Publications by authors named "Michihiro Yamamoto"

36 Publications

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the liver accompanied by primary biliary cholangitis: A rare and difficult-to-diagnose tumor with portal venous thrombosis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 30;82:105936. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga 524-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: The most common liver malignancies are hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and metastatic tumors. Hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma may invade the portal vein (PV). An association between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) remains unclear. We herein report a thought-provoking case of a difficult-to-diagnose liver tumor with PV thrombosis in a PBC patient.

Presentation Of Case: A 66-year-old woman had PBC, systemic sclerosis, diabetes, and osteoporosis. A solitary liver tumor accompanied by macrovascular thrombosis in the PV was detected incidentally. Based on dynamic imaging findings, we considered the tumor to be intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and right lobectomy with lymphadenectomy was performed. Unexpectedly, pathological assessment made a definitive diagnosis of DLBCL that did not invade the vessels and bile duct. In fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography, abnormal accumulations were clearly observed in the breast tissue and peritracheal, parasternal, mediastinal, and pericardial lymph nodes. The patient achieved complete remission after systemic chemotherapy, and there has been no recurrence 3 years after surgery.

Clinical Discussion: Primary lymphoma in the liver is rare, and we did not consider our patient's tumor as primary liver lymphoma. Our case actually showed no tumor thrombosis in the PV. Although autoimmune disorders may increase the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, an association between DLBCL and PBC is still unclear, and we must remember that DLBCL may develop rarely in a PBC patient.

Conclusion: Our case report provides a timely reminder for clinicians and surgeons in the fields of hepatology and hematology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.105936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8114119PMC
May 2021

Fatal arterial hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy: How do we simultaneously accomplish complete hemostasis and hepatic arterial flow?

World J Hepatol 2021 Apr;13(4):483-503

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Shiga, Japan.

Background: Although arterial hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is not frequent, it is fatal. Arterial hemorrhage is caused by pseudoaneurysm rupture, and the gastroduodenal artery stump and hepatic artery (HA) are frequent culprit vessels. Diagnostic procedures and imaging modalities are associated with certain difficulties. Simultaneous accomplishment of complete hemostasis and HA flow preservation is difficult after PD. Although complete hemostasis may be obtained by endovascular treatment (EVT) or surgery, liver infarction caused by hepatic ischemia and/or liver abscesses caused by biliary ischemia may occur. We herein discuss therapeutic options for fatal arterial hemorrhage after PD.

Aim: To present our data here along with a discussion of therapeutic strategies for fatal arterial hemorrhage after PD.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated 16 patients who developed arterial hemorrhage after PD. The patients' clinical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, actual treatments [transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), stent-graft placement, or surgery], clinical courses, and outcomes were evaluated.

Results: The frequency of arterial hemorrhage after PD was 5.5%. Pancreatic leakage was observed in 12 patients. The onset of hemorrhage occurred at a median of 18 d after PD. Sentinel bleeding was observed in five patients. The initial EVT procedures were stent-graft placement in seven patients, TAE in six patients, and combined therapy in two patients. The rate of technical success of the initial EVT was 75.0%, and additional EVTs were performed in four patients. Surgical approaches including arterioportal shunting were performed in eight patients. Liver infarction was observed in two patients after TAE. Two patients showed a poor outcome even after successful EVT. These four patients with poor clinical courses and outcomes had a poor clinical condition before EVT. Fourteen patients were successfully treated.

Conclusion: Transcatheter placement of a covered stent may be useful for simultaneous accomplishment of complete hemostasis and HA flow preservation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v13.i4.483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8080554PMC
April 2021

Aggressive Resection of Malignant Paraaortic and Pelvic Tumors Accompanied by Arterial Reconstruction with Synthetic Arterial Graft.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 1;22:e931569. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Advanced malignancies in the lower abdomen easily invade the retroperitoneal and pelvic space and often metastasize to the paraaortic and pelvic lymph nodes (LNs), resulting in paraaortic and/or pelvic tumor (PPT). CASE REPORT A total of 7 cases of aggressive malignant PPT resection and orthotopic replacement of the abdominal aorta and/or iliac arteries with synthetic arterial graft (SAG) were experienced during 16 years. We present our experience with aggressive resection of malignant PPTs accompanied by arterial reconstruction with SAG in detail. The primary diseases included 2 cases endometrial cancer and 2 cases of rectal cancer, and 1 case each of ovarian carcinosarcoma, vaginal malignant melanoma, and sigmoid cancer. Surgical procedures are described in detail. Briefly, the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries were anastomosed to the SAG by continuous running suture using unabsorbent polypropylene. Five Y-shaped and 2 I-shaped SAGs were used. This en bloc resection actually provided safe surgical margins, and tumor exposures were not pathologically observed in the cut surfaces. Graphical and surgical curability were obtained in all cases in which aggressive malignant PPT resections were performed. The short-term postoperative course of our patients was uneventful. From a vascular perspective, the SAGs remained patent over the long term after surgery, and long-term oncologic outcomes were satisfactory. CONCLUSIONS To our knowledge, this case series is the first report of aggressive malignant PPT resection accompanied by arterial reconstruction with SAG. This procedure is safe and feasible, shows curative potential, and may play a role in multidisciplinary management of malignant PPTs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.931569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8097745PMC
May 2021

