Publications by authors named "Michel Pansieri"

18 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Use and outcomes of the PK Papyrus covered stent in France: SOS PK Papyrus Registry.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2020 Oct 21. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Cardiology Department, Rangueil University Hospital, Toulouse, France.

Objectives: To evaluate the rate of procedural success and long-term outcomes of the PK Papyrus (PKP) covered stent (CS).

Background: CS are essential in the treatment of coronary artery perforation (CAP). They have also been used to treat coronary artery aneurysms. Limited evidence is available on clinical outcomes with the PKP.

Methods: This was a multicenter, observational, retrospective, and prospective study. Consecutive patients undergoing intentional PKP implantation in 22 centers in France were included. The primary endpoint was the rate of procedural success. Secondary endpoints included rates of death, myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), in-stent restenosis (ISR), and stent thrombosis (ST).

Results: Data from 130 patients were analyzed (mean age 72.5 ± 10.5 years; 71% men). The main indication for PKP was CAP, in 84 patients (65%). Delivery success was achieved in 95% and procedural success in 91%. During the in-hospital stay, 15 patients died (12%) and 7 (5%) presented with ST. Data from 127 patients were available at 19.2 ± 12.8 month follow-up. Thirty-three patients died (26%), 15 (12%) had an MI and 21 (17%) presented with TLR. TLR was due to ISR in 12 patients (9%), 10 had definite ST (8%) and 1 patient for stent under-expansion.

Conclusions: The principal indication for PKP was CAP. PKP had high rates of delivery and procedural success. At long-term follow-up, there was a high rate of TLR, mainly due to ISR and ST. These results are consistent with previously reported data in these clinical settings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.29328DOI Listing
October 2020

Real-World Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Following Polymer-Free Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantations to Treat Coronary Artery Disease.

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2020 06;34(3):335-344

Centre Hospitalier d'Avignon, Avignon, France.

Objectives: The objective of this post hoc analysis was to analyze real-world dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) regimens following polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent (PF-SES) implantations in an unselected patient population.

Methods: Patient-level data from two all-comers observational studies (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifiers: NCT02629575 and NCT02905214) were pooled and analyzed in terms of their primary endpoint. During the data verification process, we observed substantial deviations from DAPT guideline recommendations. To illuminate this gap between clinical practice and guideline recommendations, we conducted a post hoc analysis of DAPT regimens and clinical event rates for which we defined the net adverse event rate (NACE) consisting of target lesion revascularization (TLR, primary endpoint of all-comers observational studies) all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis (ST), and bleeding events. A logistic regression was utilized to determine predictors why ticagrelor was used in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients instead of the guideline-recommended clopidogrel.

Results: For stable CAD, the composite endpoint of clinical, bleeding, and stent thrombosis, i.e., NACE, between the clopidogrel and ticagrelor treatment groups was not different (5.4% vs. 5.1%, p = 0.745). Likewise, in the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) cohort, the NACE rates were not different between both DAPT strategies (9.2% vs. 9.3%, p = 0.927). There were also no differences in the accumulated rates for TLR, myocardial infarction ([MI], mortality, bleeding events, and stent thrombosis in elective and ACS patients. The main predictors for ticagrelor use in stable CAD patients were age < 65 years, smaller vessels, treatment of ostial and calcified lesions, and in-stent restenosis.

Conclusion: Within the framework of a post hoc analysis based on a real-world, large cohort study, there were no differences in the combined endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), bleeding and thrombotic events for clopidogrel and ticagrelor in stable CAD or ACS patients. Despite the recommendation for clopidogrel by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), real-world ticagrelor use was observed in subgroups of stable CAD patients that ought to be explored in future trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10557-020-06963-5DOI Listing
June 2020

Unrestricted use of polymer-free sirolimus eluting stents in routine clinical practice.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Feb;99(8):e19119

Städtische Kliniken Esslingen, Esslingen, Germany.

