Publications by authors named "Mohamed Ali Alabiad"

9 Publications

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Combined lead and zinc oxide-nanoparticles induced thyroid toxicity through 8-OHdG oxidative stress-mediated inflammation, apoptosis, and Nrf2 activation in rats.

Environ Toxicol 2021 Dec 23;36(12):2589-2604. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

A human is exposed to a chemical mixture rather than a single chemical, particularly with the wide spread of nanomaterials. Therefore, the present study evaluated the combined exposure of lead acetate (Pb) and zinc oxide-nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) compared to each metal alone on the thyroid gland of adult rats. A total of 30 adult male albino rats were divided into four groups, group I (control), group II received Pb (10 mg/kg), group III received ZnO-NPs (85 mg/kg) and group IV co-administrated the two metals in the same previous doses. The materials were gavaged for 8 weeks. The toxicity was assessed through several biochemical parameters. Our results revealed significant body weight reduction relative to increased thyroid weights, decreased both of serum-free triiodothyronine (FT3), tetra-iodothyronine (FT4), increased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), increased serum and thyroid levels of Pb and zinc, significant elevation in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), reduction in interleukin 4 (IL4), upregulation of Bax, and downregulation of Bcl-2 genes. Additionally, there was significant overexpression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine(8-OHdG), the elevation of tissues malondialdehyde (MDA), reduction of tissues total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and disruptive thyroid structural alterations in all metals groups with marked changes in the combined metals group. In conclusion, the combined exposure of Pb and ZnO-NPs induced pronounced toxic thyroid injury, pointing to additive effects in rats than the individual metal effects through different significant changes of disruptive thyroid structural alterations related to the loading of thyroid tissues with Pb and zinc metals producing oxidative stress that mediated inflammation and apoptosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tox.23373DOI Listing
December 2021

Metanil yellow promotes oxidative stress, astrogliosis, and apoptosis in the cerebellar cortex of adult male rat with possible protective effect of scutellarin: A histological and immunohistochemical study.

Tissue Cell 2021 Dec 17;73:101624. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Histology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt.

Metanil yellow is a food dye that has harmful impacts on different body systems. Scutellarin has antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of the current research was to study the effect of chronic administration of metanil yellow on the cerebellar cortex of rats and to evaluate the protective effect of scutellarin. Forty adult male rats were allocated into four groups: group I acted as control, group II was administrated scutellarin (100 mg/kg/day), group III was administrated metanil yellow (200 mg/kg/day), and group IV was administrated scutellarin and metanil yellow as in group II and group III. The agents were administered via oral gavage for 8 weeks. Metanil yellow induced a significant rise in the malondialdehyde coupled with a significant reduction in the superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. The Purkinje cells were irregular and shrunken with condensed nuclei. A significant elevation in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and cleaved caspase-3 as well as a significant reduction of synaptophysin expression were revealed in comparison with the control group. Interestingly, few changes were noticed in rats given metanil yellow concomitant with scutellarin. In conclusion, scutellarin could protect against metanil yellow-induced alterations in the cerebellar cortex by reducing oxidative stress and minimizing gliosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tice.2021.101624DOI Listing
December 2021

Prognostic and clinicopathological significance of TMEFF2, SMOC-2, and SOX17 expression in endometrial carcinoma.

Exp Mol Pathol 2021 Oct 31;122:104670. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Background there is a need for novel biomarkers and targeting therapies for predicting Endometrial carcinoma (EC) progression and recurrence. TMEFF2 is a gene that was found to play a role in EMT. SMOC-2 is expressed in embryogenesis and it was identified as a recent stem cell-related gene that has a role in cancer progression. SRY-box 17 (SOX17) is a member of the SRY-related HMG-box (SOX) family of transcription factors. Dysregulation or downregulation of SOX17 expression was found in many cancer tissues.

Aim: In the present study, we aimed to assess the tissue protein expressions of TMEFF2, SMOC-2, and SOX17 in EC using immunohistochemistry to evaluate their clinicopathological values and prognostic roles in EC patients.

