Publications by authors named "Mohamed Torky"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Remdesivir Efficacy in COVID-19 Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

To date, no antiviral therapy has shown proven clinical effectiveness in treating patients with COVID-19. We assessed the efficacy of remdesivir in hospitalized Egyptian patients with COVID-19. Patients were randomly assigned at a 1:1 ratio to receive either remdesivir (200 mg on the first day followed by 100 mg daily for the next 9 days intravenously infused over 30-60 minutes) in addition to standard care or standard care alone. The primary outcomes were the length of hospital stay and mortality rate. The need for mechanical ventilation was assessed as a secondary outcome. Two hundred patients (100 in each group) completed the study and were included in the final analysis. The remdesivir group showed a significantly lower median duration of hospital stay (10 days) than the control group (16 days; P < 0.001). Eleven of the patients in the remdesivir group needed mechanical ventilation compared with eight patients in the control group (P = 0.469). The mortality rate was comparable between the two groups (P = 0.602). Mortality was significantly associated with older age, elevated C-reactive protein levels, elevated D-dimer, and the need for mechanical ventilation (P = 0.039, 0.003, 0.001, and < 0.001 respectively). Remdesivir had a positive influence on length of hospital stay, but it had no mortality benefit in Egyptian patients with COVID-19. Its use, in addition to standard care including dexamethasone, should be considered, particularly in low- and middle-income countries when other effective options are scarce.
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September 2021

Transbronchial Cryobiopsy of Peripheral Pulmonary Lesions Guided With Real-Time Transthoracic Ultrasonography.

Arch Bronconeumol (Engl Ed) 2020 Nov 9. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Respiratory Department, Thorax Clinic Institute, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain.

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November 2020

Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial cryobiopsy versus forceps biopsy in peripheral lung lesions.

Clin Respir J 2021 Mar 19;15(3):320-328. Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Facultat de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS) is a modern technique for diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions. It is assumed that the addition of transbronchial cryobiopsy (TBCB) could increase the diagnostic value for RP-EBUS.

Objectives: The main objectives were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of RP-EBUS-guided TBCB for diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions and comparing it with RP-EBUS-guided transbronchial forceps biopsy.

Methods: Sixty patients with peripheral lung diseases were divided into two groups. Group I included 45 patients who were eligible for TBCB and they subjected to forceps transbronchial biopsy (forceps TBB) and TBCB guided by RP-EBUS. Fifteen patients who were not eligible for TBCB were included in group II and they were subjected to forceps TBB and/or cytology retrieval procedures guided by RP-EBUS.

Results: In group I, forceps TBB had sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of; 67.5%, 100%, 100%, 18.8%, and 69.8%, respectively, while TBCB had sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of 75%, 100%, 100%, 23.1%, and 76.7%, respectively. The sensitivity in group II was 80% and the overall results including both groups were sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of 85.2%, 100%, 100%, 42.8%, and 86.7%, respectively. Regarding the complications, only one patient (1.7%) had significant bleeding. One patient (1.7%) had pneumothorax and another patient (1.7%) suffered from hypoxemia.

Conclusions: RP-EBUS-guided TBCB is a safe and effective technique for diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions. TBCB has achieved higher diagnostic values and better quality of samples.
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March 2021

Role of resistin, IL-6 and NH2-terminal portion proBNP in the pathogenesis of cardiac disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2020 09;8(1)

Department of Internal Medicine, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Epidemiological and genetic studies have recorded the association between proinflammatory cytokines and the development of insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The role of interleukin 6 (IL-6), NH2-terminal portion pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and resistin in the pathogenesis of heart disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still a matter of controversy. The current study aimed to evaluate the role of these biomarkers in the development of left ventricular systolic dysfunction and the ability to use them as non-invasive test in the prediction of left ventricular hypertrophy and systolic dysfunction in T2DM.

Research Design And Methods: 150 participants were included in this case-control study. Patients were divided into two subgroups according to echocardiographic findings: group 1a included 46 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and echocardiographic evidence of abnormal systolic function; group 1b included 54 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and with normal echocardiogenic study; and group 2 included 50 apparently healthy controls. Routine laboratory investigations such as complete blood count, liver and renal function tests, and lipid profile, serum IL-6, NT-proBNP, and resistin were measured in all participants. Conventional echocardiography was done with special concern on the assessment of left ventricular systolic function (ejection fraction).

