Publications by authors named "Mohamad Abdul-Halim Chehab"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Tobacco use among adolescents in Qatar: Findings from Global Youth Tobacco Surveys 2004-2013.

Tob Prev Cessat 2019 13;5:10. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Tobacco use has become a global health concern. Almost a third of the adolescents of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) have reported tobacco use and the percentage is expected to rise in the future, making tobacco consumption a main public health issue among students, 13-15 years old, in the region's countries. We aimed to conduct an analysis of the previous Global Youth Tobacco Surveys (GYTS) in Qatar to detect any significant changes that might inform decision makers on planning policies and interventions accordingly.

Methods: This study presents a retrospective data analysis, based on three GYTS conducted in Qatar during 2004, 2007, and 2013. All analyses were weighted to account for the complex survey design and for differential non-response at school, class and student levels, with the exception of the analysis of sociodemographic characteristics. The differences between the proportions were tested by Pearson's chi-squared test. Data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences), version 21.0 (Chicago, IL). A p-value <0.05 was considered to be significant.

Results: There was an overall increase in the prevalence of smoking, the accessibility, and the availability of cigarettes. Additionally, the percentage of participants who desired to stop smoking decreased between 2004 and 2013, while that of students who reported was highest in 2013.

Conclusions: Despite the effort made by the local authorities in Qatar to reverse the spread or limit the growing tobacco epidemic, there is a need for multidisciplinary interventions through tobacco prevention and control programs targeting youths.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.18332/tpc/105110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205052PMC
March 2019

Epidemiology of Malaria in the State of Qatar, 2008-2015.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2018 1;10(1):e2018050. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Qatar.

Background And Objectives: Imported malaria poses a serious public health problem in Qatar because its population is "naïve" to such infection; where local transmission might lead to serious, life-threatening infection and might even trigger epidemics.

Methods: This study is a retrospective review of the imported malaria cases in Qatar reported by the malaria surveillance program at the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), during the period between January 2008 and December 2015. All cases were imported and underwent parasitological confirmation through microscopy.

Results: A total of 4092 malaria cases were reported during 2008-2015 in Qatar. The demographic features of the imported cases show that the majority of cases were males (93%), non-Qatari (99.6%), and aged 15 to 44 years (82.1%). Moreover, was found to be the main etiologic agent accounting for more than three-quarters (78.7%) of the imported cases. In addition, almost a third (33.1%) of the cases were reported during the months of July, August, and September.

Conclusions: Imported malaria in Qatar has witnessed an increase during the past seven years, despite a long period of constant reduction; where the people most affected were adult male migrants from endemic countries. Many challenges need to be overcome to prevent the reintroduction of malaria into the country.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4084/MJHID.2018.050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131099PMC
September 2018