Patients And Methods: This is prospective cohort study included 120 patients with EC. Sections from 120 paraffin blocks were retrieved and stained with TMEFF2, SMOC-2, and SOX17 using immunohistochemistry, the expression of markers in all tissue samples was assessed, analyzed and correlation of pathological parameters with the levels of expression was done. All patients were followed up till death or till the last known alive data for about 50 months (range from 25 to 60).

Results: TMEFF2, SMOC-2 expression was correlated with the presence of lymph node metastases (p = 0.023), distant metastasis (p = 0.039) recurrence of the tumor after successful therapy, overall survival, and disease-free survival (p < 0.001). SOX17 positive expression was positively correlated with low grade (p = 0.019), absence of lymph node metastasis (p = 0.001), absence of distant metastasis (p = 0.013), low stage (p = 0.03), and its negative expression was positively correlated with recurrence of the tumor after successful therapy, overall survival and disease-free survival (p = 0.001). In conclusion, we demonstrated that both TMEFF2 and SMOC-2 were highly expressed in EC and were associated with a shortened survival rate, dismal outcome, and poor prognosis in EC patients. While SOX17 expression was related to a favorable outcome and its down-regulation was associated with dismal EC patient's survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexmp.2021.104670DOI Listing
October 2021

The Effect of Induced Diabetes Mellitus on the Cerebellar Cortex of Adult Male Rat and the Possible Protective Role of Oxymatrine: A Histological, Immunohistochemical and Biochemical Study.

Ultrastruct Pathol 2021 May 18;45(3):182-196. Epub 2021 May 18.

Histology and Cell Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents a widespread metabolic disease with a well-known neurotoxicity in both central and peripheral nervous systems. Oxymatrine is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has various pharmacological activities including: anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory potentials. The present work aimed o study the impact of diabetes mellitus on the cerebellar cortex of adult male albino rat and to evaluate the potential protective role of oxymatrine. Fifty-five adult male rats were randomly divided into three groups: group I served as control, group II was given oxymatrine (80 mg/kg/day) orally for 8 weeks and group III was given a single dose of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg) intaperitoneally to induce diabetes. Then diabetic rats were subdivided into two subgroups: subgroup IIIa that received no additional treatment and subgroup IIIb that received oxymatrine similar to group II. The diabetic group revealed numerous changes in the Purkinje cell layer in the form of multilayer arrangement of Purkinje cells, shrunken cells with deeply stained nuclei as well as focal loss of the Purkinje cells. A significant increment in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and synaptophysin expression were reported in immunohistochemistry compared with the control group. Transmission electron microscopy showed irregularity and splitting of myelin sheaths in the molecular layer, dark shrunken Purkinje cells with ill-defined nuclei, dilated Golgi saccules and dense granule cells with irregular nuclear outlines in the granular layer. In contrast, these changes were less evident in diabetic rats that received oxymatrine. In conclusion, Oxymatrine could protect the cerebellar cortex against changes induced by DM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01913123.2021.1926610DOI Listing
May 2021

The Diagnostic and Prognostic Roles of Combined Expression of Novel Biomarkers in Lung Adenocarcinoma and Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma: An Immunohistochemical Study.

Iran J Pathol 2021 21;16(2):162-173. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Histology and Cell Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egyp t.

Background & Objective: Diagnosis and discrimination of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) from lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is critical to select the appropriate treatment regimen as recently targeted therapies require accurate subtyping of nonsmall-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLCs). There are currently several biomarkers that could be used for differentiation between LUAD and LUSC, but they have less sensitivity, specificity, and clinical applicability. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic and prognostic values of CLCA2, SPATS2, ST6GALNAC1, and Adipophilin tissue expression in the tissues retrieved from LUAD and LUSC patients using immunohistochemistry.

Methods: The current study was performed on the samples retrieved from sixty primary lung masses that were diagnosed as LUAD and LUSC. Immunohistochemistry was performed by using a panel of CLCA2, SPATS2, and ST6GALNAC1. We assessed the diagnostic roles of the studied markers in the discrimination between LUAD and LUSC and their prognostic values.

