Publications by authors named "Michael D VanPelt"

7 Publications

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Insulin Dependence Increases the Risk of 30-Day Postoperative Complications Following Ankle Fracture Surgery in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Mar 20. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address:

Patients with diabetes mellitus that undergo ankle fracture surgery have higher rates of postoperative complications compared to patients without diabetes mellitus. We evaluated the rate of complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients, and patients without diabetes in the 30-day postoperative period following ankle fracture surgery. We also analyzed hospital length of stay, unplanned readmission, unplanned reoperation, and death. Patients who underwent operative management for ankle fractures between 2012 and 2016 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program® database using Current Procedural Terminology codes. Multiple logistic regression was implemented. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated along with the 95% confidence interval. A total of 19,547 patients undergoing ankle surgery were identified from 2012 to 2016. Of these patients, 989 (5.06%) had insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, 1256 (6.43%) had noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and 17,302 (88.51%) did not have diabetes mellitus. Compared to patients without diabetes, patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus had significantly greater adjusted odds of superficial surgical site infections, deep surgical site infections, osteomyelitis, wound dehiscence, pneumonia, unplanned intubation, mechanical ventilation, urinary tract infection, cardiac arrest, bleeding requiring transfusion, sepsis, hospital length of stay, unplanned readmission, unplanned reoperation, and death following ankle fracture surgery. We demonstrate that insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is a strong predictor of 30-day postoperative complications, unplanned readmission, unplanned reoperation, and death following ankle fracture surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2021.03.011DOI Listing
March 2021

Is Routine Hardware Removal Following Open Reduction Internal Fixation of Tarsometatarsal Joint Fracture/Dislocation Necessary?

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Mar;58(2):226-230

Associate Professor, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) is an accepted treatment for displaced tarsometatarsal joint (TMTJ) fracture dislocations. In general, hardware is routinely removed after 4 months to allow restoration of joint motion and avoid complications of hardware failure. Because few studies report outcomes of TMTJ fractures with retained hardware, there is little consensus regarding the optimal time for hardware removal or if hardware retention leads to adverse outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed the radiographic outcomes of retained hardware after ORIF of TMTJ fractures/dislocations in 61 patients. The mean age at the time of operation was 37.3 ± 14.9 years. ORIF was performed with 3.5 fully threaded cortical screws. Assessment of clinical and radiographic results was performed at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after surgical treatment. Out of the 61 patients that were included in this study, only 2 demographic variables demonstrated a trend for an adverse outcome. Older age correlated with lost reduction and elevated body mass index correlated with hardware failure. The presence of diabetes was correlated with an increased risk of postoperative infection but not hardware failure. During our follow-up period there were 49 patients (80.3 %) without failure of fixation. In conclusion, our study suggests that routine removal of hardware following open reduction and internal fixation of Lisfranc injuries in patients may not be necessary.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.08.016DOI Listing
March 2019

Surgical Management of Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures: What Matters Most?

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2019 Apr 24;36(2):173-184. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1801 Inwood Road, Dallas, TX 75390-8883, USA.

Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures are severe, complex injuries that can cause significant long-term functional impairment. Despite the controversies of whether these fractures should be treated operatively or nonoperatively, functional improvement can be seen with confounding variables that can be controlled by the surgeon. This article reviews prognostic factors that are associated with good functional outcomes following operatively treated displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpm.2018.10.002DOI Listing
April 2019

Three-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Characterization of Normal Anatomic Morphology and Variations of the Distal Tibiofibular Syndesmosis.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov - Dec;57(6):1130-1136. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; Assistant Professor, Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Malreduction of distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTFS) leads to poor functional outcomes after ankle fracture surgery. Difficulty achieving anatomic alignment of the syndesmosis is due to variable morphology of the fibular incisura of the tibia and a paucity of literature regarding its morphologic characteristics. We surveyed 775 consecutive ankle computed tomography (CT) scans performed from June 2008 to December 2011, and 203 (26.2%) were included for evaluation. Two observers performed quantitative measurements and qualitative evaluated fibular incisura morphology. Tang ratios for fibular rotation, anterior and posterior tibiofibular distances, fibular incisura depth, and subjective morphologies on CT were assessed using conventional multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) and maximum intensity projections (MIPs). On conventional CT, the mean Tang ratio was 0.97 ± 0.06; the mean anterior tibiofibular distance was 2.17 ± 0.87 mm; the mean posterior tibiofibular distance was 3.52 ± 0.94 mm; and the mean depth of fibular incisura was 3.29 ± 1.19 mm. Five morphologic variations of the fibular incisura were identified: crescentic, trapezoid, flat, chevron, and widow's peak. The most common fibular incisura morphology was crescentic (61.3%), followed by trapezoid shape (25.1%); the least common morphology was flat (3.1%). Interobserver variability with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was slightly higher for all quantitative measures on MPR (ICC = 0.72 to .81) versus MIP (ICC = 0.64 to 0.75). ICC for incisura shape and depth assessments was poor on both modalities (0.13 to 0.38). This comprehensive CT study reports on quantitative and qualitative descriptive measures to evaluate fibular incisura morphologies and fibular orientation. It also defines the frequency of DTFS measures and the interobserver performance on 2 CT evaluation methods.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.05.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Gender Differences on SF-36 Patient-Reported Outcomes of Diabetic Foot Disease.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2018 Jun 21;17(2):87-93. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