Mucinous Cystic Adenoma of the Liver: A Thought-Provoking Case of an Uncommon Hepatic Neoplasm.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 3;22:e931368. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of the liver is a rare hepatic neoplasm: a cystic, mucus-producing tumor. Histopathologic examination reveals ovarian-like stroma. The origin of MCN of the liver is still unknown, although ectopic ovarian-like stroma in the liver has been suggested as a possibility. We document a thought-provoking case of MCN of the liver, and intratumoral fatty tissue may support the opinion that ectopic ovarian-like stroma in the liver is a possible origin for both MCN and ovarian teratoma. CASE REPORT An expansive 10.5-cm cystic tumor was incidentally detected in a 71-year-old woman. Imaging studies revealed that the tumor was multiloculated, with cyst contents comprising mucus, muddy-looking fluid (inspissated bile), and hematoma. Imaging studies revealed fatty tissue and calcifications in the cyst walls. The diagnosis of MCN of the liver was made, although MCNs have never been reported to include fatty tissue. Extended left lobectomy was performed, and the tumor was curatively removed without any rupture. A multilocular cyst, mucus, calcifications, and fatty tissue were clearly observed on gross inspection. Histopathological examination revealed ovarian-like stroma. Evidence of malignancy was not detected. Her postoperative course was uneventful. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first case of MCN of the liver with intratumoral fatty tissue. This case may support the hypothesis that MCN originates from ectopic ovarian-like stroma in the liver. CONCLUSIONS We documented a thought-provoking case of MCN of the liver in detail, and this MCN accompanied with fatty tissue might originate from ectopic ovarian-like stroma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.931368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8029594PMC
April 2021

Adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent hypercortisolism caused by pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma: A thought-provoking but remorseful case of delayed diagnosis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 5;81:105729. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Definitive diagnosis of functioning neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) in the pancreas is challenging. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) regulates adrenal cortisol production. Ectopic ACTH secretion by functioning NENs may cause hypercortisolism.

Presentation Of Case: A 62-year-old woman who was receiving medications for hypertension and hyperlipidemia was referred to our hospital because of abnormal blood tests. Diabetes mellitus was initially diagnosed. Dynamic computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound revealed a 35-mm diameter hypovascular tumor in the distal pancreas and multiple liver metastases. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration resulted in a diagnosis of neuroendocrine carcinoma. The patient developed pancreatic leakage progressing to peritonitis, abscess formation, pleural effusion, and ascites after the fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Her clinical condition deteriorated to a septic state, necessitating emergency surgery comprising distal pancreatectomy, intraperitoneal lavage, and drainage. Wound healing was protracted and accompanied by ongoing high white blood cell counts and neutrophilia. She also developed a gastric ulcer postoperatively. Systematic endocrine investigations were performed because hypercortisolism caused by a functioning NEN was suspected. Eventually, a definitive diagnosis of an ACTH-producing NEN in the pancreas was made. Systemic chemotherapy was proposed; however, the patient and her family opted for palliative treatment only. She died 42 days after the initial diagnosis.

Clinical Discussion: We here present a patient with ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism attributable to a pancreatic NEN who died of progressive cancer after a delay in definitive diagnosis.

Conclusion: Detailed investigation, including systematic endocrine examination and functional imaging studies, are important for precise diagnosis of, and appropriate treatment for, NENs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.105729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7957145PMC
April 2021

Ectopic endometriosis, menstruation, and acute appendicitis: A thought-provoking case.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 1;80:105605. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga 524-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Ectopic endometrium in the appendix is rare. The relationships between ectopic endometrium in the alimentary tract and digestive symptoms and between digestive symptoms due to ectopic endometriosis and periodic menstruation are controversial. We herein describe the successful treatment of acute appendicitis that we suspect was caused by ectopic endometriosis and periodic menstruation.

Presentation Of Case: A 38.9-year-old multipara with uterine didelphys developed lower abdominal pain during menstruation, and she was clinically diagnosed with acute appendicitis. She received conservative management with cephem antibiotics, and her pain disappeared uneventfully. However, the lower abdominal pain during menstruation later recurred, and she again received conservative treatment. Laparoscopic appendectomy was subsequently performed because for 4 months, her appendicitis-induced digestive symptoms had recurred in association with periodic menstruation. Ectopic endometrial gland proliferations were histopathologically observed in the proper muscular layer of the appendiceal tip. She developed no further episodes of digestive symptoms postoperatively.

Clinical Discussion: Ectopic endometriosis of the alimentary tract may be accompanied by digestive symptoms; moreover, these symptoms may be related to periodic menstruation. However, the sensitivity of ectopic endometrium to hormones shows considerable variation among patients. We speculate that the acute appendicitis might have been triggered by ectopic endometriosis in our case because the patient developed repeated digestive symptoms in association with periodic menstruation. Ectopic endometrium may be incidentally observed in histopathological assessments of resected specimens. The therapeutic strategy should be carefully decided on a case-by-case basis.

Conclusion: We hope this thought-provoking case provides a timely reminder for gastrointestinal clinicians and general surgeons.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.01.099DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7893425PMC
March 2021

Acute intestinal infarction caused by initially unexplained splanchnic venous thromboses in a patient with protein C deficiency: A thought-provoking emergency case.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Feb 22;79:390-393. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT) originating in the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) is rare and may cause acute intestinal infarction (AII). Protein C deficiency (PCD) results in thrombophilia.

Presentation Of Case: Acute unexplained SVT originating in the SMV and portal vein was detected in 68-year-old man. Pan-peritonitis and AII were diagnosed and emergency surgery performed. Part of the small intestine was necrotic and partial resection without anastomotic reconstruction was performed. Heparin was administered intravenously continuously from postoperative day (POD) 1. Hereditary, heterozygous, type 1 PCD was diagnosed postoperatively. The anastomosis was reconstructed on POD 16. Warfarin was substituted for heparin on POD 22. No recurrent thrombosis occurred during 2 years of follow-up.

