Publications by authors named "Mohamed A Elgebeily"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Reliability of an Arabic Version of the Modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association Score for Cervical Myelopathy.

Spine Surg Relat Res 2021 5;5(3):149-153. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopedics, Ain Shams University Faculty of Medicine, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: The modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score is considered to be among the most comprehensive scores in the assessment of patients with cervical myelopathy. Hence, providing reliable, translated, and cross-culturally adapted versions in different languages is required to standardize the evaluation of patients. This study aimed to translate a reliable Arabic version of the mJOA score.

Methods: A total of 65 patients of variable age and with etiologies for compressive cervical myelopathy were recruited. Both forward and backward translations were performed. Then, intraobserver and interobserver reliabilities were measured using the intraclass correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha coefficient.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 58.08 years, and most of them were male (69.2%). The intraobserver and interobserver reliabilities were almost in perfect agreement for the different sections and the total score, which were 96.8% and 97.4%, respectively.

Conclusions: In this study, a reliable, cross-culturally adapted Arabic version of the mJOA score for patients with cervical myelopathy is provided. Although the study was conducted on Egyptian patients, we believe that it could be implemented in majority of the Arabic-speaking population.
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December 2020

Solving the enigma of posterolateral tibial plateau fractures, the clue protocol.

Acta Orthop Belg 2021 Mar;87(1):125-136

The study aim is to evaluate functional and radio- logical outcomes following a suggested protocol based on the four-column classification for management of posterolateral column tibial plateau fractures. A prospective cohort study was performed in level I academic center on 42 patients with mean age of 36 years (22-59). Eleven patients had isolated posterolateral column fractures whereas 31 patients had associated columns fractures. According to the suggested protocol, all cases of isolated posterolateral column fracture started treatment via arthroscopic evaluation of soft tissue injuries (menisci and liga- ments), arthroscopically assisted reduction and inter- nal fixation by rafting screws followed by ORIF if plating was needed. If associated with other columns fractures, columns were fixed sequentially in an anti-clockwise direction starting from anteromedial column. Average follow up was 26 months. Mean time to union was 16.3 (12-22) weeks. No radiological evidence of loss of coronal or sagittal alignment was detected at final follow up. Five patients had an average depression of 5 millimeters that did not need further intervention at this short-term follow up. Mean KOOS was 81 (72- 88). The average knee range of motion was (0° - 127°). One patient had temporary common peroneal nerve injury, one patient had deep infection and two had superficial wound infection. implementing the suggested protocol gives good to excellent radiological and functional results as regard posterolateral tibial plateau fracture. A larger study group with longer follow up is needed.
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March 2021

Bifocal Compression-Distraction for Combined Bone and Soft-Tissue Defects in Post-traumatic Tibial Nonunion.

J Orthop Trauma 2019 Oct;33(10):e372-e377

Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: To compare 2 distraction osteogenesis techniques in post-traumatic tibial nonunion patients with composite bone and soft-tissue defects.

Design: Nonrandomized prospective, case series, single-center study.

Setting: Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Limb Reconstruction Unit, El-Helal hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Participants: Fifty post-traumatic tibial nonunion patients with composite bone and soft-tissue defects.

Intervention: Twenty-five patients were treated using bone transport (BT) technique, and 25 patients were treated using acute shortening (AS) and distraction technique.

Outcome Measurements: The external fixation index (EFI); functional and bone results; and complication rates.

Results: All patients were followed for a minimum of 18 months after removal of their Ilizarov frame. AS and BT groups were followed up for a mean of 19.7 and 20.3 months, respectively. The mean bone gap after resection and debridement was 4 cm in AS group and 5.9 cm in BT group (P = 0.06). The mean EFI was statistically significant and lower in the AS group compared with BT group (P = 0.03). There were no other statistically significant differences between either intervention groups.

Conclusions: Both techniques achieved comparable good to excellent results, and the differences in number of complications and ASAMI scores for bone or function were not statistically significant. Yet, it appears that the AS technique may be superior because it has a significantly lower EFI. This may not be feasible in all cases, however, because the AS technique is limited by the defect size and the condition of the surrounding soft tissues.

Level Of Evidence: Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
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October 2019

Ankle Reconstruction in Fibular Hemimelia: New Approach.