Stent designs with ultrathin struts may further increase the procedural success of challenging lesion subsets. The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of ultrathin strut, polymer-free sirolimus eluting stent (PF-SES) implantations in a large scale, unselected patient population.Adult patients underwent percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with a thin-strut PF-SES. Data from two all-comers observational studies having the same protocol (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifiers: NCT02629575 and NCT02905214) were pooled. The accumulated target lesion revascularization (TLR) rate at 9-12 months was the primary endpoint. All dual antiplatelet therapy strategies according to the applicable guidelines were permissible.In total, 7243 patients were prospectively enrolled for PCI with PF-SES in stable coronary artery disease or acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Major risk factors in the overall cohort were diabetes (37.3%), ST elevation myocardial infarction (18.1%) and non-ST myocardial infarction (24.6%). The follow-up rate was 88.6% in the overall population. The TLR rate in the overall cohort was 2.2% whereas definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) occurred in 0.7%. In patients with in-stent restenosis lesions, the major adverse cardiac events rate was 6.4% whereas the corresponding rate for isolated left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease was highest with 6.7% followed by patients with culprit lesions in vein bypasses (VB, 7.1%). The mortality rate in patients treated in VB lesions was highest with 5.4%, followed by the isolated LMCA subgroup (3.4%) and ACS (2.6%).PCI with PF-SES in an unselected patient population, is associated with low clinical event and ST rates. Furthermore, PF-SES angioplasty in niche indications demonstrated favorable safety and efficacy outcomes with high procedural success rates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7034709PMC
February 2020

Polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent use in Europe and Asia: Ethnic differences in demographics and clinical outcomes.

PLoS One 2020 13;15(1):e0226606. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, South Korea.

Background: The objective of this study was to assess regional and ethnic differences in an unselected patient population treated with polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stents (PF-SES) in Asia and Europe.

Methods: Two all-comers observational studies based on the same protocol (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifiers: NCT02629575 and NCT02905214) were combined for data analysis to assure sufficient statistical power. The primary endpoint was the accumulated target lesion revascularization (TLR) rate at 9-12 months.

Results: Of the total population of 7243 patients, 44.0% (3186) were recruited in the Mediterranean region and 32.0% (2317) in central Europe. The most prominent Asian region was South Korea (17.6%, 1274) followed by Malaysia (5.7%, 413). Major cardiovascular risk factors varied significantly across regions. The overall rates for accumulated TLR and MACE were low with 2.2% (140/6374) and 4.4% (279/6374), respectively. In ACS patients, there were no differences in terms of MACE, TLR, MI and accumulated mortality between the investigated regions. Moreover, dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) regimens were substantially longer in Asian countries even in patients with stable coronary artery disease as compared to those in Europe.

Conclusions: PF-SES angioplasty is associated with low clinical event rates in all regions. Further reductions in clinical event rates seem to be associated with longer DAPT regimens.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0226606PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6957170PMC
April 2020

Femoral Versus Nonfemoral Peripheral Access for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2019 12;74(22):2728-2739

Paris Cardiovascular Research Center, INSERM Unit 970, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Cardiology Department, Paris, France.

Background: Femoral access is the gold standard for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Guidelines recommend reconsidering surgery when this access is not feasible. However, alternative peripheral accesses exist, although they have not been accurately compared with femoral access.

Objectives: This study compared nonfemoral peripheral (n-FP) TAVR with femoral TAVR.

Methods: Using the data from the national prospective French registry (FRANCE TAVI [French Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation]), this study compared the characteristics and outcomes of TAVR procedures according to whether they were performed through a femoral or a n-FP access, using a pre-specified propensity score-based matching between groups. Subanalysis during 2 study periods (2013 to 2015 and 2016 to 2017) and among low/intermediate-low and intermediate-high/high volume centers were performed.

Results: Among 21,611 patients, 19,995 (92.5%) underwent femoral TAVR and 1,616 (7.5%) underwent n-FP TAVR (transcarotid, n = 914 or trans-subclavian, n = 702). Patients in the n-FP access group had more severe disease (mean logistic EuroSCORE 19.95 vs. 16.95; p < 0.001), with a higher rate of peripheral vascular disease, known coronary artery disease, chronic pulmonary disease, and renal failure. After matching, there was no difference in the rate of post-procedural death and complications according to access site, except for a 2-fold lower rate of major vascular complications (odds ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.21 to 0.93; p = 0.032) and unplanned vascular repairs (odds ratio: 0.41; 95% confidence interval: 0.29 to 0.59; p < 0.001) in those who underwent n-FP access. The comparison of outcomes provided similar results during the second study period and in intermediate-high/high volume centers.