Clinical Discussion: Patients with the rare condition of SVT require prompt diagnosis and treatment and may have underlying disease. PCD can cause SVT even in intact veins and anticoagulation therapy should be administered immediately postoperatively. Misdiagnosis and/or delayed treatment of SVT can result in AII, a life-threatening condition with a high mortality rate. Insufficient clinician awareness can result in serious mismanagement of patients with PCD and SVT; emergency patients with AII caused by unexplained SVT should therefore be further investigated for prothrombotic states and assessment of coagulation-fibrinolysis profiles to clarify the underlying mechanism.

Conclusion: We here present a thought-provoking emergency case of AII associated with acute SVT caused by underlying PCD that was successfully treated by two-stage surgery and anticoagulation therapy. This case provides a timely reminder for emergency clinicians and gastrointestinal surgeons.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.01.071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7848722PMC
February 2021

Do liver metastases from gastric cancer contraindicate aggressive surgical resection? A 14-year single-center experience.

World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther 2020 Nov;11(5):110-122

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Shiga, Japan.

Background: Advanced gastric cancer (GC) with liver metastasis is often characterized by multiple and bilobular metastases and may also be associated with extrahepatic metastatic lesions. Hence, many physicians consider that radical surgeries are contraindicated for liver metastases from GC (LMGC). According to the 2017 Japanese treatment guideline for GC, a smaller number of liver metastases without unresectable factors may be an indication for liver resection (LR) with curability. The actual 5-year overall survival (OS) rate ranges from 0 to 0.37.

Aim: To present the institutional indications for LR for LMGC and identify important factors for prognostic outcomes.

Methods: In total, 30 patients underwent LR for LMGC during a 14-year period, and we evaluated the clinical, surgical, and oncological findings. In all patients, radical surgery with intentional lymphadenectomy was performed for the primary GC. The median follow-up duration after the initial LR was 33.7 mo, and three patients with no recurrence died of causes unrelated to the LMGC. The OS and recurrence-free survival rates after the initial LR were assessed.

Results: Seventeen patients had metachronous LMGC. The initial LR achieved curability in 29 patients. Perioperative chemotherapy was introduced in 23 patients. The median greatest LMGC dimension was 30 mm, and the median number of LMGC was two. Twenty-two patients had unilobular LMGC. The 5-year OS and recurrence-free survival rates were 0.48 and 0.28, respectively. The median survival duration and recurrence-free duration after the initial LR were 16.8 and 8.6 mo, respectively. Twenty-one patients developed recurrence after the initial LR. Additional surgeries for recurrence were performed in nine patients, and these surgeries clearly prolonged the patients' survival. Pathological serosal invasion was an independent predictor of a poor prognostic outcome after the initial LR. Aggressive LR may be indicated for carefully selected patients with LMGC.

Conclusion: Our results of LR for LMGC seem acceptable. Additional surgeries for recurrence after the initial LR might prolong OS. Pathological serosal invasion is important for poor prognostic outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4292/wjgpt.v11.i5.110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7667407PMC
November 2020

Surgical treatment of gallbladder cancer: An eight-year experience in a single center.

World J Hepatol 2020 Sep;12(9):641-660

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Shiga, Japan.

Background: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common biliary malignancy and has the worst prognosis, but aggressive surgeries [., resection of the extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD), major hepatectomy and lymph node (LN) dissection] may improve long-term survival. GBC may be suspected preoperatively, identified intraoperatively, or discovered incidentally on histopathology.

Aim: To present our data together with a discussion of the therapeutic strategies for GBC.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated nineteen GBC patients who underwent surgical treatment.

Results: Nearly all symptomatic patients had poor outcomes, while suspicious or incidental GBCs at early stages showed excellent outcomes without the need for two-stage surgery. Lymph nodes around the cystic duct were reliable sentinel nodes in suspicious/incidental GBCs. Intentional LN dissection and EHBD resection prevented metastases or recurrence in early-stage GBCs but not in advanced GBCs with metastatic LNs or invasion of the nerve plexus. All patients with positive surgical margins (., the biliary cut surface) showed poor outcomes. Hepatectomies were performed in sixteen patients, nearly all of which were minor hepatectomies. Metastases were observed in the left-sided liver but not in the caudate lobe. We may need to reconsider the indications for major hepatectomy, minimizing its use except when it is required to accomplish negative bile duct margins. Only a few patients received neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemoradiation. There were significant differences in overall and disease-free survival between patients with stages ≤ IIB and ≥ IIIA disease. The median overall survival and disease-free survival were 1.66 and 0.79 years, respectively.

Conclusion: Outcomes for GBC patients remain unacceptable, and improved therapeutic strategies, including neoadjuvant chemotherapy, optimal surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy, should be considered for patients with advanced GBCs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v12.i9.641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7522563PMC
September 2020

Linear or circular stapler? A propensity score-matched, multicenter analysis of intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy following totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy.

Surg Endosc 2020 12 9;34(12):5265-5273. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54, Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: Presently, there is no consensus as to what procedure of intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy (EJS) in totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) is best to reduce postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the superiority of linear stapled reconstruction in terms of anastomotic-related complications for EJS in TLTG.

Methods: We collected data on 829 consecutive gastric cancer patients who underwent TLTG reconstructed by the Roux-en-Y method with radical lymphadenectomy between January 2010 and December 2016 in 13 hospitals. The patients were divided into two groups according to reconstruction method and matched by propensity score. Postoperative EJS-related complications were compared between the linear stapler (LS) and the circular stapler (CS) groups.