Results: There was a significant increase in the level of resistin, NT-proBNP and IL-6 in group 1a patients compared with group 1b and in healthy controls. Echocardiographic parameters showed a significant increase in left ventricular mass index, left ventricle posterior wall thickness, interventricular septum thickness, and left ventricle mass in group 1a compared with group 1b and the control group. The increased left ventricular mass index was associated with higher levels of IL-6, NT-proBNP and resistin.

Conclusions: Proinflammatory cytokines had a clear relation with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and hypertrophy and can be used as early non-invasive markers for detection of left ventricular remodeling and systolic dysfunction in patients with T2DM.
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September 2020

Is it necessary to sample the contralateral nodal stations by EBUS-TBNA in patients with lung cancer and clinical N0 / N1 on PET-CT?

Lung Cancer 2020 04 13;142:9-12. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Pulmonology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain; Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain.

Objectives: Systematic mediastinal staging (sampling all visible nodes measuring ≥ 5 mm from N3 station to N1, regardless of PET/CT (positron emission tomography/computed tomography) by endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a decisive step in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed the prevalence of N3 disease and the utility of systematic staging in the subgroup of patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA staging without showing mediastinal lesions on the PET/CT (N0/N1).

Material And Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database that included 174 patients with a final diagnosis of NSCLC, with N0/N1 disease on PET/CT who underwent a systematic EBUS-TBNA staging.

Results: 174 consecutive patients were included. Systematic EBUS-TBNA detected N2 mediastinal involvement in 21 (12 %) cases, and no cases of N3 disease were detected (neither hilar nor mediastinal). Of the remaining 153 patients N0/N1 EBUS-TBNA, 122 underwent lung resection that revealed 4 cases of N2 disease while 117 were confirmed to be N0/N1. Thirty-three patients with N0/1 disease after EBUS-TBNA did not undergo surgery and were excluded for the NPV calculation. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), positive predictive value (PPV) and overall accuracy of systematic EBUS was 84 %, 100 %, 96.7 %, 100 % and 97 % respectively.

Conclusion: Systematic EBUS-TBNA is a very accurate method for lymph node staging in patients with NSCLC without mediastinal involvement on PET/CT. Pending more studies, the absence of contralateral hilar nodal involvement in our series, questions the need for a contralateral hilar sampling in this subgroup of patients.
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April 2020

Incidental diagnosis of pulmonary embolism during routine convex endobronchial ultrasound.

Respir Investig 2018 07 4;56(4):369-370. Epub 2018 May 4.

Pulmonology Department, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Carretera de Canyet, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

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July 2018

Systematic Compared With Targeted Staging With Endobronchial Ultrasound in Patients With Lung Cancer.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 08 6;106(2):398-403. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Bronchoscopy Unit, Pulmonology Department, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain.

Background: To evaluate the accuracy of systematic mediastinal staging by endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) (sampling of all visible nodes measuring ≥5 mm from stations N3 to N1 regardless of their positron emission tomography/computed tomography [PET/CT] features) and compare this staging approach with targeted EBUS-TBNA staging (sampling only 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose [FDG]-avid nodes) in patients with N2 non-small cell lung cancer on PET/CT.

Methods: Retrospective study of 107 patients who underwent systematic EBUS-TBNA mediastinal staging. The results were compared with those of a hypothetical scenario where only FDG-avid nodes on PET/CT would be sampled.

Results: Systematic EBUS-TBNA sampling demonstrated N3 disease in 3 patients, N2 disease in 60 (42 single-station or N2a, 18 multiple-station or N2b) and N0/N1 disease in 44. Of these 44, 7 underwent mediastinoscopy, which did not show mediastinal disease; 6 of the 7 proceeded to lung resection, which also showed no mediastinal disease. Thirty-four N0/N1 patients after EBUS-TBNA underwent lung resection directly: N0/N1 was found in 30 and N2 in 4 (1 N2b with a PET/CT showing N2a disease, 3 N2a). Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value, and overall accuracy of systematic EBUS-TBNA were 94%, 100%, 90%, 100% and 96%, respectively. Compared with targeted EBUS-TBNA, systematic EBUS-TBNA sampling provided additional important clinical information in 14 cases (13%): 3 N3 cases would have passed unnoticed, and 11 N2b cases would have been staged as N2a.

