Publications by authors named "Miroslaw Markiewicz"

48 Publications

Impact of Immunoablation and Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (AHSCT) on Treatment Cost of Multiple Sclerosis: Real-World Nationwide Study.

Value Health Reg Issues 2021 Apr 14;25:104-107. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Medical University of Warsaw, Hematology, Oncology, and Internal Diseases, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Objectives: To provide real-world data on the impact of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) on treatment costs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Poland.

Methods: Medical data of 105 patients who underwent AHSCT in the years 2011 to 2016 were obtained from the National Health Fund (NHF) database. Treatment costs were calculated from the public payer's perspective per patient-year for the total available period as well as 12 months before and after AHSCT. The statistical analysis was performed using MATLAB 2016b.

Results: Mean treatment-related costs covered by the NHF per patient-year before and after the transplantation were €4314.9 and €1188.8 , respectively. The average cost of disease-modifying drugs per patient was reduced from €2497.9/year before to €65.3/year after AHSCT.

Conclusions: Although the initial cost of AHSCT is high, the costs involving AHSCT and post-AHSCT treatment could, according to our analysis, pay off in 3.9 years, when compared to the costs of disease-modifying drug therapy in aggressive MS. The study provides evidence that the AHSCT can lead to significant savings in treatment costs of aggressive MS from the public payer's perspective.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vhri.2020.10.008DOI Listing
April 2021

Genetically determined telomere length and multiple myeloma risk and outcome.

Blood Cancer J 2021 Apr 14;11(4):74. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Hematology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Telomeres are involved in processes like cellular growth, chromosomal stability, and proper segregation to daughter cells. Telomere length measured in leukocytes (LTL) has been investigated in different cancer types, including multiple myeloma (MM). However, LTL measurement is prone to heterogeneity due to sample handling and study design (retrospective vs. prospective). LTL is genetically determined; genome-wide association studies identified 11 SNPs that, combined in a score, can be used as a genetic instrument to measure LTL and evaluate its association with MM risk. This approach has been already successfully attempted in various cancer types but never in MM. We tested the "teloscore" in 2407 MM patients and 1741 controls from the International Multiple Myeloma rESEarch (IMMeNSE) consortium. We observed an increased risk for longer genetically determined telomere length (gdTL) (OR = 1.69; 95% CI 1.36-2.11; P = 2.97 × 10 for highest vs. lowest quintile of the score). Furthermore, in a subset of 1376 MM patients we tested the relationship between the teloscore and MM patients survival, observing a better prognosis for longer gdTL compared with shorter gdTL (HR = 0.93; 95% CI 0.86-0.99; P = 0.049). In conclusion, we report convincing evidence that longer gdTL is a risk marker for MM risk, and that it is potentially involved in increasing MM survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41408-021-00462-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8046773PMC
April 2021

Expression quantitative trait loci of genes predicting outcome are associated with survival of multiple myeloma patients.

Int J Cancer 2021 Mar 6. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Clinical Immunology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Gene expression profiling can be used for predicting survival in multiple myeloma (MM) and identifying patients who will benefit from particular types of therapy. Some germline single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) act as expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) showing strong associations with gene expression levels. We performed an association study to test whether eQTLs of genes reported to be associated with prognosis of MM patients are directly associated with measures of adverse outcome. Using the genotype-tissue expression portal, we identified a total of 16 candidate genes with at least one eQTL SNP associated with their expression with P < 10 either in EBV-transformed B-lymphocytes or whole blood. We genotyped the resulting 22 SNPs in 1327 MM cases from the International Multiple Myeloma rESEarch (IMMEnSE) consortium and examined their association with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), adjusting for age, sex, country of origin and disease stage. Three polymorphisms in two genes (TBRG4-rs1992292, TBRG4-rs2287535 and ENTPD1-rs2153913) showed associations with OS at P < .05, with the former two also associated with PFS. The associations of two polymorphisms in TBRG4 with OS were replicated in 1277 MM cases from the International Lymphoma Epidemiology (InterLymph) Consortium. A meta-analysis of the data from IMMEnSE and InterLymph (2579 cases) showed that TBRG4-rs1992292 is associated with OS (hazard ratio = 1.14, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.26, P = .007). In conclusion, we found biologically a plausible association between a SNP in TBRG4 and OS of MM patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.33547DOI Listing
March 2021

Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria: Multicenter Analysis by the Polish Adult Leukemia Group.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 10 6;26(10):1833-1839. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Hematology, Oncology and Internal Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the sole potential cure for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH); however, the data on its utility in PNH are limited. This retrospective analysis of patients with PNH who underwent allo-HSCT in 11 Polish centers between 2002 and 2016 comprised 78 patients with PHN, including 27 with classic PNH (cPNH) and 51 with bone marrow failure-associated PNH (BMF/PNH). The cohort was 59% male, with a median age of 29 years (range, 12 to 65 years). There was a history of thrombosis in 12% and a history of hemolysis in 81%, and 92% required erythrocyte transfusions before undergoing allo-HSCT. No patient received eculizumab, and 26% received immunosuppressive treatment. The median time from diagnosis to allo-HSCT was 12 months (range, 1 to 127 months). Almost all patients (94%) received reduced-toxicity conditioning, 66% with treosulfan. The stem cell source was peripheral blood in 72% and an identical sibling donor in 24%. Engraftment occurred in 96% of the patients. With a median follow-up of 5.1 years in patients with cPNH and 3.2 years in patients with BMF/PNH, 3-year overall survival (OS) was 88.9% in the former and 85.1% in the latter (P = not significant [NS]). The 3-year OS for patients with/without thrombosis was 50%/92% (P = NS) in the cPNH group and 83.3%/85.3% (P = NS) in the BMF/PNH group. The 3-year OS for in the BMF/PNH patients with/without hemolysis was 93.9%/62.9% (hazard ratio, .13; P = .016). No other factors impacted OS. After allo-HSCT, the frequency of the PNH clone was reduced to 0%, <1%, and <2.4% in 48%, 48%, and 4% of cPNH patients and in 84%, 11%, and 5% of BMF/PNH patients, respectively. The frequency of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade II-IV was 23%, and the cumulative 1-year incidence of extensive chronic GVHD was 10.8% in the BMF/PNH group and 3.7% in the cPNH group. Allo-HSCT is a valid option for PNH patients, effectively eliminating the PNH clone with satisfactory overall survival and acceptable toxicity. Reduced-toxicity conditioning with treosulfan is effective and safe in patients with cPNH and BMF/PNH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.05.024DOI Listing
October 2020

Treosulfan or busulfan plus fludarabine as conditioning treatment before allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation for older patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (MC-FludT.14/L): a randomised, non-inferiority, phase 3 trial.

