Publications by authors named "Minghao Yuan"

9 Publications

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Andrographolide: A review of its pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, toxicity and clinical trials and pharmaceutical researches.

Phytother Res 2021 Nov 24. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

State Key Laboratory of Southwestern Chinese Medicine Resources, School of Pharmacology, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.

Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall. ex Nees, a renowned herb medicine in China, is broadly utilized in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of cold and fever, sore throat, sore tongue, snake bite with its excellent functions of clearing heat and toxin, cooling blood and detumescence from times immemorial. Modern pharmacological research corroborates that andrographolide, the major ingredient in this traditional herb, is the fundamental material basis for its efficacy. As the main component of Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall. ex Nees, andrographolide reveals numerous therapeutic actions, such as antiinflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, antimicrobial, antihyperglycemic and so on. However, there are scarcely systematic summaries on the specific mechanism of disease treatment and pharmacokinetics. Moreover, it is also found that it possesses easily ignored security issues in clinical application, such as nephrotoxicity and reproductive toxicity. Thereby it should be kept a lookout over in clinical. Besides, the relationship between the efficacy and security issues of andrographolide should be investigated and evaluated scientifically. In this review, special emphasis is given to andrographolide, a multifunctional natural terpenoids, including its pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, toxicity and pharmaceutical researches. A brief overview of its clinical trials is also presented. This review intends to systematically and comprehensively summarize the current researches of andrographolide, which is of great significance for the development of andrographolide clinical products. Noteworthy, those un-cracked issues such as specific pharmacological mechanisms, security issues, as well as the bottleneck in clinical transformation, which detailed exploration and excavation are still not to be ignored before achieving integration into clinical practice. In addition, given that current extensive clinical data do not have sufficient rigor and documented details, more high-quality investigations in this field are needed to validate the efficacy and/or safety of many herbal products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.7324DOI Listing
November 2021

Role of mismatch repair in aging.

Int J Biol Sci 2021 21;17(14):3923-3935. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Chongqing Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Chongqing, 400013, China.

A common feature of aging is the accumulation of genetic damage throughout life. DNA damage can lead to genomic instability. Many diseases associated with premature aging are a result of increased accumulation of DNA damage. In order to minimize these damages, organisms have evolved a complex network of DNA repair mechanisms, including mismatch repair (MMR). In this review, we detail the effects of MMR on genomic instability and its role in aging emphasizing on the association between MMR and the other hallmarks of aging, serving to drive or amplify these mechanisms. These hallmarks include telomere attrition, epigenetic alterations, mitochondrial dysfunction, altered nutrient sensing and cell senescence. The close relationship between MMR and these markers may provide prevention and treatment strategies, to reduce the incidence of age-related diseases and promote the healthy aging of human beings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.64953DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8495402PMC
September 2021

Characteristics, sources and health risks assessment of VOCs in Zhengzhou, China during haze pollution season.

J Environ Sci (China) 2021 Oct 25;108:44-57. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Institute of Environmental Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China; School of Ecology and Environment, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China. Electronic address:

Zhengzhou is one of the most haze-polluted cities in Central China with high organic carbon emission, which accounts for 15%-20% of particulate matter (PM) in winter and causes significantly adverse health effects. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are the precursors of secondary PM and O formation. An investigation of characteristics, sources and health risks assessment of VOCs was carried out at the urban area of Zhengzhou from 1 to 31 December, 2019. The mean concentrations of total detected VOCs were 48.8 ± 23.0 ppbv. Alkanes (22.0 ± 10.4 ppbv), halocarbons (8.1 ± 3.9 ppbv) and aromatics (6.5 ± 3.9 ppbv) were the predominant VOC species, followed by alkenes (5.1 ± 3.3 ppbv), oxygenated VOCs (3.6 ± 1.8 ppbv), alkyne (3.5 ± 1.9, ppbv) and sulfide (0.5 ± 0.9 ppbv). The Positive Matrix Factorization model was used to identify and apportion VOCs sources. Five major sources of VOCs were identified as vehicular exhaust, industrial processes, combustion, fuel evaporation, and solvent use. The carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk values of species were calculated. The carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks of almost all air toxics increased during haze days. The total non-carcinogenic risks exceeded the acceptable ranges. Most VOC species posed no non-carcinogenic risk during three haze events. The carcinogenic risks of chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,2-dibromoethane, benzyl chloride, hexachloro-1,3-butadiene, benzene and naphthalene were above the acceptable level (1.0  ×  10) but below the tolerable risk level (1.0  ×  10). Industrial emission was the major contributor to non-carcinogenic, and solvent use was the major contributor to carcinogenic risks.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2021.01.035DOI Listing
October 2021

Research progress in the application of bile acid-drug conjugates: A "trojan horse" strategy.

