Publications by authors named "Mitul B Modi"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Metastatic Melanoma With Features of Desmoplastic Melanoma in a Patient With Primary Cutaneous Superficial Spreading Melanoma With Epithelioid Features.

Am J Dermatopathol 2021 Jan 12. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Division of Dermatology and Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Department of Pathology, Bryn Mawr Hospital, Bryn Mawr, PA; and Department of Surgery, Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract: The synchronous incidence of 2 different subtypes of melanoma is very rare. Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) can be a diagnostic challenge because of its frequent appearance as a dermal banal spindle cell proliferation. We present a case of a 30-year-old man who developed an irregular, purple, tender plaque measuring 2.5 cm on the right pretibial region. Wide excision of the right leg lesion showed superficial spreading melanoma with epithelioid cells and no spindle cell component. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy showed an atypical melanocytic proliferation involving one inguinal lymph node with subcapsular and intraparenchymal components. There were spindled tumor cells in lymph node capsule with hyperchromatic nuclei, which were nested within desmoplastic stroma, and were S100- and SOX10-positive and MART1- and HMB-45 negative; in addition to epithelioid tumor cells, which were S100-, SOX10-, and MART1-positive. Multiple discontinuous foci, subcapsular atypical melanocytes, and extracapsular extension helped in excluding capsular nevus. These findings were consistent with DM. Herein, we present an unusual case of primary cutaneous superficial spreading melanoma of the right leg with a predominantly epithelioid morphology that developed metastases to the SLN. The metastasis exhibited divergent differentiation, including both epithelioid morphology identical to the primary, but with additional features of DM that were nonoverlapping with the primary lesion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0000000000001898DOI Listing
January 2021

A case of tumor-to-tumor metastasis of cutaneous malignant melanoma.

J Cutan Pathol 2020 Dec 6;47(12):1196-1199. Epub 2020 Sep 6.

Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

We report a case of tumor-to-tumor metastasis of a cutaneous malignant melanoma to a synchronous thyroid Hurthle cell carcinoma. A 42-year-old male underwent a biopsy of right inguinal lymphadenopathy which showed metastatic melanoma. The primary lesion was identified on his right posterior leg, and staging workup discovered a synchronous left thyroid lobe nodule concerning for a follicular neoplasm. He underwent excision of the primary melanoma, right inguinal lymphadenectomy, and total thyroidectomy. The resected thyroid contained a 6.6-cm, well-encapsulated left-sided nodule, red-brown in color and homogenous in consistency, with areas of focal hemorrhage and no grossly identifiable calcification. Microscopically, large tumor cells with distinct cell borders were present, with deeply eosinophilic and granular cytoplasm, large nuclei with prominent nucleoli, and loss of polarity consistent with oncocytes. A microscopic single focus of vascular invasion was identified, and a diagnosis of angioinvasive Hurthle cell carcinoma was made. Within the Hurthle cell carcinoma, multiple deposits of metastatic melanoma were seen. These findings were indicative of tumor-to-tumor metastasis of the cutaneous melanoma to the angioinvasive Hurthle cell carcinoma. Our findings show the ability of melanoma to metastasize to a pre-existing neoplasm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cup.13829DOI Listing
December 2020

Urethral involvement is associated with higher mortality and local recurrence in vulvar melanoma: a single institutional experience.

Hum Pathol 2020 Oct 20;104:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Vulvar malignant melanoma (VMM), although uncommon, comprises 5-10% of all vulvar malignancies. Local control is notoriously poor in VMM with recurrence rates of 30-50% compared with approximately 3% in cutaneous melanomas. We studied clinicopathologic features of 37 women with VMM, after reviewing three decades of clinical follow-up data in our institutional databases. Most patients were Caucasian (n = 35) with an average age at diagnosis of 60.6 years (range 23-83). The most common subtype was mucosal lentiginous melanoma (n = 25). We compared Kaplan-Meier survival curves of 31 patients defined by clinical and microscopic attributes using exact log-rank tests. Younger patients at diagnosis (23-64 years), those with thin melanomas (≤1 mm), and those with Clark's level II or III tumors had better 5-year survival rates than older patients (65-83 years) and those with thick melanomas (>1 mm) and those with Clark's level IV or V (P ≤ 0.05), respectively, by exact log-rank test. Local recurrence of melanoma occurred in 15 patients. Nine patients (24%) had eventual urethral involvement by malignant melanoma, and this feature was associated with significantly shorter survival (P = 0.036). Patients with urethral involvement had shorter median time to death and worse 5-year survival rates. Given that spread to the urethra is common in VMM and urethral recurrence is also associated with mortality, pathology excision specimens should be carefully reviewed with attention to urethral involvement as a potentially important prognostic factor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2020.07.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7669565PMC
October 2020

An alternative approach to establishing unbiased colorectal cancer risk estimation in Lynch syndrome.

Genet Med 2019 12 17;21(12):2706-2712. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Biallelic pathogenic variants in the mismatch repair (MMR) genes cause a recessive childhood cancer predisposition syndrome known as constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD). Family members with a heterozygous MMR variant have Lynch syndrome. We aimed at estimating cancer risk in these heterozygous carriers as a novel approach to avoid complicated statistical methods to correct for ascertainment bias.

Methods: Cumulative colorectal cancer incidence was estimated in a cohort of PMS2- and MSH6-associated families, ascertained by the CMMRD phenotype of the index, by using mutation probabilities based on kinship coefficients as analytical weights in a proportional hazard regression on the cause-specific hazards. Confidence intervals (CIs) were obtained by bootstrapping at the family level.

Results: The estimated cumulative colorectal cancer risk at age 70 years for heterozygous PMS2 variant carriers was 8.7% (95% CI 4.3-12.7%) for both sexes combined, and 9.9% (95% CI 4.9-15.3%) for men and 5.9% (95% CI 1.6-11.1%) for women separately. For heterozygous MSH6 variant carriers these estimates are 11.8% (95% CI 4.5-22.7%) for both sexes combined, 10.0% (95% CI 1.83-24.5%) for men and 11.7% (95% CI 2.10-26.5%) for women.

Conclusion: Our findings are consistent with previous reports that used more complex statistical methods to correct for ascertainment bias. These results underline the need for MMR gene-specific surveillance protocols for Lynch syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-019-0577-zDOI Listing
December 2019