of nickel and copper from solid minerals based on the ability of certain microbes to form HCN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2006.00245.xDOI Listing
June 2006

Metal solubilization from metal-containing solid materials by cyanogenic Chromobacterium violaceum.

J Biotechnol 2004 Sep;113(1-3):321-6

Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Switzerland.

Different cyanogenic bacterial strains (Chromobacterium violaceum, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus megaterium) were cultivated under cyanide-forming conditions in the presence of metal-containing solids such as nickel powder or electronic scrap. All microorganisms were able to form water-soluble metal cyanides, however, with different efficiencies. C. violaceum was able to mobilize nickel as tetracyanonickelate [Ni(CN)4(2-)] from fine-grained nickel powder. Gold was microbially solubilized as dicyanaoaurate [Au(CN)2-] from electronic waste. Additionally, cyanide-complexed copper was detected during biological treatment of shredded printed circuit boards scrap. Regarding the formation of tetracyanonickelate, C. violaceum was more effective than P. fluorescens or B. megaterium. Besides a few previous reports on gold solubilization from gold-containing ores or native gold by C. violaceum, the findings demonstrate for the first time the microbial mobilization of metals other than gold from solid materials and represent a novel type of microbial metal mobilization based on the ability of certain microbes to form HCN. The results might have the potential for industrial applications (biorecovery, bioremediation) regarding the treatment of metal-containing solids since metal cyanides can easily be separated by chromatographic means and be recovered by sorption onto activated carbon.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2004.03.031DOI Listing
September 2004