Publications by authors named "Ming-Xue Sun"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

BMSC-derived exosomes ameliorate sulfur mustard-induced acute lung injury by regulating the GPRC5A-YAP axis.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Lab of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Naval Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, China.

Sulfur mustard (SM) is a highly toxic chemical warfare agent that causes acute lung injury (ALI) and/or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). There are no effective therapeutic treatments or antidotes available currently to counteract its toxic effects. Our previous study shows that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) could exert therapeutic effects against SM-induced lung injury. In this study, we explored the therapeutic potential of BMSC-derived exosomes (BMSC-Exs) against ALI and the underlying mechanisms. ALI was induced in mice by injection of SM (30 mg/kg, sc) at their medial and dorsal surfaces. BMSC-Exs (20 μg/kg in 200 μL PBS, iv) were injected for a 5-day period after SM exposure. We showed that BMSC-Exs administration caused a protective effect against pulmonary edema. Using a lung epithelial cell barrier model, BMSC-Exs (10, 20, 40 μg) dose-dependently inhibited SM-induced cell apoptosis and promoted the recovery of epithelial barrier function by facilitating the expression and relocalization of junction proteins (E-cadherin, claudin-1, occludin, and ZO-1). We further demonstrated that BMSC-Exs protected against apoptosis and promoted the restoration of barrier function against SM through upregulating G protein-coupled receptor family C group 5 type A (GPRC5A), a retinoic acid target gene predominately expressed in the epithelial cells of the lung. Knockdown of GPRC5A reduced the antiapoptotic and barrier regeneration abilities of BMSC-Exs and diminished their therapeutic effects in vitro and in vivo. BMSC-Exs-caused upregulation of GPRC5A promoted the expression of Bcl-2 and junction proteins via regulating the YAP pathway. In summary, BMSC-Exs treatment exerts protective effects against SM-induced ALI by promoting alveolar epithelial barrier repair and may be an alternative approach to stem cell-based therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41401-021-00625-4DOI Listing
March 2021

Indole alkaloids from Gelsemium elegans.

Phytochemistry 2019 Jun 4;162:232-240. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Lab of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, China. Electronic address:

Five previously undescribed monoterpenoid indole alkaloids were isolated from the roots of Gelsemium elegans. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by HRESIMS, X-ray diffraction, ECD spectra, and molecular modeling. 19,20-Epoxyhumantenine is a humantenine-type alkaloid with an epoxypropyl group at the C-20 position, (4R)-19-oxo-gelsevirine N-oxide is a gelsemine-related alkaloid, and gelsedethenine is a gelsedine-type alkaloid with a butenyl group at the C-20 position. Moreover, 10,11-dimethoxy-N-demethoxy-gelsemamide is an open-loop indole alkaloid and 11-demethoxy-gelsemazonamide is an aromatic azo-linked dimeric indole alkaloid. Among the five alkaloids, (4R)-19-oxo-gelsevirine N-oxide and 10,11-dimethoxy-N-demethoxy-gelsemamide exhibited significant inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, with IC values of 6.18 ± 1.07 and 12.2 ± 1.02 μM, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2019.03.016DOI Listing
June 2019

A metal-free direct C (sp)-H cyanation reaction with cyanobenziodoxolones.

Org Biomol Chem 2018 03;16(11):1971-1975

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan University, Henan Engineering Research Center of Resource & Energy Recovery from Waste, Kaifeng 475004, P.R. China.

A metal-free protocol of direct C(sp)-H cyanation with cyanobenziodoxolones functioning as both cyanating reagents and oxidants was developed. Unactivated substrates, such as alkanes, ethers and tertiary amines, were thereby transformed to the corresponding nitriles in moderate to high yields. Mechanistic studies indicated that the cyanation proceeded with two potential pathways, which is highly dependent on the substrates: (1) a free radical case for alkanes and ethers and (2) an oxidative case for tertiary amines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8ob00173aDOI Listing
March 2018

Polydatin protects learning and memory impairments in a rat model of vascular dementia.

Phytomedicine 2012 Jun 4;19(8-9):677-81. Epub 2012 Apr 4.

