Publications by authors named "Mingjiong Zhao"

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Integrated systematic approach increase greenhouse tomato yield and reduce environmental losses.

J Environ Manage 2020 Jul 16;266:110569. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

College of Resources and Environment, Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Efficient Utilization of Soil and Fertilizer Resources, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716, China. Electronic address:

High input - high output greenhouse vegetable systems are responsible for nutrient surpluses and environmental losses. Integrated strategies that improve soil, crop and nutrient management are needed to ensure more sustainable production systems. We conducted a two-year field experiment to evaluate the potential of integrated soil-crop system management (ISSM) practices to improve the productivity and environmental outcomes from an intensive greenhouse tomato production system in the Yangtze River Basin, China. Four treatments were tested: i) farmers' practice (FP); ii) soil remediation (SR), where lime nitrogen with compost addition was the only management strategy; iii) a treatment that combined soil remediation with optimized crop planting density (SRCO), which increased planting density for improving crop yield; and iv) integrated soil-crop system management (ISSM), as a systematic integrated approach, which included the combined optimization of soil remediation, crop optimization, and nutrient management. In the integrated soil-crop system management treatment, nutrient management was optimized through adoption of the most appropriate type (formula) of fertilizer for the crop, rate and application timing of synthetic fertilizer, and by substituting poultry manure with compost. Our results indicated that the fruit yield of the integrated soil-crop system management treatment was 104 t ha, 13.4%-37.3% higher than that of the other three treatments. The mean reactive nitrogen loss (81.1 kg N ha) and the greenhouse gas emissions (6495 kg CO-eq ha) in the farmers' practice treatment were much higher than in the other three treatments (reactive nitrogen loss: 47.9-54.3 kg N ha; and greenhouse gas emissions: 4926-5468 kg CO-eq ha, respectively). The mean nitrogen and carbon footprints of the integrated soil-crop system management treatment were significantly lower than those of other treatments, as a result of both the lower fertilizer nitrogen use and the greater yield. This study indicates that integrated soil-crop system management could produce greater yields and increase net profit with reduced nitrogen inputs, whilst reducing the environmental cost associated with conventional farmers' practice in plastic-greenhouse vegetable production systems.
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July 2020