Publications by authors named "Michelle C Bufalo"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Box Jellyfish (Cnidaria, Cubozoa) Extract Increases Neuron's Connection: A Possible Neuroprotector Effect.

Biomed Res Int 2021 4;2021:8855248. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Laboratório Multidisciplinar de Pesquisa, Universidade São Francisco, Bragança Paulista 12916-900, Brazil.

Neurodegenerative diseases are one of the major causes of death worldwide, characterized by neurite atrophy, neuron apoptosis, and synapse loss. No effective treatment has been indicated for such diseases so far, and the search for new drugs is being increased in the last years. Animal venoms' secretion/venom can be an alternative for the discovery of new molecules, which could be the prototype for a new treatment. Here, we present the biochemical characterization and activity of the extract from the box jellyfish () on neurites. The methanolic extract was obtained and incubated to human SH-SY5Y neurons, and neurite parameters were evaluated. The extract was tested in other cell types to check its cytotoxicity and was submitted to biochemical analysis by mass spectrometry in order to check its composition. We could verify that the extract increased neurite outgrowth length and branching junctions, amplifying the contact between SH-SY5Y neurons, without affecting cell body and viability. The extract action was selective for neurons, as it did not cause any effects on other cell types, such as tumor line, nontumor line, and red blood cells. Moreover, mass spectrometry analysis revealed that there are no proteins but several low molecular mass compounds and peptides. Three peptides, characterized as cryptides, and 14 low molecular mass compounds were found to be related to cytoskeleton reorganization, cell membrane expansion, and antioxidant/neuroprotective activity, which act together to increase neuritogenesis. After this evaluation, we conclude that the extract is a promising tool for neuronal connection recovery, an essential condition for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/8855248DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7954621PMC
March 2021

The Crotoxin:SBA-15 Complex Down-Regulates the Incidence and Intensity of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Through Peripheral and Central Actions.

Front Immunol 2020 28;11:591563. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Laboratory of Pain and Signaling, Butantan Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Crotoxin (CTX), the main neurotoxin from snake venom, has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antinociceptive activities. However, the CTX-induced toxicity may compromise its use. Under this scenario, the use of nanoparticle such as nanostructured mesoporous silica (SBA-15) as a carrier might become a feasible approach to improve CTX safety. Here, we determined the benefits of SBA-15 on CTX-related neuroinflammatory and immunomodulatory properties during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis that replicates several histopathological and immunological features observed in humans. We showed that a single administration of CTX:SBA-15 (54 μg/kg) was more effective in reducing pain and ameliorated the clinical score (motor impairment) in EAE animals compared to the CTX-treated EAE group; therefore, improving the disease outcome. Of interest, CTX:SBA-15, but not unconjugated CTX, prevented EAE-induced atrophy and loss of muscle function. Further supporting an immune mechanism, CTX:SBA-15 treatment reduced both recruitment and proliferation of peripheral Th17 cells as well as diminished IL-17 expression and glial cells activation in the spinal cord in EAE animals when compared with CTX-treated EAE group. Finally, CTX:SBA-15, but not unconjugated CTX, prevented the EAE-induced cell infiltration in the CNS. These results provide evidence that SBA-15 maximizes the immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of CTX in an EAE model; therefore, suggesting that SBA-15 has the potential to improve CTX effectiveness in the treatment of MS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.591563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7655790PMC
October 2020

Advanced glycation endproducts produced by in vitro glycation of type I collagen modulate the functional and secretory behavior of dorsal root ganglion cells cultivated in two-dimensional system.

Exp Cell Res 2019 09 27;382(2):111475. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Butantan Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are proteins/lipids that are glycated upon sugar exposure and are often increased during inflammatory diseases such as osteoarthritis and neurodegenerative disorders. Here, we developed an extracellular matrix (ECM) using glycated type I collagen (ECM-GC), which produced similar levels of AGEs to those detected in the sera of arthritic mice. In order to determine whether AGEs were sufficient to stimulate sensory neurons, dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) cells were cultured on ECM-GC or ECM-NC-coated plates. ECM-GC or ECM-NC were favorable for DRG cells expansion. However, ECM-GC cultivated neurons displayed thinner F-actin filaments, rounded morphology, and reduced neuron interconnection compared to ECM-NC. In addition, ECM-GC did not affect RAGE expression levels in the neurons, although induced rapid p38, MAPK and ERK activation. Finally, ECM-GC stimulated the secretion of nitrite and TNF-α by DRG cells. Taken together, our in vitro glycated ECM model suitably mimics the in vivo microenvironment of inflammatory disorders and provides new insights into the role of ECM impairment as a nociceptive stimulus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2019.06.020DOI Listing
September 2019

