Miguel A Hernan

Miguel A Hernan

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Miguel A Hernan

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On the Relation Between G-formula and Inverse Probability Weighting Estimators for Generalizing Trial Results.

Epidemiology 2019 Nov;30(6):807-812

From the Center for Evidence Synthesis in Health, Brown University, Providence, RI.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000001097DOI Listing
November 2019

Estimating the Effect of Preventive Services With Databases of Administrative Claims: Reasons to Be Concerned.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Oct;188(10):1764-1767

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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https://academic.oup.com/aje/article/188/10/1764/5380610
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwz049DOI Listing
October 2019

Win-win: Reconciling Social Epidemiology and Causal Inference.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Oct 3. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwz158DOI Listing
October 2019

Avoidable flaws in observational analyses: an application to statins and cancer.

Nat Med 2019 Oct 7. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41591-019-0597-xDOI Listing
October 2019

Interval-cohort designs and bias in the estimation of per-protocol effects: a simulation study.

Trials 2019 Sep 5;20(1):552. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3577-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6729016PMC
September 2019

Win-win: Reconciling Social Epidemiology and Causal Inference.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Sep 30. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwz201DOI Listing
September 2019

Weight gain after smoking cessation and lifestyle strategies to reduce it.

Epidemiology 2019 Sep 26. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000001106DOI Listing
September 2019

Extending inferences from a randomized trial to a target population.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Aug 19;34(8):719-722. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00533-2DOI Listing
August 2019

Generalizing causal inferences from individuals in randomized trials to all trial-eligible individuals.

Biometrics 2019 06 21;75(2):685-694. Epub 2019 Jun 21.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/biom.13009DOI Listing
June 2019

The Effect of the Opioid Epidemic on Donation After Circulatory Death Transplantation Outcomes.

Transplantation 2019 May;103(5):973-979

Division of Transplantation/Hepatobiliary Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000002467DOI Listing
May 2019

Guideline-Based Physical Activity and Survival Among US Men With Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Mar;188(3):579-586

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwy261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395165PMC
March 2019

The meaning of confounding adjustment in the presence of multiple versions of treatment: an application to organ transplantation.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Mar 23;34(3):225-233. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00484-8DOI Listing
March 2019

Patients and investigators prefer measures of absolute risk in subgroups for pragmatic randomized trials.

J Clin Epidemiol 2018 11 30;103:10-21. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA 02139, USA.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08954356173089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2018.06.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175611PMC
November 2018

The challenging interpretation of instrumental variable estimates under monotonicity.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 08;47(4):1289-1297

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124612PMC
August 2018

Causal null hypotheses of sustained treatment strategies: What can be tested with an instrumental variable?

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Aug 2;33(8):723-728. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0396-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6061140PMC
August 2018

Inverse probability weighted estimation of risk under representative interventions in observational studies.

J Am Stat Assoc 2019 10;114(526):938-947. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Epidemiology, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01621459.2018.1469993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6764781PMC
August 2018

Association of Statin Use With Overall and Cancer Survival-Reply.

JAMA Oncol 2018 07;4(7):1016-1017

Harvard T.H. Chan Schoool of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://oncology.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.0736DOI Listing
July 2018

Comparing the Effectiveness of Dynamic Treatment Strategies Using Electronic Health Records: An Application of the Parametric g-Formula to Anemia Management Strategies.

Health Serv Res 2018 06 30;53(3):1900-1918. Epub 2017 May 30.

Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.12718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5980367PMC
June 2018

Long-Term Effectiveness of Sigmoidoscopy Screening on Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Women and Men: A Randomized Trial.

Ann Intern Med 2018 06 24;168(11):775-782. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

University of Oslo Institute of Clinical Medicine and Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway, and Telemark Hospital, Skien, Norway (G.H.).

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http://annals.org/article.aspx?doi=10.7326/M17-1441
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M17-1441DOI Listing
June 2018

Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet Supplemented with Extra-Virgin Olive Oil or Nuts.