Conclusions: n-FP TAVR is associated with similar outcomes compared with femoral peripheral TAVR, except for a 2-fold lower rate of major vascular complications and unplanned vascular repairs. n-FP TAVR may be favored over surgery in patients who are deemed ineligible for femoral TAVR and may be a safe alternative when femoral access risk is considered too high.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.09.054DOI Listing
December 2019

Delayed Formation of a Massive Atrial Hematoma After Coronary Intervention Manifesting With an Isolated Cough: Multimodality Imaging and Outcome.

Can J Cardiol 2017 12 16;33(12):1736.e5-1736.e7. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Service de cardiologie, Hopital nord franche comté, Trévenans, France. Electronic address:

Coronary artery perforation is a relatively rare but potentially life-threatening complication of percutaneous coronary intervention because it could result in cardiac tamponade; exceptionally, distal coronary perforation could cause an acute formation of a mural hematoma, which could also prove lethal without adequate management. We report an exceptional case of a 76-year-old man in whom an important left atrial hematoma formed progressively over weeks after a planned percutaneous coronary intervention and manifested with an isolated cough. Diagnosis was made using multimodality imaging. A conservative strategy was adopted and produced a favourable outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2017.08.003DOI Listing
December 2017

Radial versus femoral access for coronary angiography and intervention is associated with lower patient radiation exposure in high-radial-volume centres: Insights from the RAY'ACT-1 study.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Mar 20;110(3):179-187. Epub 2017 Jan 20.

Collège National des Cardiologues des Hôpitaux, Société Française de Cardiologie, 75011 Paris, France.

Background: Literature suggests that radial access is associated with higher radiation doses than femoral access.

Aims: To compare patient radiation exposure during coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with radial versus femoral access.

Methods: RAY'ACT is a nationwide, multicentre, French survey evaluating patient radiation in interventional cardiology. Variables of patient exposure from 21,675 CAs and 17,109 PCIs performed at 44 centres during 2010 were analysed retrospectively.

Results: Radial access was used in 71% of CAs and 69% of PCIs. Although median fluoroscopy times were longer for radial versus femoral access (CA, 3.8 vs 3.5minutes [P<0.001]; PCI, 10.4 vs 10.1minutes [P=0.001]), the Kerma-area product (KAP) was lower with radial access (CA, 26.8 vs 28.1Gy·cm; PCI, 55.6 vs 59.4Gy·cm; both P=0.001). Differences in KAP remained significant in the multivariable analysis (P<0.01), and in a propensity score-matched analysis (P=0.01). A significant interaction was found between KAP and the percentage of procedures with radial access by centre (P<0.001). KAP was higher by radial versus femoral access in low-radial-volume centres, and lower in high-radial-volume centres. Radiation protection techniques, such as the use of low frame rates (7.5 frame/s), were used more frequently in high-radial-volume radial centres.

Conclusions: In this multicentre study, radial access was associated with lower radiation doses to patient than femoral access in high-radial-volume centres. Provided that radioprotection methods are implemented, radial access could be associated with lower patient radiation exposure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2016.09.002DOI Listing
March 2017

Mechanical abnormalities associated with first- and second-generation drug-eluting stent thrombosis analyzed by optical coherence tomography in the national PESTO French registry.

Int J Cardiol 2017 Jan 9;227:161-165. Epub 2016 Nov 9.