Results: SPATS2 and CLCA2 were expressed higher in LUSC than LUAD. ST6GALNAC1 and Adipophilin showed higher expression in LUAD than LUSC ( 0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of CLCA2, SPATS2, ST6GALNAC1 and Adipophilin in adequate subtyping and reaching the accurate diagnosis was 100%. We found only significant difference in survival rate between the patients with negative and positive CLCA2 expression (=0.038 and =0.019, respectively).

Conclusion: The combination of biomarkers of CLCA2, SPATS2, ST6GALNAC1, and Adipophilin may lead to an appropriate subtyping of lung cancer and reaching accurate diagnosis with the highest sensitivity and specificity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.30699/IJP.2020.130944.2452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8085294PMC
December 2020

The Usefulness of 4 Immunoperoxidase Stains Applied to Urinary Cytology Samples in the Pathologic Stage of Urothelial Carcinoma: A Study With Histologic Correlation.

Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol 2021 07;29(6):422-432

Pathology Department.

Background: Currently, the golden rule for the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma is biopsy and cystoscopy, unfortionally both are costly, invasive, and uncomfortable. While most urothelial cancers are noninvasive at presentation, it is necessary to find a highly sensitive, noninvasive way to diagnose in its earlier stages, Cytology with immunostaining is a noninvasive, reliable method that might play a role in detecting the earlier stages before its progression and accurate correlation with different stages of these tumors.

Aim: This study aimed to reach an accurate level in the staging of urothelial carcinoma using CD44, ProExC, Laminin, and Fascin on urinary cytology.

Design: We include a total of 180 urinary cytology specimens with their surgical biopsies' counterparts, the staging of the surgical specimens were done according to AJCC2017TNM classification, while their counterpart urinary samples were centrifuged and the sediment was used for H&E and immunocytochemical staining with CD44, ProExC, Laminin, and Fascin.

Results: The diagnosis of Ta-stage tumors was done according to the following immunohistochemical (IHC) profile [positive (+ve) CD44, negative (-ve) proExC, -ve Laminin, and -ve Fascin] with 100% sensitivity, 100% specificity. The diagnosis of Tis stage tumors was done according to IHC profile [-ve CD44, +ve proExC, -ve Laminin, and -ve Fascin] with 100% sensitivity, 93% specificity. The diagnosis of T1 stage tumors according to IHC profile [-ve CD44, +ve proExC, +ve Laminin, and -ve Fascin] with 100% sensitivity, 97% specificity, The diagnosis of T2 and T3 stage tumors was done according to IHC profile [-ve CD44, +ve proExC, +ve Laminin and weak to moderate +ve Fascin] with 100% sensitivity, 92% specificity, while the diagnosis of T4 stage tumors according to the IHC profile [-ve CD44, +ve proExC, +ve Laminin, and intense +ve Fascin] with 100% sensitivity, 100% specificity.

Conclusion: Using (CD44, ProExC, Laminin, and Fascin) on urinary cytology is a simple, reliable, and noninvasive method for the staging of urothelial carcinoma with 99% total accuracy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAI.0000000000000905DOI Listing
July 2021

Resveratrol Ameliorates the Seminiferous Tubules Damages Induced by Finasteride in Adult Male Rats.

Microsc Microanal 2020 12;26(6):1176-1186

Histology and Cell Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta31527, Egypt.

Finasteride is commonly used in the management of alopecia and nodular prostatic hyperplasia. It was reported to have a harmful effect on spermatogenesis with subsequent infertility. Thus, this research was to determine the ameliorative effect of resveratrol against testicular damage caused by finasteride. Forty adult male rats were randomly divided into four main groups: group I acted as the control, group II was administrated resveratrol 20 mg/kg/day, group III was administrated finasteride 5 mg/kg/day, and group IV was administrated finasteride and resveratrol as in the previous groups. Finasteride induced a significant decrement in the testosterone and dihydrotestosterone levels. The level of malondialdehyde significantly increased, while the levels of glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase significantly decreased in the finasteride-administrated rats. Variable histopathological alterations in the testes were revealed in the form of irregular seminiferous tubules. Some seminiferous tubules appeared with degenerated germinal epithelium. Others showed detachment of their germinal epithelium. Congested blood vessels and homogeneous acidophilic substance in-between tubules were also detected. A significant decrement in PCNA positive cells and a significant increment in Bax expression were demonstrated. Ultrastructural examination showed Sertoli cells with rarefied cytoplasm. Vacuolated cytoplasm, shrunken nuclei, and dilated perinuclear spaces were also revealed in the spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes, and early spermatids. On the contrary, few changes were noticed in rats received resveratrol concomitant with finasteride. This study indicated that resveratrol exerted a potent ameliorative effect against testicular injury caused by finasteride.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1431927620024514DOI Listing
December 2020