Department of Diving Medicine, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Polydatin is one of the most common encountered stilbenes of nature and a key component of the Chinese herb Polygonum cuspidatum. This study is to investigate the effects of polydatin on learning and memory impairments induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats, as well as the potential mechanism. Both common carotid arteries and both vertebral arteries occlusion (four-vessel occlusion, 4-VO) induced severe cognitive deficits tested by water maze task, along with oxidative stress in hippocampus. Oral administration of polydatin for 30 days markedly attenuated cognitive deficits compared with the control (p < 0.05). Biochemical determination revealed that polydatin decreased the production of malondialdehyde (MDA) and significantly increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Additionally, polydatin effectively alleviated the injuries of cultured neurons induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). These results suggest that polydatin exhibit therapeutic potential for vascular dementia, which is most likely related, at least in part, to its anti-oxidant activity and the direct protection of neurons.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2012.03.002DOI Listing
June 2012

Anti-HIV activities of the compounds isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum and Polygonum multiflorum.

Planta Med 2010 Jun 28;76(9):889-92. Epub 2010 Jan 28.

Laboratory of Toxicology & Pharmacology, Faculty of Naval Medicine, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, P R China.

The 70 % EtOH extract of Polygonum cuspidatum showed inhibitory action against HIV-1-induced syncytium formation at non-cytotoxic concentrations in vitro with a 50 % effective concentration (EC(50)) of 13.94 +/- 3.41 microg/mL. Through bioactivity-guided fractionation, 20 phenolic compounds, including eight stilbenoids, were isolated from the roots of Polygonum cuspidatum, and their anti-HIV-1 activities were evaluated. Results showed that compounds 1, 13, 14, and 16 demonstrated fairly strong antiviral activity against HIV-1-induced cytopathic effects in C8166 lymphocytes at non-cytotoxic concentrations, with EC (50) values of 4.37 +/- 1.96 microg/mL, 19.97 +/- 5.09, 14.4 +/- 1.34 microg/mL, and 11.29 +/- 6.26 microg/mL and therapeutic index (TI) values of 8.12, > 10.02, > 13.89, and > 17.71, respectively. Other compounds showed either weak or no effects. Compound 6 also showed weak inhibition (153.42 +/- 19.25 microg/mL); however, it possesses very good water solubility and showed almost no cytotoxicity (> 2000 microg/mL), therefore achieving a fairly good TI (13.04). The activities of the two compounds (3 and 18) from Polygonum multiflorum were also assayed. The relationship between molecular structures and their bioactivities was also discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1240796DOI Listing
June 2010

5,7-Dimethoxy-isobenzofuran-1(3H)-one.

Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online 2009 Aug 15;65(Pt 9):o2146. Epub 2009 Aug 15.

The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(10)H(10)O(4), which has been isolated from rhizoma Polygonum Cuspidatum, a Chinese folk medicine, contains two crystallographically independent mol-ecules. The mol-ecules are essentially planar, with a maximum deviation of 0.061 (2) Å from the best planes. The crystal packing is stabilized by weak inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions, with a stacking direction of the mol-ecules parallel to [101].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S1600536809031183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2969903PMC
August 2009

[Preliminary studies on histological changes after repairing the facial nerve defect with acellular facial nerve].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2007 Dec;42(12):723-5

Department of Stomatology, General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100853, China.

Objective: To investigate the morphological changes after chemically extracted acellular nerve allografts transplant.

Methods: Seventy-two rabbits were divided into four groups. Acellular allografts of facial nerve were used in experimental group, and facial nerve autografts, acellular peroneal nerve allografts and peroneal nerve autografts respectively used in three control groups. The morphological changes after transplant were evaluated by modified trichrome staining, immunohistological staining and transmission electron microscope.

Results: The two facial nerve grafts showed numerous regenerated nerve fibers, vessels and as well as a spindle schwann cells arranged longitudinally. No significant difference was observed in the fiber number and myelin thickness between the two groups,while the two peroneal nerve groups showed poor regeneration 6 months after operation.

Conclusions: The facial nerve allografts showed more neurite regeneration six months after transplant, and the regenerated axons passed through the distal stoma and there were well revascularized and proliferated schwann cells in the grafts.
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December 2007

[Biological characterization of rabbit's articular chondrocytes by confluent culture in vitro].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2006 Jun;44(12):848-51

Orthopaedics Institute, General Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100853, China.

Objective: To obtain large amount of differentiated chondrocytes in vitro, examine and compare the biological characterization of rabbits' articular chondrocyte cultured in different density in vitvo.

Methods: From November 2001 to June 2004, articulate tissues were obtained from the joints of the adult rabbits. Chondrocytes were isolated from the cartilage tissue with type II collagenase digestion and cultured in DMEM/F-12 supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS). The chondrocytes were cultured with low density of monolayer culture and high density of confluent culture respectively. The differentiated phenotype was evaluated by histochemistry or immunohistochemistry.