Lancet Haematol 2020 Jan 9;7(1):e28-e39. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale Papa Giovanni XXIII, University of Milan, Bergamo, Italy.

Background: Further improvement of preparative regimens before allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an unmet medical need for the growing number of older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of conditioning with treosulfan plus fludarabine compared with reduced-intensity busulfan plus fludarabine in this population.

Methods: We did an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority, phase 3 trial in 31 transplantation centres in France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Poland. Eligible patients were 18-70 years, had acute myeloid leukaemia in first or consecutive complete haematological remission (blast counts <5% in bone marrow) or myelodysplastic syndrome (blast counts <20% in bone marrow), Karnofsky index of 60% or higher, and were indicated for allogeneic HSCT but considered at an increased risk for standard myeloablative preparative regimens based on age (≥50 years), an HSCT-specific comorbidity index of more than 2, or both. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either intravenous 10 g/m treosulfan daily applied as a 2-h infusion for 3 days (days -4 to -2) or 0·8 mg/kg busulfan applied as a 2-h infusion at 6-h intervals on days -4 and -3. Both groups received 30 mg/m intravenous fludarabine daily for 5 days (days -6 to -2). The primary outcome was event-free survival 2 years after HSCT. The non-inferiority margin was a hazard ratio (HR) of 1·3. Efficacy was assessed in all patients who received treatment and completed transplantation, and safety in all patients who received treatment. The study is registered with EudraCT (2008-002356-18) and ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00822393).

Findings: Between June 13, 2013, and May 3, 2016, 476 patients were enrolled (240 in the busulfan group received treatment and transplantation, and in the treosulfan group 221 received treatment and 220 transplanation). At the second preplanned interim analysis (Nov 9, 2016), the primary endpoint was met and trial was stopped. Here we present the final confirmatory analysis (data cutoff May 31, 2017). Median follow-up was 15·4 months (IQR 8·8-23·6) for patients treated with treosulfan and 17·4 months (6·3-23·4) for those treated with busulfan. 2-year event-free survival was 64·0% (95% CI 56·0-70·9) in the treosulfan group and 50·4% (42·8-57·5) in the busulfan group (HR 0·65 [95% CI 0·47-0·90]; p<0·0001 for non-inferiority, p=0·0051 for superiority). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were abnormal blood chemistry results (33 [15%] of 221 patients in the treosulfan group vs 35 [15%] of 240 patients in the busulfan group) and gastrointestinal disorders (24 [11%] patients vs 39 [16%] patients). Serious adverse events were reported for 18 (8%) patients in the treosulfan group and 17 (7%) patients in the busulfan group. Causes of deaths were generally transplantation-related.

Interpretation: Treosulfan was non-inferior to busulfan when used in combination with fludarabine as a conditioning regimen for allogeneic HSCT for older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. The improved outcomes in patients treated with the treosulfan-fludarabine regimen suggest its potential to become a standard preparative regimen in this population.

Funding: medac GmbH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3026(19)30157-7DOI Listing
January 2020

Allogeneic transplantation for high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia-a summary of a 16-year experience.

Ann Hematol 2019 Jun 27;98(6):1477-1483. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

School of Medicine in Katowice, Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical University of Silesia, Dąbrowski street 25, 40-032, Katowice, Poland.

In the pathway inhibitor era, the number of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) continues to decrease and this approach should be offered only after careful risk-benefit assessment. Nevertheless, ASCT still remains only curative therapeutic modality for CLL, especially in countries with limited access to novel agents. Thirty patients with CLL at median age of 42 years at diagnosis (range 29-64) underwent ASCT between years 2002 and 2018. Thirteen patients were transplanted in complete remission (CR), ten patients achieved partial response (PR), and seven had stable disease. The median time from diagnosis to transplant was 4 years (range 0.5-12). Twenty-three patients received HLA-matched related donor stem cell grafts, and seven patients received either matched unrelated donor or HLA-mismatched grafts. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) and myeloablative regimen (MAC) were used in 24 and 6 patients, respectively. Mortality to day + 100 after transplant was 16% (8% for RIC only). Acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) developed in 40% and 63% of patients, respectively. Fifteen patients relapsed or progressed after transplant. Thirteen patients (43%) are alive at last follow-up and 10 (77%) remain in clinical CR. Median follow-up for survivors was 6.8 years (range 0.4-15.2). Three-year progression-free and overall survivals were 56% and 60%, respectively. These outcomes were better for patients who received RIC conditioning: 64% and 72%, respectively. CR at transplant was found to have favorable impact on post-allograft survival. RIC should be preferred over MAC. ASCT may remain a valuable option for some CLL patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-019-03679-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6511342PMC
June 2019

Splenic irradiation before allogeneic stem cell transplantation for myelofibrosis.

Med Oncol 2019 Jan 8;36(2):16. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Dąbrowski Street 25, 40-032, Katowice, Poland.