Tramadol Promotes Oxidative Stress, Fibrosis, Apoptosis, Ultrastructural and Biochemical alterations in the Adrenal Cortex of Adult Male Rat with Possible Reversibility after Withdrawal.

Microsc Microanal 2020 06;26(3):509-523

Histology and Cell Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta31527, Egypt.

Tramadol is a centrally acting analgesic drug, used for the management of moderate to severe pain in a variety of diseases. The long-term use of tramadol can induce endocrinopathy. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of tramadol dependence on the adrenal cortex and the effect of its withdrawal. Thirty adult male rats were divided into three experimental groups: the control group, the tramadol-dependent group that received increasing therapeutic doses of tramadol orally for 1 month, and the recovery group that received tramadol in a dose and duration similar to the previous group followed by a withdrawal period for another month. Specimens from the adrenal cortex were processed for histological, immunohistochemical, enzyme assay, and quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) studies. Tramadol induced a significant increase in malondialdehyde level and a significant decrease in the levels of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase. A significant decrease in the levels of adrenocorticotrophic hormones, aldosterone, cortisol, corticosterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate was also detected. Severe histopathological changes in the adrenal cortex were demonstrated in the form of disturbed architecture, swollen cells, and shrunken cells with pyknotic nuclei. Inflammatory cellular infiltration and variable-sized homogenized areas were also detected. A significant increase in P53 and Bax immunoreaction was detected and confirmed by RT-qPCR. The ultrastructural examination showed irregular, shrunken adrenocorticocytes with dense nuclei. Dilated smooth endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria with disrupted cristae, and numerous coalesced lipid droplets were also demonstrated. All these changes started to return to normal after the withdrawal of tramadol. Thus, it was confirmed that the long-term use of tramadol can induce severe adrenal changes with subsequent insufficiency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1431927620001397DOI Listing
June 2020

Prognostic and Clinic-Pathological Significances of SCF and COX-2 Expression in Inflammatory and Malignant Prostatic Lesions.

Pathol Oncol Res 2019 Apr 6;25(2):611-624. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

The initiation of prostatic malignancy has been linked to chronic inflammation. Stem cell factor (SCF) is an inflammatory cytokine that is specific to the c-KIT receptor which is type III receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK). Cyclooxygenases (COXs) are the main enzymes which are responsible for prostaglandins production from arachidonic acid. COX2 is an enzyme which is produced under different pathological conditions. The aim of our study; is to investigate the clinicopathological and the prognostic significance of SCF and COX-2 expression in prostatic adenocarcinoma (PC), chronic prostatitis and nodular prostatic hyperplasia (NPH) in a trial to clarify the role of inflammation as a risk factor for prostatic carcinogenesis and cancer progression. SCF and COX-2 tissue protein expression were evaluated in 50 cases of PC, 20 cases of chronic prostatitis and 10 cases of NPH using immunohistochemistry, patients were followed up for 5 years. The relationship between their levels of expressions, clinicopathological, and prognostic criteria were studied. SCF expression in PC was positively correlated with advanced patient age (p = <0.001), high level of PSA (p = 0.010), higher Gleason score (p = 0.011). COX-2 expression in PC was positively correlated with advanced patient age (p = <0.001), high level of PSA (p = 0.016), advanced D'Amico risk group (p = 0.038). High levels of expression of both SCF& COX-2 are associated with higher incidence of tumor relapse, worse disease overall survival and free survival (p < 0.001). SCF and COX-2 are associated with PC progression and associated with poor prognosis in PC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12253-018-0534-1DOI Listing
April 2019
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