Conclusions: In clinical practice, systematic sampling of the mediastinum by EBUS-TBNA, regardless of PET/CT features, is to be recommended over targeted sampling.
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August 2018

Mediastinal Hematoma Following Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration.

J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol 2017 07;24(3):39-41

Bronchoscopy Unit, Pulmonary Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona (Barcelona), Spain.

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July 2017

Transbronchial and transesophageal fine-needle aspiration using a single ultrasound bronchoscope in the diagnosis of locoregional recurrence of surgically-treated lung cancer.

BMC Pulm Med 2017 02 28;17(1):46. Epub 2017 Feb 28.

Pulmonology Department, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Carretera de Canyet S/N. 08916, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The present study sought to evaluate the usefulness of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis of locoregional recurrence of lung cancer in a cohort of lung cancer patients who were previously treated surgically, and describe our initial experience of EUS-B-FNA in this clinical scenario.

Methods: We retrospectively studied the clinical records of all patients with a previous surgically-treated lung cancer who were referred to our bronchoscopy unit after suspicion of locoregional recurrence. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and overall accuracy of EBUS-TBNA for the diagnosis of locoregional recurrence were evaluated.

Results: Seventy-three patients were included. EBUS-TBNA confirmed malignancy in 40 patients: 34 confirmed to have locoregional recurrence, six had metachronous tumours. Of the 33 patients with non-malignant EBUS-TBNA; 2 had specific non-malignant diseases, 26 underwent radiological follow up and 5 patients underwent surgery. Of the 26 patients who had radiological follow up; 18 remained stable, three presented thoracic radiological progression and 5 presented extrathoracic progression. Of the 5 patients who underwent surgery; 3 had metachronous tumours, one confirmed to be a true negative and one presented nodal invasion. Seven patients underwent EUS-B-FNA, four of them confirmed to have recurrence. The sensitivity, specificity, NPV, PPV and overall accuracy of EBUS-TBNA for the diagnosis of locoregional recurrence were 80.9, 100, 69.2, 100 and 86.6% respectively.

Conclusions: EBUS-TBNA is an accurate procedure for the diagnosis of locoregional recurrence of surgically-treated lung cancer. EUS-B-FNA combined with EBUS-TBNA broads the diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA alone.
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February 2017

Rising incidence of acute prostatitis following prostate biopsy: fluoroquinolone resistance and exposure is a significant risk factor.

Urology 2011 Sep 22;78(3):511-4. Epub 2011 Jul 22.

Department of Urology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: To evaluate the frequency and potential risk factors for infection-related complications after transrectal prostate biopsy and to propose adjustments in current antimicrobial prophylaxis recommendations.

Methods: During 2008-2010, 107 patients underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies of the prostate at our institution. Charts were reviewed for infection-related complications within 30 days of the procedure. Potential risk factors were evaluated, including age, diabetes mellitus, chronic constipation/diverticular disease, prior use of quinolones, enema and prostatitis, on the pathology report. For patients with acute prostatitis, urine and blood samples were assessed for bacteriology and antibiotic susceptibility.

Results: Of our 107 patients, acute prostatitis developed in 10 (9.3%). The most significant risk factor was prior use of a fluoroquinolone antimicrobial, with acute prostatitis developing in 7 (17.1%) of 41 patients who had used a fluoroquinolone compared with 3 (4.5%) of 66 patients who had not (P=.042). Patients who received an enema before the procedure were slightly less likely to develop prostatitis (P=.061). Of 8 positive specimens, the organisms isolated were Escherichia coli in 6, Klebsiella pneumoniae in 1, and Staphylococcus epidermidis in one. Isolated Gram-negative organisms were fluoroquinolone-resistant in 85.7% of samples.

Conclusion: Prior fluoroquinolone intake is a significant risk factor behind a rising incidence of acute prostatitis after transrectal prostate biopsy. Identified pathogens are mostly Gram-negative organisms with a high rate of fluoroquinolone resistance. Alternative prophylaxis regimens for the biopsy procedure should be considered in patients with recent quinolone intake.
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September 2011

Inverted ureteral nipple as antireflux technique in surgical management of bilharzial ureteral strictures.

Urology 2010 Oct 9;76(4):983-7. Epub 2010 Apr 9.