Splenectomy before allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for patients with myelofibrosis (MF) remains a matter of debate, and conflicting results have been reported to date. The procedure seems to fasten post-transplant hematological recovery, but it does not have an impact on survival. The role of pre-transplant splenic irradiation (SI) is much more difficult to evaluate. Forty-four patients (25 males and 19 females) with MF at median age of 49 years at diagnosis (range 14-67) underwent ASCT. The post-transplant outcome was compared between irradiated and non-irradiated patients. Eleven patients received irradiation before transplantation. Median dose of radiation was 1000 cGy (range 600-2400). There was no difference in median time to engraftment between patients with and without previous radiotherapy. Acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) occurred in 47% and 36% of patients, respectively. There was no difference in GVHD incidence between groups. Eight patients relapsed/progressed in irradiated group versus 17 in non-irradiated (70% vs. 51%; p = 0.3). Transformation to acute myeloid leukemia was observed in 3 patients: 2 in irradiated and 1 in non-irradiated group. In total, 22 patients died with no statistical difference in death rate between irradiated and non-irradiated subjects. The probability of overall survival after transplant for the entire cohort at 2 years was 54% (72% for irradiated and 48% for non-irradiated patients; p = 0.25). Splenic irradiation prior to ASCT for myelofibrosis has not beneficial effect on post-transplant outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-019-1245-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326000PMC
January 2019

Real Life Data on Efficacy and Safety of Azacitidine Therapy for Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia and Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Pathol Oncol Res 2019 Jul 6;25(3):1175-1180. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

School of Medicine in Katowice, Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical University of Silesia, 40-032, Dąbrowski street, 25, Katowice, Poland.

The administration of azacitidine (AZA) was found to be more effective than conventional care regimen (CCR) in patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with lower blast count. We designed a study to determine efficacy and safety of AZA therapy in "real life" patients with MDS, CMML and AML. The study included 83 patients (65% male) with a median age at diagnosis of 68 years. 43 patients were diagnosed with higher-risk MDS, 30 had AML and 10-CMML. Median AZA dose was comparable between treated groups. AZA dose reduction was required for 44% of MDS, 17% of AML and 25% of CMML patients. Complete remission (CR) was achieved in 14% of MDS, 7% of AML and 10% of CMML patients. Overall response rate was following: 27% for MDS, 20% for AML and 20% for CMML. Estimated OS at 12 months was 75% for MDS, 60% for AML and 75% for CMML. Median follow-up for MDS/AML/CMML from AZA initiation to last follow-up was 9.0, 9.4 and 9.4 months, respectively. The most common toxicity of AZA therapy was myelosuppression and infections. AZA treatment was effective in a limited number of patients with acceptable safety profile.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12253-018-00574-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6614132PMC
July 2019

Effects of trans-endocardial delivery of bone marrow-derived CD133+ cells on angina and quality of life in patients with refractory angina: A sub-analysis of the REGENT-VSEL trial.

Cardiol J 2018 ;25(4):521-529

Division of Cardiology and Structural Heart Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, Ziolowa 45/47, 40635 Katowice, Poland.

Background: The REGENT-VSEL trial demonstrated a neutral effect of transendocardial injection of autologous bone marrow (BM)-derived CD133+ in regard to myocardial ischemia. The current sub-analysis of the REGENT VSEL trial aims to assess the effect stem cell therapy has on quality of life (QoL) in patients with refractory angina.

Methods: Thirty-one patients (63.0 ± 6.4 years, 70% male) with recurrent CCS II-IV angina, despite optimal medical therapy, enrolled in the REGENT-VSEL single center, randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled trial. Of the 31 patients, 16 individuals were randomly assigned to the active stem cell group and 15 individuals were randomly assigned to the placebo group on a 1:1 basis. The inducibility of ischemia, (≥ one myocardial segment) was confirmed for each patient using Tc-99m SPECT. QoL was measured using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire. Each patient completed the questionnaire prior to treatment and at the time of their outpatient follow-up visits at 1, 4, 6, and 12 months after cell/placebo treatment.

Results: The main finding of the REGENT-VSEL trial sub-analysis was that transendocardial injection of autologous BM-derived CD133+ stem cells in patients with chronic refractory angina did not show significant improvement in QoL in comparison to the control group. Moreover, there was no significant difference between cell therapy and placebo in a number of patients showing improvement of at least 1 Canadian Cardiovascular Society class during the follow-up period.

Conclusions: Intra-myocardial delivery of autologous CD133+ stem cells is safe and feasible but does not show a significant improvement in the QoL or angina pectoris symptoms in patients with chronic myocardial ischemia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/CJ.2018.0082DOI Listing
May 2019

Inherited variation in the xenobiotic transporter pathway and survival of multiple myeloma patients.

Br J Haematol 2018 11 6;183(3):375-384. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Genomic Epidemiology Group, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Over the past four decades, remarkable progress has been made in the treatment and prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM), although it remains an incurable disease. Chemotherapy resistance is a major hurdle for treatment efficacy. Drug resistance can be innate and so driven by genes involved in the drug metabolism pathways. We performed an association study of 71 germline variants within the major genes in those pathways (ABCB1, ABCC2, ABCG2, and their regulators NR1I2/PXR and NR1I3/CAR) in the International Multiple Myeloma rESEarch (IMMEnSE) consortium, consisting of 1365 MM cases with survival information recruited in 5 European countries. Two of the SNPs showed a significant association with the survival of MM patients, namely rs2235013, located in ABCB1 [Hazard ratio (HR) = 1·52, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1·18-1·95, P = 0·00087], and rs4148388, located in ABCC2 (HR = 2·15, 95% CI = 1·44-3·22, P = 0·0001). ABCC2 plays an essential role in transporting various anticancer drugs, including several used against MM, out of the cell. In silico analyses predict that the variant alleles of four SNPs in linkage disequilibrium with ABCC2-rs4148388 are associated with increased gene expression. Overexpression of ABCC2 increases drug clearance and therefore may induce drug resistance mechanisms. In conclusion, we found a promising association between ABCC2-rs4148388 and MM outcome that is supported by a plausible biological explanation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15521DOI Listing
November 2018

HLA-inferred extended haplotype disparity level is more relevant than the level of HLA mismatch alone for the patients survival and GvHD in T cell-replate hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donor.