Results: After matching, data from 196 patients in each group were analyzed. The overall incidence of EJS-related complications was significantly lower in the LS group than in the CS group (4.1% vs. 11.7%, p = 0.008). The incidence of EJS anastomotic stenosis during the first year after surgery was significantly lower in the LS group than in the CS group (1.5% vs. 7.1%, p = 0.011). The incidence of EJS bleeding did not differ significantly between the groups, although no bleeding was observed in the LS group (0% vs. 2.0%, p = 0.123). The incidence of EJS leakage did not differ significantly between the groups (2.6% vs. 3.6%, p = 0.771).

Conclusion: The use of linear stapled reconstruction is safer than the use of circular stapled reconstruction for intracorporeal EJS in TLTG because of its lower risks of stenosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-07313-9DOI Listing
December 2020

Metachronous Pancreatic Metastasis from Rectal Cancer that Masqueraded as a Primary Pancreatic Cancer: A Rare and Difficult-to-Diagnose Metastatic Tumor in the Pancreas.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Nov 30;20:1781-1787. Epub 2019 Nov 30.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Pancreatic metastasis from colorectal cancer is rare and can masquerade as primary pancreatic cancer. CASE REPORT A 70-year-old male was diagnosed with advanced rectal cancer with multiple liver metastases. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, he underwent radical surgery for the primary tumor and hepatectomy for multiple liver metastases. Adjuvant chemotherapies and additional surgeries were subsequently required for recurrences in the liver, lung, and lymph nodes. A diffuse hypovascular nodule in the pancreatic head and a solitary liver metastasis were detected 2.5 years after the initial surgery and he accordingly underwent further chemotherapy. However, the pancreatic tumor progressed, invading the pancreatic duct and biliary tract. Obstructive jaundice finally prompted discontinuation of chemotherapy and he underwent biliary drainage. His diffuse and hypovascular tumor was clinically and radiographically diagnosed as a primary pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic resection for the pancreatic tumor and hepatectomy for the liver metastasis were performed 4.2 years after the initial surgery, achieving radiographic and surgical curative resection. Pathological examination of the surgical specimen resulted in a definitive diagnosis of metachronous pancreatic metastasis from his primary rectal cancer. Despite further chemotherapy, his general condition worsened; however, he remains alive 5.4 years after the initial surgery, with best supportive care. CONCLUSIONS Pancreatic metastasis originating from rectal cancer can masquerade as primary pancreatic cancer clinically and radiologically. Multimodality treatment is mandatory for metastatic colorectal cancer. Aggressive surgeries for pancreatic metastasis should be considered if curative resection appears possible radiographically and/or intraoperatively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.918669DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6910167PMC
November 2019

Impact of continuous local lavage on pancreatic juice-related postoperative complications: Three case reports.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Sep;7(17):2526-2535

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Japan.

Background: Postoperative pancreatic leakage readily results in intractable pancreatic fistula and subsequent intraperitoneal abscess. This refractory complication can be fatal; therefore, intensive treatment is important. Continuous local lavage (CLL) has recently been reevaluated as effective treatment for severe infected pancreatitis, and we report three patients with postoperative intractable pancreatic fistula successfully treated by CLL. We also discuss our institutional protocol for CLL for postoperative pancreatic fistula.

Case Summary: The first patient underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, and pancreatic leakage was observed postoperatively. Intractable pancreatic fistula led to intraperitoneal abscess, and CLL near the pancreaticojejunostomy site was instituted from postoperative day (POD) 8. The abscess resolved after 7 d of CLL. The second patient underwent distal pancreatectomy. Pancreatic leakage was observed, and intractable pancreatic fistula led to intraperitoneal abscess near the pancreatic stump. CLL was instituted from POD 9, and the abscess resolved after 4 d of CLL. The third patient underwent aneurysmectomy and splenectomy with wide exposure of the pancreatic parenchyma. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatic drainage was performed on POD 15 to treat pancreatic fistula; however, intraperitoneal abscess was detected on POD 59. We performed CLL endoscopically the transgastric route because the percutaneous approach was difficult. CLL was instituted from POD 63, and the abscess resolved after 1 wk of CLL.

Conclusion: CLL has therapeutic potential for postoperative pancreatic fistula.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v7.i17.2526DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6745316PMC
September 2019

Treatment of Labial Fistula Communicating with the Duodenal Stump After Gastrectomy.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Jun 16;20:851-858. Epub 2019 Jun 16.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Anastomotic failure after gastroenterological surgery is usually treated by intraperitoneal drainage and a mature ductal fistula. A ductal fistula may develop into a labial fistula. Although a ductal fistula is controllable, a labial fistula is intractable. We report a case of a labial fistula that communicated with the duodenal stump after gastrectomy. This condition was successfully treated by intraluminal drainage with continuous suction (IDCS) via a rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap (RAMF). CASE REPORT A 70-year-old male underwent distal gastrectomy with intentional lymphadenectomy because of advanced gastric cancer. Digestive reconstruction was completed by the Billroth II method. Pancreatic leakage, intraperitoneal abscess, and anastomotic failure of gastrojejunostomy occurred after surgery. The duodenal stump was ruptured at postoperative day (POD) 26, and ductal fistula associated with the duodenum was observed. Unfortunately, this ductal fistula developed into a labial fistula at POD 90, and a high output of duodenal juice was observed. Additional surgery was proposed at POD 161. The broken stump and labial fistula were covered by a pedunculated RAMF, and a dual drainage system (a combination of a Penrose drain and a 2-way tube) travelled through the RAMF. The tip position of the drainage system was located in the duodenum, and the IDCS was effectively introduced. The secondary ductal fistula finally matured through the RAMF, and was subsequently closed at POD 231. The intractable labial fistula was successfully treated, and the patient was discharged at POD 235. CONCLUSIONS A high-output labial fistula, which communicated with the duodenal stump after gastrectomy, was refractory in our patient. Effective IDCS through an RAMF was useful for replacement of the labial fistula with a secondary ductal fistula.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.915947DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6590267PMC
June 2019