N Engl J Med 2018 Jun 13;378(25):e34. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

From the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) Network (RD 06/0045) (R.E., J.S.-S., F.A., E.G.-G., V.R.-G., R.M.L.-R., L.S.-M., X.P., J.B., J.V.S., J.A.M., M.A.M.-G.) and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (R.E., E.R., J.S.-S., M.-I.C., D.C., F.A., M. Fiol, J.L., R.M.L.-R., L.S.-M., X.P., J.B., J.V.S., J.A.M., M. Fitó, A.G., M.A.M.-G.), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, the Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic (R.E.), the Lipid Clinic, Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (E.R.), and the Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences, and Gastronomy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Xarxa de Referència en Tecnologia dels Aliments, Instituto de Investigación en Nutrición y Seguridad Alimentaria (R.M.L.-R.), University of Barcelona, Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (M.-I.C., M. Fitó), the Lipids and Vascular Risk Unit, Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge, Hospitalet de Llobregat (X.P.), and the Primary Care Division, Catalan Institute of Health, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària (IDIAP)-Jordi Gol (M.A.M.), Barcelona, the Human Nutrition Department, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan, Institut d'Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus (J.S.-S.), the Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Valencia (D.C., J.V.S.), and the Primary Care Division, Valencia Institute of Health (J.V.S.), Valencia, the Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Álava, Vitoria (F.A.), the Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Malaga, Malaga (E.G.-G.), Instituto de la Grasa, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (V.R.-G.), and the Department of Family Medicine, Primary Care Division of Sevilla, San Pablo Health Center (J.L.), Seville, the Institute of Health Sciences, University of the Balearic Islands, and Hospital Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca (M. Fiol), the Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Instituto Universitario de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas (L.S.-M.), the Primary Care Division, Catalan Institute of Health, IDIAP-Jordi Gol, Tarragona-Reus (J.B.), and the Departments of Nutrition and Food Sciences and Physiology (J.A.M.) and Preventive Medicine and Public Health (A.G., M.A.M.-G.), University of Navarra, Pamplona - all in Spain; and the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics (M.A.H.) and Nutrition (M.A.M.-G.), Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology (M.A.H.), Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1800389DOI Listing
June 2018

The C-Word: Scientific Euphemisms Do Not Improve Causal Inference From Observational Data.

Authors:
Miguel A Hernán

Am J Public Health 2018 05 22;108(5):616-619. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Miguel A. Hernán is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, and the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2018.30433
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304337DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5888052PMC
May 2018

Assessment of recording bias in pregnancy studies using health care databases: An application to neurologic conditions.

Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2018 05 22;32(3):281-286. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ppe.12459
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5980700PMC
May 2018

Electronic medical records can be used to emulate target trials of sustained treatment strategies.

J Clin Epidemiol 2018 04;96:12-22

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Biostatistics, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.11.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5847447PMC
April 2018

Cautions as Regulators Move to End Exclusive Reliance on Intention to Treat.

Ann Intern Med 2018 04 20;168(7):515-516. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland (D.S.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M17-3354DOI Listing
April 2018

Improved adherence adjustment in the Coronary Drug Project.

Trials 2018 Mar 5;19(1):158. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Suite 911, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2519-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5836455PMC
March 2018

Using Observational Data to Calibrate Simulation Models.

Med Decis Making 2018 02 15;38(2):212-224. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA (EJM, JMR, GRS, SL, MAH).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272989X17738753DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5771959PMC
February 2018

How to estimate the effect of treatment duration on survival outcomes using observational data.

Authors:
Miguel A Hernán

BMJ 2018 02 1;360:k182. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k182DOI Listing
February 2018

Examining Bias in Studies of Statin Treatment and Survival in Patients With Cancer.