Hum Immunol 2018 Jun 29;79(6):403-412. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Silesian Medical University, Katowice, Poland.

Serious risks in unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) including graft versus host disease (GvHD) and mortality are associated with HLA disparity between donor and recipient. The increased risks might be dependent on disparity in not-routinely-tested multiple polymorphisms in genetically dense MHC region, being organized in combinations of two extended MHC haplotypes (Ehp). We assessed the clinical role of donor-recipient Ehp disparity levels in N = 889 patients by the population-based detection of HLA allele phase mismatch. We found increased GvHD incidences and mortality rates with increasing Ehp mismatch level even with the same HLA mismatch level. In multivariate analysis HLA mismatch levels were excluded from models and Ehp disparity level remained independent prognostic factor for high grade acute GvHD (p = 0.000037, HR = 10.68, 95%CI 5.50-32.5) and extended chronic GvHD (p < 0.000001, HR = 15.51, CI95% 5.36-44.8). In group with single HLA mismatch, patients with double Ehp disparity had worse 5-year overall survival (45% vs. 56%, p = 0.00065, HR = 4.05, CI95% 1.69-9.71) and non-relapse mortality (40% vs. 31%, p = 0.00037, HR = 5.63, CI95% 2.04-15.5) than patients with single Ehp disparity. We conclude that Ehp-linked factors contribute to the high morbidity and mortality in recipients given HLA-mismatched unrelated transplant and Ehp matching should be considered in clinical HSCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2018.03.011DOI Listing
June 2018

The Influence of Genetic Variations in the Gene on the Outcome after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

J Immunol Res 2018 7;2018:3826989. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Department of Experimental Therapy, L. Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology & Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, R Weigl 12, 53-114 Wroclaw, Poland.

CD86 molecule is the ligand for both costimulatory (CD28) and coinhibitory (CTLA-4) molecules, and it regulates immune response after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). Therefore, we postulate that gene variations might influence the outcome after alloHSCT. Altogether, 295 adult patients (pts) undergoing related (105 pts) and unrelated (190 pts) donor-matched HSCT were genotyped for the following gene polymorphisms: rs1129055, rs9831894, and rs2715267. Moreover, the donors' rs1129055 polymorphism was determined. None of the investigated SNPs alone were associated with aGvHD and rate of relapse. However, we showed that rs2715267 SNP influenced overall survival (OS) after alloHSCT. The 24-month OS for the rs271526GG recipients was worse than that for the recipients possessing T allelle (TT or GT genotypes) ( = 0.009). Moreover, analysis of gene-gene interaction between and showed that having both the A allele for rs1129055 and the CT60GG genotype in recipients increased the risk of aGvHD about 3.5 times. Interestingly, the donors' rs1129055GG genotype and the recipients' CT60GG genotype also increased the risk of aGvHD about 2.7-fold. We postulate that recipients' gene polymorphisms influence the overall survival after alloHSCT and, together with polymorphisms, might be considered a risk factor for aGvHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3826989DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5821961PMC
August 2018

Safety profile of autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and transplantation in patients with systemic sclerosis.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Jun 18;37(6):1709-1714. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

School of Medicine in Katowice, Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical University of Silesia, Dąbrowski street 25, 40-032, Katowice, Poland.

Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is thought to be effective therapeutic approach in patients with poor prognosis systemic sclerosis; however, the toxicity remains a challenge. Between years 2003 and 2016, we enrolled 18 patients with systemic sclerosis at median age at transplant of 52 years (range 24-68). The median duration of disease before AHSCT was 14 months (range 2-85). Peripheral blood stem cells were mobilized with cyclophosphamide (CY) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Conditioning regimen included CY (200 mg/kg) and alemtuzumab (median dose, 60 mg) [n = 11], melphalan (MEL; 140 mg/m2) and alemtuzumab [n = 2], CY and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (rATG; 7.5 mg/kg) [n = 4], and CY alone (n = 1). Four deaths occurred early after transplant. There were three males and one female at median age at death of 51 years (range 24-68). The AHSCT-related deaths have been observed on days + 1, + 4, + 9, and + 15 after procedure. The causes of death included bilateral pneumonia followed by multi-organ failure in three patients and myocardial infarction in one. Three patients expired late during post-transplant follow-up, after 5, 21, and 42 months. The causes of death were disease progression in two patients and sudden heart attack in one. Eleven patients are alive after median follow-up after AHSCT of 42.0 months (range 0-95). Before proceeding to AHSCT in systemic sclerosis, there is a strong need to optimize patient selection to reduce toxicity. The administration of alemtuzumab should be avoided due to high risk of life-threatening infectious complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-017-3954-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5948297PMC
June 2018

Effects of Transendocardial Delivery of Bone Marrow-Derived CD133 Cells on Left Ventricle Perfusion and Function in Patients With Refractory Angina: Final Results of Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled REGENT-VSEL Trial.

Circ Res 2017 Feb 30;120(4):670-680. Epub 2016 Nov 30.

From the Third Division of Cardiology (W.W., T.J., A.M.-W., Z.P., W.R., A.B., W.W., J.C., B.O., W.C., W.W., S.D., G.S., T.P., A.O., M.T.), Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation (M.M., M.D.-M.), and Division of Diagnostic Imaging (K.G.), Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland; Department of Nuclear Medicine Hospital John Paul II, Kraków, Poland (M.K.); 2nd Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Interventions (Ł.R., W.Z.) and Department of Angiology (Ł.P.), University Hospital, Krakow, Poland; Krakow Cardiovascular Research Institute, Kraków, Poland (Ł.P., W.Z.); and Department of Vascular Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland (W.K.).

Rationale: New therapies for refractory angina are needed.

