Publications by authors named "Michael Mickel"

8 Publications

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Successful application of focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy for plantar fasciitis in patients suffering from metastatic breast cancer.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Aug 21;29(8):4187-4190. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: Focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy (fESWT) has been shown to be effective in a large number of musculoskeletal disorders. Until 2016, cancer was considered a contraindication for fESWT. The goal of this Commentary is to address the subject of fESWT in cancer patients and present a case of a successful application of fESWT in a breast cancer patient with metastatic bone disease, suffering from debilitating heel pain caused by plantar fasciitis.

Methods: The subject of fESWT application in cancer patients is discussed using the example of a 75-year-old female with breast cancer and metastatic bone disease suffering from bilateral inferior heel pain, who was referred to our clinic with a tentative diagnosis of polyneuropathy. Patient history, clinical examination, electrodiagnostic testing, and radiological findings all indicated plantar fasciitis, rather than polyneuropathy. The possibility of metastatic bone lesions in the treatment area was excluded and the patient was thereupon treated with 5 weekly applications of low-energy fESWT.

Results: The treatment lead to a reduction in pain of approximately 80% with no adverse events.

Conclusion: fESWT may be a viable treatment option for plantar fasciitis even in cancer patients, provided certain conditions are met.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-021-06117-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8236439PMC
August 2021

Effectiveness of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome : A randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 Jun 22;133(11-12):568-577. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: The carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy in the general population. A conservative treatment should be considered in mild to moderate cases. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the treatment of mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome.

Material And Methods: In this study 30 patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups. Subjects in the study group received three sessions of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy, whereas the control group underwent a sham therapy. Patients were evaluated 3 and 12 weeks after treatment. The primary outcome was the visual analogue scale score. Secondary outcome measurements included hand grip strength, Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire, SF-36 Health Survey and electrodiagnostic measurements.

Results: A significant improvement of visual analogue scale at week 3 (p = 0.018) and week 12 (p = 0.007) as well as hand grip strength at week 12 (p = 0.019) could be observed in the study group. The study group showed a significantly better sensory nerve conduction velocity at week 12 than the control group, before correcting for multiple testing, and also a significant improvement in distal motor latency of the median nerve at week 12 (p = 0.009) as well as in both questionnaires (SF-36 subscale bodily pain, p = 0.020 and severity symptom scale, p = 0.003). No such improvement was observed in the control group.

Conclusion: Focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy is an effective and noninvasive treatment method for mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-020-01785-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7754699PMC
June 2021

Can reminders improve adherence to regular physical activity and exercise recommendations in people over 60 years old? : A randomized controlled study.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 Jun 26;133(11-12):620-624. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate whether additional reminders could enhance adherence to a 12-week program consisting of regular physical activity.

Methods: The study collective consisted of pensioners insured with the Austrian Insurance Fund for Civil or Public Servants. They were made aware of our program through the public service union. The subjects were randomized to an intervention group (group A) that received reminders and to a control group (group B) that did not receive such notifications. Adherence to physical activity was assessed by the use of diaries.

Results: Group A performed 96 min more moderate intensity regular physical activity per week than group B (group A median 269 min, r = 0-1560 min; group B median 173 min, r = 0-2700 min). The Mann-Whitney U-test showed no significant differences (p = 0.080) between the study groups. There was no difference in muscle strengthening activity (group A: median: 2, r = 0-13 sessions; group B: median: 2, r = 0-20 sessions).

Conclusion: The major positive observation was that both the experimental and control group participants exceeded the recommended level of physical activity. Nevertheless, there were some differences concerning the minutes of physical activity performed in favor of the intervention group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-020-01699-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318722PMC
June 2021

First application of focused low-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy in a patient with severe hemophilia A and plantar fasciitis.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 03 12;133(5-6):245-246. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-020-01687-wDOI Listing
March 2021

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the supportive care and rehabilitation of cancer patients.

Support Care Cancer 2019 Nov 24;27(11):4039-4041. Epub 2019 Aug 24.

Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: Cancer patients sometimes show immobilizing musculoskeletal conditions which prohibit active exercise due to severe bodily pain. Therefore, before starting a rehabilitative exercise program, the pain has to be reduced to enable the patient to participate actively in the exercise program. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT, the application of radial and/or focused shock waves with low or high energy) has been shown to be effective and efficient in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. However, one historical paradigm was the fact that, in the past, cancer was seen as a contraindication for the use of ESWT.

Methods: Clinical note to present indications, benefits, and contraindications of shock wave treatment in cancer patients.

Results: Malignant tumors in the treatment area have to be seen as a contraindication for the use of ESWT treatment. Cancer itself-in the form of the underlying disease-is not a contraindication for the treatment with radial and focused shock wave therapy with low or high energy. Plantar fasciitis and calcaneal spurs, calcified shoulder, tennis elbow or Achilles tendinopathy, and delayed healing and chronic wounds are typical approved standard indications for ESWT, and are allowed when the malignant tumor is not in the treatment area. There are also other musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal indications (e.g., myofascial syndrome, erectile dysfunction, polyneuropathy, and lymphedema) that are relevant for cancer survivors. These indications are recommended by the International Society for Medical Shockwave Treatment (ISMST) for "common empirically tested clinical use" and as exceptional indications/expert indications.