JAMA Oncol 2018 Jan;4(1):63-70

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2017.2752DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5790310PMC
January 2018

Effect of Immediate Initiation of Antiretroviral Treatment in HIV-Positive Individuals Aged 50 Years or Older.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2017 11;76(3):311-318

1Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; 2Sorbonne Universités, INSERM, UPMC Univ Paris 06, Institut Pierre Louis d'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), Paris, France; 3Institute of Global Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom; 4Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; 5CIBERESP, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; 6AP-HP, Hôpital Antoine Béclère, Service de Médecine Interne, Clamart, France; 7Stichting HIV Monitoring, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 8Academic Medical Centre, Department of Global Health and Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 9Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 10Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain; 11Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 12Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; 13Infectious Disease Department, Hospital Parc Tauli, Sabadell, Spain; 14Hospital Clinic-IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain; 15Division of Infectious Diseases, Patras University Hospital, Patras, Greece; 16Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 17Université de Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U1219-Epidemiologie-Biostatistique, Bordeaux, France; 18Centre INSERM U1219- Centre Inserm Epidémiologie et Biostatistique, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; 19Department of Internal Medicine, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France; 20Université Paris Sud, UMR 1018, le Kremlin Bicêtre, Paris, France; 21Inserm, UMR 1018, le Kremlin Bicêtre, Paris, France; 22AP-HP, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Service de Santé Publique, le Kremlin Bicêtre, Paris, France; 23Southern Alberta Clinic, Calgary, AB, Canada; 24Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; 25Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; 26Programa de Computação Científica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; 27Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain; 28Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven; 29VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT; 30Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston; and 31Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5704899PMC
November 2017

Per-Protocol Analyses of Pragmatic Trials.

N Engl J Med 2017 10;377(14):1391-1398

From the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (M.A.H., J.M.R.), and the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology (M.A.H.), Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsm1605385DOI Listing
October 2017

Nature as a Trialist?: Deconstructing the Analogy Between Mendelian Randomization and Randomized Trials.

Epidemiology 2017 09;28(5):653-659

From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; bDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; cDepartment of Child and Adult Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; dDepartment of Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; eDepartment of Biostatistics, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; and fHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000000699DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5552969PMC
September 2017

The Authors Respond.

Epidemiology 2017 07;28(4):e41

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000000662DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5463576PMC
July 2017

The value of explicitly emulating a target trial when using real world evidence: an application to colorectal cancer screening.

Eur J Epidemiol 2017 06 26;32(6):495-500. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-017-0287-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759953PMC
June 2017

Screening Colonoscopy to Prevent Colorectal Cancer Among Medicare Beneficiaries Aged 70 to 79 Years.

Ann Intern Med 2017 05;166(10):758-759

From Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Mongan Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Mongan Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/L17-0138DOI Listing
May 2017

Effectiveness of Screening Colonoscopy to Prevent Colorectal Cancer Among Medicare Beneficiaries Aged 70 to 79 Years: A Prospective Observational Study.

Ann Intern Med 2017 Jan 27;166(1):18-26. Epub 2016 Sep 27.

From Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts; and University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M16-0758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5417337PMC
January 2017

Biases in Randomized Trials: A Conversation Between Trialists and Epidemiologists.

Epidemiology 2017 01;28(1):54-59

From the aDepartment of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; bSchool of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom; cDepartments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; and dHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000000564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5130591PMC
January 2017

Smoking cessation and long-term weight gain in the Framingham Heart Study: an application of the parametric g-formula for a continuous outcome.

Eur J Epidemiol 2016 12 4;31(12):1223-1229. Epub 2016 Oct 4.

Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-016-0200-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759957PMC
December 2016

Specifying a target trial prevents immortal time bias and other self-inflicted injuries in observational analyses.

J Clin Epidemiol 2016 11 27;79:70-75. Epub 2016 May 27.

Centre for Clinical Epidemiology, Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, 3755 Côte Ste-Catherine Road, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.04.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5124536PMC
November 2016

The per-protocol effect of immediate versus deferred antiretroviral therapy initiation.

AIDS 2016 11;30(17):2659-2663

aDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts bDivision of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA cDepartment of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, København, Denmark dResearch Department of Infection & Population Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom eDepartment of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina fInfectious Disease Clinical Research Program, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences gHenry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA hMedical Research Council, Clinical Trials Unit in University College London, London, United Kingdom iUniversity of Wuerzburg Medical Center, Würzburg, Germany jThe Kirby Institute, Sydney, Australia kDepartment of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health lHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000001243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5339063PMC
November 2016

Does water kill? A call for less casual causal inferences.