Objective: Assessment of transendocardial delivery of bone marrow CD133 cells in patients with refractory angina.

Methods And Results: Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial enrolled 31 patients with recurrent Canadian Cardiovascular Society II-IV angina, despite optimal medical therapy, ≥1 myocardial segment with inducible ischemia in Tc-99m SPECT who underwent bone marrow biopsy and were allocated to cells (n=16) or placebo (n=15). Primary end point was absolute change in myocardial ischemia by SPECT. Secondary end points were left ventricular function and volumes by magnetic resonance imaging and angina severity. After 4 months, there were no significant differences in extent of inducible ischemia between groups (summed difference score mean [±SD]: 2.60 [2.6] versus 3.63 [3.6], =0.52; total perfusion deficit: 3.60 [3.6] versus 5.01 [4.3], =0.32; absolute changes of summed difference score: -1.38 [5.2] versus -0.73 [1.9], =0.65; and total perfusion deficit: -1.33 [3.3] versus -2.19 [6.6], =0.65). There was a significant reduction of left ventricular volumes (end-systolic volume: -4.3 [11.3] versus 7.4 [11.8], =0.02; end-diastolic volume: -9.1 [14.9] versus 7.4 [15.8], =0.02) and no significant change of left ventricular ejection fraction in the cell group. There was no difference in number of patients showing improvement of ≥1 Canadian Cardiovascular Society class after 1 (41.7% versus 58.3%; =0.68), 4 (50% versus 33.3%; =0.63), 6 (70% versus 50.0%; =0.42), and 12 months (55.6% versus 81.8%; =0.33) and use of nitrates after 12 months.

Conclusion: Transendocardial CD133 cell therapy was safe. Study was underpowered to conclusively validate the efficacy, but it did not show a significant reduction of myocardial ischemia and angina versus placebo.

Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01660581.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.116.309009DOI Listing
February 2017

Beneficial effect of the CXCL12-3'A variant for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors.

Cytokine 2015 Dec 14;76(2):182-186. Epub 2015 May 14.

L. Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland; Lower Silesian Center for Cellular Transplantation with National Bone Marrow Donor Registry, Wroclaw, Poland.

The present study aimed to assess the impact of the CXCL12 gene polymorphism (rs1801157) on clinical outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors. Toxic complications were less frequent among patients transplanted from donors carrying the CXCL12-3'-A allele (42/79 vs. 105/151, p=0.014 and 24/79 vs. 73/151, p=0.009, for grade II-IV and III-IV, respectively). Logistic regression analyses confirmed a role of donor A allele (OR=0.509, p=0.022 and OR=0.473, p=0.013 for grade II-IV and III-IV toxicity). In addition, age of recipients (OR=0.980, p=0.036 and OR=0.981, p=0.040, respectively) was independently protective while female to male transplantation and HLA compatibility were not significant. The incidence of aGvHD (grades I-IV) was lower in patients having A allele (52/119 vs. 113/204, p=0.043) and AA homozygous genotype (6/25 vs. 159/298, p=0.005). Independent associations of both genetic markers with a decreased risk of aGvHD were also seen in multivariate analyses (A allele: OR=0.591, p=0.030; AA homozygosity: OR=0.257, p=0.006) in which HLA compatibility seemed to play less protective role (p<0.1) while recipient age and donor-recipient gender relation were not significant. Moreover, CXCL12-3'-A-positive patients were less prone to early HHV-6 reactivation (2/34 vs. 19/69, p=0.026). The presence of the CXCL12-3'-A variant was found to facilitate outcome of unrelated HSCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2015.05.001DOI Listing
December 2015

A CT60G>A polymorphism in the CTLA-4 gene of the recipient may confer susceptibility to acute graft versus host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Immunogenetics 2015 Jun 5;67(5-6):295-304. Epub 2015 May 5.

Department of Experimental Therapy, L. Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology & Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Science, R. Weigl 12, 53-114, Wroclaw, Poland,

T cell activation plays a crucial role in the development of acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD). Cytotoxic T cell antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a co-inhibitory molecule that negatively regulates T cell activation, differentiation, and proliferation. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CTLA-4 gene may affect its function. Inconsistent observations have been reported regarding the associations of CTLA-4 SNPs with complications after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Moreover, the majority of the observations were focused on the donors' SNPs. Recently, a few studies have shown that recipients' genetic variations in the CTLA-4 gene might influence HSCT results. The aim of our study was to determine the influence of the CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms of the donors and the recipients on the outcome of HSCT. Altogether, 312 donor-recipient pairs were genotyped for the CTLA-4c.49A>G (rs231775) and CT60G>A (rs3087243) SNPs using the TaqMan®SNP Genotyping Assays. In this study, it was shown that the recipients' CT60G>A[GG] genotype, the myeloablative conditioning regimen, and HSCT from an unrelated donor were independent aGvHD risk factors (odds ratio (OR) 2.63, 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) 1.45-4.59, p = 0.001; OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.65-4.07, p = 0.00003; and OR 1.87, 95 % CI 1.02-3.24, p = 0.04, respectively). Moreover, haplotype analysis revealed that possessing allele A in both of the SNPs decreased the risk of aGvHD approximately 1.5-fold (RR 0.69, p = 0.008). Our data suggest that the CT60G>A[GG] genotype in the recipient has an impact on aGvHD development, especially in patients receiving transplants from unrelated donors together with the myeloablative conditioning regimen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00251-015-0840-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4427628PMC
June 2015

Mild chronic graft-versus-host disease may alleviate poor prognosis associated with FLT3 internal tandem duplication for adult acute myeloid leukemia following allogeneic stem cell transplantation with myeloablative conditioning in first complete remission: a retrospective study.

Eur J Haematol 2016 Mar 18;96(3):236-44. Epub 2015 May 18.

Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland.

Internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the FLT3 gene (Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3) is the most commonly found mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The significance of FLT3-ITD at diagnosis was retrospectively estimated for allo-HSCT (allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation) outcomes in 140 patients, median age of 38, undergoing allo-HSCT after myeloablative conditioning in first complete remission of AML. FLT3-ITD was detected at AML diagnosis in 42/140 (30%) of included into this study patients. At 3 years, relapse incidence (RI) following allo-HSCT in AML patients with intermediate or normal karyotype was significantly higher in those FLT3-ITD positive than FLT3-ITD negative [52.9 vs. 20.4%, P = 0.002]. Additionally, patients with mild chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) had significantly lower RI compared to patients with moderate or severe grade cGvHD or those not experiencing cGvHD, respectively, 4.8 vs. 36.0 vs. 27.8%, P = 0.032. FLT3-ITD was harboring a poor prognosis in AML with intermediate or normal karyotype and significantly increased risk of relapse following allo-HSCT. It appears that allo-HSCT does not cure patients with FLT3-ITD, unless they develop symptoms of mild cGvHD and graft versus leukemia, which may decrease RI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.12575DOI Listing
March 2016

Fungal colonization of the respiratory tract in allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients: a study of 573 transplanted patients.

Med Sci Monit 2015 Apr 24;21:1173-80. Epub 2015 Apr 24.

Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Fungal colonization and infections remain a major cause of infection morbidity and mortality following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with hematological malignancies. The aim of this study was to analyze the spectrum of fungal microflora of the respiratory tract (oral cavity, pharynx, epiglottis, and sputum) in patients undergoing HSCT and to evaluate the relationship between HSCT type and incidence of mycotic colonization and infections.

Material/methods: Retrospective analysis of fungal isolates collected from the respiratory tract (oral cavity, pharynx, epiglottis, and sputum) of 573 patients undergoing HSCT was performed.

Results: The overall rate of fungal colonization in patients undergoing HSCT was 8.7%. Patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT were statistically significantly more often colonized (12.95%) compared to autologous HSCT recipients (4.7%). Colonizing cultures were mainly C. albicans and C. krusei, and sporadically C. glabrata, C. famata, Aspergillus spp. and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. C. albicans was the most frequent species found in isolates from the pharynx, sputum, and oral cavity collected from patients undergoing HSCT. Aspergillosis was more common after allogeneic than after autologous HSCT. The pharynx was the most frequently colonized site.

Conclusions: Allogeneic HSCT recipients are more susceptible to fungal infections compared to the autologous group. Selection of species during prophylaxis and antifungal therapy requires developing more effective prevention and treatment strategies based on new antifungal drugs and microbe-specific diagnoses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.893267DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4423175PMC
April 2015

Safety and outcome of allogeneic stem cell transplantation in myelofibrosis.

Eur J Haematol 2016 Mar 6;96(3):222-8. Epub 2015 May 6.

Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Objectives: We evaluated the safety and outcome of allo-HSCTs in myelofibrosis (MF).

Methods: A total of 27 patients with primary (n = 20) or secondary (n = 7) MF, aged 51 (21-63) yr, transplanted from HLA-matched related (59%) or unrelated (41%) donors were analyzed. Conditioning was reduced in 26 and myeloablative in one patient; and ATG was used in 25. Sources of stem cells were as follows: peripheral blood (21), bone marrow (4) or both (2).

Results: Prognostic factors that adversely affected overall survival (OS) in the multivariate analysis were as follows: recipient age >45 yr (HR = 10.55, P = 0.025) and unrelated donor (HR=3.73, P = 0.026). Post-transplant transfusion dependence adversely affected OS in the univariate analysis: dependence from either both RBCs and platelets (HR = 33.26, P = 0.001) or from either of them (HR = 10.53, P = 0.043). Of 16 JAK2V617F-positive patients evaluated post-transplant, it was eradicated in 69% and decreased in 25%. Acute GVHD III-IV developed in 19% and extensive chronic GVHD in 26% of patients; the relapse in four patients was treated with second allo-HSCT. Spleen decreased in all evaluated patients (n = 24). Fibrotic changes improved or disappeared in 80% of evaluated patients (n = 10).

Conclusions: Allo-HSCT may prolong survival, provide disease regression and improve quality of life in MF, especially in patients ≤ 45 yr transplanted from matched related donors. Achieving transfusion independence post-transplant indicates the favorable outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.12572DOI Listing
March 2016

Pretransplant donor and recipient CTLA-4 mRNA and protein levels as a prognostic marker for aGvHD in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Immunol Lett 2015 May 1;165(1):52-9. Epub 2015 Apr 1.

Department of Experimental Therapy, L. Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology & Experimental Therapy, R Weigl St 12, Wroclaw 53-114, Poland.

Background: Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is an inhibitory T cells' receptor essential for maintaining T cell homeostasis and immunotolerance. The role of the co-stimulatory pathway in development of aGvHD has been studied mostly in animal models. To the best of our knowledge, there are no published data on the role of CTLA-4 in pathogenesis of aGvHD after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in humans. Therefore the aim of our study was to determine the association of CTLA-4 mRNA and proteins level in HSCT donor-recipient pairs, prior to and after HSCT, with aGvHD risk.

Methods: Total CTLA-4 mRNA level in 51 donor-recipient pairs prior to and 56 days after HSCT was determined using real time PCR techniques, while membrane (m) and cytoplasmic (c) CTLA-4 expression in CD3+ cells were measured by flow cytometry in 40 donor-recipient pairs at the same time points.

Results: We found an association between the risk of aGvHD and high pre-transplant CTLA-4 mRNA expression level both in recipients and in donors, stronger in recipients (OR=2.02, CI95% 1.39-3.01), and less pronounced in donors (OR=1.57, CI95% 1.18-2.0). Moreover, we showed that proportion of CD3+ cells positive for mCTLA-4 in recipients prior to HSCT positively correlated with increased risk of aGvHD (OR=1.175, CI95% 1.024-1.311, p=0.018).

