Publications by authors named "Miko Komiya"

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NFAT indicates nucleocytoplasmic damped oscillation via its feedback modulator.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Sep 28;571:201-209. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Divison of Molecular and Vascular Biology, Institute of Resource Development and Analysis, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Cell signaling and the following gene regulation are tightly regulated to keep homeostasis. NF-κB is a famous key transcription factor for inflammatory cell regulations that obtain a closed feedback loop with IκB. Similarly, we show here, NFAT is also tightly regulated via its downstream target, down syndrome critical region (DSCR)-1. In primary cultured endothelium, either shear stress or VEGF treatment revealed quick NFAT1 nuclear localization following the DSCR-1 transactivation, which in turn induced NFAT1 cytoplasm sequestration. Interestingly, both NFAT and DSCR-1 can be competitive substrates for calcineurin phosphatase and DSCR-1 is known to unstable protein, which caused NFAT1-nucleocytoplasmic damped oscillation via sustained shear stress or VEGF stimulation in endothelial cell (EC)s. To understand the molecular mechanism underlying the NFAT1 oscillation, we built a mathematical model of spatiotemporal regulation of NFAT1 combined with calcineurin and DSCR-1. Theoretically, manipulation of DSCR-1 expression in simulation predicted that DSCR-1 reduction would cause nuclear retention of dephosphorylated NFAT1 and disappearance of NFAT1 oscillation. To confirm this in ECs, DSCR-1 knockdown analysis was performed. DSCR-1 reduction indeed increased dephosphorylated NFAT1 in both the nucleus and cytoplasm, which eventually led to nuclear retention of NFAT1. Taken together, these studies suggest that DSCR-1 is a responsible critical factor for NFAT1 nucleocytoplasmic oscillation in shear stress or VEGF treated ECs. Our mathematical model successfully reproduced the experimental observations of NFAT1 dynamics. Combined mathematical and experimental approaches would provide a quantitative understanding way for the spatiotemporal NFAT1 feedback system.
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September 2021