Publications by authors named "Michele Pantuso"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Preliminary reference intervals of Glycated Albumin in healthy Caucasian pregnant women.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 Aug 12;519:227-230. Epub 2021 May 12.

Institute of Clinical Biochemistry, Clinical Molecular Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, Department of Biomedicine, Neurosciences and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital "P. Giaccone", Palermo, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Glycated albumin (GA) could represent a useful biomarker in pregnant women for diagnosing and monitoring gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The establishment of reference intervals (RI) is mandatory before assessing its clinical usefulness. The RIs of GA in healthy pregnant women are not well defined. The aim of the current study was to establish the RI in a cohort consisting of Caucasian pregnant women without overt diabetes mellitus or gestational diabetes mellitus.

Methods: The study included 183 healthy pregnant women. GA was measured on plasma by an enzymatic method (quantILab Glycated Albumin, IL Werfen, Germany). The RI was calculated by the non-parametric and robust methods.

Results: The RI of GA in the whole population was 10.16% (90%CI 9.60-10.70) and 15.44% (90%CI 14.90-16.90). GA levels decreased during pregnancy, with lower levels in the third trimester: 10.11 (90%CI 9.48-10.79) and 15.72 (90%CI 15.15-16.27) in the first trimester, 10.49 (90%CI 10.05-10.96) and 15.49 (90%CI 15.05-15.92) in the second trimester, 9.84 (90%CI 9.50-10.22) and 14.57 (90%CI 14.11-15.01) in the third trimester. Finally, a weak negative correlation was found between GA levels and body mass index.

Conclusion: This is the first study establishing the RIs of GA in Caucasian healthy pregnant women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2021.05.009DOI Listing
August 2021

A new tool for sepsis screening in the Emergency Department.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Biomedicine, Neurosciences and Advanced Diagnostics, Institute of Clinical Biochemistry, Clinical Molecular Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Objectives: In this study, we developed and evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Sepsis Index for early sepsis screening in the Emergency Department (ED).

Methods: Sepsis Index is based on the combination of monocyte distribution width (MDW) and mean monocyte volume (MMV). Sepsis Index≥1 was selected to define sepsis. We tested its diagnostic accuracy in an ED population stratified in four groups: controls, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), infection, and sepsis, according to Sepsis-2 criteria.

Results: Patients with sepsis displayed higher median Sepsis Index value than patients without sepsis. At the receiver operating characterictis (ROC) curve analysis for the prediction of sepsis, the area under the curve (AUC) of MDW and Sepsis Index were similar: 0.966 (95%CI 0.947-0.984), and 0.964 (95%CI 0.942-0.985), respectively. Sepsis Index showed increased specificity than MDW (94.7 vs. 90.6%), without any decrease in sensitivity (92.0%). Additionally, LR+ increased from 9.8 (MDW) to 17.4 (Sepsis Index), without any substantial change in LR- (respectively 0.09 vs. 0.08). Finally, PPV increased from 0.286 (MDW) to 0.420 (Sepsis Index).

Conclusions: Sepsis Index improves the diagnostic accuracy of MDW alone for sepsis screening.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2021-0208DOI Listing
April 2021