Publications by authors named "Modupe M Fabusiwa"

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Structure-based virtual screening suggests inhibitors of 3-Chymotrypsin-Like Protease of SARS-CoV-2 from Vernonia amygdalina and Occinum gratissimum.

Comput Biol Med 2021 09 21;136:104671. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Human Nutraceuticals and Bioinformatics Research Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Salem University, Nigeria.

Antiviral culinary plants are potential bioresources for preventive nutraceuticals and/or antiviral drugs in COVID-19. Structure-based virtual screening was undertaken to screen 173 compounds previously reported from Vernonia amygdalina and Occinum gratissimum for direct interaction with the active site of the 3-Chymotrypsin-Like Protease (3CL) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Based on docking scores and comparison with reference inhibitors, a hit-list of 10 top phytocompounds was defined, which also had strong interactions with the catalytic centre of 3CL from three related strains of coronavirus (SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, HKU4). Among these, six compounds (neoandrographolide, vernolide, isorhamnetin, chicoric acid, luteolin, and myricetin) exhibited the highest binding tendencies to the equilibrated conformers of SARS-CoV-2 3CL in an in-depth docking analysis to 5 different representative conformations from the cluster analysis of the molecular dynamics simulation (MDS) trajectories of the protein. In silico drug-likeness analyses revealed two drug-like terpenoids viz: neoandrographolide and vernolide as promising inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 3CL. These structures were accommodated within the substrate-binding pocket; and interacted with the catalytic dyad (Cys and His), the oxyanion loop (residues 138-145), and the S1/S2 sub-sites of the enzyme active site through the formation of an array of hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. Molecular dynamics simulation and binding free energy calculation revealed that the terpenoid-enzyme complexes exhibit strong interactions and structural stability. Therefore, these compounds may stabilize the conformation of the flexible oxyanion loop; and thereby interfere with the tetrahedral oxyanion intermediate formation during the proteolytic activity of the enzyme.
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September 2021