Publications by authors named "Mohamad Qoreishy"

2 Publications

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Diagnostic Value of Ischial Spine Sign in Patients with Acetabular Retroversion.

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2019 Mar;7(2):168-172

Akhtar hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Acetabular Retroversion (AR) is a hip disorder and one of the causes of pain in this area. Evaluation of positive Cross Over Sign (COS) on AP X-Rays of the hip is currently the best method of diagnosis of AR. Several studies have measured co-existence of Ischial Spine Sign (ISS) in patients with AR. In this study we evaluated the diagnostic value of ISS in confirmation of AR and compared it with the diagnostic value of COS.

Methods: In this study, 4120 AP hip X-Rays from Akhtar Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, were studied. Based on radiologic criteria, 1180 X-Rays were considered as standards and evaluated for ISS, COS and PWS (Posterior Wall Sign). Data analysis was done for correlation between ISS and COS.

Results: A total of 1180 out of 4120 X-Rays were considered as standard; among which, 86 were diagnosed with AR based on positive COS in presence of PWS. Both ISS and COS were positive concurrently in 69 X-Rays. ISS was positive in absence of COS in 11 X-rays. No significant difference in diagnostic value for diagnosis of acetabular retroversion was found between ISS and COS ().

Conclusion: According to our results, both ISS and COS signs can be employed for diagnosis of AR (acetabular retroversion). Considering the absence of a significant difference between these two signs in confirmation of AR, it can be perceived that the diagnostic value of ISS in confirmation of AR is equal to COS. Validation of the mentioned results requires further studies.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6510926PMC
March 2019

Effects of Hip Geometry on Fracture Patterns of Proximal Femur.

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2016 Jun;4(3):248-52

Akhtar Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Some studies have previously shown that geometry of proximal femur can affect the probability of fracture and type of fracture. It happens since the geometry of the proximal femur determines how a force is applied to its different parts. In this study, we have compared proximal femur's geometric characteristics in femoral neck (FNF), intertrochanteric (ITF) and Subtrochanteric (STF) fractures.

Methods: In this study, 60 patients who had hip fractures were studied as case studies. They were divided into FNF, ITF and STF groups based on their fracture types (20 patients in each group). Patients were studied with x-ray radiography and CT scans. Radiological parameters including femoral neck length from lateral cortex to center of femoral head (FNL), diameter of femoral head (FHD), diameter of femoral neck (FND), femoral head neck offset (FHNO), neck-shaft angle (alpha), femoral neck anteversion (beta) were measured and compared in all three groups.

Results: Amount of FNL was significantly higher in STF group compared to FNF (0.011) while ITF and STF as well as FNT and ITF did not show a significant different. Also, FND in FNF group was significantly lower than the other two groups, i.e. ITF and STF. In other cases there were no instances of significant statistical difference.

Conclusion: Hip geometry can be used to identify individuals who are at the risk of fracture with special pattern. Also, it is important to have more studies in different populations and more in men.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4969372PMC
June 2016