Publications by authors named "Miho Kawabe Matsukawa"

5 Publications

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Clinical efficacy of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for adult adrenoleukodystrophy.

Brain Commun 2020 14;2(1):fcz048. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.

Accumulated experience supports the efficacy of allogenic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in arresting the progression of childhood-onset cerebral form of adrenoleukodystrophy in early stages. For adulthood-onset cerebral form of adrenoleukodystrophy, however, there have been only a few reports on haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and the clinical efficacy and safety of that for adulthood-onset cerebral form of adrenoleukodystrophy remain to be established. To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, we conducted haematopoietic stem cell transplantation on 12 patients with adolescent-/adult-onset cerebral form/cerebello-brainstem form of adrenoleukodystrophy in a single-institution-based prospective study. Through careful prospective follow-up of 45 male adrenoleukodystrophy patients, we aimed to enrol patients with adolescent-/adult-onset cerebral form/cerebello-brainstem form of adrenoleukodystrophy at early stages. Indications for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation included cerebral form of adrenoleukodystrophy or cerebello-brainstem form of adrenoleukodystrophy with Loes scores up to 13, the presence of progressively enlarging white matter lesions and/or lesions with gadolinium enhancement on brain MRI. Clinical outcomes of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation were evaluated by the survival rate as well as by serial evaluation of clinical rating scale scores and neurological and MRI findings. Clinical courses of eight patients who did not undergo haematopoietic stem cell transplantation were also evaluated for comparison of the survival rate. All the patients who underwent haematopoietic stem cell transplantation survived to date with a median follow-up period of 28.6 months (4.2-125.3 months) without fatality. Neurological findings attributable to cerebral/cerebellar/brainstem lesions became stable or partially improved in all the patients. Gadolinium-enhanced brain lesions disappeared or became obscure within 3.5 months and the white matter lesions of MRI became stable or small. The median Loes scores before haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and at the last follow-up visit were 6.0 and 5.25, respectively. Of the eight patients who did not undergo haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, six patients died 69.1 months (median period; range 16.0-104.1 months) after the onset of the cerebral/cerebellar/brainstem lesions, confirming that the survival probability was significantly higher in patients with haematopoietic stem cell transplantation compared with that in patients without haematopoietic stem cell transplantation ( = 0.0089). The present study showed that haematopoietic stem cell transplantation was conducted safely and arrested the inflammatory demyelination in all the patients with adolescent-/adult-onset cerebral form/cerebello-brainstem form of adrenoleukodystrophy when haematopoietic stem cell transplantation was conducted in the early stages. Further studies are warranted to optimize the procedures of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for adolescent-/adult-onset cerebral form/cerebello-brainstem form of adrenoleukodystrophy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/braincomms/fcz048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7425345PMC
January 2020

[Acyclovir encephalopathy in a peritoneal dialysis patient despite adjusting the dose of oral acyclovir: a case report].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Dec 23;59(12):834-839. Epub 2019 Nov 23.

Department of Neurology, Toranomon Hospital Kajigaya.

We report a case of acyclovir encephalopathy in a 77-year-old man who was introduced to peritoneal dialysis three years earlier. He developed herpes zoster and was treated with acyclovir (ACV) at 800 mg daily per oral. Two days later, he developed consciousness disturbance, hallucinations and asterixis. Acyclovir was stopped and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) was switched to hemodialysis, which resulted in the resolution of his symptoms. Because the optimal dose of ACV varies among individuals depending on the bioavailability of ACV and metabolic enzyme activity, ACV encephalopathy can occur even when the acyclovir dose is modified according to the renal function of the affected patient. Because CAPD provides a poorer ACV clearance than hemodialysis, CAPD patients tend to have a higher risk of developing ACV encephalopathy and to recover more slowly. If CAPD patients develop ACV encephalopathy, a temporary change in the type of dialysis to hemodialysis should be considered.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001355DOI Listing
December 2019

Noncoding CGG repeat expansions in neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease, oculopharyngodistal myopathy and an overlapping disease.

Nat Genet 2019 08 22;51(8):1222-1232. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Department of Neurology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Noncoding repeat expansions cause various neuromuscular diseases, including myotonic dystrophies, fragile X tremor/ataxia syndrome, some spinocerebellar ataxias, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsies. Inspired by the striking similarities in the clinical and neuroimaging findings between neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) and fragile X tremor/ataxia syndrome caused by noncoding CGG repeat expansions in FMR1, we directly searched for repeat expansion mutations and identified noncoding CGG repeat expansions in NBPF19 (NOTCH2NLC) as the causative mutations for NIID. Further prompted by the similarities in the clinical and neuroimaging findings with NIID, we identified similar noncoding CGG repeat expansions in two other diseases: oculopharyngeal myopathy with leukoencephalopathy and oculopharyngodistal myopathy, in LOC642361/NUTM2B-AS1 and LRP12, respectively. These findings expand our knowledge of the clinical spectra of diseases caused by expansions of the same repeat motif, and further highlight how directly searching for expanded repeats can help identify mutations underlying diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41588-019-0458-zDOI Listing
August 2019

Optic neuropathy and decorticate-like posture as presenting symptoms of Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis: A case report and literature review.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 10 16;173:159-162. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

A 72-year-old woman with a 10-day history of bilateral visual impairment after respiratory tract infection showed decorticate-like posture and progressive deterioration of consciousness leading to coma. Ophthalmoplegia was also noted and anti-GQ1b antibodies were positive, consistent with Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis. After intravenous immunoglobulin and steroid pulse therapy, her consciousness gradually improved. However, severe visual impairment at the level of hand motion was noticed, which gradually normalized after second steroid pulse therapy. Atypical findings including optic neuropathy and decorticate-like posture can be seen in patients with Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis, and early diagnosis is essential for adequate management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2018.08.019DOI Listing
October 2018

Expansions of intronic TTTCA and TTTTA repeats in benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy.

Nat Genet 2018 04 5;50(4):581-590. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Epilepsy, Nishi-Niigata Chuo National Hospital, Niigata, Japan.

Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and mutations in genes encoding ion channels or neurotransmitter receptors are frequent causes of monogenic forms of epilepsy. Here we show that abnormal expansions of TTTCA and TTTTA repeats in intron 4 of SAMD12 cause benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME). Single-molecule, real-time sequencing of BAC clones and nanopore sequencing of genomic DNA identified two repeat configurations in SAMD12. Intriguingly, in two families with a clinical diagnosis of BAFME in which no repeat expansions in SAMD12 were observed, we identified similar expansions of TTTCA and TTTTA repeats in introns of TNRC6A and RAPGEF2, indicating that expansions of the same repeat motifs are involved in the pathogenesis of BAFME regardless of the genes in which the expanded repeats are located. This discovery that expansions of noncoding repeats lead to neuronal dysfunction responsible for myoclonic tremor and epilepsy extends the understanding of diseases with such repeat expansion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0067-2DOI Listing
April 2018