Publications by authors named "Michael P Zuber"

2 Publications

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The kids oneida project: what happened to services when the payment rules changed.

Adm Policy Ment Health 2006 Sep;33(5):585-97

Behavioral Health Center, Carolinas Medical Center, 501 Billingsley Road, Charlotte, 28211 NC, USA.

Community-based systems of care may provide high quality, cost-effective alternatives to institutional care for children and adolescents. This report examines Kids Oneida (KO), a not-for-profit managed care entity established in upstate New York in 1998 to serve such children and their families. Changes in payment rules that established the program allowed KO to contract with a wide array of providers to provide and be reimbursed for non-traditional and formerly unreimbursable services, such as mentoring and supervision. By design, emphasis was on highly individualized plans of care in which traditional office-based services played only a small part. During the first 30 months of KO's operation, 228 children, whose severity of emotional disturbances was comparable to those of children placed in residential treatment centers, had average monthly expenditures for first admissions of 2,734 dollars for services and 228 dollars for administrative fees. Median length of stay in the program was 13.5 months, yielding an estimate of 39,987 dollars for typical length of stay. Length of stay and treatment costs were not related to children's gender or race. Length of stay was significantly longer for children with diagnoses indicating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and behavior disorders. Treatment costs were significantly higher for children with behavior disorders and/or substance use and children who had had prior contact with the juvenile justice system.
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September 2006

Psychotropic medications prescribing patterns for children and adolescents in New York's public mental health system.

Community Ment Health J 2004 Apr;40(2):101-18

Mental Health Services and Policy Program, Northwestern University, USA.

Context: Breakthroughs in the development of effective medications for a number of psychiatric disorders have led to increased use of these compounds in the treatment of children.

Objectives: To understand the use of psychotropic medications in the treatment of children, a state-wide study was undertaken based on the data collected in a large planning study. DATA AND SETTING: A stratified random sample of 10 different program types in New York State produced data on children served in different specialty mental health services.

Participants: Randomly selected cases were reviewed at a randomly selected sites to generate a sample of 1592 cases on which data were collected on clinical presentation and service use, including psychotropic medication prescriptions.

Main Outcome Measures: The Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS-MH) tool was used to provide a reliable review of clinical indicators.

Results: Psychotropic medication use is common in the children's public mental health service system in New York. Most children served in high intensity settings receive medication as a part of their treatment. It appears that most prescriptions for stimulants and antidepressants are consistent with either diagnostic or symptom indications. Many children with these indications are not on medications. On the other hand, a large number of children without evidence of psychosis receive antipsychotic medications.

Conclusion: The evidence suggests that stimulant and antidepressant are not over-prescribed. However, the use of antipsychotic medications for other indications is a priority for further research.
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April 2004