Results: When chondrocytes cultured in monolayer and in low density, it proliferated rapidly during the three generations, but with the same time, dedifferentiation was also rapid. After the third passage, most of the passage cells lost the phenotype, and the proliferation also stagnated. While chondrocytes cultured in high density, dedifferentiation slowed down. And even the phenotypes of the dedifferentiated chondrocyte which were cultured in low density could reduced partly by followed high density culture.

Conclusions: Culture chondrocytes by high density in vitro can effectively maintain the differentiated phenotype of chondrocyte. It also keeps the proliferation character as monolayer culture. The dedifferentiated chondrocyte caused by many passages could redifferentiate partly. So it is indicated that confluent culture of original or expanded chondrocytes in high density is a better culture methods than culture in low density.
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June 2006

[Joint resurfacing using allograft chondrocytes embedded in alginate gel].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2006 Apr;86(13):886-90

Orthopedics Institute, General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100853, China.

Objective: To explore the feasibility of repairing the articular cartilage with allo-articular chondrocytes embedded in alginate gel.

Methods: Allo-articular chondrocytes were isolated from three adult New zealand rabbits. The cells were cultured in DMEM/F-12 supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Chondrocytes of 2nd - 3rd passage were harvested and were diluted to 5.0 x 10(7) cells/ml with 1.2% alginate. Then alginate gel was formed by 102 mM CaCl(2). The gels were cultured subsequently for 1 week and then transferred to the full-thickness defects in the femoral condyles of adult rabbits. In control group the defects were left untreated. The animals were sacrificed in the 3rd and 6th month after operation respectively. The specimens were decalcified with 50% formic acid. The histologic sections were stained with safranin O-fast green, hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and picric acid-Sirius red and immunohisto-stained for type II collagen and aggrecan. The repairing efficiency was evaluated according to Wakitani scoring.

Result: In the experiment group all 8 defects acquired repair, 7/8 were repaired with mature hyaline cartilage tissue, and 1/8 was with fibrocartilage tissue for less cell-gel inputted. The thick of repaired tissues were closed to the normal and the tissue integrated smoothly with cartilage around the defects. Safranin O staining of the matrix acted in accordance with the normal and immunostaining for type II collagen and aggrecan showed positive. Picric acid-Sirius red staining showed that the chondrocytes lined in lines and the collagen aligned like Gothic architecture structure by polarization microscopy. There was no evidence of residue of alginate and inflammation in 3rd month specimens and no obvious deterioration at 6th month. But in control group, only a small amount of fibrous, fibrocartilage, or hyaline-like tissue was seen on the surface of the defects. Wakitani scoring showed 1.75 points for the experiment group and 7.65 for the control group.

Conclusion: It is a promising way to repair the articular cartilage with homogeneous articular chondrocytes embedded in alginate gel.
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April 2006

[Influences of decellularization processes on immunogenicity of chemically acellular nerve allografts].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2006 Feb;44(4):275-8

Institute of Orthopaedics of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between immunogenicity and decellularization processes of chemically acellular nerve allografts.

Methods: Adult Sprague Dawley rats were used as nerve donors and adult male Wistar rats used as nerve recipient hosts. 25 mm nerve segments were excised from SD rats' sciatic nerves. The nerve segments were decellularized via an improved chemical decelluarization treatment as follows: (1) nerve segments were rinsed with cold sterile Ringer's solution; (2) stabilized by pinning the ends to a thin plastic support, and submerged in 4% Triton-100 solution 12 h; (3) soaked into 3% sodium deoxycholate for 12 h; (4) washed in distilled water for 6 h. The procedures were repeated once again. The acellular nerve allografts from SD rats were sterilized by gamma irradiation and implanted into Wistar rats subcutanously. The control group was implantation of fresh nerve allografts from SD rats. The immunogenicity of acellular nerve allograft was tested by immunohistochemical examination of the intensity of CD3(+), CD4(+) and CD8(+) cells that infiltrated the allografts. Ulnar nerve segments were obtained from forearms of dogs and decellularized according to above procedures. According as the decellularization times, The ulnar nerve segments were divided into three subgroups: in group I, group II and group III, the nerve segments were decellularized repeatedly two, three and four cycles respectively. Each ulnar nerve segment was subdivided into five portions from proximal to distal end. The degrees of decellularization, demyelination and basal lamina integrity of extracellular matrix scaffold were observed with microscope and assessed by a score system. The immunohistochemical staining of GAG was observed.

