Publications by authors named "Michele Fix"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

SIRA+P: Development and Testing.

J Pediatr Nurs 2017 May - Jun;34:65-71. Epub 2017 Jan 13.

Children's Mercy Kansas City, 2401 Gillham Rd, Kansas City, MO 64108, United States.

Objectives: To describe the development of a new skin risk assessment scale called Skin Injury Risk Assessment and Prevention (SIRA+P) and to establish initial reliability and validity of the scale among patients ranging in age from birth, including pre-term, to adulthood, regardless of age or acuity of illness.

Study Design: The single-site study was a retrospective chart review to evaluate the measurement properties of SIRA+P. Charts of 385 patients of all ages and in all units (including the neonatal and pediatric intensive care units) of a free-standing children's hospital were included. Concurrent validity was assessed with scales having previously established reliability and validity. For subjects <30days of age, the comparison scale was the Neonatal Skin Risk Assessment Scale (NSRAS); for subjects 31days through 17years, the Braden Q Scale (Braden Q) was used; and for subjects 18years and older, the Braden Scale (Braden) was used. Interrater reliability was examined using Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC). Concurrent validity procedures compared SIRA+P with NSRAS, Braden Q, and Braden using Pearson Correlation Coefficients.

Results: Interrater reliability for SIRA+P was very high (0.878). SIRA+P strongly correlated with the NSRAS (0.725), the Braden Q (-0.634), and the Braden (-0.778).

Conclusion: SIRA+P is designed to be used within the EHR and includes nursing decision support to guide pressure injury prevention interventions for specific skin integrity risks. SIRA+P has good interrater reliability, is valid across all age groups and accounts for device-related pressure.
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April 2018

Inpatient falls in freestanding children's hospitals.

Pediatr Nurs 2014 May-Jun;40(3):127-35

Patient falls are considered a significant safety risk, but little evidence regarding the significance of falls in children is available. A multisite, observational study of fall events occurring in pediatric inpatients (younger than 18 years of age) from Child Health Corporation of America member hospitals was conducted to determine the prevalence and significance of falls. Fall prevalence was 0.84 per 1,000 patient days with 48% classified as preventable. Injuries occurred in 32%, but only two falls resulted in an increased length of stay; none resulted in permanent disability or death. Only 47% of the children who fell were identified to be at risk for fall. Alert mechanisms were used in 60% and preventive measures in 23%. These findings suggest that while inpatient pediatric fall rates are lower than those of adults, greater diligence in identification and risk reduction may further reduce the prevalence of falls and the proportion of fall-related injuries.
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September 2014