Publications by authors named "Mohamed H El-Shershaby"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

From triazolophthalazines to triazoloquinazolines: A bioisosterism-guided approach toward the identification of novel PCAF inhibitors with potential anticancer activity.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Jul 5;42:116266. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy (Boys), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City 11884, Cairo, Egypt; Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Horus University - Egypt, International Coastal Road, 34518 New Damietta, Egypt. Electronic address:

Inhibition of PCAF bromodomain has been validated as a promising strategy for the treatment of cancer. In this study, we report the bioisosteric modification of the first reported potent PCAF bromodomain inhibitor, L-45 to its triazoloquinazoline bioisosteres. Accordingly, three new series of triazoloquinazoline derivatives were designed, synthesized, and assessed for their anticancer activity against a panel of four human cancer cells. Three derivatives demonstrated comparable cytotoxic activity with the reference drug doxorubicin. Among them, compound 22 showed the most potent activity with IC values of 15.07, 9.86, 5.75, and 10.79 µM against Hep-G2, MCF-7, PC3, and HCT-116 respectively. Also, compound 24 exhibited remarkable cytotoxicity effects against the selected cancer cell lines with IC values of 20.49, 12.56, 17.18, and 11.50 µM. Compounds 22 and 25 were the most potent PCAF inhibitors (IC, 2.88 and 3.19 μM, respectively) compared with bromosporine (IC, 2.10 μM). Follow up apoptosis induction and cell cycle analysis studies revealed that the bioisostere 22 could induce apoptotic cell death and arrest the cell cycle of PC3 at the G2/M phase. The in silico molecular docking studies were additionally performed to rationalize the PCAF inhibitory effects of new triazoloquinazoline bioisosteres.
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July 2021

Synthesis, antimicrobial evaluation, DNA gyrase inhibition, and in silico pharmacokinetic studies of novel quinoline derivatives.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2021 Feb 20;354(2):e2000277. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Herein, we report the synthesis and in vitro antimicrobial evaluation of novel quinoline derivatives as DNA gyrase inhibitors. The preliminary antimicrobial activity was assessed against a panel of pathogenic microbes including Gram-positive bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae and Bacillus subtilis), Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli), and fungal strains (Aspergillus fumigatus, Syncephalastrum racemosum, Geotrichum candidum, and Candida albicans). Compounds that revealed the best activity were subjected to further biological studies to determine their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against the selected pathogens as well as their in vitro activity against the E. coli DNA gyrase, to realize whether their antimicrobial action is mediated via inhibition of this enzyme. Four of the new derivatives (14, 17, 20, and 23) demonstrated a relatively potent antimicrobial activity with MIC values in the range of 0.66-5.29 μg/ml. Among them, compound 14 exhibited a particularly potent broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against most of the tested strains of bacteria and fungi, with MIC values in the range of 0.66-3.98 μg/ml. A subsequent in vitro investigation against the bacterial DNA gyrase target enzyme revealed a significant potent inhibitory activity of quinoline derivative 14, which can be observed from its IC value (3.39 μM). Also, a molecular docking study of the most active compounds was carried out to explore the binding affinity of the new ligands toward the active site of DNA gyrase enzyme as a proposed target of their activity. Furthermore, the ADMET profiles of the most highly effective derivatives were analyzed to evaluate their potentials to be developed as good drug candidates.
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February 2021