Cairo University, As-Salam International Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Objectives: To present our initial clinical experience with the technique of inverted nipple ureteroneocystostomy in patients with dilated bilharzial ureters.

Methods: A total of 36 patients with obstructed dilated bilharzial ureters (56 ureters) underwent inverted nipple ureteroneocystotomy after resection of the obstructed segment. Postoperatively, the patients were invited for follow-up at 3 and 6 months and yearly thereafter. At the first follow-up, urinalysis and culture examinations, serum creatinine measurement, ultrasonography, intravenous urography, or computed tomography, and voiding cystourethrography were performed. The mean follow-up was 32 months (range 16-52).

Results: Symptomatic and radiologic improvement occurred in all patients, except for 2, and was sustained in all cases throughout the follow-up period. No reflux was demonstrated on static or voiding cystography in any patients. Recurrent postoperative hydronephrosis occurred in 2 reimplants (3.5%) owing to obstruction at the ureterovesical anastomosis. An episode of acute pyelonephritis requiring hospitalization and treatment with intravenous antibiotics occurred in 1 patient within the fist 6 months postoperatively. Mild reflux was subsequently demonstrated on voiding cystography.

Conclusions: The new technique of inverted nipple ureteroneocystostomy is suitable for reimplantation of dilated bilharzial ureters. Additional studies with a larger number of patients and longer follow-up are necessary to confirm these results.
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October 2010

Modified extravesical ureteral reimplantation technique for kidney transplants.

Int Urol Nephrol 2007 12;39(4):1005-9. Epub 2007 Jun 12.

Urology, Cairo University, 1, Obour Buildings, Salah Salem St., Ap. 12, Nasr City, Cairo, 35290, Egypt.

Purpose: We describe a modification and evaluate a technique of extravesical ureteral reimplantation for kidney transplant.

Materials And Methods: We reviewed the records of 120 kidney transplant recipients who underwent ureteral reimplantation via a modified extravesical technique. Follow-up evaluation included renal ultrasonography. Because reflux is not routinely assessed in transplant cases, only symptomatic reflux was considered a complication and accessed with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). The urological complications evaluated included urinary fistula, ureteral stenosis and symptomatic vesicoureteral reflux.

Results: The modified extravesical technique produced a successful result in 93.4% of patients with no symptomatic reflux or anastomotic obstruction. Anastomotic complications included stenosis in four patients, prolonged leakage and fistula in three patients, and symptomatic vesicoureteral reflux in one patient. Other urologic complications included complicated hematuria in three patients, postoperative urosepsis in one patient, and ureteral stenosis caused by extrinsic compression in three patients due to lymphocele (two patients) and by adhesions (one patient).

Conclusions: The modified extravesical ureteral reimplantation is a reliable procedure with predictable results comparable to those of more-traditional techniques and proved to be efficient without increasing the incidence of urological or anastomotic complications. This modified technique offers two advantages; removal of the ureteral stent with the urethral catheter without the need for a postoperative cystoscopy and facilitation of postoperative endoscopic maneuvers if needed.
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March 2008

Laparoscopic marsupialization of postrenal transplantation lymphoceles.

J Endourol 2006 Nov;20(11):904-9

Urology Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background And Purpose: Clinically significant post-transplantation lymphoceles are not uncommon. Surgical marsupialization with internal peritoneal drainage is the treatment of choice. We describe the successful laparoscopic formation of a peritoneal window for post-transplantation lymphocele drainage as an effective and minimally invasive procedure.

Patients And Methods: Between August 1995 and September 2001, 135 consecutive renal transplantations were performed, and 9 patients developed clinically significant lymphoceles. Four of the nine patients were treated by laparoscopic drainage via a peritoneal window. Analysis of predisposing risk factors commonly associated with lymphoceles was performed. The surgical outcome was assessed.

Results: Laparoscopic drainage was successful in all patients. The average operative time was 40 minutes. The mean hospital stay was 1.5 days for patients undergoing laparoscopic drainage versus 5 days for those having open surgical drainage. Accidental division of the right native ureter occurred in one patient, which was identified intraoperatively. None of the patients had developed recurrence of lymphocele after a mean follow-up of 10.7 months (range 6-22) months.

Conclusion: In patients with a clinically significant post-transplantation lymphocele of appropriate size and location, laparoscopic drainage is easy, safe, and effective. It decreases hospital stay and hastens convalescence.
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November 2006