Authors:
Miguel A Hernán

Ann Epidemiol 2016 10 31;26(10):674-680. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2016.08.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5207342PMC
October 2016

Adherence adjustment in the Coronary Drug Project: A call for better per-protocol effect estimates in randomized trials.

Clin Trials 2016 08 7;13(4):372-8. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1740774516634335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4942353PMC
August 2016

Population-Based Colonoscopy Screening for Colorectal Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Intern Med 2016 07;176(7):894-902

Department of Health Management and Health Economy, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway2Department of Transplantation Medicine and KG Jebsen Center for Colorectal Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway 3Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.0960DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5333856PMC
July 2016

When to Monitor CD4 Cell Count and HIV RNA to Reduce Mortality and AIDS-Defining Illness in Virologically Suppressed HIV-Positive Persons on Antiretroviral Therapy in High-Income Countries: A Prospective Observational Study.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2016 Jun;72(2):214-21

1Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; 2University College London, London, United Kingdom; 3Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; 4Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), Paris, France; 5Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hopital Antoine Béclère, Service de Médecine Interne, Clamart, France; 6University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; 7Université Paris Sud, INSERM CESP U1018, and AP-HP, Hopital de Bicêtre, Service de Santé Publique, le Kremlin Bicêtre, France; 8Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 9Bordeaux University, ISPED, INSERM U897 CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; 10INSERM U897, Centre Inserm Epidémiologie et Biostatistique, Université de Bordeaux, and Department of Internal Medicine, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France; 11School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; 12Stichting HIV Monitoring, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Academic Medical Center, Department of Global Health and Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Amsterdam, and Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, Amsterdam, Netherlands; 13Stichting HIV Monitoring, Amsterdam, Netherlands; 14Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; 15National Centre of Epidemiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; 16Ramón y Cajal Hospital, IRYCIS, Madrid, Spain, University of Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain; 17Positive Health Program, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA; 18Servei de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Badalona, Spain; 19Fenway Health, Boston, MA; 20Hospital Universitari d

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June 2016

The continuing uncertainty about cancer risk in inflammatory bowel disease.

Gut 2016 06 23;65(6):889-93. Epub 2016 Mar 23.

Department of Medicine Solna, Clinical Epidemiology Unit T2, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

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June 2016

Atazanavir exposure in utero and neurodevelopment in infants: a comparative safety study.

AIDS 2016 05;30(8):1267-78

aHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts bDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California cNational Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland dUniversity of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois eTulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana fHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4851579PMC
May 2016

Potential Biases in Estimating Absolute and Relative Case-Fatality Risks during Outbreaks.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2015 16;9(7):e0003846. Epub 2015 Jul 16.

Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America; Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4504518PMC
April 2016

Gout and the risk of Alzheimer's disease: a population-based, BMI-matched cohort study.

Ann Rheum Dis 2016 Mar 4;75(3):547-51. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-206917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4560667PMC
March 2016

Weight Loss and Coronary Heart Disease: Sensitivity Analysis for Unmeasured Confounding by Undiagnosed Disease.

Epidemiology 2016 Mar;27(2):302-10

From the aDepartment of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; bDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; cDepartment of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; dDepartment of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA; eChanning Laboratory, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; fDivision of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and gHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000000428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5177988PMC
March 2016

Infective endocarditis and cancer in the elderly.

Eur J Epidemiol 2016 Jan 18;31(1):41-9. Epub 2015 Dec 18.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-015-0111-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5354127PMC
January 2016

CD4+ and viral load outcomes of antiretroviral therapy switch strategies after virologic failure of combination antiretroviral therapy in perinatally HIV-infected youth in the United States.

AIDS 2015 Oct;29(16):2109-19

aWits Reproductive Health & HIV Institute (WRHI), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa bDepartment of Epidemiology, Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research (CBAR), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts cTulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana dEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland eHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts fJohns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland gJacobi Medical Center/Family Based Services, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000000809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4612147PMC
October 2015

Major declines in epoetin dosing after prospective payment system based on dialysis facility organizational status.

Am J Nephrol 2014 10;40(6):554-60. Epub 2015 Jan 10.