Cardiology Department, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background And Objectives: DES thrombosis may be triggered by different mechanisms that are difficult to identify by angiography alone. This work aimed to investigate and compare the characteristics of stent thrombosis (ST) between 1st- and 2nd-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) among a large cohort of patients explored by optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Methods And Results: The PESTO study was a prospective national registry involving 29 French catheterization facilities. Patients with acute coronary syndromes were prospectively screened for presence of definite ST and analyzed by OCT after culprit lesion deocclusion. The analysis involved 71 subjects including 34 patients with 1st-generation DES (DES1G) and 35 patients with 2nd-generation DES (DES2G). Most patients (80%) presented with very late stent thrombosis. The median time between initial PCI and ST was longer in DES1G than DES2G patients (3.8 [2.6-6.5] years vs. 1.1 [0.04-2.3] years, p<0.0001). OCT identified an underlying morphological abnormality in 96% of the cases. Significant malapposition was the main abnormality observed either in DES1G (26%) or DES2G patients (35%). Ruptured neoatherosclerotic lesions were more frequently observed with DES1G than with DES2G (26% vs. 3%, p=0.008). There was no significant difference in percentage of malapposed struts and uncovered struts between groups.

Conclusions: In this registry, DES thrombosis mainly occurred ≥1year after initial PCI. OCT identified a mechanical abnormality in the vast majority of the cases. Similar causes were observed between DES1G and DES2G, but neoatherosclerotic lesions were more common in DES1G.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.084DOI Listing
January 2017

Radiation Doses to Patients in Interventional Coronary Procedures-Estimation of Updated National Reference Levels by Dose Audit.

Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2017 Jun;175(1):17-25

Collège National des Cardiologues des Hôpitaux, Paris, France.

The objective of this study was to estimate the French national updated reference levels (RLs) for coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by a dose audit from a large data set of unselected procedures and in standard-sized patients. Kerma-area product (PKA), air kerma at interventional point (Ka,r), fluoroscopy time (FT), and the number of registered frames (NFs) and runs (NRs) were collected from 51 229 CAs and 42 222 PCIs performed over a 12-month period at 61 French hospitals. RLs estimated by the 75th percentile in CAs and PCIs performed in unselected patients were 36 and 78 Gy.cm² for PKA, 498 and 1285 mGy for Ka,r, 6 and 15 min for FT, and 566 and 960 for NF, respectively. These values were consistent with the RLs calculated in standard-sized patients. The large difference in dose between sexes leads us to propose specific RLs in males and females. The results suggest a trend for a time-course reduction in RLs for interventional coronary procedures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncw261DOI Listing
June 2017

Ticagrelor versus prasugrel in diabetic patients with an acute coronary syndrome. A pharmacodynamic randomised study.

Thromb Haemost 2014 Feb 24;111(2):273-8. Epub 2013 Oct 24.

Laurent Bonello, MD, PhD, Department of cardiology, Hôpital universitaire nord, Chemin des bourrely, 13015 Marseille, France, Tel.: +33 491 968 858, Fax: +33 491 968 979, E-mail:

Optimal P2Y12 receptor blockade is critical to prevent ischaemic recurrence in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aimed to compare the level of platelet reactivity (PR) inhibition achieved by prasugrel and ticagrelor loading dose (LD) in diabetic acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing PCI. We performed a single-center prospective open-label randomised trial. Patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing PCI for an ACS were randomised to receive prasugrel 60 mg or ticagrelor 180 mg. The primary endpoint of the study was the level of platelet reactivity (PR) assessed between 6 and 18 hours post-LD using the VASP index. We randomised 100 diabetic patients undergoing PCI for an ACS. No difference was observed in baseline characteristics between the two groups. In particular, the rate of patient receiving insulin therapy was identical (25 vs 28.6%; p =0.7). Ticagrelor achieved a significantly lower PR compared to prasugrel loading dose (17.3 ± 14.2 vs 27.7 ± 23.3%; p=0.009). In addition the rate of high on-treatment platelet reactivity, defined by a VASP ≥50%, tend to be lower in the ticagrelor group although the difference did not reach statistical significance (6 vs 16%; p=0.2). The rate of low on treatment PR was identical (60 vs 54%; p=0.8). The present study demonstrates that ticagrelor LD is superior to prasugrel LD to reduce PR in ACS patients with diabetes mellitus. Whether the higher potency of ticagrelor could translate into a clinical benefit should be investigated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1160/TH13-05-0384DOI Listing
February 2014

Platelet reactivity evaluated with the VASP assay following ticagrelor loading dose in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Thromb Res 2013 Jul 30;132(1):e15-8. Epub 2013 May 30.