Severely Calcified True Aneurysm: A Thought-Provoking Case of Solitary Origin and Postoperative Management.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 29;20:620-627. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Visceral arterial aneurysms are rare. Most splenic arterial aneurysms (SAAs) are saccular and are in the distal third of the splenic artery. Suggested major causes of SAAs are atherosclerosis, pregnancy, and inflammation. We report the case of a patient who with a SAA extending almost the full length of his splenic artery. CASE REPORT A solitary true aneurysm that extended almost the entire length of the splenic artery was incidentally detected in an asymptomatic 70-year-old male patient with a history of myasthenia gravis and diabetes mellitus. His SAA was severely calcified, but other arteries showed no calcification. The aneurysm had been slightly enlarged toward the celiac artery for 2 years, and aneurysmectomy and splenectomy were performed. Vascular clips were carefully placed at the intact splenic artery without disturbing arterial flows from the celiac artery. Arterial branch from the SAA was ligated at an intact area, and the pancreatic capsule was densely adherent with the calcified aneurysm wall. The pancreas was preserved, although the pancreatic parenchyma was widely exposed during aneurysmectomy. Pathological examination revealed no atherosclerotic changes. Postoperatively, a pancreatic fistula developed, which was treated by placing an intraperitoneal drain and retrograde pancreatic drainage tube. Nevertheless, the intractable pancreatic fistula triggered a bacteriogenic infection, resulting in intraperitoneal abscess. Continuous local lavage via transnasal continuous infusion and endoscopic transgastric drainage was performed, until the fistula closed. He was healthy at 9 months after surgery. CONCLUSIONS A SAA that had the rare form and solitary origin was treated. Continuous local lavage has a therapeutic potential for a pancreatic juice-related bacteriogenic complication.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.915010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6501733PMC
April 2019

Laparoscopic approach for choledochojejunostomy.

Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int 2019 06 17;18(3):285-288. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic and Surgery and Transplantation, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hbpd.2019.04.004DOI Listing
June 2019

Inferior Pancreaticoduodenal Artery Aneurysm Related with Groove Pancreatitis Persistently Repeated Hemosuccus Pancreaticus Even After Coil Embolization.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 22;20:567-574. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Aneurysm of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery (IPDA) is rare among visceral artery aneurysms. Aneurysm and/or pancreatitis may have a causal relation with hemosuccus pancreaticus (HP). HP causes an obscure bleeding in the digestive tract, and this rare disease may lead to life-threatening condition. Although interventional radiology is generally employed as the initial treatment for visceral aneurysms, aneurysmic recanalization is a critical problem. CASE REPORT A 58-year-old male was incidentally diagnosed as groove pancreatitis, and his pancreatitis was successfully treated by conservative management. One year later, an IPDA aneurysm was detected in image studies. Gastrointestinal bleeding was objectively observed, and a diagnosis of asymptomatic HP was made. Arterio-pancreatic duct fistula was suspected, but was not identified. Coil embolization was successfully completed. Six months later, he suffered a relapse of HP, and visited our emergency unit. Pseudocystic lesion around metallic coils were confirmed. Subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy without any extended resections was performed. Intentional dissections of nerve plexuses and lymph nodes were all waived. Even a pancreatography of the resected specimen did not clarify his arterio-pancreatic duct fistula. He was discharged at postoperative day 10, and smoothly returned to his work. CONCLUSIONS Pancreatic juice-related complications after advanced pancreaticoduodenectomy for malignancies are often intractable. However, simple pancreaticoduodenectomy which omits extended resections and intentional dissections is safe and feasible for benign diseases. After the initial interventional radiology for pancreatic aneurysms, an elective pancreatic surgery should be considered to avoid unwanted recanalization and refractory HP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.914832DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489418PMC
April 2019

New laparoscopic procedure for left-sided pancreatic cancer-artery-first approach laparoscopic RAMPS using 3D technique.

World J Surg Oncol 2017 Dec 2;15(1):213. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 4-30 Moriyama 5-chome, Moriyama-city, Shiga-prefecture, 524-8524, Japan.

Background: For left-sided pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) is a reasonable surgical approach for tumor-free margin resection and systemic lymph node clearance. In pancreaticoduodenectomy for PDAC, the superior mesenteric artery (SMA)-first approach (or the "artery-first approach") has become the standard procedure. With improvements in laparoscopic instruments and techniques, some surgeons attempted to apply laparoscopic RAMPS (L-RAMPS) for carefully selected patients with left-sided PDAC. However, owing to several technical difficulties in this procedure, its application remains uncommon. Moreover, the artery-first approach in L-RAMPS has not been reported. Here, we developed the artery-first approach L-RAMPS for left-sided PDAC and have presented the same in this report.

Case Presentation: Between June 2014 and July 2015, 16 patients with left-sided PDAC were referred to our division for pancreatic resection. The following technique was used for performing L-RAMPS on 3 of the 16 patients (19%). Six trocars were placed. After opening the omental bursa, only the middle segment of the pancreas was initially separated from both the left renal vein and the SMA. We termed this procedure as the "artery-first approach using a dome-shaped dorsomedial dissection (3D) technique." This 3D technique enabled the interruption of the entire arterial supply to the specimen while preserving the venous drainage through the splenic vein for preventing venous congestion. The technique also contributed to the early detection of no tumor infiltration into the SMA and the early determination of posterior dissection plane. After pancreatic neck transection, the splenic artery and vein were divided. Finally, the pancreatic tail and spleen were dissected in a right-to-left direction. All operations were completed without any intraoperative complications. The median blood loss and retrieved lymph node count were 75 mL and 37, respectively, which were superior to those reported by other previous studies on L-RAMPS. All resection margins were free of carcinoma. No severe postoperative complications were observed.