Modulatory effects of propolis samples from Latin America (Brazil, Cuba and Mexico) on cytokine production by human monocytes.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2015 Oct 29;67(10):1431-8. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Biosciences Institute, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: Propolis has been used in folk medicine in different regions of the world including Latin America. Propolis is a resinous mixture of substances collected by honey bees from several botanical sources, and its composition contains a rich chemical variety, depending on the geographical area and plant sources. Our aim was to compare the modulatory effect of propolis samples from three different countries of Latin America (Brazil, Cuba and Mexico) on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-10, respectively) by human monocytes.

Methods: Cells were incubated with propolis for 18 h at 37°C. Cell viability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method, and cytokine production was determined by ELISA.

Key Findings: All samples did not affect monocyte viability. Brazilian propolis stimulated both TNF-α and IL-10 production by monocytes. Cuban propolis stimulated TNF-α and inhibited IL-10 production, while Mexican sample exerted the opposite effect, inhibiting TNF-α and stimulating IL-10 production. The major compounds found in Brazilian, Cuban and Mexican propolis samples were artepillin C, isoflavonoids and pinocembrin, respectively.

Conclusion: Brazilian, Cuban and Mexican propolis contained different components that may exert pro- and anti-inflammatory activity depending on concentration, what may provide a novel approach to the development of immunomodulatory drugs containing propolis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphp.12431DOI Listing
October 2015

Expression of genes related to apoptosis, cell cycle and signaling pathways are independent of TP53 status in urinary bladder cancer cells.

Mol Biol Rep 2011 Aug 30;38(6):4159-70. Epub 2010 Nov 30.

Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Botucatu Medical School, UNESP-São Paulo State University, Botucatu, SP, 18618-000, Brazil.

Urinary bladder cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in the Western world. Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the most common subtype, accounting for about 90% of all bladder cancers. The TP53 gene plays an essential role in the regulation of the cell cycle and apoptosis and therefore contributes to cellular transformation and malignancy; however, little is known about the differential gene expression patterns in human tumors that present with the wild-type or mutated TP53 gene. Therefore, because gene profiling can provide new insights into the molecular biology of bladder cancer, the present study aimed to compare the molecular profiles of bladder cancer cell lines with different TP53 alleles, including the wild type (RT4) and two mutants (5637, with mutations in codons 280 and 72; and T24, a TP53 allele encoding an in-frame deletion of tyrosine 126). Unsupervised hierarchical clustering and gene networks were constructed based on data generated by cDNA microarrays using mRNA from the three cell lines. Differentially expressed genes related to the cell cycle, cell division, cell death, and cell proliferation were observed in the three cell lines. However, the cDNA microarray data did not cluster cell lines based on their TP53 allele. The gene profiles of the RT4 cells were more similar to those of T24 than to those of the 5637 cells. While the deregulation of both the cell cycle and the apoptotic pathways was particularly related to TCC, these alterations were not associated with the TP53 status.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-010-0536-xDOI Listing
August 2011

In vitro cytotoxic effect of Brazilian green propolis on human laryngeal epidermoid carcinoma (HEp-2) cells.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2009 Dec 22;6(4):483-7. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

Biosciences Institute, UNESP, 18618-000 Botucatu, S.P., Brazil.

Propolis is a sticky dark-colored material showing a very complex chemical composition that honeybees collect from plants. It has been used in folk medicine since ancient times, due to several biological properties, such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities, among others. Its antitumor action in vivo and in vitro has also been reported, using propolis extracts or its isolated compounds. The goal of this work was to evaluate propolis's cytotoxic action in vitro on human laryngeal epidermoid carcinoma (Hep-2) cells. These cells were incubated with different concentrations of this bee product for different time periods, and morphology and the number of viable HEp-2 cells analyzed. Data showed that propolis exhibited a cytotoxic effect in vitro against HEp-2 cells, in a dose- and time-dependent way. Propolis solvent had no effects on morphology and number of viable cells, proving that the cytotoxic effects were exclusively due to propolis components. Since humans have been using propolis for a long time, further assays will provide a better comprehension of propolis's antitumor action.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nem147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2781777PMC
December 2009