HSS J 2017 Jul 19;13(2):178-185. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

Orthopedic Department, Al-Demerdash Hospital, Ain Shams University, Abbassia Square, Abbassia, 11381 Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Fibular hemimelia is a congenital disorder that is characterized by the absence of the fibula that could be either partial or complete. Successful management aims to restore normal weight bearing and normal limb length. The introduction of the Ilizarov method of limb lengthening has provided an attractive alternative to amputation. During lengthening, the tight posterolateral soft-tissue structures, the thick fibrous fibular band, and the shortened Achilles tendon become tighter and transfer a valgus force to the talus and calcaneus, further aggravating the deformity.

Questions/purposes: We have developed a strategy to address this in patients with Paley type III fibular hemimelia via ankle reconstruction that provides posterolateral stability and buttressing of the ankle and hind foot by reconstructing the lateral buttress. This is achieved through excision of the fibrous fibular anlage, centralization of the ankle, restoring talocalcaneal coronal alignment, and reconstruction of the lateral malleolus by transplanting the cartilaginous remnant of the lateral malleolus or by crafting a bone block autograft taken from the iliac crest or tibia.

Methods: A prospective non-randomized clinical trial included ten ankles in eight patients with fibular hemimelia Paley type III (two patients had bilateral deformity). The patients' ages ranged from 7 to 36 months.

Results: After a follow-up ranging from 48 to 96 months, a stable plantigrade foot was achieved in nine ankles; one ankle had residual equinus, five ankles had residual valgus heel, and eight ankles had complete range of motion of the ankle, whereas one patient lost 5° of dorsiflexion. One ankle had equinus deformity.

Conclusions: To achieve satisfactory results, a stable plantigrade foot and ankle is necessary in patients with fibular hemimelia before attempting to equalize limb length discrepancy. It is important to reconstruct the ankle through an extra-articular soft tissue release, anlage resection, osteotomies, and restoring the abnormal talocalcaneal relationship before any attempt to equalize LLD.
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July 2017

Dega osteotomy for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip in children aged 2-8 years: results of 58 consecutive osteotomies after 13-25 years of follow-up.

J Child Orthop 2015 Jun 23;9(3):191-8. Epub 2015 Jun 23.

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Tanta University, 13 Omar Zafan St, 6th Floor, Tanta, Al Gharbiyah, 3111, Egypt,

Purpose: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a term used to cover a broad spectrum of anomalies ranging from mild dysplasia to high-riding dislocations. We report the management of DDH in children using the Dega osteotomy and their long-term follow-up.

Methods: Fifty-eight hips from 48 children younger than 8 years treated using the Dega osteotomy between January 1988 and October 2000 were included in this multcenter study. Both prospective (41 hips) and retrospective (17 hips) cases were included, and follow-up was for a minimum of 13 years. Radiographs were made preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, after 6 weeks or at removal of the spica cast if any, at 6-month intervals and/or as indicated for 3 years postoperatively and then on annual basis until the last follow-up. A single-cut computed tomographic scan was performed for all prospective patients. Special attention was paid to the predictive measures of hip arthrosis and the survival of the hip after Dega osteotomy.

Results: The final clinical outcome was favorable in 44 hips (75.9 %). Eleven hips needed a second surgery (acetabuloplasty and/or arthroplasty) during the follow-up period.

Conclusions: In our pediatric patient population the Dega osteotomy proved to be an adequate measure for the management of this complex condition. The worst complication was avascular necrosis, and all of the affected hips ended with failure (pain, another surgery, or both).
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June 2015

Pelvic support osteotomy by Ilizarov's concept: Is it a valuable option in managing neglected hip problems in adolescents and young adults?

Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr 2011 Apr 1;6(1):13-20. Epub 2011 Mar 1.

Orthopedic department, Ain Shams University Medical School and Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt.

For evaluating pelvic support osteotomy as a salvage procedure in managing neglected hip problems in adolescents and young adults, PSO was performed for 20 hips in 20 patients (5 men and 15 women). The mean age was 21.5 years. The etiology was neglected developmental dysplasia of the hip in 9 patients, post-septic hip sequelae in 9 patients, and paralytic dislocation due to poliomyelitis in 2 patients. All patients were treated by two osteotomies: a proximal femoral osteotomy to support the pelvis and correct the flexion and rotational deformities of the hip and a distal varization and lengthening osteotomy. Final clinical evaluation was done 6 months after frame removal. The mean external fixation time was 6.4. Lengthening and mechanical axis parallelism was achieved in all patients. At the final follow-up and according to a predesigned scoring system, there were 7(35%) excellent results, 6(30%) good results, 7(35%) fair results, and no poor results. Hip reconstruction by Ilizarov's concept can be technically demanding and involving lengthy period wearing the frame but found to be a valuable salvage procedure for numerous neglected hip problems particularly in young patients.
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April 2011