Département de cardiologie, Hôpital universitaire nord, Aix-Marseille Univ., Marseille, France.

Background: The level of platelet reactivity (PR) inhibition obtained after P2Y12-ADP receptor antagonist loading dose (LD) is associated with the ischemic and bleeding risk following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute coronary syndromes (ACS).

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the level of PR inhibition achieved by a 180 mg LD of ticagrelor and the rate of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) in ACS patients undergoing PCI.

Methods: We performed a multicentre prospective observational study enrolling ACS patients undergoing PCI. Patients were included if they were admitted for ST-elevation myocardial infarction or non ST-elevation ACS. To assess PR, a VASP index was measured at least 6 and within 24 hours following a 180 mg LD of ticagrelor. HTPR was defined as a VASP index ≥50%.

Results: One hundred and fifteen patients were included: 31.3% of STEMI, 49.6% of NSTEMI and 19.1% of unstable angina. Following ticagrelor LD the mean VASP index was 17±14%. However the response to ticagrelor was not uniform with a small inter-individual variability: inter quartile range: 7.6-22.8% and a rate of HTPR of 3.5%. A high number of patients, 65.6%, had a VASP index <16%. None of the baseline characteristics of the study population was associated with PR. In addition, PR was similar in STEMI, NSTEMI and unstable angina (p=0.9).

Conclusion: In ACS patients the level of PR inhibition achieved by a 180 mg loading dose of ticagrelor is not uniform and the rate of HTPR is 3.5%. A high proportion of patients exhibited a VASP index <16%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2013.04.030DOI Listing
July 2013

Chronic calcific constrictive pericarditis complicating Churg-Strauss syndrome: first reported case.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014 Oct 23;62(7):631-3. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Department of Cardiology, Avignon Hospital Center, Avignon, France.

Churg-Strauss syndrome is a necrotizing systemic vasculitis characterized by extravascular granulomas and eosinophilic infiltrates of small vessels. Although cardiac complications are considered to be relatively common, no case of constrictive calcified pericarditis has ever been previously described in this setting. In this report, we present the case of a 46-year-old man with Churg-Strauss syndrome, in whom we were able to document the development of symptomatic calcific constrictive pericarditis during a 10-year period despite long-term corticosteroid therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1331579DOI Listing
October 2014

One-year results of the CRISTAL Trial, a randomized comparison of cypher sirolimus-eluting coronary stents versus balloon angioplasty for restenosis of drug-eluting stents.

J Interv Cardiol 2012 Dec 20;25(6):586-95. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Institut Cardiovasculaire Paris-Sud, Massy, France.

Objectives:  We compared the efficacy of the Cypher Select (Cordis Corporation, Bridgewater, NJ, USA) sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) versus balloon angioplasty (BA) in in-stent restenosis (ISR) of Taxus or Taxus Liberté paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES; Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA) or Cypher/Cypher Select SES.

Background: Optimal treatment strategies have not been identified for drug-eluting stent (DES) ISR.

Methods: Patients with a native coronary artery SES or PES ISR were randomized to SES or BA. In addition, a control group included BMS ISR treated with SES. Angiographic control was performed at 12 months.

Results: 281 patients were enrolled. Significant differences favoring SES over BA were noted in immediate and net gain (1.39 ± 0.51 vs. 0.97 ± 0.54 mm, P < 0.0001 and 1.07 ± 0.69 vs. 0.49 ± 0.67 mm, P < 0.0001), 12-month mean luminal diameter (MLD; 2.14 ± 0.62 vs. 1.71 ± 0.55 mm, P < 0.0001) and percent diameter stenosis (%DS; 21 ± 19.24 vs. 29.82 ± 18.47, P = 0.001). There was no significant difference at 12 months between SES and BA in the primary end-point late lumen loss (LLL; 0.37 ± 0.57 vs.0.41 ± 0.63, P = 0.73) and in in-stent binary restenosis (11.1% vs. 14%, P = 0.59). Target-lesion revascularization (TLR) was numerically lower in patients treated with SES (5.9% vs. 13.1%, P = 0.097). There was no difference according to the initial DES. In contrast, significantly higher immediate and net gains and MLD were noted in the BMS control group treated by SES.

