Publications by authors named "Mihai Alexandru Cordunianu"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Treatment of Knee Osteochondral Fractures.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Morphological Sciences, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, RO-020021 Bucharest, Romania.

Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) that are frequently encountered in skeletally immature and adult patients are more common than once thought, and their incidence rate is rising. These lesions can appear in many synovial joints of the body, such as the shoulder, elbow, hip, and ankle, occurring most often in the knee. The term osteochondral lesion includes a vast spectrum of pathologies such as osteochondritis dissecans, osteochondral defects, osteochondral fractures, and osteonecrosis of the subchondral bone. When considering this, the term osteochondral fracture is preserved only for an osteochondral defect that combines disruption of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone. These fractures commonly occur after sports practice and are associated with acute lateral patellar dislocations. Many of these lesions are initially diagnosed by plain radiographs; however, a computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can add significant value to the diagnosis and treatment. Treatment methods may vary depending on the location and size of the fracture, fragment instability, and skeletal maturity. The paper reports a 14-year-old boy case with an osteochondral fracture due to sports trauma. The medical approach involved an arthrotomy of the knee, drainage of the hematoma, two Kirschner wires (K-wires) for temporary fixation to restructure anatomic alignment, and a titanium Herbert screw fixing the fracture permanently. The patient had a favorable postoperative outcome with no residual pain, adequate knee stability, and a normal range of motion. The mobility of the knee was fully recovered.
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June 2022

Quality of life and tracheostomy influence in successfully treated hypopharyngeal cancer: A case report.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Mar 5;23(3):195. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Medicine Doctoral School, Titu Maiorescu University, 040317 Bucharest, Romania.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hypopharynx is associated with the worst prognosis of all squamous cell cancer types of the head and neck, with a rich submucosal lymphatic network and a significant inferior extent. Generally, cancers of the head and neck have a big impact on the quality of life (QoL) in patients, both before and after treatment, due to the fact that most cases are diagnosed in advanced stages, with lymph node metastases and have an aggressive pattern associated with low survival rates. The present case report aimed to see the evolution of a patient successfully treated for hypopharyngeal cancer with conservation therapies from the QoL perspective and the influence made by the presence of tracheostomy. Variables, including clinical parameters (sex, age, TNM classification, performance status, histological type and tumor subsite), local control, QoL, Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 score and overall survival were assessed, according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th edition, for a 58-year-old patient treated with conservation therapies and tracheostomy in a tertiary center. Subjective features measured through the QoL questionnaire had scores with lowering tendencies during the treatment period. The patient was provided with early training for tracheostomy care and early discharge education. The following objective features of treatment response were exhibited: Hemoglobin levels, leukocyte count, tumor size, imagistic evaluations and local control to confirm treatment response. It is essential when planning the treatment of aggressive and rare pathologies, such as hypopharyngeal cancer, to consider the QoL and patient choice for better adherence. Overall, the results demonstrated that the initial requirement for emergency tracheostomy was not associated with any ulterior complications and did not influence the end result of the treatment.
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March 2022