Conclusions: The artery-first approach L-RAMPS using 3D technique is safe and feasible to perform. The significance of our proposed procedure is minimal blood loss and precise lymphadenectomy. Therefore, this novel technique may become the preferred treatment for left-sided PDAC in selected cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-017-1284-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712113PMC
December 2017

Liver necrosis shortly after pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the replaced left hepatic artery.

World J Surg Oncol 2017 Apr 11;15(1):77. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 4-30 Moriyama 5-chome, Moriyama city, Shiga Prefecture, 524-8524, Japan.

Background: Surgeons, in general, underestimate the replaced left hepatic artery (rLHA) that arises from the left gastric artery (LGA), compared with the replaced right hepatic artery (rRHA), especially in standard gastric cancer surgery. During pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), preservation of the rRHA arising from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is widely accepted to prevent critical postoperative complications, such as liver necrosis, bile duct ischemia, and biliary anastomotic leakage. In contrast, details of complication onset following rLHA resection remain unknown. We report two cases of postoperative liver necrosis shortly after rLHA resection during PD for advanced gastric cancer.

Case Presentation: Both cases had advanced gastric cancer with infiltration of the pancreatic head. In case 1, the rLHA comprised segment 2/3 artery (A2 + A3), which arose from the LGA. The rRHA originated from the SMA, and the segment 4 artery (A4) was a branch of the rRHA. We conducted PD with combined en bloc resection of both the rLHA and rRHA, and anastomosis between the distal and proximal stumps of the rRHA and LGA, respectively. The divided A2 + A3 was not reconstructed. In case 2, the rLHA comprised segment 2 artery (A2) only, which arose from the LGA. The segment 3/4 artery and the RHAs originated from the proper hepatic artery. We undertook PD with combined en bloc resection of A2 without vascular reconstruction. In both patients, serious necrosis of the lateral segment of the liver occurred within 6 days after PD. Case 1 recovered with conservative management, whereas case 2 required lateral segmentectomy of the liver. Pathologically, the necrotic area in case 2 was apparently circumscribed and confined to segment 2 of the liver, potentially implicating rLHA resection during PD as causing hepatic necrosis.

Conclusions: During PD, rLHA resection can cause serious liver necrosis. Therefore, this artery should be preserved as far as oncologically acceptable. In cases that require rLHA resection during PD due to tumor conditions, surgeons should carefully monitor postoperative course while keeping in mind the possible necessity of urgent hepatectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-017-1151-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5387288PMC
April 2017

The use of transureteroureterostomy during ureteral reconstruction for advanced primary or recurrent pelvic malignancy in the era of multimodal therapy.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2017 Jan 6;32(1):135-138. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan.

Purpose: Cancerous involvement of a ureter is sometimes encountered in pelvic surgery for malignancy. We usually perform transureteroureterostomy (TUU) in cases of unilateral lower ureteral cancerous involvement. We report the outcomes in patients treated with TUU in our institute.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 11 patients who underwent TUU between June 2006 and September 2015.

Results: The primary disease was colon cancer in five patients, rectal cancer in four, and uterine cervical cancer and ovarian cancer in one patient each. Early postoperative complications relevant to TUU occurred in four patients; however, three patients were managed conservatively and recovered quickly. Only one patient developed ureteral obstruction, which resulted from anastomotic hematoma. Follow-up periods ranged from 5 to 78 months with a median of 28 months. The median estimated glomerular filtration rate before and after TUU was 59 ml/min (range, 31-90 ml/min) and 62.0 ml/min (range, 43-127 mL/min), respectively. No patients experienced worsening of their renal function or recurrent urinary tract infection.

Conclusions: Short-term outcomes are good and long-term renal function is maintained following TUU. TUU is considered a feasible technique for ureteral reconstruction for pelvic malignancy, and TUU has great potential in the era of multimodal therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-016-2672-9DOI Listing
January 2017

Successful laparoscopic treatment of a giant solitary fibrous tumor of the mesorectum: A case report and literature review.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2017 Feb 5;10(1):51-54. Epub 2016 Sep 5.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, Moriyama, Japan.

A solitary fibrous tumor is a ubiquitous mesenchymal fibroblastic tumor that was previously considered limited to the pleural cavity. Here, we report a rare case of a large solitary fibrous tumor of the mesorectum, which was successfully resected laparoscopically. A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for a giant pelvic mass. Pelvic MRI showed a well-circumscribed mass, 12 cm in diameter, with heterogeneous signal intensity on T -weighted images. It was diagnosed as a benign mesorectal tumor of unknown origin. We successfully resected the entire tumor laparoscopically. Histological examination revealed it to be an extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor. For large tumors in the pelvis, the laparoscopic approach is preferable in terms of intraoperative hemorrhage, as long as they do not invade surrounding tissues.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12322DOI Listing
February 2017

A Novel Procedure for Single-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy-The Teres Hanging Technique Combined with Fundus-First, Dome-Down Separation.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2016 Dec 7;26(12):1003-1009. Epub 2016 Jul 7.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults , Moriyama-city, Japan .

Background: Generally, single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) requires the use of articulating devices or additional trocars because of the technical difficulties caused by the lack of ergonomics. We developed a novel procedure comprising mainly two simple ideas, "the teres hanging technique combined with fundus-first, dome-down separation," which mainly uses conventional rigid laparoscopic instruments. In this study, we demonstrated our technique and retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes.