Conclusion: Our results indicate that both donor and recipient CTLA-4 mRNA as well as recipient membrane protein expression levels measured before transplantation may be considered as prognostic factors for aGvHD development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imlet.2015.03.011DOI Listing
May 2015

Role of Donor Activating KIR-HLA Ligand-Mediated NK Cell Education Status in Control of Malignancy in Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2015 May 21;21(5):829-39. Epub 2015 Jan 21.

Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland.

Some cancers treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are sensitive to natural killer cell (NK) reactivity. NK function depends on activating and inhibitory receptors and is modified by NK education/licensing effect and mediated by coexpression of inhibitory killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and its corresponding HLA I ligand. We assessed activating KIR (aKIR)-based HLA I-dependent education capacity in donor NKs in 285 patients with hematological malignancies after HSCT from unrelated donors. We found significantly adverse progression-free survival (PFS) and time to progression (TTP) in patients who received transplant from donors with NKs educated by C1:KIR2DS2/3, C2:KIR2DS1, or Bw4:KIR3DS1 pairs (for PFS: hazard ratio [HR], 1.70; P = .0020, Pcorr = .0039; HR, 1.54; P = .020, Pcorr = .039; HR, 1.51; P = .020, Pcorr = .040; and for TTP: HR, 1.82; P = .049, Pcorr = .096; HR, 1.72; P = .096, Pcorr = .18; and HR, 1.65; P = .11, Pcorr = .20, respectively). Reduced PFS and TTP were significantly dependent on the number of aKIR-based education systems in donors (HR, 1.36; P = .00031, Pcorr = .00062; and HR, 1.43; P = .019, Pcorr = .038). Furthermore, the PFS and TTP were strongly adverse in patients with missing HLA ligand cognate with educating aKIR-HLA pair in donor (HR, 3.25; P = .00022, Pcorr = .00045; and HR, 3.82; P = .027, Pcorr = .054). Together, these data suggest important qualitative and quantitative role of donor NK education via aKIR-cognate HLA ligand pairs in the outcome of HSCT. Avoiding the selection of transplant donors with high numbers of aKIR-HLA-based education systems, especially for recipients with missing cognate ligand, is advisable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.01.018DOI Listing
May 2015

Coexistence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and myeloproliferative neoplasm.

Case Rep Oncol Med 2014 2;2014:512928. Epub 2014 Sep 2.

Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Medical University of Silesia, Dabrowskiego 25, 40-032 Katowice, Poland.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia in the Western world. Host immune surveillance caused mainly by the disease itself is speculated to be responsible for high incidence of secondary neoplasms. However, the simultaneous occurrence of CLL and myeloproliferative disorder in the same patient is extremely rare. In the present report, a case of an 81-year-old man who was diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and concomitant essential thrombocythemia is presented. We describe the morphologic, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular findings in this patient. We also review the current literature.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/512928DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4166643PMC
September 2014

Donor NK cell licensing in control of malignancy in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients.

Am J Hematol 2014 Oct 27;89(10):E176-83. Epub 2014 Aug 27.

Department of Immunogenetics, Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw.

Among cancers treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), some are sensitive to natural killer (NK) cell reactivity, described as the "missing self" recognition effect. However, this model disregarded the NK cell licensing effect, which highly increases the NK cell reactivity against tumor and is dependent on the coexpression of inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (iKIR) and its corresponding HLA Class I ligand. We assessed clinical data, HLA and donor iKIR genotyping in 283 patients with myelo- and lymphoproliferative malignancies who underwent HSCT from unrelated donors. We found dramatically reduced overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), and time to progression (TTP) among patients with malignant diseases with the lack of HLA ligand cognate with this iKIR involved in NK cell licensing in corresponding donor (events 83.3% vs. 39.8%, P = 0.0010; 91.6% vs. 47.7%, P = 0.00010; and 30.0% vs. 17.3%, P = 0.013, for OS, PFS, and TTP, respectively). The extremely adverse PFS have withstand the correction when patient group was restricted to HLA mismatched donor-recipient pairs. The incidence of aGvHD was comparable in two groups of patients. In malignant patients after HSCT the missing HLA ligand for iKIR involved in NK cell licensing in corresponding donor ("missing licensing proof") induced extremely adverse survival of the patients due to the progression of malignancy and not to the aGvHD. Avoiding the selection of HSCT donors with the "missing licensing proof" in the malignant patient is strongly advisable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.23802DOI Listing
October 2014

NOD2/CARD15 single nucleotide polymorphism 13 (3020insC) is associated with risk of sepsis and single nucleotide polymorphism 8 (2104C>T) with herpes viruses reactivation in patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2014 Mar 15;20(3):409-14. Epub 2013 Dec 15.

Lower Silesian Center for Cellular Transplantation with National Bone Marrow Donor Registry, Wroclaw, Poland.

Three NOD2 polymorphisms (single nucleotide polymorphism [SNP]8 [2104C>T, Arg702Trp], SNP12 [2722G>C, Gly908Arg], and SNP13 [3020insC, Leu1007 fsins C]), identified as disease-associated variants in Crohn's disease, have recently been suggested as gene markers of the outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In the present multicenter study of 464 donor-recipient pairs, we focused on the effect of NOD2 mutation(s) on the risk of infections and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). The presence of SNP13 in recipients, donors, or both was more frequently seen in patients having sepsis than in those lacking sepsis (9 of 48 versus 33 of 386, P = .046). The presence of SNP8 (recipient and/or donor positive) was associated with a higher rate of Herpes viruses reactivation (17 of 21 versus 86 of 173, P = .007). In the SNP8-positive group, a trend for a higher rate of bacteremia well controlled by antibiotics was found (9 of 10 versus 47 of 81, P = .106). In contrast, the presence of SNP13 in recipient and/or donor resulted in a poor response to antibiotics (5 of 11 versus 9 of 10, P = .042). A statistically significant association between the presence of NOD2 SNPs and acute grade > II GVHD was found in a subgroup of HSCT patients who received transplants from unrelated donors with a myeloablative conditioning regimen that included antithymocyte globulin (ATG). In this subgroup of patients, donor positivity for any SNPs investigated (7 of 18 versus 17 of 113, P = .036) and, independently, only the presence of SNP8 (4 of 8 versus 20 of 123, P = .055) were associated with severe grade ≥ II aGVHD. In conclusion, SNP8 positivity in donors or recipients makes patients more prone to Herpes viruses reactivation and bacteremia but not to sepsis. Septic complications were associated with SNP13 polymorphism. SNP8 in donors constitutes a risk factor of severe aGVHD, but only if patients received transplants from unrelated donors and received ATG as part of a conditioning regimen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2013.12.558DOI Listing
March 2014

Comparision of benefits of early, delayed, and no administration of G-CSF after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in lymphoma patients.