Conclusions: In this angiographic randomized trial comparing SES and BA in SES or PES restenosis, 12 month MLD, immediate and net gain, and %DS favored SES whereas no difference was noted in LLL. Condensed abstract optimal treatment strategies have not been identified for sirolimus-(SES) or paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in-stent restenosis (ISR). We randomized patients with a native coronary artery SES or PES ISR to SES or BA. In addition, a control group included BMS ISR treated with SES. There was no difference in the primary end-point, late lumen loss (LLL) at 12 months between the SES and BA groups. However, follow-up MLD and immediate and net gain favored SES.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8183.2012.00769.xDOI Listing
December 2012

Rate of nuisance bleedings and impact on compliance to prasugrel in acute coronary syndromes.

Am J Cardiol 2011 Dec 8;108(12):1710-3. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

Département de Cardiologie, Hôpital Universitaire Nord, Faculté De Médecine, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France.

Antiplatelet agents are critical to prevent thrombotic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes, particularly those who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention. Prasugrel is a potent P2Y(12)-adenosine diphosphate receptor antagonist that is superior to clopidogrel in such patients. Previous studies have observed that nuisance and internal bleedings were relatively frequent in patients under clopidogrel therapy and were associated with noncompliance. Furthermore, premature drug discontinuation is associated with thrombotic recurrences. The aim of the present study was to investigate the rate of nuisance or internal bleedings in patients receiving prasugrel and its relation with compliance. This prospective multicenter study included 396 patients. Bleeding events were recorded and classified as alarming, nuisance, or internal according. Compliance with prasugrel therapy was assessed. Almost half of the patients (48.5%) were included for ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes. During the 1-month follow-up period, 54 patients (13.6%) had bleeding events. Most bleeding events were classified as internal or nuisance (96%). Internal and nuisance bleedings were associated with high rates of prasugrel discontinuation (16.6% and 14.7%, respectively). Nuisance and internal bleedings were significantly associated with prasugrel discontinuation in multivariate analysis (odds ratio 3.1, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 9.2, p = 0.04). The rate of major adverse cardiovascular events was 2.3%. No relation was observed between minor bleeds, compliance, and major adverse cardiovascular events. In conclusion, in the present study, minor bleedings were common during the first month after percutaneous coronary intervention and were significantly associated with prasugrel withdrawal.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.07.038DOI Listing
December 2011

High on-treatment platelet reactivity after prasugrel loading dose and cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention in acute coronary syndromes.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2011 Jul;58(5):467-73

Département de Cardiologie, Hôpital Universitaire Nord, Faculté de Médecine, Chemin des Bourrely, Marseille, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between platelet reactivity (PR) after a loading dose (LD) of prasugrel and thrombotic events.

Background: Post-treatment PR has been shown to be strongly associated with the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the clopidogrel era. Prasugrel is a new P2Y(12)-adenosine diphosphate receptor with a higher potency on PR.

Methods: A prospective multicenter study included patients who underwent successful PCI for acute coronary syndromes and received prasugrel therapy. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) index was measured after the prasugrel LD. High on-treatment PR was defined as a VASP index ≥50%. MACE included cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and definite stent thrombosis at 1 month.

Results: Three hundred one patients were enrolled. The mean VASP index after 60 mg of prasugrel was 34.3 ± 23.1%. High on-treatment PR was observed in 76 patients (25.2%). Patients experiencing thrombotic events after PCI had significantly higher VASP indexes compared with those free of events (64.4 ± 14.4% vs. 33.4 ± 22.7%; range: 51% to 64% and 5% to 47.6%, respectively; p = 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis comparing good responders and patients with high on-treatment PR demonstrated a significantly higher rate of MACE in patients with suboptimal PR inhibition (log-rank p < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis found a cutoff value of 53.5% of the VASP index to predict thrombotic events at 1 month (r = 0.86, p < 0.001). Patients with minor or major Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction unrelated to coronary artery bypass grafting bleeding and those without had similar VASP indexes (30 ± 17.8% vs. 34.3 ± 23%, p = 0.70).