Subjects And Methods: Three trocars were set through a 2.0-cm transumbilical minilaparotomy that was covered with an EZ Access™ combined with a lap protector. To create an adequate surgical field, the teres ligament was laparoscopically hung up with a suture on a straight needle. The gall bladder was then dissected through the fundus to the neck using rigid laparoscopic instruments without any additional trocars. At our institution, 18 consecutive patients underwent SILC using our technique from January 2014 to August 2015. Each patient had a symptomatic gallbladder (GB) stone or polyp. All operations were performed by surgeons who had never performed SILC until this study.

Results: In all operations, our technique was successfully completed without GB perforation or other intraoperative complications. Additional trocars or open laparotomy were not required. The median operation time was 79 minutes, and blood loss was negligible. No postoperative complications were encountered.

Conclusions: Our novel procedure is safe and feasible. Even for surgeons who have never performed SILC before, our technique may become a standard for benign GB disease without requiring the use of articulating devices or additional trocars.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2015.0585DOI Listing
December 2016

Clinical efficacy of liver resection after downsizing systemic chemotherapy for initially unresectable liver metastases.

World J Surg Oncol 2016 Feb 25;14:56. Epub 2016 Feb 25.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan.

Background: This study sought to clarify the clinical benefits of liver resection after downsizing systemic chemotherapy for initially unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CLM).

Methods: Survival and clinical characteristics of CLM patients who underwent resection between January 2001 and December 2013 were retrospectively assessed. The study cohort of 88 patients with limited liver disease who underwent curative liver resection comprised 34 with initially resectable synchronous disease (synchronous group), 38 with initially resectable metachronous disease (metachronous group), and 16 with initially unresectable converted disease (conversion group).

Results: The median duration of follow-up for the overall study population was 33 (1-98) months. Overall survival (OS) in the conversion group was not significantly different from that in the other groups. However, disease-free survival (DFS) in the conversion group was significantly shorter than that in the synchronous group. The median DFS was 19.1 months in the synchronous group, 16.6 months in the metachronous group, and 15.3 months in the conversion group. Most patients in the conversion group had recurrence shortly after liver resection in the remnant liver with or without metastases at other sites, but many could undergo repeat hepatectomy or resection of the metastases at other sites.

Conclusions: Although the converted patients tended to have recurrence shortly after liver resection, survival could be prolonged by repeat hepatectomy or resection of metastases at other sites. Liver resection after downsizing chemotherapy appears to be efficacious for patients with initially unresectable CLM and may result in long-term outcomes equivalent to those of patients with initially resectable CLM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-016-0807-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4766626PMC
February 2016

Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy for Remnant Gastric Cancer Following Distal Gastrectomy with Radical Lymphadenectomy.

Hepatogastroenterology 2015 May;62(139):752-7

Background/aims: In cases of remnantgastric cancer (RGC) with previous lymphadenectomy, laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) is still uncommon because of the technical difficulties associated with adhesions from previous gastric cancer surgery and variations in anastomotic reconstruction. Here we demonstrate our procedure of LTG for RGC following distal gastrectomy (DG) with radical lymphadenectomy and review its clinical results.

Methodology: From October 2008 to June 2014, we carried out three consecutive LTGs for RGC with previous lymphadenectomy. All cases had a past history of primary gastric cancer that had required open or laparoscopic DG with D2 radical lymphadenectomy. The preoperative TNM statuses of RGC were all cT1N0M0.

Results: All patients successfully underwent LTG without open conversion or intraoperative complications. The median operative duration was 360 min; the median blood loss was 45 mL. The median number of retrieved lymph nodes was 23. No complications occurred postoperatively, and the median length of postoperative hospitalization was 20 days. The pathological TNM statuses of the RGC were all T1N0M0. Resection margins were negative in all cases (R0).

Conclusions: Our novel procedure of LTG for RGC following DG with radical lymphadenectomy is technically acceptable, safe, and feasible.
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May 2015

A modified overlap method using a linear stapler for intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy after laparoscopic total gastrectomy.

Hepatogastroenterology 2014 Mar-Apr;61(130):543-8

Background/aims: Intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy represents the most difficult step during laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG). A novel technique for intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy was recently developed and named the "overlap method." However, this procedure is thought to have some technical disadvantages. To facilitate intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy, we developed some modifications for the overlap method.

Methodology: From October 2009 to July 2013, 63 consecutive patients with gastric cancer underwent LTG at our institution. Our modified overlap method was used for 54 patients with the following modifications. First, the esophagus was transected while being rotated by approximately 90 degrees in the clockwise direction. Second, an endoscopic linear stapler was used through the right lower trocar to create a side-to-side esophagojejunostomy. Third, the entry hole of the linear stapler was closed with intracorporeal hand-sewn continuous suturing. This procedure was termed the "modified overlap method."

Results: In 53 patients with the exception of one case, the modified overlap method was successfully completed (98.1%). Only one patient developed esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage (1.9%), which recovered well with conservative management. No postoperative anastomotic stricture or bleeding occurred.

Conclusions: Our modified overlap method for intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy provides amazingly satisfactory outcomes. We believe this procedure could become a standard method for intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy after LTG.
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June 2014

[Clinicopathological characteristics of ten cases of advanced gastric carcinoma after S-1 combined with cisplatin administered as neoadjuvant chemotherapy].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2012 Dec;39(13):2517-9

Dept. of Gastroenterological Surgery, Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Japan.

Objective: Although neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC)has been recognized as an important option for improving the clinical outcome of patients with advanced gastric carcinoma, convincing evidence that it prolongs life and brings about a good prognosis are both lacking. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of NAC in ten patients with advanced gastric cancer.