Ann Transplant 2013 Jul 2;18:336-41. Epub 2013 Jul 2.

Hemato-Oncology Intensive Care Department, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Centre in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) is commonly used in the treatment of lymphoma patients. G-CSF is widely used to boost white blood cell recovery. However, there are no clear data indicating which strategy of using G-CSF provides the most benefit. The aim of our study was to compare 3 strategies of G-CSF administration: from day +1, from day +5, and no administration.

Material And Methods: Data from 211 patients treated at 3 centers were gathered retrospectively. The patients in the 3 analyzed groups were not different in regard to type of disease, age, sex, and number of CD34+ cells received.

Results: The 3 strategies of G-CSF dosage had very similar results. G-CSF boosted the recovery of white blood cells and shortened the time of neutropenia. However, there were no differences in confirmed infections and the duration of hospitalization after transplantation.

Conclusions: Our results question the use of G-CSF in a post-PBSCT setting, as it does not provide significant benefits in reducing the number of infections or shortening the duration of hospitalization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AOT.883965DOI Listing
July 2013

Multicenter analyses demonstrate significant clinical effects of minor histocompatibility antigens on GvHD and GvL after HLA-matched related and unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2013 Aug 10;19(8):1244-53. Epub 2013 Jun 10.

Laboratory for Translational Immunology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

The effect of minor H antigen mismatching on the occurrence of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and graft-versus-leukemia (GvL) after HLA-matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has mainly been demonstrated in single-center studies. Yet, the International Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics Workshops (IHIW) provide a collaborative platform to execute crucial large studies. In collaboration with 20 laboratories of the IHIW, the roles of 10 autosomal and 10 Y chromosome-encoded minor H antigens were investigated on GvHD and relapse incidence in 639 HLA-identical related donor (IRD) and 210 HLA-matched unrelated donor (MUD) HSCT recipients. Donor and recipient DNA samples were genotyped for the minor H antigens HA-1, HA-2, HA-3, HA-8, HB-1, ACC-1, ACC-2, SP110, PANE1, UGT2B17, and HY. The correlations with the primary outcomes GvHD (acute or chronic GvHD), survival, and relapse were statistically analyzed. The results of these multicenter analyses show that none of the HLA class I-restricted HY antigens were found to be associated with any of the primary outcomes. Interestingly, of the HLA class II-restricted HY antigens analyzed, HLA-DQ5 positive recipients showed a significantly increased GvHD-free survival in female-to-male HSCT compared with male-to-female HSCT (P = .013). Yet, analysis of the overall gender effect, thus independent of the known HY antigens, between the gender groups demonstrated an increased GvHD incidence in the female-to-male transplantations (P < .005) and a decreased GvHD-free survival in the female-to-male transplantations (P < .001). Of all autosomally encoded minor H antigens, only mismatching for the broadly expressed minor H antigen HA-8 increased the GvHD incidence in IRD HSCT (Hazard ratio [HR] = 5.28, P < .005), but not in MUD HSCT. Most striking was the influence of hematopoietic restricted minor H antigens on GvL as mismatching for hematopoietic minor H antigens correlated with lower relapse rates (P = .078), higher relapse-free survival (P = .029), and higher overall survival (P = .032) in recipients with GvHD, but not in those without GvHD. In conclusion, the significant GvHD effect of the broadly expressed minor H antigen HA-8 favors matching for HA-8 in IRD, but not in MUD, patient/donor pairs. The GvHD-GvL association demonstrating a significant lower relapse in hematopoietic minor H antigen mismatched patient/donor pairs underlines their clinical applicability for adoptive immunotherapy, enhancing the GvL effect in a GvHD controllable manner.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2013.06.001DOI Listing
August 2013

The Presence of Anti-HLA Antibodies before and after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cells Transplantation from HLA-Mismatched Unrelated Donors.

Bone Marrow Res 2012 24;2012:539825. Epub 2012 Oct 24.

Department of Hematology and BMT, Medical University of Silesia, Dabrowskiego 25, 40-032 Katowice, Poland.

Although anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies (anti-HLA Abs) are important factors responsible for graft rejection in solid organ transplantation and play a role in post-transfusion complications, their role in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has not been finally defined. Enormous polymorphism of HLA-genes, their immunogenicity and heterogeneity of antibodies, as well as the growing number of allo-HSCTs from partially HLA-mismatched donors, increase the probability that anti-HLA antibodies could be important factors responsible for the treatment outcomes. We have examined the incidence of anti-HLA antibodies in a group of 30 allo-HSCT recipients from HLA-mismatched unrelated donors. Anti-HLA Abs were identified in sera collected before and after allo-HSCT. We have used automated DynaChip assay utilizing microchips bearing purified class I and II HLA antigens for detection of anti-HLA Abs. We have detected anit-HLA antibodies against HLA-A, B, C, DR, DQ and DP, but no donor or recipient-specific anti-HLA Abs were detected in the studied group. The preliminary results indicate that anti-HLA antibodies are present before and after allo-HSCT in HLA-mismatched recipients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/539825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3488384PMC
November 2012