Publications by authors named "Michio Kanekiyo"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pharmacodynamic Biomarkers Predictive of Survival Benefit with Lenvatinib in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: From the Phase III REFLECT Study.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Beatson West of Scotland Cancer Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Purpose: In REFLECT, lenvatinib demonstrated an effect on overall survival (OS) by confirmation of noninferiority to sorafenib in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. This analysis assessed correlations between serum or tissue biomarkers and efficacy outcomes from REFLECT.

Experimental Design: Serum biomarkers (VEGF, ANG2, FGF19, FGF21, and FGF23) were measured by ELISA. Gene expression in tumor tissues was measured by the nCounter PanCancer Pathways Panel. Pharmacodynamic changes in serum biomarker levels from baseline, and associations of clinical outcomes with baseline biomarker levels, were evaluated.

Results: Four hundred and seven patients were included in the serum analysis set (lenvatinib = 279, sorafenib = 128); 58 patients were included in the gene-expression analysis set (lenvatinib = 34, sorafenib = 24). Both treatments were associated with increases in VEGF; only lenvatinib was associated with increases in FGF19 and FGF23 at all time points. Lenvatinib-treated responders had greater increases in FGF19 and FGF23 versus nonresponders at cycle 4, day 1 (FGF19: 55.2% vs. 18.3%, = 0.014; FGF23: 48.4% vs. 16.4%, = 0.0022, respectively). Higher baseline VEGF, ANG2, and FGF21 correlated with shorter OS in both treatment groups. OS was longer for lenvatinib than sorafenib [median, 10.9 vs. 6.8 months, respectively; HR, 0.53; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.33-0.85; interaction = 0.0397] with higher baseline FGF21. In tumor tissue biomarker analysis, VEGF/FGF-enriched groups showed improved OS with lenvatinib versus the intermediate VEGF/FGF group (HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.16-0.91; = 0.0253).

Conclusions: Higher baseline levels of VEGF, FGF21, and ANG2 may be prognostic for shorter OS. Higher baseline FGF21 may be predictive for longer OS with lenvatinib compared with sorafenib, but this needs confirmation.
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June 2021

Correlative serum biomarker analyses in the phase 2 trial of lenvatinib-plus-everolimus in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

Br J Cancer 2021 01 7;124(1):237-246. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: No biomarkers have been established to predict treatment efficacy in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). In an exploratory retrospective analysis of a Phase 2 study, we constructed composite biomarker scores (CBSs) to predict progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic RCC randomised to receive lenvatinib-plus-everolimus.

Methods: Of 40 biomarkers tested, the 5 most strongly associated with PFS (HGF, MIG, IL-18BP, IL-18, ANG-2) or OS (TIMP-1, M-CSF, IL-18BP, ANG-2, VEGF) were used to make a 5-factor PFS-CBS or OS-CBS, respectively. A 2-factor CBS was generated with biomarkers common to PFS-CBS and OS-CBS. Patients were divided into groups accordingly (5-factor-CBS high: 3-5, CBS-low: 0-2; 2-factor-CBS high: 1-2, CBS-low: 0).

Results: PFS/OS with lenvatinib-plus-everolimus were significantly longer in the 5-factor CBS-high group versus the CBS-low group (P = 0.0022/P < 0.0001, respectively). In the CBS-high group, PFS/OS were significantly longer with lenvatinib-plus-everolimus versus everolimus (P < 0.001/P = 0.0079, respectively); PFS was also significantly longer with lenvatinib-plus-everolimus versus lenvatinib (P = 0.0046). The 5-factor-CBS had a predictive role in PFS and OS after multivariate analysis. Similar trends were observed with the 2-factor-CBS for PFS (i.e., lenvatinib-plus-everolimus versus everolimus).

Conclusions: The 5-factor CBS may identify patients with metastatic RCC who would benefit from lenvatinib-plus-everolimus versus everolimus; additional validation is required.

Clinical Trial Registration: The clinical trial registration number is NCT01136733.
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January 2021

Concordance of Lumipulse cerebrospinal fluid t-tau/Aβ42 ratio with amyloid PET status.

Alzheimers Dement 2020 01;16(1):144-152

Eisai Inc., Woodcliff Lake, NJ, USA.

Introduction: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers can identify individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology (eg, amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles), but defined analyte cut-points using high-throughput automated assays are necessary for general clinical use.

Methods: CSF amyloid β42 peptide (Aβ42), t-tau, and t-tau/Aβ42 were quantified by the Lumipulse platform in two test cohorts (A/B: Eisai BAN2401-201/MISSION AD E2609-301/302, n = 138; C: Knight Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (ADRC), n = 198), and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses defined cut-points corresponding best to amyloid determinations using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. The best-performing cut-point was then validated as a predictor of amyloid status in an independent cohort (D: MISSION AD E2609-301/302, n = 240).

Results: Virtually identical t-tau/Aβ42 cut-points (∼0.54) performed best in both test cohorts and with similar accuracy (areas under ROC curve [AUCs] [A/B: 0.95; C: 0.94]). The cut-point yielded an overall percent agreement with amyloid PET of 85.0% in validation cohort D.

Discussion: Lumipulse CSF biomarker measures with validated cut-points have clinical utility in identifying AD pathology.
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January 2020

Identification of prognostic factors to predict cognitive decline of patients with early Alzheimer's disease in the Japanese Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative study.

Alzheimers Dement (N Y) 2019 7;5:364-373. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Eisai Co., Ltd., Koishikawa, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to determine the factors including neuropsychological test performances and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers which can predict disease progression of early Alzheimer's disease (AD) in a Japanese population.

Methods: The group classification on early AD population in both Japanese Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (J-ADNI) and North American ADNI (NA-ADNI) was performed using the inclusion criteria including brain amyloid positivity on positron emission tomography or CSF. Participants with early AD from each cohort were stratified into two groups based on a cutoff 1.0 of Clinical Dementia Rating Scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) change at month 24 (m24): participants in "progress group" have CDR-SB change ≥ 1.0 and participants in "stable group" have CDR-SB change < 1.0. Then, we performed identification of prognostic factors from baseline items including neuropsychological scores (Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale[ADAS-cog 13], Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), CDR, FAQ, and Geriatric Depression Scale ), CSF markers (t-tau, p-tau, and beta-amyloid 1-42), vital signs (body weight, pulse rate, etc.,), by using two statistical approaches, Welch's t-test and simple linear regression by ordinary least squares. Comparisons between participants with J-ADNI and participants with NA-ADNI were also performed.

Results: Trends of CDR-SB changes were very similar between J-ADNI and NA-ADNI early AD population enrolled in this study. Baseline levels of CSF t-tau, p-tau, Mini-Mental State Examination, FAQ, and ADAS-cog13 were identified as prognostic factors in both J-ADNI and NA-ADNI. Based on a detailed subscale analysis on ADAS-cog13, four subscales (Q1: word recall, Q3: construction, Q4: delayed word recall, and Q8: word recognition) were identified as prognostic factors in both J-ADNI and NA-ADNI.

Discussion: Characterizing population with early AD can provide benefits for promoting efficiency in conducting AD clinical trials for disease-modifying treatments. Thus, implementing these prognostic factors into clinical trials may be potentially a good method to enrich participants with early AD who are suitable for evaluating treatment effects.
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August 2019