Results: The intensity of CD3(+), CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells that infiltrated the allografts was greatly lower in acellular nerves than in fresh nerves. The mild cell-mediated host-graft immunorejection in acellular nerves was observed. On the decellularization procedures, the cells were completely extracted from nerves in all groups, but the myelin sheath were partially existed, and the GAG was present in the basal membrane of myelin sheath. In the score of demyelination, there were no statistical differences between groups (P > 0.05). The statistical difference of basal lamina integrity scores between group I and group II, group I and group III were significant (P < 0.05). As increasing the times of process, the degrees of disintegrity of basal lamina was significantly enhanced.

Conclusions: Although decellularization processes significantly reduce the cell-mediated immunorejection of acellular nerve allografts, it can induce mild immunoreaction all the same, the antigen that responsible for immunogenicity may be the residual component of GAG in myelin sheath.
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February 2006

[The preparation, structure evaluation and preliminary application of biomimetic biphasic calcium phosphate scaffold].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2005 Jun;43(12):807-11

Institute Orthopeadics of People Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

Objective: To fabricate biomimetic biphasic calcium phosphate BCP ceramic scaffolds using three-dimensional (3D) gel-lamination technology and evaluated their structure with 3D parameters and related method.

Methods: Series two-dimensional images of femoral head's specimen of dogs were obtained by micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT). According to these images, porous biomimetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramic scaffolds with oriented trabecular structure were fabricated by three-dimensional (3D) gel-lamination technology. And then, the three-dimensional structure of the scaffolds were reconstructed by computer according to Micro-CT images of these scaffolds and evaluated by three-dimensional parameters. These parameters included bone volume fraction (BVF, BV/TV), bone surface/bone volume (BS/BV) ratio, trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular number (Tb.N), trabecular spacing (Tb.Sp) and structure model index (SMI). The biomechanical properties and biocompatibility of these scaffolds were also evaluated in the study. Six scaffolds, which were combined with BMCs (bone mesenchymal cells, BMCs), were planted into the bone defect of six dogs' femoral head respectively.

Results: There was no significant difference between trabecular samples and BCP scaffolds in BV/TV, Tb.Th, Tb.N, and Tb.Pf (P > 0.05). The trabecular system of the scaffold, which had some orientation, represented plate-like model. With a micro-porous porosity of 62%, the average compressive modulus and ultimate strength along the axis of the scaffolds reached (464.0 +/- 36.0) MPa and (5.6 +/- 0.8) MPa respectively. The results of animal test indicated that the trabeculae of these scaffolds were covered by a layer of new bone after 10 weeks of operation.

Conclusion: Porous BCP scaffolds have been produced with oriented microarchitectural features designed to facilitate vascular invasion and cellular attachment and with initial mechanical properties comparable to those of trabecular bone.
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June 2005

[An experimental study of demineralized bone matrix to repair bone defects as a scaffold of tissue engineering].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2003 Feb;25(1):32-5

Institute of Orthopedics, PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

Objective: To evaluate application of the sponge of demineralized bone matrix (SDBM) in tissue engineering of bone.

Methods: SDBM was prepared from long bone of rabbits. Bone marrow cells were flushed from the bone shaft of femurs of a two-month-old New Zealand white rabbit. After the cells were cultured for 9 days, the flasks were added into dexamethasone (10(-8) mol/L), beta-glycerophosphate sodium (10 mmol/L) and L-ascorbic acid (50 micrograms/ml). After 5 weeks, the cultured cells were collected and marked by 5-Bromo-2'-dexyouridine (BrdU). The grand sum of cells seeded on a piece of SDBM was about (4-6) x 10(6). The composites of cells and SDBM (tissue engineered chip, TEC) were implanted into muscles and bone defects of radius in rabbits. A standard procedure was applied to make a 10 mm long defect bilaterally in the radius of nine skeletally mature male New Zealand white rabbits. All of the 18 defects were randomly divided into three groups: group I, six defects were grafted by TEC; group II, six defects were grafted with SDBM alone; group III, six defects were empty.

Results: The results of radiographic and histological evaluation showed that all of the defects were repaired in group I and group II at 6 weeks, none of the defects was repaired in group III. The results of BrdU staining showed that the staining was positive in group I, but negative in group II. Biomechanical test showed that the compressive ultimate strength (CUS) of new bone in TEC implanted group was comparable with normal radius (P = 0.623) and in SDBM implanted group was significant lower than normal radius (P = 0.038).

Conclusions: The TEC can form cartilage and bone tissue in muscles and repair segmental bone defects. SDBM is a kind of effective natural scaffold in tissue engineering of bone.
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February 2003