Steroids 2021 09 26;173:108879. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

State Key Laboratory of Characteristic Chinese Medicine Resources in Southwest China, School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 611137, China. Electronic address:

Bile acid transporters are highly expressed in intestinal cells and hepatocytes, and they determine the uptake of drugs in cells by modulating cellular entry and exit. In order to improve the oral bioavailability of drugs and investigate the potential application prospects of drugs used to target cancer, numerous studies have adopted these transporters to identify prodrug strategies. Through the connection of covalent bonds between drugs and bile acids, the resulting bile acid-drug conjugates continue to be recognized as similar to natural unmodified bile acid and is translocated by the transporter. The present mini-review provides a brief summary of recent progress of the application of bile acid-drug conjugates based primarily on ASBT, NTCP, and OATP, with the hope of contributing to subsequent research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.steroids.2021.108879DOI Listing
September 2021

Self-Monitoring and Self-Delivery of Self-Assembled Fluorescent Nanoparticles in Cancer Therapy.

Int J Nanomedicine 2021 29;16:2487-2499. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Due to the shortcomings of nanocarriers, the development of carrier-free nanodelivery systems has attracted more and more attention in cancer treatment. However, there are few studies on carrier-free nanosystems that can simultaneously achieve monitoring functions. Here a multifunctional carrier-free nanosystem loaded with curcumin and irinotecan hydrochloride was established for the treatment and monitoring of gastric cancer.

Methods: In this study, an irinotecan hydrochloride-curcumin nanosystem in the early stage (the system is named SICN) was prepared. Based on the fluorescence of curcumin, flow cytometry, laser confocal microscopy, and zebrafish fluorescence imaging were used to study the monitoring function of SICN in vivo and in vitro. In addition, HGC-27 human gastric cancer cells were used to study SICN cytotoxicity.

Results: Flow cytometry and zebrafish fluorescence imaging monitoring results showed that the uptake of SICN was significantly higher than free curcumin, and the excretion rate was lower. SICN had higher accumulation and retention in cells and zebrafish. Laser confocal microscopy monitoring results showed that SICN was internalized into HGC-27 cells through multiple pathways, including macropinocytosis, caveolin, and clathrin-mediated and clathrin -independent endocytosis, and distributed intracellularly throughout the whole cytoplasm, including lysosomes and Golgi apparatus. In vitro cell experiments showed that SICN nanoparticles were more toxic than single components, and HGC-27 cells had more absorption and higher toxicity to nanoparticles under slightly acidic conditions.

Conclusion: SICN is a promising carrier-free nanoparticle, and the combination of two single-component therapies can exert a synergistic antitumor effect. When exposed to a tumor acidic environment, SICN showed stronger cytotoxicity due to charge conversion. More importantly, the nanoparticles' self-monitoring function has been developed, opening up new ideas for combined tumor therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S294279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8018427PMC
April 2021

Risk factors for and impact of poststroke pneumonia in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(12):e25213

Department of Neurology, Chongqing School.

Abstract: Poststroke pneumonia (PSP) is a common complication of stroke and an important cause of death following stroke. However, the treatment of PSP remains inadequate due to severe impairment to the respiratory system by PSP. Thus, it is crucial to focus on preventing PSP to improve the prognosis of patients with stroke.This prospective single-center Cohort study aimed to investigate the risk factors for pulmonary infection following an ischemic stroke and identify whether PSP significantly influences the prognosis of patients after stroke.Altogether, 451 patients who were treated for acute ischemic stroke in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University in China between April 2017 and April 2018 were enrolled. Clinical data from the patients from admission to 3 months after discharge were collected. PSP was the primary outcome and poor prognosis or death at 3 months following discharge was the secondary outcome observed in this study. We performed logistic regression analyses to identify the risk factors for PSP and test an association between pneumonia and poor prognosis or death after stroke.Our findings revealed the following risk factors for PSP: atrial fibrillation odds ratio (OR) = 2.884, 95% confidence intervals (CI) = 1.316-6.322), being bedridden (OR = 2.797, 95%CI = 1.322-5.921), subject to an invasive procedure (OR = 12.838, 95%CI = 6.296-26.178), massive cerebral infarction (OR = 3.994, 95%CI = 1.496-10.666), and dysphagia (OR = 2.441, 95%CI = 1.114-5.351). Pneumonia was a risk factor for poor prognosis (OR = 2.967, 95%CI = 1.273-6.915) and death (OR = 5.493, 95%CI = 1.825-16.53) after stroke.Hence, since pneumonia increases the risk of poor prognosis and death following acute ischemic stroke, preventing, and managing the risk factors for PSP may improve the prognosis and reduce the mortality after stroke.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000025213DOI Listing
March 2021

Self-assembled Camptothecin derivatives - Curcuminoids conjugate for combinatorial chemo-photodynamic therapy to enhance anti-tumor efficacy.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2021 Feb 13;215:112124. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Quantitative and Systems Biology program, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA. Electronic address:

Camptothecin (CPT), an alkaloid, was first discovered from plants and has potent anti-tumor activity. Since then, CPT analogs (namely Irinotecan and Topotecan) have been approved by the FDA for cancer treatments. Curcumin, on the other hand, is a widely used photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT) treatment. In our previous work, we have reported a straightforward strategy to construct a drug self-delivery system in which two-molecular species Irinotecan and Curcumin can self-assembly into a complex of ion pairs, namely ICN, through intermolecular non-covalent interactions. We found that ICN has slightly better chemotherapy efficacy than its individual components with much fewer side effects. In this paper, we aim to combine the chemotherapy and the PDT of ICN to further improve its anti-tumor performance. The efficient cellular uptake of ICNs was observed by confocal microscopy. Dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay was used to detect the generation of singlet oxygen species. We found that the cell viability was 9% with both chemotherapy and PDT, and 31% with chemotherapy alone for the case with an ICN concentration of 10 μM, which demonstrated that the anti-tumor efficacy against the HT-29 cancer cell line was enhanced substantially with the combination therapy strategy. The study with an in vivo mouse model has further verified that the chemo-PDT dual therapy can inhibit tumor growth by 84% and 18.8% comparing with the control group and the chemotherapy group, respectively. Our results demonstrated that the new strategy using self-assembly and carrier-free nanoparticles with their chemo-PDT dual therapy may provide new opportunities to develop future combinatorial therapy methods in treating cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2021.112124DOI Listing
February 2021

Characteristics, source apportionment and health risks of ambient VOCs during high ozone period at an urban site in central plain, China.

Chemosphere 2020 Jul 21;250:126283. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Research Institute of Environmental Science, College of Chemistry, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, China.

On 3rd to May 24, 2018, volatile organic compound (VOC) samples were collected four times a day by using stainless steel canisters at an urban site in Zhengzhou, China. The concentrations, compositions, sources, ozone (O) formation potential (OFP), and health risk assessment of VOCs were discussed based on the measurements of 103 VOC species. Results show that the average mixing ratio of VOCs was 29.11 ± 15.33 ppbv, and the dominant components comprised oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) and alkanes, followed by halocarbons, alkenes, aromatics, and a sulfide. Various groups of VOCs had typical diurnal variation characteristics. Alkenes, alkanes, and aromatics contributed most to the OFP. Five sources identified by the positive matrix factorization model revealed solvent utilization as the largest contributor, followed by industrial production, long-lived and secondary species, vehicular emission, and biogenic emission. Solvent utilization and vehicular emission were important sources to OFP. During O episode days, the mixing ratios of alkanes, alkenes, halocarbons, OVOCs, aromatics, and TVOCs decreased to varying degrees; the source contribution of solvent utilization decreased significantly while industrial production showed the opposite trend. VOC species and sources posed no non-carcinogenic risk while five species and all sources except for biogenic emission had carcinogenic risks to exposed population. Industrial emission was the largest contributor to both non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks. These results will help to provide some references for O pollution research and prevention and control of pollution sources.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126283DOI Listing
July 2020

Recent development of a refined multiple air pollutant emission inventory of vehicles in the Central Plains of China.

J Environ Sci (China) 2019 Oct 22;84:80-96. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Environmental Protection Monitoring Center Station of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou 450007, China.

Central Plains region of China, represented by Henan Province, is facing serious air pollution problems. Vehicular exhaust emissions had adverse impacts on the atmospheric environment. The first comprehensive and novel vehicle emission inventory for Henan Province using vehicle kilometers traveled, localized emission factors, and activity data at city-level was developed. Furthermore, 3 km × 3 km gridded emission and temporal variations were determined by using localized information. Results show that the total emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO), nitrogen oxides (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), particular matter with aerodynamic diameter < 10 μm (PM), aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 μm (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), VOCs-evaporation and ammonia in 2015 were 9.1, 533.4, 1190.7, 23.7, 21.6, 150.8, 31.5 and 10.4 Gg, respectively, and the emission intensities of the above pollutants were 0.05, 2.7, 6.0, 0.1, 0.1, 0.8, 0.2 and 0.05 g/km, respectively. Vehicles meeting the Primary China 1, China 3 and China 4 contributed 89.1%, 82.7%, 75.3%, 75.5%, 75.5%, 68.2%, 68.4% and 82.3% for SO, NO, CO, PM, PM, VOCs, VOCs-evaporation and ammonia emissions, respectively. Zhengzhou, Zhoukou, Nanyang, Luoyang, Shangqiu and Xinyang showed relatively higher emissions and contributed more than 50% of each pollutant. The spatial distribution indicated obvious characteristics of the road network, and high-level emission was concentrated in the downtown areas. Additionally, the ozone formation potential (OFP) based on the estimated speciated VOC emissions was 569.6 Gg in Henan Province. Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons were the main species of VOCs, whereas olefins contributed the largest proportion of OFP, with 42.2%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2019.04.010DOI Listing
October 2019
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