1 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gender on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) using a generic (Short Form-36 [SF-36]) and region-specific (Foot and Ankle Ability Measure [FAAM]) health measurement tool among a matched cohort of male and female patients with diabetes-related foot complications. The HRQOL of 240 patients with diabetic foot disease was measured using the SF-36 and the FAAM surveys. A total of 120 male patients were matched with 120 female patients with the same primary diagnosis, age, type, and duration of diabetes and insulin use. The SF-36 physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores were calculated using orthogonal and oblique rotation methods. The median age of the respondents was 54 years (interquartile range = 46-61). No differences in patient characteristics were found between genders. Among the SF-36 subscales, women reported significantly worse physical function ( P = .014) and bodily pain ( P = .021) scores with a trending decrease in general health score ( P = .067). Subsequently, women had worse orthogonal ( P = .009) and oblique PCS scores ( P = .036) than men. However, orthogonal ( P = .427) or oblique ( P = .140) MCS scores did not differ between groups. No significant differences in FAAM scores with respect to gender were appreciated. Our findings suggest that in patients with diabetic foot disease, women tend to report lower physical HRQOL compared with men. In efforts to increase compliance, providers should recognize the impact of gender on patients' perceptions of foot-related complications of diabetes. This knowledge may improve outcomes by adapting more individualized and gender-specific approaches to patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534734618774664DOI Listing
June 2018

Scoring Mental Health Quality of Life With the SF-36 in Patients With and Without Diabetes Foot Complications.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2018 Mar 16;17(1):30-35. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

1 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

The aim of this study was to examine if using orthogonal and oblique factor analysis detect changes in health-related quality of life differently in diabetic patients on the Short Form-36 (SF-36) survey. A total of 155 patients had diabetic foot complications (DFC), and 145 patients had no DFCs. The SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores were calculated using scoring coefficients determined by orthogonal and oblique rotation principle component analyses of the subscales. The DFC group had lower orthogonal ( P < .00001) and oblique PCS scores ( P < .00001). However, despite lower Mental Health subscale scores in the patients with DFCs, orthogonal MCS scores ( P = .156) did not differ. In contrast, the oblique MCS scores reflected the difference in the Mental Health subscale ( P = .0005). Orthogonal and oblique PCS scores did not differ significantly. However, orthogonal MCS scores were significantly higher than oblique MCS scores in those with DFCs ( P = .0004) and without DFCs ( P = .005). The shorter, 12-item SF-12 survey demonstrated similar results. Poorer physical function leads to higher orthogonal MCS scores than if determined by oblique scoring coefficients since Physical Function, Bodily Pain, and General Health are weighted more negatively in orthogonal coefficients when calculating the MCS score. Oblique scoring coefficients may address this issue, but further study is necessary to confirm whether oblique MCS scores accurately represent the mental health of patients with diabetic foot disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534734618762226DOI Listing
March 2018

Kinematic Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Peroneal Tendon Subluxation with Intraoperative Correlation.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2017 Mar - Apr;56(2):395-397. Epub 2017 Jan 6.

Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive modality of choice for the detection of static peroneal tendon pathologic features. The depiction of peroneal tendon subluxation using real-time kinematic MRI has not been previously reported. We describe the MRI and intraoperative correlation of peroneal tendon and retinacular pathologic findings, and the novel use of kinematic MRI in the illustration of peroneal tendon subluxation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2016.10.010DOI Listing
November 2017