Conclusions: Despite the use of prasugrel, a significant number of patients undergoing PCI in the setting of acute coronary syndromes do not achieve optimal PR inhibition. Such patients have a higher risk for MACE after PCI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2011.04.017DOI Listing
July 2011

Impressive ST-segment elevation during dobutamine stress echocardiography in a patient with normal coronary arteries: dobutamine-induced vasospasm?

J Electrocardiol 2009 Sep-Oct;42(5):414-9. Epub 2009 Apr 18.

Cardiology Department, Avignon Hospital Center, Avignon, France.

ST-segment elevation during dobutamine stress echocardiography is a serious complication usually related to severe coronary artery disease. However, it can occur in absence of significant coronary artery disease supposedly as a consequence of an occlusive dobutamine-induced coronary artery spasm. We report the case of a 56-year-old man without cardiovascular history who presented during a dobutamine stress echocardiography an intense precordial pain along with an impressive 10-mm ST elevation and in whom urgent catheterization documented the absence of significant coronary artery stenoses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2009.03.004DOI Listing
November 2009

ST elevation myocardial infarction with no structural lesions after a wasp sting.

J Emerg Med 2012 Apr 27;42(4):e73-5. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Cardiology Department, Avignon Hospital Center, Avignon, France.

Background: Acute coronary syndromes after hymenoptera stings and other environmental exposures are referred to as the Kounis syndrome or allergic myocardial ischemia and infarction.

Case Report: We report the case of a 58-year-old man with transient inferior ST-segment elevation consistent with myocardial ischemia after a single wasp sting. Urgent cardiac catheterization revealed normal coronary arteries with a normal left ventriculogram. The evaluation and treatment of cardiac ischemia associated with an allergic reaction is discussed.

Conclusion: ST elevation myocardial infarction after wasp envenomation is an exceptional and interesting pathology with a partially elucidated pathogenesis. The management of cardiac ischemia in this setting is uncertain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2009.02.019DOI Listing
April 2012

Coronary artery spasm and dobutamine stress echocardiography.

Eur J Echocardiogr 2009 Jun 6;10(4):556-61. Epub 2009 Feb 6.

Cardiology Department, Avignon Hospital Center, Avignon, France.

Aims: The aim of this article was to assess whether abnormal dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) can be due to a dobutamine-induced coronary spasm in patients with angiographically documented vasospastic coronary arteries.

Methods And Results: Between January 2004 and April 2008, we prospectively evaluated all patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) referred to the echocardiography laboratory for dobutamine stress tests (6061 examinations). Those with abnormal DSE underwent coronary angiogram with a systematic methylergometrine intracoronary injection in the case of absence of significant coronary stenosis or spontaneous occlusive coronary spasm. Patients who had spontaneous occlusive coronary spasm or positive methylergometrine test, but no significant stenoses, were ultimately included in this study. About 581 patients had abnormal DSE, among them only 20 (3.4%) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. There were 15 males and 5 females, and mean age was 64.35 years (range 52-85); 8 patients had a known history of CAD and all of them had at least two established cardiovascular risk factors. The culprit vessel was the left anterior descending artery in 10 cases (50%), right coronary artery in 8 cases (40%), and left circumflex in 2 cases (10%). There was a systematic correspondence between the culprit arteries and dobutamine-induced wall motion abnormality territories. No complications occurred during examination or during the provocation test. All the patients were discharged with a calcium channel blocker and were doing well after 13 months of mean follow-up.

Conclusion: Coronary artery spasm can be induced at DSE, but is a rare finding; it could, though, be clinically relevant as it may partly explain some erroneously labelled 'false-positive' examinations. Methylergometrine provocation test is a safe and advisable approach in such situations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejechocard/jep004DOI Listing
June 2009