Methods: A total of ten patients with advanced gastric cancer, who received NAC with the combination of S-1 and cisplatin in our hospital from April 2008 to March 2010, were retrospectively investigated.

Results: A total of 5 patients responded to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 2 patients showed a complete regression of the primary gastric carcinoma. Four of the 5 patients who responded had solid-type poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma.

Conclusion: NAC with the combination of S-1 and cisplatin was suggested to be effective for advanced gastric carcinoma, especially for solid-type poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas(por1).
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December 2012

[Two cases of metastatic colorectal cancer in wild-type K-RAS effectively treated by panitumumab].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2012 Oct;39(10):1567-70

Dept. of Gastroenterological Surgery, Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Japan.

Case 1 was a 58-year-old woman diagnosed with unresectable liver metastases from advanced rectal cancer. We performed laparoscopic low anterior resection for sigmoid cancer. As the first-line treatment, FOLFOX+bevacizumab(BV)was applied for 16 courses. The second-line treatment, FOLFIRI plus BV, was applied for four courses. However, the disease progressed with worsening liver metastases. The sequencing of K-RAS genes from the biopsy specimens of sigmoid colon cancer revealed an expression of a wild-type K-RAS. As the third-line treatment, panitumumab was applied. After 8 courses of this chemotherapy regimen, a significant reduction in the size of liver metastases was observed. Case 2 was an 81-year-old man diagnosed with unresectable liver metastases from advanced rectal cancer. We obliged the patient by performing laparoscopic rectal resection. As the first-line treatment, XELOX plus BV was applied for 10 courses. As the second-line treatment, IRIS was applied for 6 courses. However, this failed to prevent him from having a progressive disease. As the third-line treatment, panitumumab was applied for 2 courses, and a significant reduction in the size of liver metastases was observed. Our findings suggested that panitumumab has great potential for effective treatment of patients with unresectable stageIV colorectal cancer.
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October 2012

[A case of liver metastases of sigmoid colon cancer treated effectively by oral UFT/LV].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2012 Aug;39(8):1263-5

Dept. of Gastroenterological Surgery, Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Japan.

The patient was a 77-year-old woman with multiple liver metastases of sigmoid colon cancer. She underwent low anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer. After surgery, she selected oral administration of UFT and LV for liver metastases and multiple lymph node metastases. After two courses, the liver metastases had markedly diminished. Thirty-two months later, liver metastases had disappeared on computer tomography. This therapy was continued for five years, and recurrences are no longer shown. Severe adverse effects were not observed. Oral anti-cancer drugs can serve as effective therapy for advanced colorectal cancer of old patients.
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August 2012

[A case of disseminated carcinomatosis of bone marrow treated by S-1 and cisplatin after distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2012 May;39(5):813-5

Department of Gastroenterology, Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital.

Patients with bone metastasis originating from gastric cancer experience complications from DIC. They are treated with anticoagulation therapy or platelet transfusion, but their prognosis is poor. Our case was a 50-year-old male who had undergone distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer[pT1a(M)N0M0, pStage I a]ten years previously. He was admitted to our hospital complaining of backache. As a result of his examination, he was diagnosed with disseminated carcinosis of bone marrow with DIC as a postoperative recurrence of gastric cancer. The patient was treated with combination chemotherapy of S-1 and cisplatin(S-1 80 mg/body, po, day 1-21 and cisplatin 50mg/body, iv, day 8). After one course of treatment, DIC was resolved and his pain was relieved. He survived for about nine months. S-1 and cisplatin are considered to be effective for disseminated carcinosis of bone marrow.
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May 2012

Microbial populations responsive to denitrification-inducing conditions in rice paddy soil, as revealed by comparative 16S rRNA gene analysis.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2009 Nov 18;75(22):7070-8. Epub 2009 Sep 18.

Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.

Rice paddy soil has been shown to have strong denitrifying activity. However, the microbial populations responsible for nitrate respiration and denitrification have not been well characterized. In this study, we performed a clone library analysis of >1,000 clones of the nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene to characterize bacterial community structure in rice paddy soil. We also identified potential key players in nitrate respiration and denitrification by comparing the community structures of soils with strong denitrifying activity to those of soils without denitrifying activity. Clone library analysis showed that bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes, including a unique Symbiobacterium clade, dominated the clones obtained in this study. Using the template match method, several operational taxonomic units (OTUs), most belonging to the orders Burkholderiales and Rhodocyclales, were identified as OTUs that were specifically enriched in the sample with strong denitrifying activity. Almost one-half of these OTUs were classified in the genus Herbaspirillum and appeared >10-fold more frequently in the soils with strong denitrifying activity than in the soils without denitrifying activity. Therefore, OTUs related to Herbaspirillum are potential key players in nitrate respiration and denitrification under the conditions used.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01481-09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2786546PMC
November 2009

[A case of metastatic breast cancer resistant to anastrozole treatment responding to high-dose toremifene].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2009 Apr;36(4):671-3

Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery, Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital.

The patient was a 56-year-old female. At the age of 35 years, she had under gone left mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. After surgery, hormonal therapy was continued for 3 years. Then, no treatment was performed. In this study, single therapy with an AI agent was started to treatbilateral supraclavicular fossa/mediastinal lymphnode metastases. After 6 months, a partial response(PR)was achieved. However, progression of the disease(PD)was noted after 1 year. Thereafter,the regimen was switched to single high-dose(120mg/day)TOR therapy. CT revealed the disappearance of the bilateral supraclavicular fossa lymphnodes and a marked reduction of the other lymphnodes. Currently, the patient is being treated, with an interval of 10 months from the start of TOR therapy.
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April 2009