Conclusion: ESWT is a safe and relevant modality for the supportive care and rehabilitation of cancer patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-05046-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6803573PMC
November 2019

Granuloma Annulare and Radial Pulse Therapy: Preliminary Findings.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2018 Jan 1;11(1):32-34. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Drs. Mickel and Crevenna are with the Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation, and Occupational Medicine at the Medical University of Vienna in Austria.

In this case report, the authors describe a first-time trial of a variation of extracorporeal shockwave therapy in a patient with disseminated granuloma annulare. Radial pulse therapy was administered in an outpatient clinic of a university hospital to a 72-year-old woman with a 14-year history of disseminated granuloma annulare. The authors describe changes in clinical appearance and results of histological evaluation, reporting observable positive changes in all four treated plaques. The authors conclude that radial pulse therapy was well-tolerated and seemed to influence the course of disseminated granuloma annulare plaques positively.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5788266PMC
January 2018

Implementation and evaluation of a rehabilitation concept in a patient suffering from Scleredema Adultorum Buschke: a case report.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 11 24;40(23):2833-2835. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

a Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Occupational Medicine , Medical University of Vienna , Vienna , Austria.

Purpose: Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is a disorder manifesting indurations of the skin mostly followed by musculoskeletal impairment. Data regarding this fact are seldom found and documentation of functional outcome of physical therapies and modalities related to Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is fragmentary. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate and to document an effective concept of rehabilitation in a patient suffering from Scleredema Adultorum Buschke.

Methods: A treatment plan was developed containing therapeutic ultrasound, manual lymphatic drainage, and physiotherapy. Assessments were performed at baseline and after therapy.

Results: Treatment by physical therapies of presented patient resulted in an improved functionality. Five out of eight Short Form-36 questionaire sections increased in terms of enhanced general health and level of activity.

Conclusions: Musculoskeletal impairment in a patient suffering from Scleredema Adultorum Buschke can be reduced by a multimodal concept of rehabilitation. Implications for Rehabilitation Rehabilitation professional should suspect scleredema in patients with diffuse skin thickening where hands and feet are spared Essential reactivating physical activity should be supported by skin softening physical modalities irrespective of etiology or primary therapy. There is a need for functional outcome measures and documentation in the rehabilitation of Scleredema Adultorum Buschke.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2017.1355939DOI Listing
November 2018

Effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment versus osteopathy in the cranial field in temporomandibular disorders - a pilot study.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Mar 28;40(6):631-636. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

a Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , Medical University of Vienna , Austria.

Purpose: Temporomandibular disorders are a common musculoskeletal condition causing severe pain, physical and psychological disability. The effect and evidence of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field is scarce and their use are controversial. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field in temporomandibular disorders.

Methods: A randomized clinical trial in patients with temporomandibular disorders was performed. Forty female subjects with long-term temporomandibular disorders (>3 months) were included. At enrollment, subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: (1) osteopathic manipulative treatment group (20 female patients) and (2) osteopathy in the cranial field group (20 female patients). Examination was performed at baseline (E0) and at the end of the last treatment (E1), consisting of subjective pain intensity with the Visual Analog Scale, Helkimo Index and SF-36 Health Survey. Subjects had five treatments, once a week. 36 subjects completed the study (33.7 ± 10.3 y).

Results: Patients in both groups showed significant reduction in Visual Analog Scale score (osteopathic manipulative treatment group: p = 0.001; osteopathy in the cranial field group: p< 0.001), Helkimo Index (osteopathic manipulative treatment group: p = 0.02; osteopathy in the cranial field group: p = 0.003) and a significant improvement in the SF-36 Health Survey - subscale "Bodily Pain" (osteopathic manipulative treatment group: p = 0.04; osteopathy in the cranial field group: p = 0.007) after five treatments (E1). All subjects (n = 36) also showed significant improvements in the above named parameters after five treatments (E1): Visual Analog Scale score (p< 0.001), Helkimo Index (p< 0.001), SF-36 Health Survey - subscale "Bodily Pain" (p = 0.001). The differences between the two groups were not statistically significant for any of the three target parameters.

Conclusion: Both therapeutic modalities had similar clinical results. The findings of this pilot trial support the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field as an effective treatment modality in patients with temporomandibular disorders. The positive results in both treatment groups should encourage further research on osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field and support the importance of an interdisciplinary collaboration in patients with temporomandibular disorders. Implications for rehabilitation Temporomandibular disorders are the second most prevalent musculoskeletal condition with a negative impact on physical and psychological factors. There are a variety of options to treat temporomandibular disorders. This pilot study demonstrates the reduction of pain, the improvement of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and the positive impact on quality of life after osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field. Our findings support the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field and should encourage further research on osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field in patients with temporomandibular disorders. Rehabilitation experts should consider osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field as a beneficial treatment option for temporomandibular disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2016.1269368DOI Listing
March 2018
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