Publications by authors named "Michael Heinsch"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficacy and Tolerability of High- versus Low-dose Lenalidomide Maintenance Therapy of Multiple Myeloma after Autologous Blood Stem Cell Transplantation.

Clin Cancer Res 2020 11 17;26(22):5879-5886. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

University Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Purpose: For multiple myeloma, high-dose chemotherapy and autologous blood stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) followed by lenalidomide maintenance (LenMT) at 10-15 mg/day is considered standard of care. However, dose reductions due to side effects are common and median LenMT doses achieved over time may remain lower. Dose response during LenMT has never been investigated.

Patients And Methods: In a multicenter, randomized, open-label trial, patients with multiple myeloma after ASCT and high-dose lenalidomide consolidation therapy (CT) at 25 mg/day were randomized to receive LenMT at either 25 or 5 mg/day. Primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: Ninety-four patients (median age, 58 years) were randomized to either arm, with 22% having International Staging System (ISS) stage 3 and 22% being in complete remission (CR). After median follow-up of 46.7 months, median doses of 14.5 and 5 mg/day were achieved in the two arms; 53% of dose reductions occurring during CT. In the high- and the low-dose arm, median PFS was 44.8 and 33.0 months (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.44-0.97; = 0.032), 36% and 23% of patients had stringent CR as best response ( = 0.08), and 4-year OS was 79% and 67% ( = 0.16), respectively. Hematologic toxicity, grade ≥3 neutropenia, and infections were initially more common with LenMT 25 mg, but decreased after dose adjustments. SPM incidence and quality-of-life (QoL) scores in both arms were similar.

Conclusions: LenMT dose correlated with efficacy and toxicity. High rates of dose reductions during CT argue against a high starting dose. However, continuous up- and down-titration for each patient to the current maximum tolerated dose is prudent.
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November 2020

Clinical and genetic characterization of de novo double-hit B cell precursor leukemia/lymphoma.

Ann Hematol 2019 Mar 6;98(3):647-656. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60596, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

The 2016 revised World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms included the category of high-grade B cell lymphomas (HGBLs) with combined MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements (double-hit, DH). However, the clinical features of B cell precursor leukemia (BCP-ALL) that harbor DH genetics remain widely unknown. We performed a retrospective analysis of the German Multicenter Study Group for Adult ALL registry and a literature search for de novo DH-BCP-ALLs. We identified 6 patients in the GMALL registry and 11 patients published in the literature between 1983 and June 2018. Patients of all ages (range, 15-86 years) are affected. There is a high incidence of meningeal disease and other extramedullary disease manifestations. Current treatment approaches are mainly ALL-based and are sufficient to induce first complete remissions, but progression-free survival is only 4.0 months (95% CI, 1.5-6.5 months) and all patients succumb to their disease, once relapsed, with a median survival of 5.0 months (95% CI, 3.1-6.9 months), despite intensive salvage and targeted therapy approaches. Of all patients, only two that attained an initial complete remission were alive at data cutoff. In all cases, the BCL2 gene was rearranged to be in proximity to the IGH locus, whereas MYC had various translocation partners juxtaposed. There was no significant survival difference between IG and non-IG translocation partners (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.33-3.2; p = 0.89). In conclusion, de novo DH-BCP-ALL is an aggressive B cell malignancy with deleterious outcome. Physicians have to be aware of this rare disease subset due to the atypical clinical behavior and especially because latest classification systems do not cover this sub-entity.
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March 2019

Lenalidomide in the context of complex karyotype or interrupted treatment: case reviews of del(5q)MDS patients with unexpected responses.

Ann Hematol 2007 Feb 17;86(2):133-7. Epub 2006 Nov 17.

Medizinsche Klinik II, St. Johannes Hospital, An der Abtei 7-11, Duisburg, Germany.

Lenalidomide has particular activity in patients with transfusion-dependent del(5q) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), but mechanistic information is limited regarding the relationship between erythroid and cytogenetic responses. We reviewed medical records from three distinct subgroups of del(5q) MDS patients who had unexpected effects with lenalidomide treatment: 1. two patients with complex karyotypes who achieved both cytogenetic remissions and transfusion independence; 2. two patients with 5q- syndrome who took lenalidomide for less than 12 weeks but remained transfusion independent for 15+ months still displaying del(5q) metaphases after 6 and 12 months; and 3. one patient who was a non-responder on lenalidomide during treatment but became transfusion independent for 13+ months after discontinuation. All but the latter patient in this series had reduction of affected metaphases, suggesting that erythroid responses might be mediated by result from partial or complete suppression of the malignant clone, either directly or indirectly through modulation of the bone marrow microenvironment. These clinical observations illustrate the heterogeneity of del(5q)MDS pathogenesis and the diversity of lenalidomide responses within this patient subset.
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February 2007

Prognostic indicators and scoring systems for predicting outcome in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.

Rev Clin Exp Hematol 2004 Dec 1;8(2):E1. Epub 2004 Dec 1.

Department of Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, St. Johannes-Hospital Duisburg, Medizinische Klinik II, An der Abtei 7-11, 47166 Duisburg, Germany.

A number of clinical, laboratory, morphological and genetic factors are useful to predict the natural course of Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The identification of these factors resulted in the development of scoring systems that aid to differentiate high risk patients from those with a better prognosis. At the initial approach towards a patient with MDS the clinician will take into account the individual's age and performance score, and the morphological characteristics of the peripheral blood and bone marrow, including number of dysplastic lineages and blast count, as proposed by the new World Health Organization classification. Some laboratory features like the neutrophil and platelet count and the lactate dehydrogenase levels are of additional independent prognostic importance. Finally, the karyotype of the malignant hematopoietic cells is a very strong prognostic variable and therefore mandatory in the assessment of patients with MDS. By using part of the above-mentioned factors, the International Prognostic Scoring System has proven reliable in grouping MDS patients into one of four risk categories and can be used in the stratification of patients in therapeutic trials. With the avenue of more sophisticated molecular techniques like gene expression profiling, it might become possible not only to predict the natural course of the disease more precisely, but also to identify patient populations that are prone to respond to specific drugs especially designed for specific genetic lesions.
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December 2004

Treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome with isolated del(5q) including bands q31-q33 with a combination of all-trans-retinoic acid and tocopherol-alpha: a phase II study.

Ann Hematol 2005 Jun 23;84(6):389-94. Epub 2005 Mar 23.

St. Johannes Hospital, Medizinische Klinik II, An der Abtei 7-11, 47166, Duisburg, Germany.

All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) alone or in combination with cytokines and vitamins has been shown to stimulate erythropoiesis in low-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We performed a phase II study on 29 patients with MDS and isolated del(5q) including bands q31-q33 to determine the efficacy and safety of ATRA in combination with tocopherol-alpha. All patients had low/intermediate-1 risk MDS according to the international prognostic scoring system. They received 45 mg/m(2) ATRA on days 1 to 90, and 90 mg/m(2) on days 91 to 180. Tocopherol dosage was 600 IU three times daily. Twenty-four patients completed dose level I, and 12 patients dose level II. Eighty-six percent of patients experienced side effects. Thirty discontinued the drug treatment due to such events as skin reactions, cheilitis, conjunctivitis, joint pain, creatinine increase, or CNS symptoms. One patient (3%) achieved a major erythroid response resulting in transfusion independence throughout the study. Four patients (14%) achieved a minor erythroid response with >50% reduction of transfusion needs. None of the participants had a cytogenetic response. There was no significant improvement in quality of life among responding patients as measured by the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire. Based on these results, the combination of ATRA and tocopherol-alpha is not recommended for the treatment of del(5q) MDS.
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June 2005