Medical Technology and Practice Patterns Institute, Bethesda, Md., USA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4465293PMC
September 2015

Methods to Estimate the Comparative Effectiveness of Clinical Strategies that Administer the Same Intervention at Different Times.

Curr Epidemiol Rep 2015 Sep 24;2(3):149-161. Epub 2015 Jul 24.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA ; Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA ; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40471-015-0045-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4646164PMC
September 2015

A good deal of humility: Cochran on observational studies.

Authors:
Miguel A Hernán

Obs Stud 2015 Aug 13;2015(7):194-195. Epub 2015 Oct 13.

Department of Epidemiology and Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Boston, MA 02115, USA.

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August 2015

Discussion of "On Bayesian estimation of marginal structural models".

Biometrics 2015 Jun 4;71(2):296-9. Epub 2015 Feb 4.

Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15213, U.S.A.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4667748PMC
June 2015

Why post-progression survival and post-relapse survival are not appropriate measures of efficacy in cancer randomized clinical trials.

Int J Cancer 2015 May 3;136(10):2444-7. Epub 2014 Nov 3.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4355231PMC
May 2015

Definition and evaluation of the monotonicity condition for preference-based instruments.

Epidemiology 2015 May;26(3):414-20

From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; bDepartment of Health Science, Northeastern University, Boston, MA; cDepartment of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; and dHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000000279DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4669963PMC
May 2015

Should patients with chronic disease be told to gain weight? The obesity paradox and selection bias.

Am J Med 2015 Apr 22;128(4):334-6. Epub 2014 Nov 22.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass; Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Mass.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.10.043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4495879PMC
April 2015

Author response.

Neurology 2015 Feb;84(6):632-3

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February 2015

Ensemble learning of inverse probability weights for marginal structural modeling in large observational datasets.

Stat Med 2015 Jan 15;34(1):106-17. Epub 2014 Oct 15.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, U.S.A.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sim.6322DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4262745PMC
January 2015

Evaluation of the duplication of staging CT scans for localized colon cancer in a Medicare population.

Med Care 2014 Nov;52(11):963-8

*Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health †Dana Farber Cancer Institute ‡Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health §Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0000000000000231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4197077PMC
November 2014

Effect of flexible sigmoidoscopy screening on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality: a randomized clinical trial.

JAMA 2014 Aug;312(6):606-15

Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway7Telemark Hospital Skien, Skien, Norway13Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4495882PMC
August 2014

Commentary: A structural approach to Berkson's fallacy and a guide to a history of opinions about it.

Int J Epidemiol 2014 Apr 28;43(2):515-21. Epub 2014 Feb 28.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Queens College, City University of New York, New York, USA, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA, Department of Epidemiology, Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA and Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyu026DOI Listing
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April 2014

Comparative effectiveness of two anemia management strategies for complex elderly dialysis patients.

Med Care 2014 Mar;52 Suppl 3:S132-9

*Medical Technology and Practice Patterns Institute (MTPPI), Bethesda, MD †VA NY Harbor Healthcare System, New York, NY Departments of ‡Epidemiology §Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health ∥Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3933821PMC
March 2014

Estimating the per-exposure effect of infectious disease interventions.

Epidemiology 2014 Jan;25(1):134-8

From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; bCenter for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; and cDepartment of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3898464PMC
January 2014

Body mass index, diabetes, and mortality in French women: explaining away a "paradox".

Epidemiology 2014 Jan;25(1):10-4

From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; bCenter for Research on Population Health, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico; cNational Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm), Center for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health (CESP), U1018, Gustave-Roussy Cancer Institute, Villejuif, France; dParis-South University, UMRS 1019, Villejuif, France; eDepartment of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; fHarvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4122290PMC
January 2014

The effect of efavirenz versus nevirapine-containing regimens in the HIV-CAUSAL Collaboration: reply to Llibre and Podzamczer and additional results.

AIDS 2013 Aug;27(13):2169-70

aDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA bDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, MA, USA.

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August 2013

Matched designs and causal diagrams.

Int J Epidemiol 2013 Jun;42(3):860-9

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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June 2013